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1. Impact of Black Saturday bushfire plume and other pyrocarbon emissions on stratospheric ozone above Antarctica [AAS_3229]
Metadata record for data from AAS (ASAC) project 3229. Public Summary: We investigate the impact of Black Saturday Australian bushfire in 2009 on the atmosphere above Australia and in the southern ...


2. Strong Motion Earthquake Data Values of Digitized Strong-Motion Accelerograms, 1933-1994 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.hazards.G01145]
The Strong Motion Earthquake Data Values of Digitized Strong-Motion Accelerograms is a database of over 15,000 digitized and processed accelerograph records from 1933 to 1994. Data were obtained from ...


3. United States Earthquake Intensity Database, 1638-1985 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.hazards.G01142]
The United States Earthquake Intensity Database is a collection of damage and felt reports for over 23,000 U.S. earthquakes from 1638-1985. The majority of intensities are for U.S. cities, but there ...


4. OMI/Aura Sulphur Dioxide (SO2) Total Column 1-orbit L2 Swath 13x24 km V003 (OMSO2) at GES DISC [GES_DISC_OMSO2_V003]
The Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) was launched aboard the EOS-Aura satellite on July 15, 2004 (1:38 pm equator crossing time, ascending mode). OMI with its 2600 km viewing swath width provides ...


5. Burned Areas in Russia [GLCF_RUSSIAFOREST]
The Burned Areas in Russia data were produced at the Sukachev Institute of Forestry in Krasnoyarsk, using AVHRR satellite data from the receiving station in Krasnoyarsk as well as ...


6. Natural Hazards Image Database [gov.noaa.ngdc.Hazard_Images_Database]
Photographs and other visual media provide valuable pre- and post-event data for natural hazards. Research, mitigation, and forecasting rely on visual data for post-analysis, inundation mapping and ...


7. LBA-ECO LC-02 Forest Flammability Data, Catuaba Experimental Farm, Acre, Brazil: 1998 [LC02_FOREST_FLAMMABILITY_ACRE]
This data set provides the results of controlled burns conducted to assess the flammability of mature forests on the Catuaba Experimental Farm of the Federal University of Acre - Rio Branco, Acre, ...


8. LBA-ECO LC-02 GOES-08 Hot Pixel Data from Acre, Brazil: 1998, 2000, and 2001 [LC02_GOES_HOTPIXEL_ACRE]
This data set provides hot pixel data, as an indicator of fires that were detected by the GOES-8 satellite for the state of Acre, Brazil. Image data were collected for extended periods over the course ...


9. LBA-ECO LC-08 Passive Ground-based Fire Data, Para and Mato Grosso Brazil: 2001-2002 [LC08_FIRE_OBSERVATIONS]
This data set reports observations of fires in the vicinity of Maraba, Para, Brazil, from November 3-5th, 2001, and in Mato Grosso, Brazil, between Cuiaba and Alta Floresta, for July 12-15th, 2002. ...


10. LBA-ECO CD-05 Forest Understory Fuel Loads, Paragominas, Para, Brazil: 2001 [CD05_FUEL_LOADS]
This data set contains estimates of understory fuel loads (forest litter) at six locations near Paragominas in Northeastern Amazonia. Samples were collected from three different forest conditions: ...


11. LBA-ECO CD-05 Understory Fuel Stick Moisture, km 67 Site, Para, Brazil: 1998-2000 [CD05_REE_FUEL_STICK_MOISTURE]
This data set contains moisture content measurements for fuel sticks located in the forest understory of the rainfall exclusion experimental site, Tapajos National Forest, Para, Brazil. The mean and ...


12. Behavior of Columns During Earthquakes [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01215]
The behavior of columns during earthquakes is very important since column failures may lead to additional structural failures and result in total building collapses. For example, in the Mexico City ...


13. Cape Mendocino, CA Earthquakes, April 25 & 26, 1992 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01209]
On April 25, 1992, a magnitude 7.1 earthquake occurred in the Cape Mendocino area. Two additional earthquakes, magnitudes 6.6 and 6.7 occurred the next morning. The first earthquake was located six ...


14. Chi-Chi, Taiwan Earthquake, September 21, 1999 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G02115]
On September 21, 1999, at 1:47 AM local time, a magnitude MW 7.6 earthquake was felt throughout the island of Taiwan. A five county area, including the city of Taichung, experienced the greatest number ...


15. Crater Peak (Mt. Spurr), Alaska: Eruptions of 1992 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01228]
Alaska has a number of active and potentially active volcanoes. More than one-half of the population of Alaska lives within 300 km of an active volcano. In the last 100 years there have been two eruptions ...


16. Duzce, Turkey Earthquake, November 12, 1999 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01934]
The magnitude 7.2 quake occurred at 6.57 pm local time (16:57 GMT). Duzce lies on the eastern fringe of the region hit by the August 17 quake. Some areas experienced a one-two punch from the 1999 ...


17. Earthquake Damage - General [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01194]
An earthquake is the motion or trembling of the ground produced by sudden displacement of rock in the Earth's crust. Earthquakes result from crustal strain, volcanism, landslides, and collapse of ...


18. Earthquake Damage in San Francisco, CA, April 18, 1906 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01195]
The 1906 San Francisco earthquake was the largest event (magnitude 8.3) to occur in the conterminous United States in the 20th Century. Recent estimates indicate that as many as 3,000 people lost ...


19. Earthquake Damage to Schools [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01198]
This set of slides graphically illustrates the potential danger that major earthquakes pose to school structures and to the children and adults who happen to be inside at the time of the earthquake. ...


20. Earthquake Damage to Transportation Systems [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01197]
Earthquakes represent one of the most destructive natural hazards known to man. A serious result of large-magnitude earthquakes is the disruption of transportation systems, which limits post-disaster ...


21. Earthquake Damage, Armenian SSR, December 7, 1988 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01204]
On December 7, 1988, at 11:41 A.M. local time a magnitude 6.9 earthquake shook northwestern Armenia and was followed four minutes later by a magnitude 5.8 aftershock. Swarms of aftershocks, some as ...


22. Earthquake Damage, Northern Iran, June 21, 1990 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01207]
A magnitude 7.7 earthquake occurred in the Gilan Province between the towns of Rudbar and Manjil in northern Iran on Thursday, June 21, 1990. The event, the largest ever to be recorded in that part ...


23. Earthquakes in Central California, 1980-1984 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01202]
There have been many earthquake occurrences in central California. This set of slides shows earthquake damage from the following events: Livermore, 1980, Coalinga, 1983; and Morgan Hill, 1984. All ...


24. Earthquakes in Southern California [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01201]
There have been many earthquake occurrences in Southern California. This set of slides shows earthquake damage from the following events: Imperial Valley, 1979, Westmorland, 1981, Palm Springs, 1986; ...


25. El Quindio Colombia Earthquake, January 25, 1999 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01379]
The El Quindio earthquake was one of the most destructive natural disasters to have occurred in Colombia in recent years. Long lasting economic and social impacts will continue to be felt in Armenia ...


26. Environmental Hazards and Mud Volcanoes in Romania [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01208]
Romania, an eastern European country, is severely affected by a variety of natural hazards. These include frequent earthquakes, floods, landslides, soil erosion, and drought all of which have major ...


27. Eruption of Mount St. Helens, May 18, 1980 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01224]
The May 18, 1980 eruption of Mount Saint Helens was the most destructive in the history of the United States. Mt. Saint Helens is located in southwest Washington in the Cascade Range, a mountain range ...


28. Fire vs Water: Erosional/Depositional Geology, Hawaiian Islands [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01274]
Even a casual, untrained observer will see evidence that opposing forces have formed the Hawaiian Islands. The massive and lofty volcanoes have been scoured, abraded, and lacerated by streams and ...


29. Great Alaska Earthquake, Prince William Sound, March 28, 1964 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01200]
The Prince William Sound magnitude 8.4 earthquake at 03:36 UT on March 28, 1964, was one of the largest shocks ever recorded on the North American Continent. The quake was felt over 500,000 square ...


30. Great Chile Earthquake of May 22, 1960 - Anniversary Edition [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01935]
On May 22, 1960 (19:11 UTC), a Mw 9.5 earthquake occurred in southern Chile (39.5 S, 74.5 W). This was the largest earthquake ever instrumentally recorded. (It was not the largest in terms of dollar ...


31. Great Hanshin-Awaji (Kobe) Earthquake, January 17, 1995 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01214]
The Earthquake - At 5:46 A.M. local time on January 17, 1995, a major earthquake occurred near the City of Kobe, Japan. The 6.9 magnitude earthquake had 40 km of bilateral rupture from a hypocenter ...


32. Hawaii Volcanism: Impact on the Environment [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01225]
Fewer than one hundred people have been killed by eruptions in the recorded history of Hawaii, and only one death has occurred in the 20th Century. However, the lava flows are highly destructive to ...


33. Hawaii Volcanism: Lava Forms [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01226]
Over the last several million years the Hawaiian Islands have been built of successive lava flows. They are the most recent additions in a long line of volcanoes that extends up the intersection of ...


34. Izmit (Kocaeli) Turkey Earthquake, August 17 1999, Set 2, Structural Damage [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01958]
On August 17, 1999, at 3:01 A.M. local time (00:01:39.8 UTC) a magnitude (Mw) 7.4 earthquake occurred along the westernmost North Anatolian fault. The earthquake epicenter was 11 km (7 mi) southeast ...


35. Izmit (Kocaeli) Turkey Earthquake, August 17 1999. Set 1, Coastal Effects [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01933]
On August 17, 1999, at 3:02 am local time (00:02 GMT) a magnitude (Mw) 7.4 earthquake occurred on the northern Anatolian fault. The epicenter was located very close to the south shore of the Bay of ...


36. Landers and Big Bear California Earthquakes, June 28, 1992 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01210]
California residents were rudely awakened early Sunday morning June 28, 1992, by an earthquake of magnitude 7.6 (Ms) followed by a smaller 6.7 (s) magnitude earthquake about three hours later. The ...


37. Landslides, Set 2 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01372]
This set expands the topics included in Set 1 and includes (in addition to landslides) rockfalls, rock avalanches, mud flows, debris flows, slumps, creep, and sinkholes. The photos were taken in California, ...


38. Loma Prieta Earthquake, October 18, 1989, Part 1 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01205]
On October 17, 1989, a 7.1 magnitude earthquake occurred near Loma Prieta in the Santa Cruz Mountains. Movement occurred along a 40-km segment of the San Andreas fault from southwestof Los Gatos to ...


39. Loma Prieta Earthquake, October 18, 1989, Part 2 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01206]
On October 17, 1989, a 7.1 magnitude earthquake occurred near Loma Prieta in the Santa Cruz Mountains. This earthquake is also known as the "San Francisco World Series Earthquake." The slide set focuses ...


40. Major Tsunamis of 1992 - Nicaragua and Indonesia [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01219]
At 7:16 p.m. on September 1, 1992, an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.0 generated a tsunami with waves between eight and fifteen meters high that struck twenty-six towns along 250 km of Nicaragua's ...


41. Mount Pinatubo Revisited; A Study of Lahar Erosion [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01230]
At dawn on June 15, 1991, a cataclysmic eruption began with a tremendous explosion that destroyed ten deserted villages. This eruption deposited approximately 5 to 7 km3 of volcanic fragments in pyroclastic ...


42. Mount Pinatubo, Philippines: June 1991 Eruptions [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01227]
Mount Pinatubo is an andesitic island arc volcano, located on the southern Luzon Island, Philippines. Prior to 1991 it had been dormant for more than 635 years. On April 2, 1991, the volcano, which ...


43. Northridge, California Earthquake, January 17, 1994, Set 1 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01211]
At 4:31 A.M. (Local time) on Monday, January 17, 1994, a magnitude 6.8 earthquake twenty miles west northwest of downtown Los Angeles awoke nearly everyone in southern California. Damage was most ...


44. Northridge, California Earthquake, January 17, 1994, Set 2 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01212]
On Monday, January 17, 1994, an earthquake occurred that took 57 lives and caused $10 billion in property damage. This slide set includes damaged structures in more distant communities including Sylmar, ...


45. Papua New Guinea Tsunami, July 17, 1998 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01384]
On the evening of Friday July 17, 1998, a magnitude Ms 7.1 earthquake occurred near the northwest coast Papua New Guinea 850 km (510 miles ) northwest of Port Moresby, the capitol of Papua New Guinea ...


46. Past and Future Impacts of Sea Level Rise on Coastal Habitats and Species in the Greater Everglades (FISCHS) [USGS_SOFIA_fischs]
ABSTRACT: This integrated modeling project merges biological and hydrological models to develop tools to help resource management deal with the projected ecological consequences of of rising sea level ...


47. San Fernando Valley California Earthquakes of 1971 and 1994 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01213]
This slide set compares two earthquakes that were separated by a distance of 10 miles and a time of 23 years. Disproving the notion that once an earthquake has occurred, an area is safe from future ...


48. Shikotan, Kuril Islands Earthquake, October 4, 1994, Set 1 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01229]
A magnitude 8.1 earthquake occurred in the southern Kurils and on northern Hokkaido on Tuesday, October 5, 1994, (October 4 at 13:23 GMT). It was a sudden event, without any short-term precursors ...


49. Shikotan, Kuril Islands Earthquake, October 4, 1994, Set 2 [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01373]
The first slide set of Shikotan, Kuril Islands focused on damage caused by the earthquake. This second set, depicts much of the tsunami damage that occurred. At Kuzhno-Kurilsk, Kunsashir Island, tsunami ...


50. Tsunamis - General [gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos.G01218]
Tsunami is a Japanese word meaning harbor wave. It is a water wave or a series of waves generated by an impulsive vertical displacement of the surface of the ocean or other body of water. This slide ...


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