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51. Infrared spectrometer measurements of nitric (HNO3) and hydrochloric acid (HCl) from Arrival Heights using a Bromem spectrometer [K085_1988_1996_NZ_1]
A Bomem infrared Fourier transform spectrometer (FTIR), a high resolution infrared instrument, was used to measure stratospheric nitric (HNO3) and hydrochloric acid (HCl) (measuring spectra at 10 ...


52. Infrared spectrometer measurements of nitric (HNO3) and hydrochloric acid (HCl) from Arrival Heights using a Bruker 120M spectrometer [K085_1996_2008_NZ_1]
A Bruker 120M interferometer, a high resolution infrared instrument, was used to measure trace gases in the atmosphere (HNO3, HCl, CH4, N2O, CO, ClONO2) during the early spring from the time the sun ...


53. Initial assessment for biological research in the Ross Island/Dry Valleys Region [K009_1977_1978_NZ_2]
The primary objective of this study was to assess the potential for biological, particularly botanical, research in the Ross Island/Dry Valleys region and to carry out preliminary studies in four ...


54. Investigation of the relationship of the fish population with their associated benthos community (population counts, activity and stomach content) [K054_1991_1992_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
The relationship between the benthos and fish populations associated with it was investigated. Fish counts, fish behaviour and samples of fish were collected. Four 5m x 2m transects were surveyed ...


55. JY Spectrometer measurements of ozone and nitrogen dioxide from Arrival Heights [K085_1982_2012_NZ_1]
Ozone (O3) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) are two trace gases in the stratosphere that interact to have an important effect on the radiation balance. The spatial and temporal variation in these gases ...


56. Measurements and observations (breeding success, territorial behaviour, morphometric measurements, blood hormone level, etc) of breeding pairs and non-breeding individual South Polar skuas at Northern Rookery, Cape Bird [K063_1989_1990_NZ_1]
South polar skuas (Catharacta maccormicki) are strongly territorial and the number of territorial pairs in any given area is relatively constant from year to year. The presence of adult non-breeding ...


57. Measurements of blood progesterone levels during the breeding season of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) to determine if foraging trips are synchronised [K063_1991_1992_NZ_1]
During the breeding season of adelie penguins, breeding birds undergo periods of fast while their mate is out foraging. A late return by either member of a pair can cause nest failure as late returning ...


58. Measurements of cosmogenic nuclide formation in samples by gamma counting and accelerator mass spectrometry [K112_1997_2000_NZ_1]
The rates of production of 10Be, 26Al and 36Cl in situ by the action of cosmic rays on rocks is essential for accurate cosmogenic isotope dating of exposed surfaces in Antarctica and elsewhere in ...


59. Measurements of environmental radiation near Scott Base and McMurdo Station and in the McMurdo Dry Valleys [K211_1984_1985_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The level of environmental radiation (gamma ray exposure) due to terrestrial radionuclides was measured by using a portable NaI gamma ray survey meter in the Ross Island (near Scott Base and McMurdo ...


60. Measurements of heart rate, blood oxygenation, redox state of cytochrome oxidase and blood flow in peripheral tissues of Adelie penguins that have been stressed using an infrared spectrometer [K032_1999_2000_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) live and breed in an physiologically demanding environment that requires individual birds to respond rapidly to fluctuating environmental conditions. The physiological ...


61. Measurements of the amount of UV and visible radiation falling onto sea ice and the effects of enhanced UV radiation levels on sea ice algae [K136_1991_1992_NZ_1]
Sea ice algae are speculated to be considerably vulnerable to the effects of enhanced UV from the ozone hole during the Antarctic spring. The amount of UV and visible radiation falling onto the sea ...


62. Measurements of the boundary layer (bottom) of the atmosphere of the atmospheric trace gases NO2, O3, OClO and BrO [K085_2004_2005_NZ_1]
The experimental set up of the 'off axis' UV/visible wavelength diode array spectrometer was compared with a small portable field instrument. The diode array uses sunlight and moonlight to measure ...


63. Measurements of the energy requirements of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) by analysis of blood samples for the turnover rate of injected radioactive water and salts and from analysis of gut contents [K121_1984_1987_NZ_1]
The metabolic rate and energy requirements of penguins was determined by measuring the turnover rates of radioactive body water and salts. Individual birds were banded, weighed and injected with radio-active ...


64. Measurements of the polarisation of the Antarctic sky from the sea ice edge at Cape Bird and from a ship journey from Hobart to McMurdo Sound [K041_1997_1998_NZ_1]
The polarisation of the Antarctic sky was captured near the sea ice edge at Cape Bird to complement previous studies of the sky polarisation seen at Wellington (New Zealand), Scott Base, Tent Island ...


65. Measurements of the total amount of ozone in the vertical column of the atmosphere from a ground based Brewer spectrophotometer at Arrival Heights, Antarctica [K085_1989_1996_NZ_1]
A Brewer spectrophotometer was installed at Scott Base in February 1989 to extend the measurements obtained from the Dobson spectrophotometer. The first full season of measurements began in mid-September ...


66. Measurements of the total amount of ozone in the vertical column of the atmosphere from a ground based Dobson spectrophotometer at Arrival Heights, Antarctica [K085_1988_2008_NZ_1]
Atmospheric ozone is important to mankind because it absorbs most ultraviolet and other high energy radiation harmful to life, preventing it from reaching the earth's surface. A rapid loss of more ...


67. Measurements of the transmission of UV light to infrared light through different samples of snow around Scott Base [K041_1997_1998_NZ_2]
The transmission of light through snow depends not only on the cleanliness but also on the size of the snow particles. The transmission properties are directly related to the reflection properties ...


68. Measurements of total ozone and aerosol parameters from October to mid-December, 1986, during the period when ozone levels are changing most rapidly [K085_1986_1987_NZ_1]
A spectrophotometer was installed at Arrival Heights near Scott Base and operated for a period of six weeks from the end of October 1986 to mid-December 1986. The instrument was fully automated and ...


69. Measurements of tropospheric aerosols and meteorological data in remote marine region in Antarctica to compare with New Zealand measurements to help understand the sulphur cycles influence on global climate [K176_1991_1992_NZ_1]
Dimethylsulphide (DMS) and sub-micron atmospheric particles are key components in the atmospheric sulphur cycle. DMS produced by biota in the oceans is thought to be the main source of atmospheric ...


70. Moon tracking spectrometer measurements of ozone and nitrogen dioxide from Arrival Heights during the polar winter [K085_1985_1987_NZ_1]
A moon tracking spectrometer was installed at Arrival Heights in January 1985 to measure trace gas species (ozone O3 and nitrogen dioxide NO2) in the stratosphere. The spectrometer measurements are ...


71. Nitrogen fixation and carbon assimilation rates of fumarole plants from the Mt Erebus crater rim [K024_1979_1980_NZ_1]
Sterile samples of plants were taken from Mt. Erebus crater rim and returned to New Zealand for in situ acetylene reduction assays for nitrogen fixation and 14C assimilation assays.


72. Ozone, temperature and pressure measurements from ozonesonde instruments launched on balloons during the polar winter into the atmosphere to approximately 30 km height from nine stations in Antarctica [K085_2002_2003_NZ_2]
As part of the European QUOBI project (Quantitative Understanding of Ozone losses by Bipolar Investigations), 9 stations around Antarctica were involved in a coordinated 'Match' campaign involving ...


73. Radio tracking of adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) foraging movements while at sea during the early breeding season [K121_1986_1988_NZ_1]
Adelie penguin foraging movements at sea were located and described during the early breeding season at the Cape Bird colony. Radio transmitters were attached to individual birds and 18 penguins were ...


74. Radio-tracking of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at sea during their first foraging trip following egg laying [K121_1985_1986_NZ_1]
The movements of adelie penguins at sea during their first foraging trip following egg laying was monitored by attaching radio transmitters to both males (7) and females (3). The location of the birds ...


75. Satellite transmitter tracking of adelie penguins during their winter migration route from Cape Bird and Cape Hallett [K063_1997_1998_NZ_1]
Winter migration routes of adelie penguins were investigated by attaching transmitters to penguins from the Cape Bird colony and Cape Hallett colony and tracking the birds throughout the winter. Dummy ...


76. Screening for infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV), the poultry virus in Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) in the Ross Sea : blood samples from adelie penguins at Cape Bird and Cape Royds [K030_1998_1999_NZ_1]
Antibodies for the infectious bursal disease virus (IBVD) were found in emperor and adelie penguin populations near Australia's Mawson Base. IBDV was not directly detected, nor were any clinical disease ...


77. Seismic reflection data from a 50km line southeast of the summit of Mt Erebus to assess the amplitude and wavelength of crustal flexure associated with the load of the Ross Archipelago [K101_1988_1989_NZ_1]
A joint project between the New Zealand Geophysic Division (now IGNS), Stanford University and the University of Nebraska was conducted to carry out a seismic reflection line of approximate 50 km ...


78. Soil samples used for ATP analysis of microbial biomass and PCR based methods to determine species diversity and detecting human contamination by testing for human enteric micro-organisms [K023_1999_2000_NZ_1]
Soil samples were collected during January 1999 and 2000 from the ornithogenic soils of the Adelie penguin colony at Cape Bird, the volcanic soils at Cape Evans, the gravels and ornithogenic soils ...


79. South Polar Skua Population Census [K121_2011_2012_NZ_1]
Our primary hypothesis is that South Polar skua (Stercorarius maccormicki) population abundance broadly tracks summer food availability in the southern McMurdo Sound region. Skuas and Adélie penguins ...


80. Spectrometer (ADAS2) sunlight and moonlight measurements of Ozone (O3), Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2), Chlorine Dioxide (OClO) and Bromine Oxide (BrO) from Arrival Heights [K085_1998_2012_NZ_1]
A UV/visible wavelength diode array spectrometer was installed at Arrival Heights to allow off axis sunlight and moonlight measurements of ozone (O3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), chlorine dioxide (OClO) ...


81. Spectrometer measurements of ozone and nitrogen dioxide from Arrival Heights [K085_1982_2008_NZ_1]
Ozone (O3) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) are two trace gases in the stratosphere that interact to have an important effect on the radiation balance. The spatial and temporal variation in these gases ...


82. Spectrometer measurements of ozone and nitrogen dioxide from Arrival Heights, South Pole Station, Halley Base and Campbell Island [K085_1985_1994_NZ_1]
The measurement of trace gas species in the stratosphere was monitored. Ozone (O3) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) interact to have an important effect on the radiation balance in the stratosphere. The ...


83. Spectrometer sunlight and moonlight measurements of Ozone (O3), Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2), Chlorine Dioxide (OClO) and Bromine Oxide (BrO) from Arrival Heights [K085_1998_2008_NZ_1]
A UV/visible wavelength diode array spectrometer was installed at Arrival Heights to allow off axis sunlight and moonlight measurements of ozone (O3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), chlorine dioxide (OClO) ...


84. Spectroscope absorption measurements of the stratospheric trace gases hydrogen chloride (HCl) and nitric (HNO3) using a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer with the full moon as a light source at Arrival Heights [K085_2002_2003_NZ_1]
Spectroscope absorption measurements of the stratospheric trace gas hydrogen chloride (HCl) was measured using a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer with the full moon as a light source (sunlight ...


85. Springtime chlorine dioxide and bromine monoxide measurements from a diode array spectrometer [K085_1993_2000_NZ_1]
A UV/visible diode array spectrometer was installed at Arrival Heights (93/94 seasons) for zenith skylight measurements of Chlorine Dioxide (OClO) and Bromine Monoxide (BrO) in two wavelength ranges, ...


86. Springtime chlorine dioxide and bromine monoxide measurements from a diode array spectrometer, Arrival Heights [K085_1993_2012_NZ_1]
A UV/visible diode array spectrometer was installed at Arrival Heights (93/94 seasons) for zenith skylight measurements of Chlorine Dioxide (OClO) and Bromine Monoxide (BrO) in two wavelength ranges, ...


87. Surface ozone concentration from an TEI instrument at Arrival Heights [K085_2002_2012_NZ_1]
A TEI instrument was installed at Arrival Heights to monitor boundary layer concentration of surface ozone levels with an ultraviolet absorption measurement. Ambient air is pumped through a cell and ...


88. Surface ozone concentration from an TEI instrument at Arrival Heights [K085_2002_2008_NZ_1]
A TEI instrument was installed at Arrival Heights to monitor boundary layer concentration of surface ozone levels with an ultraviolet absorption measurement. Ambient air is pumped through a cell and ...


89. Surface ozone concentration measurements using a surface ozone monitor from Scott Base [K085_1996_2003_NZ_1]
The boundary layer concentration of ozone was measured with a Dasibi ozone instrument that monitors surface ozone with an ultraviolet absorption measurement. Ambient air is pumped through a cell ...


90. Temperature and salinity profiles of the lakes in the Ross Sea Region [K009_1969_1970_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Temperature and salinity profiles and general characteristics of Deep Lake and Lake Bonney were investigated.


91. The amount of nitrogen in the biotic and abiotic systems at Cape Bird measured from evaporated water samples and wind blown inputs [K052_1982_1983_NZ_2]
The amount of nitrogen in the biotic (flora and fauna) and abiotic (soils, ice and snow) systems at Cape Bird was determined by taking water from melt streams, snow or ice, acidifying and evaporating ...


92. The biomass, productivity, physiology and grazing pressures of phytoplankton during the polar winter in the Ross Sea region [K043_2007_2008_NZ_1]
What happens to primary production during the long polar night was investigated in the Ross Sea region. Phytoplankton samples were obtained from the water column at Cape Armitage and Cape Evans. Phytoplankton ...


93. The breeding success (timing of laying, hatching, creche formation, causes of failure and posture thermoregulation) of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at Cape Bird, Ross Island [K121_1977_1978_NZ_1]
A section of the Northern Rookery at Cape Bird, Ross Island, adelie penguin rookery was chosen as a study area. Birds were caught, banded and given an alpha numeric number for identification purposes. ...


94. The collection of fossils, qualitative microbial studies and nitrogen fixation rates of the soils from several sites in the Ross Sea region [K052_1980_1981_NZ_1]
Preliminary qualitative microbiological studies were conducted at several sites in the Ross Sea Region including Cape Bird, Taylor Valley, Wright Valley and Shapeless Mountain and Mistake Peak on ...


95. The effect of Scott Base waste water discharge on the marine benthic community [K054_1991_1992_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
To determine if the Scott Base waste water discharge has any effect on the marine benthic community, the benthic community was surveyed, tissue samples were collected from bivalves and water samples ...


96. The effect of crude oil on Antarctic soils [K052_1982_1983_NZ_1]
Two small plots near a recently abandoned penguin colony and an area of moss free soil at Cape Bird were prepared by addition of 100ml of McKee crude oil. The plots were covered with steel mesh. These ...


97. The effects of UVB on growth and productivity and photoadaptations of bottom ice algae at Cape Evans, McMurdo Sound [K136_1999_2002_NZ_1]
Sea ice hosts a large community of algae which is released into the food chain when the ice melts. The sea ice algae grow rapidly in the Antarctic spring at a time that coincides with the ozone hole ...


98. The effects of increased PAR and UV on the xanthophyl cycle of Antarctic ice algae [K068_2005_2006_NZ_1]
The xanthophyll cycle is a photo-protection mechanism in phytoplankton which protects the photosynthestic machinery from damage by high light intensities. Sea ice algae in Antarctica live on the ...


99. The evolution of microsatellite and mitochondrial genes of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) from DNA samples taken from stratified subfossil penguin bones at penguin colonies [K030_1996_1999_NZ_1]
Evolutionary changes in microsatellite and mitochondrial genes of Adelie penguins was investigated to provide knowledge about the genetic processes and mechanisms that give rise to variation and change ...


100. The geothermal and volcanic activity of Mt Melbourne and Mt Erebus [K044_1972_1973_NZ_1]
The geology and the geothermal and volcanic activity of Mt Melbourne and Mt Erebus was investigated by surveying the summit craters of each volcano. At Mt Melbourne, the thermal activity was investigated ...


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