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51. Holocene climate history from ice cores, snow profiles, the glacial system and local climate patterns from the Evans Piedmont Glacier, Victoria Land Coast Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_6]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from the ...


52. Holocene climate history from ice cores, snow profiles, the glacial system and local climate patterns from the Mt Erebus Saddle, Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_7]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from Mt Erebus ...


53. Holocene climate history from ice cores, snow profiles, weather and glacier investigations (topography, mass balance and bedrock mapping) of the Victoria Lower Glacier, Victoria Land Coast, Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from two ...


54. Holocene climate history from investigations of the glacial system, ice cores and local climate patterns from Skinner Saddle, Victoria Land Coast Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_10]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from Skinner ...


55. Holocene climate history obtained from ice cores, snow profiles (density, chemistry, structure), snow samples (dust origin) and climate measurements from the Baldwin Glacier, Victoria Land Coast, Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from the ...


56. Holocene climate history obtained from snow profiles (chemistry, dust flux, temperature, structure), firn cores and climate measurements from the Wilson Piedmont Glacier, Victoria Land Coast, Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_4]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from the ...


57. Hydrological and meteorological measurements (air temperature (at 1.5m and 10m), relative humidity, windspeed and direction, net radiation, solar radiation and snow heat flux) on the McMurdo Ice Shelf [K162_1990_1991_NZ_1]
Meteorological and hydrological variables were measured in the ablation zone of the McMurdo Ice Shelf (MIS) to characterise and quantify the energy and water budgets of the MIS in areas where biological ...


58. Induction magnetometer data, Arrival heights, Scott Base, Antarctica [K069_1989_2008_NZ_1]
A magnetometer and data recording system was installed and began recording hydromagnetic and ion cyclotron waves (geomagnetic pulsations) propagating into the high latitude cusp and polar cap regions ...


59. Influence of rock moisture on rock weathering processes along the Victoria Land Coast, Antarctica [K056_2002_2005_NZ]   CHILD DIFs
The role of moisture in the weathering of rock at four locations along the Victoria Land Coast, Antarctica was investigated. These locations were Victoria Valley, Gneiss Point, Terra Nova Bay and ...


60. Infrared spectrometer measurements of nitric (HNO3) and hydrochloric acid (HCl) from Arrival Heights using a Bromem spectrometer [K085_1988_1996_NZ_1]
A Bomem infrared Fourier transform spectrometer (FTIR), a high resolution infrared instrument, was used to measure stratospheric nitric (HNO3) and hydrochloric acid (HCl) (measuring spectra at 10 ...


61. Infrared spectrometer measurements of nitric (HNO3) and hydrochloric acid (HCl) from Arrival Heights using a Bruker 120M spectrometer [K085_1996_2008_NZ_1]
A Bruker 120M interferometer, a high resolution infrared instrument, was used to measure trace gases in the atmosphere (HNO3, HCl, CH4, N2O, CO, ClONO2) during the early spring from the time the sun ...


62. Investigation of dust inputs into McMurdo Sound, oxygen and hydrogen isotopes and snow/firn density from firn cores from Windless Bight, Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_8]   PARENT DIF
Two firn cores (21m and 20m) were recovered from Windless Bight to quantify dust input into the McMurdo Sound. In addition, oxygen and hydrogen isotopes as well as snow/firn density were measured.


63. Investigation of the Holocene climate history from analysis of the glacial system, ice cores and snow samples from the Whitehall Glacier, Victoria Land Coast, Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_9]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from the ...


64. Isotopic analysis of methane and carbon monoxide and other trace gases within firn cores from the Polar Plateau [K087_1998_2008_NZ_1]
Firn cores were sampled from Law Dome, East Antarctic Plateau and the Megadunes site on the Polar Plateau, and air samples within were analysed for methane and carbon monoxide and other trace gas ...


65. JY Spectrometer measurements of ozone and nitrogen dioxide from Arrival Heights [K085_1982_2012_NZ_1]
Ozone (O3) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) are two trace gases in the stratosphere that interact to have an important effect on the radiation balance. The spatial and temporal variation in these gases ...


66. Latitudinal Gradient Project (LGP) [K002_Latitudinal_Gradient_Project_LGP]
The Latitudinal Gradient Project (LGP) ("http://www.lgp.aq/") is aimed at increasing the understanding of the coastal marine, freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems that exist along the Victoria Land ...


67. Life In The Ice: Microbial Diversity and Function in Antarctic Sea Ice Ecosystems [K043_2010_2012_NZ_2]
Our hypothesis is that ‘spatial and temporal variations in diversity and ecosystem function of the sea ice microbial community are sensitive indicators of changing climatic conditions’. The research ...


68. Measurement of atmospheric electrical fields during storms and the investigation of the effect of blowing dust on these fields [K011_1969_1974_NZ_1]
An electrostatic field mill, operated by the University of Auckand Physics Department was installed at Vanda Station and monitored electrical fields during storms throughout the year over several ...


69. Measurement of ionosphere activity from the Beacon satellite launched in 1964 [K002_1969_1970_NZ_2]
The Polar Ionosphere Beacon Satellite Program, S-66, was for the purpose of ionospheric research. The S-66 program aimed to make possible a synoptic study of the ionosphere as it varies in time and ...


70. Measurement of the characteristics of the intensity and polaristion of skylight at two different sites in Antarctica, differeing in albedo [K041_1992_1993_NZ_1]
The enhancement of UVB radiation falling onto the different land surfaces was investigated. Previous measurements (in the 1990 season) found low maximum polarisation of sky light and strong low azimuth ...


71. Measurement of time and space structure of atmospheric planetary waves in the polar mesosphere from Scott Base, South Pole Station and collaboration with other countries [K055_1982_2008_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The regular heating and cooling of the atmosphere drives energetic weather systems near the earth's surface. Some of this energy is propagated upwards into the middle atmosphere in a variety of wave ...


72. Measurements of atmospheric aerosols from air and snow samples and meteorological measurements taken from a remote site on the Ross Ice Shelf [K093_1989_1990_NZ_1]
The chemistry of air and snow at a remote site on the Ross Ice Shelf was conducted to study atmospheric aerosol particulates which are of interest as they may be important regulators of climate and ...


73. Measurements of carbon dioxide concentrations and isotopic ratios from air samples collected at the surface and at altitude between New Zealand and the South Pole to determine if the Southern Ocean is a carbon sink [K087_1998_2004_NZ_1]
Carbon dioxide concentrations between New Zealand and the South Pole were found to vary for periods of several years suggesting that the Southern Ocean is acting as a sink. The role of the Southern ...


74. Measurements of carbon dioxide concentrations from the atmosphere via equipment aboard supply aircrafts operating between Christchurch, New Zealand and McMurdo Sound [K087_1996_2008_NZ_2]
Carbon dioxide (CO2) in the earth's atmosphere is considered a trace gas and also a greenhouse gas. Levels of CO2 in the atmosphere are increasing due to anthropogenic activity. An automated flask ...


75. Measurements of carbon monoxide concentrations and isotopic ratios from the atmosphere via equipment aboard supply aircrafts operating between Christchurch, New Zealand and McMurdo Sound [K087_1991_2008_NZ_2]
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a trace gas in the atmosphere. The use of the radioactive isotope 14C in carbon monoxide is useful for determining the oxidative capacity via oxidation by hydroxyl (OH). Large ...


76. Measurements of gases, particulates and energy from the plume, air, rocks, snow, ice, steam, gas and soils of Mt Erebus, Ross Island [K092_1989_1990_NZ_1]
Mt Erebus gases, particulates and energy forms an important source of chemical species in the Antarctic environment and its important that the composition and quantity of the components of the plume ...


77. Measurements of methane concentrations and isotopic ratios from the atmosphere via equipment aboard supply aircrafts operating between Christchurch, New Zealand and McMurdo Sound [K087_1989_2008_NZ_2]
The atmospheric trace gas, methane (CH4), affects the radiative heat balance of the earth. Measurements of the carbon and hydrogen isotopes in atmospheric methane are used to relate this climatically ...


78. Measurements of nitrous oxide concentrations from the atmosphere via equipment aboard supply aircrafts operating between Christchurch, New Zealand and McMurdo Sound [K087_1996_2008_NZ_4]
Nitrous oxide (N2O) is the main naturally occurring regulator of stratospheric ozone and is therefore a major greenhouse gas. An automated flask sampling system is used to collect small atmospheric ...


79. Measurements of the UV radiation (Blue, Violet, UVA and UVB) falling on sea ice in McMurdo Sound, quantification of sea ice algae and the effect of snow thickness on the transmissivity of sea ice to UV radiation [K041_1995_1996_NZ_1]
The relative amounts of visible, near and far UV radiation (Blue, Violet, UVA and UVB) falling onto sea ice in McMurdo Sound was measured at a site well cantered in the ice, i.e. not at the ice edge. ...


80. Measurements of the boundary layer (bottom) of the atmosphere of the atmospheric trace gases NO2, O3, OClO and BrO [K085_2004_2005_NZ_1]
The experimental set up of the 'off axis' UV/visible wavelength diode array spectrometer was compared with a small portable field instrument. The diode array uses sunlight and moonlight to measure ...


81. Measurements of the fixation of nitrogen by auroras and the chemical composition of snow at the south pole [K042_1963_1964_NZ_2]
Two scientists went to the South Pole Station to investigated the chemical composition of the polar snow. Measurements were made of the chemical constituents to determine how much nitrogen is fixed ...


82. Measurements of the mixing ratios of the C2-C10 non-methane hydrocarbons from Arrival Heights since 1990 [K087_1990_2008_NZ_1]
A large variety of nonmethane hydrocarbons (NMHCs) are found throughout the troposphere in varying concentrations. The reaction of a NMHC with the hydroxyl (OH) molecule causes atmospheric oxidation. ...


83. Measurements of the polarisation of the Antarctic sky from the sea ice edge at Cape Bird and from a ship journey from Hobart to McMurdo Sound [K041_1997_1998_NZ_1]
The polarisation of the Antarctic sky was captured near the sea ice edge at Cape Bird to complement previous studies of the sky polarisation seen at Wellington (New Zealand), Scott Base, Tent Island ...


84. Measurements of the production of 14C in cylinders in Antarctica [K087_1992_1993_NZ_1]
In order to measure the production of 14C via 14N (n,p) 14C, cylinders with ultra pure air doped with dead CO were exposed at Scott Base and the South Pole.


85. Measurements of the total amount of ozone in the vertical column of the atmosphere from a ground based Brewer spectrophotometer at Arrival Heights, Antarctica [K085_1989_1996_NZ_1]
A Brewer spectrophotometer was installed at Scott Base in February 1989 to extend the measurements obtained from the Dobson spectrophotometer. The first full season of measurements began in mid-September ...


86. Measurements of the total amount of ozone in the vertical column of the atmosphere from a ground based Dobson spectrophotometer at Arrival Heights, Antarctica [K085_1988_2008_NZ_1]
Atmospheric ozone is important to mankind because it absorbs most ultraviolet and other high energy radiation harmful to life, preventing it from reaching the earth's surface. A rapid loss of more ...


87. Measurements of the transmission of UV light to infrared light through different samples of snow around Scott Base [K041_1997_1998_NZ_2]
The transmission of light through snow depends not only on the cleanliness but also on the size of the snow particles. The transmission properties are directly related to the reflection properties ...


88. Measurements of total ozone and aerosol parameters from October to mid-December, 1986, during the period when ozone levels are changing most rapidly [K085_1986_1987_NZ_1]
A spectrophotometer was installed at Arrival Heights near Scott Base and operated for a period of six weeks from the end of October 1986 to mid-December 1986. The instrument was fully automated and ...


89. Measurements of trace substances (e.g. Nitrate, sulphate, anions, cations, methane, etc) from air and snow samples from a remote area on the east Antarctic plateau [K093_1990_1991_NZ_1]
Samples of air and snow were collected at a remote site on the east Antarctic plateau for determination of a number of trace atmospheric components to better understand the processes by which atmospheric ...


90. Measurements of tropospheric aerosols and meteorological data in remote marine region in Antarctica to compare with New Zealand measurements to help understand the sulphur cycles influence on global climate [K176_1991_1992_NZ_1]
Dimethylsulphide (DMS) and sub-micron atmospheric particles are key components in the atmospheric sulphur cycle. DMS produced by biota in the oceans is thought to be the main source of atmospheric ...


91. Mercury concentrations of snow samples from the McMurdo Ice Shelf and the Antarctic plateau [K092_1987_1989_NZ_1]
Analysis of mercury concentrations from snow samples from Antarctica should indicate global fluxes of mercury to the atmosphere, since it is a remote location away from any regional mercury sources. ...


92. Meteorological data from automatic weather stations in the Darwin-Hatherton area, Antarctica [K056_2006_2007_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Summer automatic weather stations were installed on the Darwin-Hatherton Glaciers over three summer seasons (2006-2009). Meterological data was recorded over the four seasons variably from early November ...


93. Meterological Data from AWS, Darwin Glacier (Brown Hills) [K702_2004_2012_NZ_1]
Location: S79 50.113, E159 19.122 AWS/environemntal logging station was installed in the central valley (S 79º 50.113" E 159º 19.122") between Lake Wilson and Diamond Glacier in the Darwin Glacier ...


94. Meterological Data from Cape Hallett Station [K004_Cape_Hallett_Met_Station_LGP]
The Cape Hallett meteorology station is located at a latitude of 72.19 S, a longitude of 170.16 E, and an elevation of ~0.5 meters above sea level. The station was constructed in the 2001-2002 field ...


95. Meterological Data from Dawin Central Valley [K002_Darwin_Central_Valley_Met_Station_LGP]
There is currently one Automatic Weather Station (AWS)/environmental logging stations located in the Darwin area: 1) In the central valley (S 79º 50.113" E 159º 19.122") between Lake Wilson ...


96. Microclimate measurements (air temperature, light levels and relative humidity) near vegetation at Botany Bay, Granite Harbour [K024_1999_2000_NZ_1]
Several data loggers were deployed in and around plants in order to obtain more information of conditions at the plant level to be able to determine if plants performance characteristics are adapted ...


97. Monitoring Magnetosphere - Ionosphere Coupling, Arrival heights, Scott Base, Antarctica [K069_1989_2012_NZ_1]
A magnetometer and data recording system was installed and began recording hydromagnetic and ion cyclotron waves (geomagnetic pulsations) propagating into the high latitude cusp and polar cap regions ...


98. Moon tracking spectrometer measurements of ozone and nitrogen dioxide from Arrival Heights during the polar winter [K085_1985_1987_NZ_1]
A moon tracking spectrometer was installed at Arrival Heights in January 1985 to measure trace gas species (ozone O3 and nitrogen dioxide NO2) in the stratosphere. The spectrometer measurements are ...


99. New Zealand International Transantarctic Scientific Expedition (NZ ITASE) - Climate variability measured from ice cores taken along the Victoria Land Coast [K049_1999_2008_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The climate of the Victoria Land Coast is created by the interacting influences of the Dry Valleys, East Antarctic Ice Sheet and the Ross Sea. Slight changes can significantly alter local weather ...


100. Observations of the circulation of winds in the Wright Valley using an acoustic sounder, pilot balloons and airsondes [K172_1988_1989_NZ_1]
Previous meteorological measurements in the Dry Valley region of South Victoria Land have shown that during summer, there is a well developed diurnal local circulation driven by solar heating/convective ...


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