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51. Seafloor sampling (macrofauna, epifauna, macroalgae, sediments, video footage and still photographs) of the north western Ross Sea area including Cape Hallett, Cape Adare, Coulman Island and Cape Russell [K082_2003_2004_NZ_1]
As part of the Italian led Victoria Land Transect (VLT) project voyage on board the RV Italica, diver based surveys of the structural and functional diversity of the shallow water benthic communities ...


52. Size range and sex ratio of the amphipod Hyperiella dilatata taken by fish, caught in plankton nets and those associated with jellyfish [K012_1987_1988_NZ_3]
Aspects of the biology of the amphipod Hyperiella dilatata was investigated including comparisons of size range and sex ratio of individuals taken by the fish, and those caught in plankton nets, with ...


53. Soil, nematode, and springtail sample collection from Granite Harbour [K066_2009_2010_NZ_1]
The aim of this study was to determine aspects of the environmental physiology and phylogeography of Antarctic terrestrial invertebrates. Soil samples were collected from Granite Harbour for geochemical ...


54. South Polar Skua Population Census [K121_2011_2012_NZ_1]
Our primary hypothesis is that South Polar skua (Stercorarius maccormicki) population abundance broadly tracks summer food availability in the southern McMurdo Sound region. Skuas and Adélie penguins ...


55. Survey of invertebrates, lichen, mosses and soil microbiology in the Shackleton, Scott and Beardmore Glacier regions. [K020_2009_2010_NZ_1]
A survey of biodiversity in the Central and Southern Transantarctic mountains including: Invertebrates (Collembola, Acari, Nematoda, Tardigrada, Rotifera); Lichens, Mosses, and Soil microbiology. ...


56. Systematic survey and abundance investigations of the microfauna (tardigrades, nematodes and rotifers) in the meltpools of the McMurdo Ice Shelf [K053_1987_1988_NZ_2]
Quantitative examinations of the microfauna associated with the algal felts in small melt pools on the McMurdo Ice Shelf in the vicinity of Bratina Island off the northen tip of Brown Peninsula was ...


57. The Southwestern Pacific Regional OBIS Node [SW_PACIFIC_OBIS]   CHILD DIFs
NIWA's (National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research - New Zealand) MBIS (Marine Biodata Information System) database is a data warehouse of marine data that is used, among other things, to ...


58. The ability to photorepair UV damaged DNA and the rate of photoreactivation in Antarctic species compared with temperate and tropical species [K068_2004_2006_NZ_2]
Time course experimental exposure of the Antarctic sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeriembryos to UVR was carried out in a lab to examine the kinetics of UVR induced damage to DNA. Embryos (freshly fertilized ...


59. The ability to photorepair UV damaged DNA and the rate of photoreactivation in two Antarctic Starfish Odontaster validus and Odontaster meridionalis compared with a New Zealand species Odontaster benhami [K068_2004_2006_NZ_3]
Photorepair rates in New Zealand temperate species of echinoderms show a much higher DNA photorepair than the Antarctic species Sterechinus neumayeri. To examine the reason for low rates of DNA photorepair ...


60. The activity and expression of DNA repair/photoreactivation with the enzyme photolyase in the sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri, McMurdo Sound [K068_2003_2004_NZ_1]
An important aspect of understanding the impact of increased UVR is assessing the ability of Antarctic species to repair DNA damaged through the process of photoreactiviation or photorepair. To repair ...


61. The biodiversity of the coastal underwater marine benthic ecosystem in the Ross Sea Region [K082_2001_2007_NZ]   CHILD DIFs
The long term research program ICECUBE (Coastal Underwater Benthic Ecosystems) provides fundamental information on the structural and functional biodiversity of Antarctic coastal benthic ecosystems. ...


62. The collection of fossils, qualitative microbial studies and nitrogen fixation rates of the soils from several sites in the Ross Sea region [K052_1980_1981_NZ_1]
Preliminary qualitative microbiological studies were conducted at several sites in the Ross Sea Region including Cape Bird, Taylor Valley, Wright Valley and Shapeless Mountain and Mistake Peak on ...


63. The direct effects of UV radiation on embryo and larval development and survival, and DNA damage of Sterechinus neumayeri [K068_2002_2006_NZ_2]
Gastrulation is a critical point in the development of an embryo. Damage to embryos prior to gastrulation via UVR effects on cytokinesis or DNA will have a dramatic negative effect on embryo survival. ...


64. The distribution and abundance patterns of meroplankton in the Ross Sea region [K018_2002_2008_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The pelagic community of the Ross Sea consists of a permanent component (=holoplankton) and a temporary component which is primarily made up from the larval stages of benthic marine invertebrates ...


65. The distribution, taxonomy, physiology and feeding habits of pelagic amphipods in Terra Nova Bay [K043_2006_2008_NZ_5]
The distribution, taxonomy, physiology and feeding habits of pelagic amphipods was investigated. Amphipods were collected by plankton tow, baited traps, coring (coring through sea ice) or hand collections ...


66. The distribution, taxonomy, physiology and feeding habits of pelagic amphipods in the Ross Sea [K043_2008_2009_NZ_4]
The distribution, taxonomy, physiology and feeding habits of pelagic amphipods was investigated. Amphipods were collected by plankton tow over two seasons. Approximately 1200 individual amphipods ...


67. The ecology and physiology of Antarctic invertebrates at Cape Bird [K140_1997_2000_NZ_1]
The effect of temperature on the terrestrial arthropod fauna at Cape Bird was investigated. The work was carried out over three field season and the site was visited for three periods during each ...


68. The effects of extreme environmental conditions on the feeding and respiration rates of the common rotifer Philodina gregaria from moraine ponds of the McMurdo Ice Shelf [K081_1995_1996_NZ_1]
Parts of the McMurdo Ice Shelf area is covered by freshwater ponds, many of which contain abundant growths of algae and cyanobacteria and few invertebrate species. The habitat is very variable in ...


69. The effects of human impacts on Antarctic sponge species in the Ross Sea [K059_2001_2003_NZ]
The effects of human impacts on the microbial and chemical ecology of Antarctic sponge species was investigated. Sponges dominate many of the shallow marine Antarctic habitats and due to the large ...


70. The effects of temperature on conduction of the nervous impulse and transmission of the impulse from nerve to muscle in two Antarctic fish and an isopod [K012_1977_1978_NZ_1]
The pattern of cold adaptation in the nervous system of Antarctic fish, with particular attention to the effects of temperature changes on conduction of the nervous impulse and on transmission of ...


71. The fundamental physiology and biology processes of Sterechinus neumayeri embryos and larvae and how they are affected by increased UV radiation, McMurdo Sound [K068_2007_2008_NZ_1]
Three key processes in the embryos and larvae of the sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri were examined to determine how they respond to environmental changes. In situ experiments were carried out at ...


72. The movement of springtails (Collembolan) and mites (Acari) in relation to terrain and weather conditions at Cape Bird [K017_1967_1968_NZ_1]
This study investigated the changing position of the concentrations of both the collembolan species Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni and two mite species. Regular sampling of a transect set out across a large ...


73. The occurrance of heavy metals in marine benthic organisms, Cape Evans and Terra Nova Bay [K082_2001_2002_NZ_5]   PARENT DIF
The distribution of heavy metals (such as Cd, Pb and Hg) in different areas of the Antarctic marine coastal ecosystems along a latitudinal gradient, and at sites characterised by different degrees ...


74. The production biology of Lake Bonney and Lake Fryxell [K009_1970_1971_NZ_1]
A party of biologist was concerned with the production biology of Lake Bonney and Lake Fryxell. Soil bacteria and protozoa were studied and rotifiers were collected from the lakes.


75. The relationship between sediment texture, micro-organisms (diatom and Foraminifera), water depth and current to 100m along the Victoria Land coast from Trip Island to Cape Armitage, McMurdo Sound [K042_1987_1988_NZ_1]
The relationship between sediment texture, micro-organisms (diatom and Foraminifera), water column currents and water depth was investigated along the shoreline (to the 100m contour) of the Victoria ...


76. The sensitivity of Antarctic marine amphipods to environmental pollutants and the effects of UV light exposure on amphipods exposed to toxins [K026_1997_1998_NZ_1]
The sensitivities of three species of necrophagous marine amphipods to a range of reference toxicants in the water and the effect of UV light exposure on the sensitivity of fluroanthene exposed (a ...


77. The structural and functional diversity of the shallow-water benthic community at Cape Evans [K082_2001_2002_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The biodiversity of the seafloor community at Cape Evans was investigated to determine the structural and functional diversity of the benthic community and resurveyed over several seasons to assess ...


78. The structural and functional diversity of the shallow-water benthic community at Dunlop Island and Spike Cape [K082_2001_2002_NZ_7]   PARENT DIF
The biodiversity of the seafloor community at Dunlop Island and Spike Cape was investigated to determine the structural and functional diversity of the benthic community. A minimum of three sites, ...


79. The structural and functional diversity of the shallow-water benthic community at Granite Harbour [K082_2001_2002_NZ_8]   PARENT DIF
The biodiversity of the seafloor community at Granite Harbour was investigated to determine the structural and functional diversity of the benthic community during the 07-08 season. Scuba based video ...


80. The structural and functional diversity of the shallow-water benthic community at New Harbour [K082_2001_2002_NZ_6]   PARENT DIF
The biodiversity of the seafloor community at New Harbour was investigated to determine the structural and functional diversity of the benthic community and resurveyed over two seasons (01-02 and ...


81. The structural and functional diversity of the shallow-water benthic community at Terra Nova Bay [K082_2001_2002_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
The biodiversity of the seafloor community at Terra Nova Bay was investigated to determine the structural and functional diversity of the benthic community and to extend the latitudinal gradient survey ...


82. The structure and function of fish and crustacean photoreceptors [K022_1978_1979_NZ_1]
Electroretinograms and intracellular recordings were conducted on the giant Antarctic isopod Glyptonotus as well as the common amphipod Orchomene plebs. Eye material from starfish, marine mites, isopods ...


83. UV radiation penetration through sea ice & effects on embryo & larval development, survival & damage of the sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri, Antarctic Starfish Odontaster validus & Odontaster meridionalis in Ross Sea [K068_2002_2009_NZ_1]
UV radiation transmission measurements on sea ice surface and through the annual sea ice into the underlying water column were made during Antarctic spring months (October - November) along with ...


84. GIS analysis, biological samples (soil microorganism, invertebrate and plant), automatic weather station data and vegetation and invertebrate surveys to determine the terrestrial biocomplexity of the McMurdo Dry Valleys [K020_2008_2013_NZ_1]
The McMurdo Dry Valleys are the largest area of snow-free land in Antarctica. Managers ability to promote and protect these areas would benefit if we knew the biodiversity present and what controls ...


85. UV radiation penetration through sea ice & effects on embryo & larval development, survival & damage of the sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri, Antarctic Starfish Odontaster validus & Odontaster meridionalis in Ross Sea [K068_2002_2013_NZ_1]
UV radiation transmission measurements on sea ice surface and through the annual sea ice into the underlying water column were made during Antarctic spring months (October - November) along with ...


86. GIS analysis, biological samples (soil microorganism, invertebrate and plant), automatic weather station data and vegetation and invertebrate surveys to determine the terrestrial biocomplexity of the McMurdo Dry Valleys [K020_2008_2012_NZ_1]
The McMurdo Dry Valleys are the largest area of snow-free land in Antarctica. Managers ability to promote and protect these areas would benefit if we knew the biodiversity present and what controls ...


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