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51. Census of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at the Cape Royds rookery, 22 January, 1985 [K121_1984_1985_NZ_1]
A penguin census (adults and chicks) was conducted in January on the Cape Royds rookery. The number of chicks and adults were counted three times (by two observers for the chicks and one observer ...


52. Characterisation of aquatic resources in McMurdo Sound region of Antarctica: water chemistry, biological identity and genomic samples [K081_2009_2010_NZ_1]
Aquatic environments in Antarctica have changes over time with a changing climate. Small aquatic zones on the surface of glaciers ablation zones are comparatively constant and represent perhaps the ...


53. Cold tolerance of Antarctic terrestrial nematodes in the McMurdo Sound region [K067_1988_1989_NZ_1]
A survey of the nematode fauna associated with moss and algae growth from terrestrial sites on Ross Island and the McMurdo Dry Valleys was conducted. A total of 6 species were identified and maps ...


54. Constant observations of an adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) colony to determine the precise time of nest relief, the duration of foraging trips and the rhythms of behaviour and the levels of hormones in their blood [K121_1984_1986_NZ_1]
The precise time of nest relief, the duration of foraging trips and the rhythms of behaviour were measured by keeping a colony of Adelie penguins under constant observation throughout the breeding ...


55. Description of the summit of Mt Erebus from an ascent: temperature profiles, topography features and collected soil, lichen and snow and sulphur samples [K044_1963_1964_NZ_1]
An ascent of Mt Erebus was made to the southwest crater rim to collect snow and sulphur samples and to observe the summits volcanic activity. On the ascent, temperature profiles were establish. Temperature ...


56. Direct measurements of cosmic rays (neutron) flux at several sites in Antarctica [K112_1997_2000_NZ_2]
Cosmic rays (neutron) flux was directly measured with a portable detector in conjunction with a study examining the production of cosmic ray produced nuclides in rocks. The semi portable detector ...


57. Dynamics in the Antarctic Atmosphere, Ross Island [K055_2010_2012_NZ_1]
The outcomes of SNOW WEB are to develop networked technologies which contribute to improved climate and environmental monitoring in the Ross Sea Region. We want to demonstrate both the scientific ...


58. Evaluation of a portable drill for obtaining orientated paleomagnetic samples and detailed mapping and sampling of McMurdo volcanics for petrographic examination and detailed geochemistry studies [K042_1971_1972_NZ_1]
An evaluation of the use a portable drill for obtaining oriented paleomagnetic samples was undertaken on Ross Island. In all, 19 sites were sampled using the drill at Cape Crozier, Cape Bird, Cape ...


59. Examination of recent marine deposits and local geology at Cape Barne, Cape Bird and Cape Crozier, Ross Island, Antarctica [K042_1969_1970_NZ_1]
Recent marine deposits were discovered at Cape Barne, Ross Island. A number of well preserved shell layers exposed beside the frozen lakes being Cape Barne, at 30m asl were investigated. Upon examination ...


60. Examination of the distribution of salts in ice free areas of the McMurdo Dry Valleys and Ross Island [K042_1972_1973_NZ_1]
The distribution of salts in the ice free areas of south Victoria Land were plotted and the physical and chemical forms of salts accumulating in these areas was established to determine the origin ...


61. Floristic surveys, vegetation mapping, soil animals and environmental parameters for algae growth at Cape Bird [K052_1982_1983_NZ_3]
A plant map for Keble Valley was produced and the water channels plotted to determine the factors involved in moss establishment and growth. Water and shelter were found to be the main factors. Temperature ...


62. Genetic sequencing of terrestrial invertebrates along the latitudinal range of the Ross Dependency to determine patterns of biodiversity, phylogenetic relationships and levels of gene flow among populations [K028_1999_2008_NZ_1]
Molecular techniques (allozyme electrophoresis and mitochondrial gene sequencing) were used to characterise the Antarctic terrestrial biodiversity along the latitudinal range of the Ross Dependency ...


63. Geochemical and geomorphological investigations of the McMurdo Dry Valleys freshwater and saline water bodies [K211_1963_1987_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
Since the 1963-1964 season, Japanese scientists have studied major and trace elements, nutrient matter, stable and radioactive isotopes and organic constituents in lakes and ponds and geological samples ...


64. Geochemical studies on the rocks in the McMurdo Sound region [K042_1977_1978_NZ_1]
Geochemical studies were conducted in the McMurdo Sound region. Mossbauer spectrocopic studies of Desert Varnish, the physical and chemical weathering processes of the lavas on Ross Island and bedrock ...


65. Geological surveys, seismology, chemistry, geology and lava sampling at the Mt Erebus summit crater to investigate the behaviour of the volcano [K044_1972_1982_NZ_1]
An international study of the volcanic activity and geological processes taking place on Mt Erebus were investigated over 10 seasons. The broad program involved several investigations. ...


66. Gravity and seismic data in the Windless Bight area, Ross Island and the Dailey Islands to determine possible lithospheric deformation due to the loading by young Ross Island volcanics [K101_1982_1986_NZ_1]
Where loading of the lithosphere by young volcanic piles has occurred, the lithosphere is found to be displaced downward beneath the load and at distances of about 200-300 km from the centre of the ...


67. Ice thickness measurements of the Erebus Ice Tongue by radio echo sounder [K162_1985_1986_NZ_2]
The Erebus Ice Tongue breaks off near its mid point in single regular calving events at about 30 year intervals. A number of studies have been made on the growth rate, mass balance, ice physics and ...


68. Investigation of the relationship of the fish population with their associated benthos community (population counts, activity and stomach content) [K054_1991_1992_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
The relationship between the benthos and fish populations associated with it was investigated. Fish counts, fish behaviour and samples of fish were collected. Four 5m x 2m transects were surveyed ...


69. Measurements and observations (breeding success, territorial behaviour, morphometric measurements, blood hormone level, etc) of breeding pairs and non-breeding individual South Polar skuas at Northern Rookery, Cape Bird [K063_1989_1990_NZ_1]
South polar skuas (Catharacta maccormicki) are strongly territorial and the number of territorial pairs in any given area is relatively constant from year to year. The presence of adult non-breeding ...


70. Measurements of blood progesterone levels during the breeding season of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) to determine if foraging trips are synchronised [K063_1991_1992_NZ_1]
During the breeding season of adelie penguins, breeding birds undergo periods of fast while their mate is out foraging. A late return by either member of a pair can cause nest failure as late returning ...


71. Measurements of cosmogenic nuclide formation in samples by gamma counting and accelerator mass spectrometry [K112_1997_2000_NZ_1]
The rates of production of 10Be, 26Al and 36Cl in situ by the action of cosmic rays on rocks is essential for accurate cosmogenic isotope dating of exposed surfaces in Antarctica and elsewhere in ...


72. Measurements of environmental radiation near Scott Base and McMurdo Station and in the McMurdo Dry Valleys [K211_1984_1985_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The level of environmental radiation (gamma ray exposure) due to terrestrial radionuclides was measured by using a portable NaI gamma ray survey meter in the Ross Island (near Scott Base and McMurdo ...


73. Measurements of heart rate, blood oxygenation, redox state of cytochrome oxidase and blood flow in peripheral tissues of Adelie penguins that have been stressed using an infrared spectrometer [K032_1999_2000_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) live and breed in an physiologically demanding environment that requires individual birds to respond rapidly to fluctuating environmental conditions. The physiological ...


74. Measurements of the amount of UV and visible radiation falling onto sea ice and the effects of enhanced UV radiation levels on sea ice algae [K136_1991_1992_NZ_1]
Sea ice algae are speculated to be considerably vulnerable to the effects of enhanced UV from the ozone hole during the Antarctic spring. The amount of UV and visible radiation falling onto the sea ...


75. Measurements of the boundary layer (bottom) of the atmosphere of the atmospheric trace gases NO2, O3, OClO and BrO [K085_2004_2005_NZ_1]
The experimental set up of the 'off axis' UV/visible wavelength diode array spectrometer was compared with a small portable field instrument. The diode array uses sunlight and moonlight to measure ...


76. Measurements of the energy requirements of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) by analysis of blood samples for the turnover rate of injected radioactive water and salts and from analysis of gut contents [K121_1984_1987_NZ_1]
The metabolic rate and energy requirements of penguins was determined by measuring the turnover rates of radioactive body water and salts. Individual birds were banded, weighed and injected with radio-active ...


77. Measurements of the polarisation of the Antarctic sky from the sea ice edge at Cape Bird and from a ship journey from Hobart to McMurdo Sound [K041_1997_1998_NZ_1]
The polarisation of the Antarctic sky was captured near the sea ice edge at Cape Bird to complement previous studies of the sky polarisation seen at Wellington (New Zealand), Scott Base, Tent Island ...


78. Measurements of the transmission of UV light to infrared light through different samples of snow around Scott Base [K041_1997_1998_NZ_2]
The transmission of light through snow depends not only on the cleanliness but also on the size of the snow particles. The transmission properties are directly related to the reflection properties ...


79. Measurements of total ozone and aerosol parameters from October to mid-December, 1986, during the period when ozone levels are changing most rapidly [K085_1986_1987_NZ_1]
A spectrophotometer was installed at Arrival Heights near Scott Base and operated for a period of six weeks from the end of October 1986 to mid-December 1986. The instrument was fully automated and ...


80. Measurements of tropospheric aerosols and meteorological data in remote marine region in Antarctica to compare with New Zealand measurements to help understand the sulphur cycles influence on global climate [K176_1991_1992_NZ_1]
Dimethylsulphide (DMS) and sub-micron atmospheric particles are key components in the atmospheric sulphur cycle. DMS produced by biota in the oceans is thought to be the main source of atmospheric ...


81. Nitrogen fixation and carbon assimilation rates of fumarole plants from the Mt Erebus crater rim [K024_1979_1980_NZ_1]
Sterile samples of plants were taken from Mt. Erebus crater rim and returned to New Zealand for in situ acetylene reduction assays for nitrogen fixation and 14C assimilation assays.


82. Ozone, temperature and pressure measurements from ozonesonde instruments launched on balloons during the polar winter into the atmosphere to approximately 30 km height from nine stations in Antarctica [K085_2002_2003_NZ_2]
As part of the European QUOBI project (Quantitative Understanding of Ozone losses by Bipolar Investigations), 9 stations around Antarctica were involved in a coordinated 'Match' campaign involving ...


83. Radio tracking of adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) foraging movements while at sea during the early breeding season [K121_1986_1988_NZ_1]
Adelie penguin foraging movements at sea were located and described during the early breeding season at the Cape Bird colony. Radio transmitters were attached to individual birds and 18 penguins were ...


84. Radio-tracking of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at sea during their first foraging trip following egg laying [K121_1985_1986_NZ_1]
The movements of adelie penguins at sea during their first foraging trip following egg laying was monitored by attaching radio transmitters to both males (7) and females (3). The location of the birds ...


85. Satellite transmitter tracking of adelie penguins during their winter migration route from Cape Bird and Cape Hallett [K063_1997_1998_NZ_1]
Winter migration routes of adelie penguins were investigated by attaching transmitters to penguins from the Cape Bird colony and Cape Hallett colony and tracking the birds throughout the winter. Dummy ...


86. Screening for infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV), the poultry virus in Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) in the Ross Sea : blood samples from adelie penguins at Cape Bird and Cape Royds [K030_1998_1999_NZ_1]
Antibodies for the infectious bursal disease virus (IBVD) were found in emperor and adelie penguin populations near Australia's Mawson Base. IBDV was not directly detected, nor were any clinical disease ...


87. Seismic reflection data from a 50km line southeast of the summit of Mt Erebus to assess the amplitude and wavelength of crustal flexure associated with the load of the Ross Archipelago [K101_1988_1989_NZ_1]
A joint project between the New Zealand Geophysic Division (now IGNS), Stanford University and the University of Nebraska was conducted to carry out a seismic reflection line of approximate 50 km ...


88. Soil samples used for ATP analysis of microbial biomass and PCR based methods to determine species diversity and detecting human contamination by testing for human enteric micro-organisms [K023_1999_2000_NZ_1]
Soil samples were collected during January 1999 and 2000 from the ornithogenic soils of the Adelie penguin colony at Cape Bird, the volcanic soils at Cape Evans, the gravels and ornithogenic soils ...


89. South Polar Skua Population Census [K121_2011_2012_NZ_1]
Our primary hypothesis is that South Polar skua (Stercorarius maccormicki) population abundance broadly tracks summer food availability in the southern McMurdo Sound region. Skuas and Adélie penguins ...


90. Spectrometer sunlight and moonlight measurements of Ozone (O3), Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2), Chlorine Dioxide (OClO) and Bromine Oxide (BrO) from Arrival Heights [K085_1998_2008_NZ_1]
A UV/visible wavelength diode array spectrometer was installed at Arrival Heights to allow off axis sunlight and moonlight measurements of ozone (O3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), chlorine dioxide (OClO) ...


91. Spectroscope absorption measurements of the stratospheric trace gases hydrogen chloride (HCl) and nitric (HNO3) using a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer with the full moon as a light source at Arrival Heights [K085_2002_2003_NZ_1]
Spectroscope absorption measurements of the stratospheric trace gas hydrogen chloride (HCl) was measured using a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer with the full moon as a light source (sunlight ...


92. Surface ozone concentration from an TEI instrument at Arrival Heights [K085_2002_2012_NZ_1]
A TEI instrument was installed at Arrival Heights to monitor boundary layer concentration of surface ozone levels with an ultraviolet absorption measurement. Ambient air is pumped through a cell and ...


93. Surface ozone concentration from an TEI instrument at Arrival Heights - K085_2002_2014_NZ_1 [K085_2002_2014_NZ_1]
A TEI instrument was installed at Arrival Heights to monitor boundary layer concentration of surface ozone levels with an ultraviolet absorption measurement. Ambient air is pumped through a cell and ...


94. Surface ozone concentration measurements using a surface ozone monitor from Scott Base [K085_1996_2003_NZ_1]
The boundary layer concentration of ozone was measured with a Dasibi ozone instrument that monitors surface ozone with an ultraviolet absorption measurement. Ambient air is pumped through a cell ...


95. The amount of nitrogen in the biotic and abiotic systems at Cape Bird measured from evaporated water samples and wind blown inputs [K052_1982_1983_NZ_2]
The amount of nitrogen in the biotic (flora and fauna) and abiotic (soils, ice and snow) systems at Cape Bird was determined by taking water from melt streams, snow or ice, acidifying and evaporating ...


96. The biomass, productivity, physiology and grazing pressures of phytoplankton during the polar winter in the Ross Sea region [K043_2007_2008_NZ_1]
What happens to primary production during the long polar night was investigated in the Ross Sea region. Phytoplankton samples were obtained from the water column at Cape Armitage and Cape Evans. Phytoplankton ...


97. The breeding success (timing of laying, hatching, creche formation, causes of failure and posture thermoregulation) of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at Cape Bird, Ross Island [K121_1977_1978_NZ_1]
A section of the Northern Rookery at Cape Bird, Ross Island, adelie penguin rookery was chosen as a study area. Birds were caught, banded and given an alpha numeric number for identification purposes. ...


98. The collection of fossils, qualitative microbial studies and nitrogen fixation rates of the soils from several sites in the Ross Sea region [K052_1980_1981_NZ_1]
Preliminary qualitative microbiological studies were conducted at several sites in the Ross Sea Region including Cape Bird, Taylor Valley, Wright Valley and Shapeless Mountain and Mistake Peak on ...


99. The effect of Scott Base waste water discharge on the marine benthic community [K054_1991_1992_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
To determine if the Scott Base waste water discharge has any effect on the marine benthic community, the benthic community was surveyed, tissue samples were collected from bivalves and water samples ...


100. The effect of crude oil on Antarctic soils [K052_1982_1983_NZ_1]
Two small plots near a recently abandoned penguin colony and an area of moss free soil at Cape Bird were prepared by addition of 100ml of McKee crude oil. The plots were covered with steel mesh. These ...


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