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51. Water chemistry and biology of the Canada Glacier glacial meltwater stream [K009_1981_1982_NZ_1]
Lake water chemistry is relatively well understood, whereas in comparison stream waters have been little studied. The chemistry of glacial meltwater from the Canada Glacier was characterised and the ...


52. Geochemistry investigations of landforms in the Ross Sea Region to determine past glacial history and landform processes [K009_1969_1970_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The geochemistry of Ross Island (Cape Barne and Cape Crozier), the Taylor and Wright Valleys, Lake Vida in Victoria Valley and Marble Point was studied (weathering and land formation) to determine ...


53. Investigation of Antarctic lakes and lake sediments in the Ross Sea Region [K009_1969_1990_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The study of Antarctic lakes and lake sediments in the Ross Sea Region, particularly in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, with particular emphasis on the climatic history was a continuing program of the Waikato ...


54. Glacial movement and sedimentation rate of the Mackay Glacier, Granite Harbour [K042_1982_1983_NZ_1]
Granite Harbour can be considered a 'closed basin' which collects sediment deposited from the Mackay Glacier Tongue. Study of this sedimentation system enables a more precise interpretation of the ...


55. The structure and origin of the Strand Moraines, McMurdo Sound [K042_1983_1984_NZ_1]
Geological work on the Strand Moraines, an area believed to be partly grounded ice cored moraine, that may be a relic of the Last Glaciation 20,000-50,000 years ago, was conducted. A study to account ...


56. Analysis of cyanobacterial mats for toxins [K081_2001_2002_NZ_3]
Mats of algae and cyanobacteria are often the dominant biomass of inland aquatic systems. A collection of samples of these mats were extensively sampled from the moraine ponds near Bratina Island ...


57. Chemical and nutrient analysis of meltwaters in the Victoria Valley and Bull Pass [K091_1989_1990_NZ_1]
Baseline chemistry data for ponds and lakes in the Victoria Valley/Bull Pass region was collected in January 1990. Water samples were taken from Upper Victoria Glacier drainage, Lake Victoria, Lake ...


58. Dissolved gases in the bottom of liquid lakes of the McMurdo oasis area [K094_1991_1992_NZ_1]
The lakes in the McMurdo Dry Valleys have a density gradient which in turn prevents the usual vertical convection seen in other lakes. Consequently the basal layers of the lakes remain stagnant. Crustal ...


59. GPR survey of the Wright Lower, Victoria Upper and Suess Glacier margins, in the McMurdo Dry Valleys [K064_2004_2005_NZ_1]
The margins of the Wright Lower, Victoria Upper and Suess glaciers were surveyed using a pulse Ekko GPR. The GPR survey of the morphology and structure of the apron of the Victoria Upper glacier was ...


60. Interactions between liquid water and ice at the Wright Lower glacier and Minna Saddle, McMurdo Ice Shelf [K064_2006_2008_NZ_1]
To understand the nature of interactions between liquid water and ice our investigation focussed on the Wright Lower glacier, the southern end of McMurdo Ice Shelf (Minna Saddle), the margin of the ...


61. Investigations of the accretion of ice at the base of dry based glaciers in the McMurdo Dry Valleys (Suess, Canada, LaCroix, Taylor, Lower Wright, Clark and Upper Victoria glaciers) [K064_1995_1996_NZ_1]
The process of ice accretion at the base of dry polar glaciers in the Dry Valleys of southern Victoria Land was examined. The Suess, Canada, LaCroix and Taylor glacier in the Taylor Valley, the Lower ...


62. Predicting contaminant impacts at Lake Vanda, Antarctica [K094_1995_1997_NZ_1]
Samples of water, phytoplankton, sediment, soil and bacterial mat were sampled from Lake Vanda and the old Vanda station site, in order to determine the fate of trace metal contaminants and their ...


63. The behaviour of dry based glaciers and the interpretation of Pleistocene glacial deposits from glaciers in the Dry Valleys, Antarctica [K064_1994_2005_NZ]   CHILD DIFs
The formation of deposits and landforms at the margin of alpine glaciers in the Dry Valleys (The Suess Glacier, Taylor Glacier and Rhone Glacier in the Taylor Valley, the Wright Lower Glacier in the ...


64. The structural glaciology and movement of the Rhone Glacier, Taylor Valley, Antarctica [K064_1994_2005_NZ_4]   PARENT DIF
The Rhone Glacier, Taylor Valley, Dry Valleys was observed and surveyed to determine the structural glaciology and movement of the glacier. A tunnel was excavated into the true right western face ...


65. The structural glaciology and movement of the Taylor Glacier, Taylor Valley, Antarctica [K064_1994_2005_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
The structural glaciology and movement of the Taylor Glacier, was investigated over several seasons (98-01) by excavating a tunnel in the right side of the Taylor Glacier, 1.5km upstream of the terminus, ...


66. The structural glaciology and movement of the Victoria Upper Glacier, Victoria Valley, Antarctica [K064_1994_2005_NZ_5]   PARENT DIF
The structure and movement of the Victoria Upper Glacier, Victoria Valley, was investigated over several seasons. A network of 13 points on the glacier surface were marked with bamboo flags and the ...


67. The structural glaciology, ice marginal landforms, sediments and movement of the Lower Wright Glacier, Wright Valley, Antarctica [K064_1994_2005_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
The structural glaciology, ice marginal landforms, sediments and movement of the Lower Wright Glacier, Wright Valley, Antarctica was investigated over several seasons. Preliminary work was completed ...


68. The structural glaciology, ice marginal landforms, sediments and movement of the Suess Glacier, Taylor Valley, Antarctica [K064_1994_2005_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The structural glaciology, ice marginal landforms, sediments and movement of the Suess Glacier, Taylor Valley, Antarctica was investigated over several seasons. Preliminary work was completed with ...


69. Trace element distribution and speciation in Lake Vanda, Wright Valley, Antarctica [K093_1987_1988_NZ_1]
In Nov/Dec 1987, waters were sampled from Lake Vanda, Don Juan Pond, and the Onyx River (Wright Valley) to provide information on major ion and trace element chemistry and behaviour under the range ...


70. An ecological study of Bird Pond at Cape Bird: water parameters, population density and identification plants and animals [K014_1970_1971_NZ_3]
A seasonal ecological study was carried out at Bird Pond, Cape Bird. At weekly intervals the water temperature, depth, conductivity, pH and light were recorded, water samples were analysed for oxygen, ...


71. The modern sedimentation regime at the snout of the Ferrar Glacier, New Harbour [K042_1985_1986_NZ_1]
The modern sedimentation regime at the snout of the Ferrar Glacier was investigated for comparison with the upper sediments cored in the CIROS-2 hole and to determine the modern sedimentation processes ...


72. The presence and extent of interstitial meiofauna in sandy beaches and stream and coastal water sampling to determine the nutrient input to the sea from penguin colonies [K014_1974_1975_NZ_2]
The presence and extent of the interstitial meiofauna that developed in the sandy beach when the push-ice had melted or rafted out was investigated. The timing of melting was late and only a short ...


73. GPR, electromagnetic and spectral analysis of surface wave surveys on the Pram Point pressure ridges and surrounding area [K054_2001_2002_NZ_1]
Experiments using GPR around Scott Base showed the GPR could detect crevasses on the McMurdo Ice Shelf, in an area near Scott Base where distinctive surface undulations or 'pressure rollers' (pressure ...


74. An ASTER Digital Elevation Model (DEM) for the Darwin-Hatherton Glacial System [K053_2006_2007_NZ_1]
In order to understand how the West Antarctic Ice Sheet may respond to global climate change in the future, its current nature and how it has responded to climate change in the past has been investigated. ...


75. Analysis of water and soil samples for pollutants (trace metals, major anions, mercury) to determine the nature and extent of contamination in meltwaters in the Ross Dependency [K105_1992_1994_NZ_1]
A set of baseline data for the composition of meltwaters in the Ross Dependency, with particular concentrations on the levels of ultra trace heavy metals in waters remote from significant or current ...


76. Benthic mat biomass, productivity (photosynthesis and respiration) and contributions to lake nutrient cycling in Lake Hoare, Taylor Valley [K081_1996_2000_NZ_1]
The importance of benthic microbial mat production in the Lake Hoare, Taylor Valley and how the mats are adapted to survive and grow in deep water (extreme low light but no freezing) was investigated. ...


77. Chemical analysis of soil from Cape Roberts to create reference sites prior to potential environmental impact from human activity [K105_1992_1993_NZ_2]
An assessment of the soils and vegetation patterns of the Cape Roberts area was conducted to determine existing conditions as reference sites for later determination of environmental impacts from ...


78. Heavy metal analysis of soil samples from pits excavated around Scott Base [K105_1993_1994_NZ_1]
Comparison of soils from Scott Base (site with human activity) with baseline data taken from pristine sites around the Ross Dependency (without human activity) found elevated levels of most heavy ...


79. In situ measurements of photosynthesis in the benthic microbial mats at high depths under the perennial ice cover of Lake Hoare, Taylor Valley [K081_2004_2005_NZ_2]
In situ measurements of photosynthesis in the benthic microbial mats, that grow under the perennial ice cover, of Lake Hoare were measured to determine if photosynthesis is positive at considerable ...


80. Mercury concentrations of snow samples from the McMurdo Ice Shelf and the Antarctic plateau [K092_1987_1989_NZ_1]
Analysis of mercury concentrations from snow samples from Antarctica should indicate global fluxes of mercury to the atmosphere, since it is a remote location away from any regional mercury sources. ...


81. Salt, nutrient and other contaminant analysis of soil samples taken near the old Vanda Station [K105_1993_1994_NZ_2]
Water and soil samples from Vanda Station were found to have contamination by apparently anthropogenically derived components (such as heavy metals) and these contaminants are moving in the soils ...


82. Soil and salt samples and geological observations from high altitude sites in the Upper Taylor Valley to determine the history of the Antarctic environment through the composition of salts in soils [K105_1997_1998_NZ_1]
To understand the processes of Antarctic soils as they affect the composition and distributions of salts and ice in and below the soils, the salts in very old soils and paleosols were investigated. ...


83. Soil samples from two sites near Scott Base with LiCl added to determine how far water soluble materials spilt on the soil surface will travel [K105_1992_1994_NZ_2]
A leaching trial was set up at Scott Base to determine how rapidly and how far water-soluble materials spilt on the soil surface will move. Lithium chloride (LiCl) was added to two trial sites near ...


84. Water and soil samples from contaminated sites of Vanda Station to determine the mobility of contaminants [K105_1992_1993_NZ_1]
Vanda Station leaders were asked to recall what and where waste was disposed of at Vanda Station. A soil sampling regime was conducted on the responses received. Roughly 32 pits were excavated and ...


85. Measurements of the effects of debris on the mechanical behaviour (deformation and motion) of ice of the Taylor Glacier, Taylor Valley, Antarctica [K053_1992_2000_NZ_1]
Debris-rich ice is a commonly observed basal ice facies found at the base of many temperate and polar glaciers and at the base of cores through major ice sheets. The effects of the presence of debris ...


86. Long term data from strain meters placed on the Erebus Glacier Tongue and surrounding sea ice measuring travelling flexural waves and strain measurements [K131_1983_1990_NZ_1]
Using a strain meter with a 500mm gauge length, the elastic and plastic strain of the Erebus Glacier tongue was measured as it moves in response to waves and swells present in the surrounding sea. ...


87. Geochemical and geomorphological investigations of the McMurdo Dry Valleys freshwater and saline water bodies [K211_1963_1987_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
Since the 1963-1964 season, Japanese scientists have studied major and trace elements, nutrient matter, stable and radioactive isotopes and organic constituents in lakes and ponds and geological samples ...


88. Geochemical studies, the natural abundance of nitrogen isotopes in soil and evaporates and observations of the sequential changes in the saline lakes of the Dry Valleys and surrounding areas [K211_1978_1979_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Geochemical studies on the tritium chronology of Lake Vanda, the natural abundance of nitrogen isotopes in soil and evaporites in the Dry Valleys and observations of the sequential changes in the ...


89. Geophysical studies of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley, including lake water and ice parameters and geomorphological studies of the surrounding physical environment with comparisons with other nearby water bodies [K211_1970_1973_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
A geophysical study of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley was conducted over three seasons focussing on the heat balance of the lake with geochemical and geomorphological studies running concurrently. Comparisons ...


90. Limnological studies of Dry Valley lakes: water parameters (pH, conductivity, nutrients, temperature), uranium content, trace elements, isotopic ratio and tritium concentrations, and geochemical samples [K211_1984_1986_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
A large number of saline and freshwater lakes and ponds of the Dry Valley area and crater lakes behind the McMurdo station were visited for limnological study including Lake Fryxell of the Taylor ...


91. Measurements of environmental radiation near Scott Base and McMurdo Station and in the McMurdo Dry Valleys [K211_1984_1985_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The level of environmental radiation (gamma ray exposure) due to terrestrial radionuclides was measured by using a portable NaI gamma ray survey meter in the Ross Island (near Scott Base and McMurdo ...


92. Algal composition, physico-chemical features, photosynthetic carbon metabolism, nitrogen cycling and the structure and metabolic properties of algal mats in lakes and streams of southern Victoria Land [K081_1983_1986_NZ_1]
A three year study of lakes and stream of southern Victoria Land was conducted from 1983-1986. In the first season, the algal composition and physico-chemical characteristics of South Victoria Land ...


93. Analyses of water and microbial mat samples collected from two ponds at Luther Peak, near Cape Hallett [K081_2003_2005_NZ_3]
Freshwater ponds have long been recognised as an important local biodiversity element in the Antarctic landscape. To broaden the understanding of pond systems within the Ross Sea region of Antarctica ...


94. Biological, physical and chemical parameters in water and microbial mat samples from ponds in Victoria Valley [K081_2003_2005_NZ_2]
Water and microbial mat communities of the ponds in the Victoria Valley was investigated to test the hypothesis that the gradient in climatic severity associated with latitudinal and altitudinal gradients ...


95. Biological, physical and chemical parameters in water and microbial mat samples from ponds in the Cape Hallett vicinity and cryoconite holes on the Tucker and Bornmann glaciers [K081_2005_2006_NZ_3]
A series of 10 ponds, located away from the main influences of the penguin colony at Cape Hallett, were investigated for variation in chemistry and microbial mat development. Cores of benthic microbial ...


96. Biological, physical and chemical parameters in water and microbial mat samples from ponds in the Labyrinth area of Wright Valley [K081_2003_2005_NZ_1]
Water and microbial mat communities of the ponds in the Labyrinth area of Wright Valley was investigated to test the hypothesis that the gradient in climatic severity associated with latitudinal and ...


97. Environmental monitoring station in the Darwin Glacier region [K081_2004_2005_NZ_1]
A data logging station was installed in the Darwin Glacier Region during October 2004 inland from Lake Wilson, just north of Diamond Hill. The station was configured, assembled and programmed to collect ...


98. The adaptation of cyanobacterial mats from the McMurdo Ice Shelf, Mt Discovery and the Alph River system to Antarctic environmental extremes [K081_1990_1991_NZ_1]
The microbial adaptations of the cyanobacterial mats of the ponds of the McMurdo Ice Shelf to the environmental extremes experienced at this location, including changes in temperature and salinity, ...


99. The importance of aerial transport in the distribution of microbes, the role of dried mats as reservoirs of viable propagules and the assessment of the habitat for the germination, growth and persistence of propagules [K082_1990_1992_NZ_1]
The potential importance of dried cyanobacterial mats as sources of propagules for local dissemination was studied at Bratina Island (McMurdo Ice Shelf), Lake Fryxell (Taylor Valley) and Cape Crozier ...


100. The physical and geochemical parameters controlling algal production in Lake Vanda [K081_1980_1981_NZ_1]
The factors controlling algal production in Lake Vanda were investigated experimentally by nutrient bioassays and in situ radiotracer incubations. Photosynthetic profiles were measured through the ...


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