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51. Psychological surveys and interviews of visitors to Antarctica over three phases of their journey [K073_2003_2004_NZ_1]
Visitors to Antarctica (Ross Sea Region) were examined via survey and questionnaires over three phases of their experience; 1) anticipation of the visit, 2) during the on-site visit and 3) upon return ...


52. Sampling petroleum contaminated soils for microbes at the historic huts [K021_1998_2008_NZ_8]
Soil samples were taken at Cape Evans where the remains of 2 petroleum depots are located near the hut (1999-2000 season) to ascertain if hydrocarbons were present. Additional sampling was carried ...


53. Sequencing of the metallothionein gene using the RT-PCR (reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction) method in the Antarctic fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki to determine the exposure of Antarctic fish to heavy metals [K014_1997_1999_NZ_1]
The development and application of a new molecular approach for quantifying the exposure of Antarctic fish to heavy metals was tested. The approach uses quantitative RT-PCR (reverse transcriptase ...


54. Soil albedo measurements of oil-contaminated and control sites at Scott Base and Marble Point [K123_2000_2001_NZ_1]
Soil albedo measurements were made on oil contaminated and pristine soil surfaces at Scott Base and Marble Point using a single LI200X Pyranometer facing upward and downward to detect incoming and ...


55. Soil and groundwater description, characterisation and sampling at various sites at Cape Hallett [K123_2003_2005_NZ_1]
The soil and groundwater at Seabee Hook, Cape Hallet was described and characterised. Soil Investigation: Soil pits were dug east of Willett Cove on low mounds on disturbed and undisturbed sites, ...


56. Soil samples and temperature data from Tramway Ridge, Mt Erebus to determine the genetic capabilities and structure of microbial communities [K023_2008_2009_NZ_1]
The study of high temperature extreme environments continues to challenge our understanding of the upper tolerances of microbial life and how life may have originated on earth and possibly other planets. ...


57. Soil samples from Mout Fleming, Allen Hills and the McKelvey Valley to determine the fungal terrestrial biodiversity using cultures and molecular DNA techniques - K021_1998_2011_NZ_9 [K021_1998_2011_NZ_9]
Soil samples were taken from Mount Fleming (00-01), Allen Hills (03-04) and the McKelvey Valley (07-08) to ascertain terrestrial biodiversity at the sites, as determined by molecular DNA techniques ...


58. Soil, nematode, and springtail sample collection from Granite Harbour [K066_2009_2010_NZ_1]
The aim of this study was to determine aspects of the environmental physiology and phylogeography of Antarctic terrestrial invertebrates. Soil samples were collected from Granite Harbour for geochemical ...


59. Soil, wood, hay and feed samples collected from Scotts Hut at Cape Evans to determine the presence/absence of Bacillus sp [K021_1998_2008_NZ_5]
Three soil samples were taken from Hut Point, 73 from Cape Evans and 28 from Cape Royds to determine the presence/absence of Bacillus sp. At Cape Evans, transects were made and soil cores were taken ...


60. The ability to photorepair UV damaged DNA and the rate of photoreactivation in Antarctic species compared with temperate and tropical species [K068_2004_2006_NZ_2]
Time course experimental exposure of the Antarctic sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeriembryos to UVR was carried out in a lab to examine the kinetics of UVR induced damage to DNA. Embryos (freshly fertilized ...


61. The activity and expression of DNA repair/photoreactivation with the enzyme photolyase in the sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri, McMurdo Sound [K068_2003_2004_NZ_1]
An important aspect of understanding the impact of increased UVR is assessing the ability of Antarctic species to repair DNA damaged through the process of photoreactiviation or photorepair. To repair ...


62. The biodiversity of the coastal underwater marine benthic ecosystem in the Ross Sea Region [K082_2001_2007_NZ]   CHILD DIFs
The long term research program ICECUBE (Coastal Underwater Benthic Ecosystems) provides fundamental information on the structural and functional biodiversity of Antarctic coastal benthic ecosystems. ...


63. The direct effects of UV radiation on embryo and larval development and survival, and DNA damage of Sterechinus neumayeri [K068_2002_2006_NZ_2]
Gastrulation is a critical point in the development of an embryo. Damage to embryos prior to gastrulation via UVR effects on cytokinesis or DNA will have a dramatic negative effect on embryo survival. ...


64. The diversity of the microflora and microfauna and the thermal and moisture regimes of soils from contaminated and pristine soils from Scott Base, Marble Point and Bull Pass, Wright Valley [K123_1998_1999_NZ_1]
The impact of fuel spills on the biological, chemical and physical properties of Antarctic soils was investigated. Soil surface samples and soil profile samples (pits dug down to the ice cemented ...


65. The effects of human impacts on Antarctic sponge species in the Ross Sea [K059_2001_2003_NZ]
The effects of human impacts on the microbial and chemical ecology of Antarctic sponge species was investigated. Sponges dominate many of the shallow marine Antarctic habitats and due to the large ...


66. The evolution of microsatellite and mitochondrial genes of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) from DNA samples taken from stratified subfossil penguin bones at penguin colonies [K030_1996_1999_NZ_1]
Evolutionary changes in microsatellite and mitochondrial genes of Adelie penguins was investigated to provide knowledge about the genetic processes and mechanisms that give rise to variation and change ...


67. The fundamental physiology and biology processes of Sterechinus neumayeri embryos and larvae and how they are affected by increased UV radiation, McMurdo Sound [K068_2007_2008_NZ_1]
Three key processes in the embryos and larvae of the sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri were examined to determine how they respond to environmental changes. In situ experiments were carried out at ...


68. The sensitivity of Antarctic marine amphipods to environmental pollutants and the effects of UV light exposure on amphipods exposed to toxins [K026_1997_1998_NZ_1]
The sensitivities of three species of necrophagous marine amphipods to a range of reference toxicants in the water and the effect of UV light exposure on the sensitivity of fluroanthene exposed (a ...


69. The use of historic milk powder to compare the microbial flora of milk from the past to the present [K021_1998_2008_NZ_7]
Very small samples of milk powder from opened exposed tins were sampled from the artifacts found at the historic huts on Ross Island, in the order of several grams in the 2001-2002 season. Two hypothesis ...


70. UV radiation penetration through sea ice & effects on embryo & larval development, survival & damage of the sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri, Antarctic Starfish Odontaster validus & Odontaster meridionalis in Ross Sea [K068_2002_2009_NZ_1]
UV radiation transmission measurements on sea ice surface and through the annual sea ice into the underlying water column were made during Antarctic spring months (October - November) along with ...


71. UV radiation penetration through sea ice & effects on embryo & larval development, survival & damage of the sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri, Antarctic Starfish Odontaster validus & Odontaster meridionalis in Ross Sea [K068_2002_2013_NZ_1]
UV radiation transmission measurements on sea ice surface and through the annual sea ice into the underlying water column were made during Antarctic spring months (October - November) along with ...


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