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51. Interactions between liquid water and ice at the Wright Lower glacier and Minna Saddle, McMurdo Ice Shelf [K064_2006_2008_NZ_1]
To understand the nature of interactions between liquid water and ice our investigation focussed on the Wright Lower glacier, the southern end of McMurdo Ice Shelf (Minna Saddle), the margin of the ...


52. Investigation into cryoconite holes at a cold based glacier, Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Antarctica [K064_2004_2007_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
Investigation into cryoconite hole chemistry, surface area cover and construction was investigated as part of wider project looking at the seasonal melt regime of the Wright Lower Glacier. Chemistry: ...


53. Investigation of Antarctic lakes and lake sediments in the Ross Sea Region [K009_1969_1990_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The study of Antarctic lakes and lake sediments in the Ross Sea Region, particularly in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, with particular emphasis on the climatic history was a continuing program of the Waikato ...


54. Investigation of coastal sites in Granite Harbour for evidence of Holocene glacier expansion and a survey of the moraine ridge system in Cuff Cape [K042_1989_1990_NZ_3]
A reconnaisance survey of both coastal features in Granite Harbour and nunataks on the south side of the Mackay Glacier was conducted to search for evidence of Holocene glacier expansion both at sea ...


55. Investigation of the physics (heat balance) and chemistry of Lake Bonney, Taylor Valley, 1962-1963 [K042_1962_1963_NZ_1]
The heat balance and chemistry of Lake Bonney was investigated in the 1962-63 field season. Temperature profiles were measured through 11 holes drilled in the surface ice of Lake Bonney. Of these, ...


56. Investigation of the physics (heat balance) and chemistry of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley, 1961-1962 [K042_1961_1962_NZ_1]
The first study of the physics and chemistry of Lake Vanda and the geology of the surrounding area were investigated in the 1961-1962 field season. Twelve holes were drilled at 1000ft intervals along ...


57. Investigation of the process of debris entrainment and till deposition of the Taylor Glacier [K042_1976_1977_NZ_1]
Investigations into the processes of debris entrainment and the formation of a debris layer within glacial ice was conducted. The glacial ice velocity at various points on the Taylor Glacier was conducted ...


58. Investigations into the Deep Chlorophyll Maximum Layer of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley: How is the DCM established and maintained? [K081_1994_1996_NZ_2]
The waters of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley, have risen at a rate of 1m per year. Within the lake there is a biologically important layer, the deep chlorophyll maximum (DCM), where high algal production ...


59. Investigations into the Deep Chlorophyll Maximum Layer of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley: How is the DCM maintained at a constant depth in spite of lake level rise? [K081_1994_1996_NZ_1]
The waters of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley, have risen at a rate of 1m per year. Within the lake there is a biologically important layer, the deep chlorophyll maximum (DCM), where high algal production ...


60. Investigations of the accretion of ice at the base of dry based glaciers in the McMurdo Dry Valleys (Suess, Canada, LaCroix, Taylor, Lower Wright, Clark and Upper Victoria glaciers) [K064_1995_1996_NZ_1]
The process of ice accretion at the base of dry polar glaciers in the Dry Valleys of southern Victoria Land was examined. The Suess, Canada, LaCroix and Taylor glacier in the Taylor Valley, the Lower ...


61. Investigations of the algal ecology of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley and Lake Miers, Miers Valley [K042_1964_1965_NZ_4]
The algal ecology of two Antarctic lakes, Lake Vanda, Wright Valley and Lake Miers, Miers Valley, were studied, and extensive collections were made of littoral and terrestrial algae, lichens and mosses. ...


62. Investigations of the glaciology and hydrology in the Terra Nova Bay regions [K162_1984_1985_NZ_1]
The occurrence or non-occurrence of both glacial moraines and past sea levels in the Terra Nova Bay area was investigated with a view to establishing a glacial chronology to supplement the Dry Valleys ...


63. Lake water level monitoring of glacier fed lakes in the Dry Valleys [K161_1969_1991_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
Monitoring of the lake level and lake ice ablation rates of lakes in the Dry Valleys was monitored from the 1969/70 summer until the 1990/91 season. The data was used to contribute to the understanding ...


64. Limnological studies of Dry Valley lakes: water parameters (pH, conductivity, nutrients, temperature), uranium content, trace elements, isotopic ratio and tritium concentrations, and geochemical samples [K211_1984_1986_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
A large number of saline and freshwater lakes and ponds of the Dry Valley area and crater lakes behind the McMurdo station were visited for limnological study including Lake Fryxell of the Taylor ...


65. Long term data from strain meters placed on the Erebus Glacier Tongue and surrounding sea ice measuring travelling flexural waves and strain measurements [K131_1983_1990_NZ_1]
Using a strain meter with a 500mm gauge length, the elastic and plastic strain of the Erebus Glacier tongue was measured as it moves in response to waves and swells present in the surrounding sea. ...


66. Mass balance measurements and glacier monitoring of glaciers in the Dry Valleys [K161_1969_1991_NZ_4]   PARENT DIF
Glaciers of the Dry Valleys occur where snow accumulation gains exceed sublimation and other losses. Monitoring of the mass balance of glaciers in the Dry Valleys was conducted from the 1969/70 summer ...


67. McMurdo Ice Shelf Project: Measurements of ice sheet movement, accumulation and ablation rate, strain/density rates, brine infusion and snow profiles [K001_1962_1984_NZ_1]
Surface elevation and movement of the McMurdo Ice Shelf and Ross Ice Shelf were conducted as part of the McMurdo Ice Shelf Project which was active from the 1962 to 1970 field seasons. A significant ...


68. Measurements of albation rates at a cold based glacier, Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Antarctica [K064_2004_2007_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The average annual ablation rate of the Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, was determined over three field seasons (04-05, 05-06 and 06-07) as part of an investigation into the seasonal melt regime ...


69. Measurements of environmental radiation near Scott Base and McMurdo Station and in the McMurdo Dry Valleys [K211_1984_1985_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The level of environmental radiation (gamma ray exposure) due to terrestrial radionuclides was measured by using a portable NaI gamma ray survey meter in the Ross Island (near Scott Base and McMurdo ...


70. Measurements of reduced sulphur gases from the melt waters and atmosphere of the McMurdo Ice Shelf: A collaboration with the RISE (Ross Ice Shelf Ecosystem) programme [K013_1989_1990_NZ_1]
A large freshwater ecosystem on the McMurdo Ice Shelf and the lower Koettlitz Glacier, in the Ross Dependency, is an area some 1500 km2. The area is covered by pools, lakes, streams and rivers, many ...


71. Measurements of the effects of debris on the mechanical behaviour (deformation and motion) of ice of the Taylor Glacier, Taylor Valley, Antarctica [K053_1992_2000_NZ_1]
Debris-rich ice is a commonly observed basal ice facies found at the base of many temperate and polar glaciers and at the base of cores through major ice sheets. The effects of the presence of debris ...


72. Measurements of the fixation of nitrogen by auroras and the chemical composition of snow at the south pole [K042_1963_1964_NZ_2]
Two scientists went to the South Pole Station to investigated the chemical composition of the polar snow. Measurements were made of the chemical constituents to determine how much nitrogen is fixed ...


73. Measurements of water temperature, spectral irradiance (amount of sunlight), density and salt concentration from lakes in the Taylor and Wright Valley [K042_1963_1964_NZ_1]
The physics and chemistry of the many lakes and ponds in the McMurdo Dry Valleys was investigated in the 1963-64 field season. Previous work on Lakes Vanda and Bonney in the Wright and Taylor Valleys ...


74. Meltwater geochemistry and biological characteristics of the Darwin Glacier region of Antarctica [K081_2007_2008_NZ_3]
Freshwater ponds have long been recognised as an important local biodiversity element in the Antarctic landscape. A suite of relatively easily measured chemical and biological variables that provide ...


75. Mercury concentrations of snow samples from the McMurdo Ice Shelf and the Antarctic plateau [K092_1987_1989_NZ_1]
Analysis of mercury concentrations from snow samples from Antarctica should indicate global fluxes of mercury to the atmosphere, since it is a remote location away from any regional mercury sources. ...


76. Meterological data at a cold based glacier, Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Antarctica [K064_2004_2007_NZ_5]   PARENT DIF
Meterological information was measured at a temporary station on the surface of the Wright Lower Glacier. This station was erected in Nov 2004 and recorded air temperature, ablation at hourly intervals ...


77. Microbial mat development and production variation in relation to physio-chemical variation in 13 ponds that all originated from one greater pond near Bratina Island on the McMurdo Ice Shelf [K081_2005_2006_NZ_1]
Microbial mat development and production varies from pond to pond due to the physio-chemical variation amongst the ponds. To study this variation a series of 13 ponds were selected that had originated ...


78. Physiochemical speciation of trace metals in Dry Valley Lakes: Lake Fryxell, Lake Vanda and Lake Bonney [K013_1985_1986_NZ_1]
Limnological studies were conducted at mid-lake sites at Lake Fryxell, Vanda and Bonney in November and December 1985. The primary objective was to examine the speciation of metals in the water column ...


79. Planktonic community structure and species interactions in melt ponds on the McMurdo Ice Shelf and at Cape Bird [K083_1991_1992_NZ_1]
Depth integrated water samples were taken from 20 ponds near Bratina Island on the McMurdo Ice Shelf and 6 ponds from Cape Bird to characterise the planktonic community structure of the ponds and ...


80. Predicting contaminant impacts at Lake Vanda, Antarctica [K094_1995_1997_NZ_1]
Samples of water, phytoplankton, sediment, soil and bacterial mat were sampled from Lake Vanda and the old Vanda station site, in order to determine the fate of trace metal contaminants and their ...


81. Salt, nutrient and other contaminant analysis of soil samples taken near the old Vanda Station [K105_1993_1994_NZ_2]
Water and soil samples from Vanda Station were found to have contamination by apparently anthropogenically derived components (such as heavy metals) and these contaminants are moving in the soils ...


82. Sampling based chemical and biogeochemical stratification profiles of melt water ponds at Bratina Island, McMurdo Ice Shelf [K081_2005_2006_NZ_2]
A comprehensive suite of geochemical samples and measurements from a selection of meltwater ponds at Bratina Island was collected in the 2005/06 and 2006/07 seasons. The purpose was to help identify ...


83. Sediment transport load in the Onyx River, Wright Valley [K164_1984_1985_NZ_1]
The sediment transport load in the Onyx River was investigated. The bedload transport rates were used in association with the 15 year flow record, to estimate sandur sedimentation rates. 38 cross ...


84. Soil and salt samples and geological observations from high altitude sites in the Upper Taylor Valley to determine the history of the Antarctic environment through the composition of salts in soils [K105_1997_1998_NZ_1]
To understand the processes of Antarctic soils as they affect the composition and distributions of salts and ice in and below the soils, the salts in very old soils and paleosols were investigated. ...


85. Soil samples from two sites near Scott Base with LiCl added to determine how far water soluble materials spilt on the soil surface will travel [K105_1992_1994_NZ_2]
A leaching trial was set up at Scott Base to determine how rapidly and how far water-soluble materials spilt on the soil surface will move. Lithium chloride (LiCl) was added to two trial sites near ...


86. Spatial variation measurements of the hydrology and glaciology of the Dry Valleys [K161_1969_1991_NZ_5]   CHILD DIFs   PARENT DIF
The long term hydrology/glaciology study carried out in the McMurdo Dry Valleys was conducted to gain information on the hydrological behaviour of the Dry Valleys rivers and lakes, particularly for ...


87. Streamflow monitoring of the Onyx River in the Wright Valley and various other glacier melt streams in the Dry Valleys [K161_1969_1991_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Monitoring of the stream flow of glacial streams in the Dry Valleys was monitored from the 1969/1970 summer until the 1990/1991 season. The data was used to contribute to the understanding of the ...


88. Studies of the surface strain of Erebus Glacier Tongue to determine the process of calving [K009_1977_1978_NZ_3]
The surface deformation of the Erebus Glacier Tongue was measured in order to elucidate the calving mechanisms for the formation of icebergs. Surface strain, surface tilt, surface velocity and long ...


89. Studies on the anaerobic sediments and underlying cyanobacterial mats from the McMurdo Ice Shelf [K081_1996_2000_NZ_2]
The pond ecosystems of the McMurdo Ice Shelf contain abundant growths of algae and cyanobacteria. The role of the anaerobic sediments underlying the cyanobacterial mats was investigated. Sediment ...


90. Temperature and conductivity data loggers within ponds and weather data surrounding ponds on the McMurdo Ice Shelf [K081_1995_2008_NZ_1]
Logging stations were installed at Bratina Island since the 1995-1996 season to monitor temperature and conductivity within various ponds and air temperature, incident radiation and UVA and UVB radiation ...


91. Temperature and salinity profiles of the lakes in the Ross Sea Region [K009_1969_1970_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Temperature and salinity profiles and general characteristics of Deep Lake and Lake Bonney were investigated.


92. The adaptation of cyanobacterial mats from the McMurdo Ice Shelf, Mt Discovery and the Alph River system to Antarctic environmental extremes [K081_1990_1991_NZ_1]
The microbial adaptations of the cyanobacterial mats of the ponds of the McMurdo Ice Shelf to the environmental extremes experienced at this location, including changes in temperature and salinity, ...


93. The albedo and ice transmissity at a cold based glacier, Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Antarctica [K064_2004_2007_NZ_7]   PARENT DIF
The albedo of the Wright Lower Glacier was monitored over two seasons (05-06 and 06-07) to help determine the seasonal melt regime of the glacier by using data from a climate station and manual measurements ...


94. The amount of melt water from a cold based glacier, Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Antarctica [K064_2004_2007_NZ_6]   PARENT DIF
The seasonal melt regime of the Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Dry Valleys, Antarctica was investigated and monitored over three field seasons (04-05, 05-06 and 06-07). An appreciation of the ...


95. The bathymetry and sedimentology of Lake Joyce [K009_1972_1973_NZ_4]   PARENT DIF
18 holes were drilled through the floating ice of Lake Joyce. The position of the holes were surveyed, the ice thickness and water depths were measured and the coring of the bottom sediments was ...


96. The behaviour of dry based glaciers and the interpretation of Pleistocene glacial deposits from glaciers in the Dry Valleys, Antarctica [K064_1994_2005_NZ]   CHILD DIFs
The formation of deposits and landforms at the margin of alpine glaciers in the Dry Valleys (The Suess Glacier, Taylor Glacier and Rhone Glacier in the Taylor Valley, the Wright Lower Glacier in the ...


97. The change in metabolism, and chemical and physical dynamics, after a transition from light to dark conditions, of melt water ponds on the McMurdo Ice Shelf [K081_2007_2008_NZ_1]
Detailed assessments of the metabolism in one melt water pond on the McMurdo Ice Shelf was investigated. The pond chosen had considerable background knowledge on its general chemistry and biology, ...


98. The changes in the physical, chemical and biological processes in melt water ponds during the late season freeze processes into the polar winter at Bratina Island [K081_2007_2008_NZ_2]
How the onset of winter conditions affects the physical and chemical conditions within the melt water ponds on the McMurdo Ice Shelf (of which summer information is available) and how these changes ...


99. The depth, motion and mass balance of the McMurdo Ice Shelf, Antarctica [K053_2003_2005_NZ_1]
An examination of the McMurdo Ice Shelf processes was carried out over two field seasons, 2003-2005. Measurements of surface ice motion and mass balance were made by placing stakes across the McMurdo ...


100. The development of anaerobic enrichment cultures and measurements of the rates of methanogenesis, the turnover of 14C acetate and the degradation of substrates from sediment samples from Bratina Island [K141_1992_1994_NZ_1]
Life in ponds and tidal lagoons of the McMurdo Ice Shelf is dominated by benthic cyanobacterial mats. Anaerobic conditions occur beneath these productive mats. A study was conducted to investigate ...


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