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51. Measurements of the crest height of raised beach ridge systems and elevated shorelines of the Ross Sea Region [K013_1981_1982_NZ_4]
Observations on coastal processes and geomorphic development were conducted at several beaches in the Ross Sea Region including Scott Island, Cape Adare, Possession Island, Markham Island, Inexpressible ...


52. Measurements of the orientation response to water flow of the fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki and the role of the lateral line system in mediating the rheotaxic behaviour [K014_1996_1997_NZ_3]
How the Antarctic fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki orientates to water flow (rheotaxis) was investigated by exposing captured fish to a laminar current flow at various flow rates in a custom built aquarium ...


53. Microbial diversity and the environmental factors that drive the microbial community in the Ross Sea Region [K023_2004_2008_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The Antarctic environment has recently been shown to support a high level of diversity of bacteria in the soil given the simplicity and extreme nature of the habitat. Understanding the relationship ...


54. Monitoring of permafrost temperatures at Marble Point and Bull Pass, Wright Valley [K123_2005_2007_NZ_1]
Bore holes were drilled in bedrock near existing climate monitoring stations at Marble Point and Bull Pass, Wright Valley to monitor permafrost temperatures at depths of up to 30m and to drill till ...


55. Neuston net tows in the New Zealand sector of the Southern Ocean and the Ross Sea to determine quantities of anthropogenic contaminants [K013_1981_1982_NZ_1]
The quantities of floatant contaminant levels (in particular virgin plastic granules together with larger chunks of degrading plastic, pelagic tar balls and oily residues and any other antrhopogenic ...


56. Obtaining action spectrum and biological weighting functions for UVR effects on larvae of a suite of Antarctic invertebrates, McMurdo Sound [K068_2004_2006_NZ_1]
The effect of UVR on biological systems is wavelength dependent. Action spectrum for DNA damage is an essential component of understanding the effects of increased UVB on a range of Antarctic invertebrate ...


57. One on one interviews with Scott Base personnel (staff, scientists, management, etc) investigating perceptions of Antarctic heritage [K073_1998_2000_NZ_2]
During two visits to Scott Base, the New Zealand Antarctic Research base in the Ross Dependency, semi-structured, one-on-one interviews were conducted with personnel at Scott Base including winter ...


58. Psychological data from Scott Base winter staff surveys of incidents and their effect on mood while working and living in Antarctica [K073_1998_2000_NZ_1]
The occurrance of the 'third quarter' phenomenon - a downturn in mood occurring shortly after the midpoint of isolation - may be the result of different types of incidents and events that occur at ...


59. Psychological data from Scott Base winter staff surveys of mood to assess the occurrence of the 'third quarter' phenomenon on people living and working in Antarctica [K073_1996_1997_NZ_1]
The apparent 'third quarter' phenomena in polar missions where low points in mood and morale are experienced just past mid-season were investigated. A prestudy assessment was conducted on the winter ...


60. Psychological data from scientists in the field and support staff at Scott Base to understand the social and psychological aspects of ethical decision making (environmental protection vs work tasks) [K073_2004_2006_NZ_1]
Antarctica is a pristine and fragile environment. People working there need to balance the need for environmental protection against the demands of their task while they are on the ice.The social ...


61. Psychological interview data of expectations and perceptions and mood data from people working and living in Antarctica [K073_2000_2002_NZ_1]
The effects of expectations regarding living and working at Scott Base was investigated with the main aim to examine the impact of mismatches between expectations and perceptions on the mood of personnel ...


62. Psychological surveys and interviews of visitors to Antarctica over three phases of their journey [K073_2003_2004_NZ_1]
Visitors to Antarctica (Ross Sea Region) were examined via survey and questionnaires over three phases of their experience; 1) anticipation of the visit, 2) during the on-site visit and 3) upon return ...


63. Sampling petroleum contaminated soils for microbes at the historic huts [K021_1998_2008_NZ_8]
Soil samples were taken at Cape Evans where the remains of 2 petroleum depots are located near the hut (1999-2000 season) to ascertain if hydrocarbons were present. Additional sampling was carried ...


64. Sequencing of the metallothionein gene using the RT-PCR (reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction) method in the Antarctic fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki to determine the exposure of Antarctic fish to heavy metals [K014_1997_1999_NZ_1]
The development and application of a new molecular approach for quantifying the exposure of Antarctic fish to heavy metals was tested. The approach uses quantitative RT-PCR (reverse transcriptase ...


65. Soil albedo measurements of oil-contaminated and control sites at Scott Base and Marble Point [K123_2000_2001_NZ_1]
Soil albedo measurements were made on oil contaminated and pristine soil surfaces at Scott Base and Marble Point using a single LI200X Pyranometer facing upward and downward to detect incoming and ...


66. Soil and groundwater description, characterisation and sampling at various sites at Cape Hallett [K123_2003_2005_NZ_1]
The soil and groundwater at Seabee Hook, Cape Hallet was described and characterised. Soil Investigation: Soil pits were dug east of Willett Cove on low mounds on disturbed and undisturbed sites, ...


67. Soil samples and temperature data from Tramway Ridge, Mt Erebus to determine the genetic capabilities and structure of microbial communities [K023_2008_2009_NZ_1]
The study of high temperature extreme environments continues to challenge our understanding of the upper tolerances of microbial life and how life may have originated on earth and possibly other planets. ...


68. Soil, nematode, and springtail sample collection from Granite Harbour [K066_2009_2010_NZ_1]
The aim of this study was to determine aspects of the environmental physiology and phylogeography of Antarctic terrestrial invertebrates. Soil samples were collected from Granite Harbour for geochemical ...


69. Soil, wood, hay and feed samples collected from Scotts Hut at Cape Evans to determine the presence/absence of Bacillus sp [K021_1998_2008_NZ_5]
Three soil samples were taken from Hut Point, 73 from Cape Evans and 28 from Cape Royds to determine the presence/absence of Bacillus sp. At Cape Evans, transects were made and soil cores were taken ...


70. The ability to photorepair UV damaged DNA and the rate of photoreactivation in Antarctic species compared with temperate and tropical species [K068_2004_2006_NZ_2]
Time course experimental exposure of the Antarctic sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeriembryos to UVR was carried out in a lab to examine the kinetics of UVR induced damage to DNA. Embryos (freshly fertilized ...


71. The activity and expression of DNA repair/photoreactivation with the enzyme photolyase in the sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri, McMurdo Sound [K068_2003_2004_NZ_1]
An important aspect of understanding the impact of increased UVR is assessing the ability of Antarctic species to repair DNA damaged through the process of photoreactiviation or photorepair. To repair ...


72. The biodiversity of the coastal underwater marine benthic ecosystem in the Ross Sea Region [K082_2001_2007_NZ]   CHILD DIFs
The long term research program ICECUBE (Coastal Underwater Benthic Ecosystems) provides fundamental information on the structural and functional biodiversity of Antarctic coastal benthic ecosystems. ...


73. The direct effects of UV radiation on embryo and larval development and survival, and DNA damage of Sterechinus neumayeri [K068_2002_2006_NZ_2]
Gastrulation is a critical point in the development of an embryo. Damage to embryos prior to gastrulation via UVR effects on cytokinesis or DNA will have a dramatic negative effect on embryo survival. ...


74. The diversity of the microflora and microfauna and the thermal and moisture regimes of soils from contaminated and pristine soils from Scott Base, Marble Point and Bull Pass, Wright Valley [K123_1998_1999_NZ_1]
The impact of fuel spills on the biological, chemical and physical properties of Antarctic soils was investigated. Soil surface samples and soil profile samples (pits dug down to the ice cemented ...


75. The effects of human impacts on Antarctic sponge species in the Ross Sea [K059_2001_2003_NZ]
The effects of human impacts on the microbial and chemical ecology of Antarctic sponge species was investigated. Sponges dominate many of the shallow marine Antarctic habitats and due to the large ...


76. The evolution of microsatellite and mitochondrial genes of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) from DNA samples taken from stratified subfossil penguin bones at penguin colonies [K030_1996_1999_NZ_1]
Evolutionary changes in microsatellite and mitochondrial genes of Adelie penguins was investigated to provide knowledge about the genetic processes and mechanisms that give rise to variation and change ...


77. The fundamental physiology and biology processes of Sterechinus neumayeri embryos and larvae and how they are affected by increased UV radiation, McMurdo Sound [K068_2007_2008_NZ_1]
Three key processes in the embryos and larvae of the sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri were examined to determine how they respond to environmental changes. In situ experiments were carried out at ...


78. The sensitivity of Antarctic marine amphipods to environmental pollutants and the effects of UV light exposure on amphipods exposed to toxins [K026_1997_1998_NZ_1]
The sensitivities of three species of necrophagous marine amphipods to a range of reference toxicants in the water and the effect of UV light exposure on the sensitivity of fluroanthene exposed (a ...


79. The use of historic milk powder to compare the microbial flora of milk from the past to the present [K021_1998_2008_NZ_7]
Very small samples of milk powder from opened exposed tins were sampled from the artifacts found at the historic huts on Ross Island, in the order of several grams in the 2001-2002 season. Two hypothesis ...


80. UV radiation penetration through sea ice & effects on embryo & larval development, survival & damage of the sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri, Antarctic Starfish Odontaster validus & Odontaster meridionalis in Ross Sea [K068_2002_2009_NZ_1]
UV radiation transmission measurements on sea ice surface and through the annual sea ice into the underlying water column were made during Antarctic spring months (October - November) along with ...


81. Variation in corticosterone responses to handling within and between Adelie penguins, Ross Island [K034_2001_2005_NZ_4]
Corticosterone responses to handling and behavioural responses to the approach of a person are two responses of adelie penguins to potential stressors. We measured these responses in different birds ...


82. Variation in corticosterone responses within and between individuals of Adelie penguins, Ross Island 2002-2003 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_6]
Corticosterone responses to handling were measured three times at four day intervals in 24 Adelie penguins to quantify variation within and between birds in these responses. Blood samples were collected ...


83. Voluntary approach distance of Adelie penguins to people at Cape Bird, Ross Island 2002-2003 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_8]
The distance that walking Adelie penguins chose to approach people was measured for penguins on the beach at Cape Bird. A person stood in the path of an approaching penguin and then after the bird ...


Previous Showing 51 through 83 of 83

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