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51. Measurements of the energy requirements of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) by analysis of blood samples for the turnover rate of injected radioactive water and salts and from analysis of gut contents [K121_1984_1987_NZ_1]
The metabolic rate and energy requirements of penguins was determined by measuring the turnover rates of radioactive body water and salts. Individual birds were banded, weighed and injected with radio-active ...


52. Measurements of the strength of an adult skua and the force required to drag an adelie penguin chick from a colony [K017_1968_1969_NZ_1]
How much force was necessary to drag struggling adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) chicks of different ages from a colony was measured by holding a chick in a harness as they tugged against a spring ...


53. Melatonin levels from blood samples collected from adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) held under different light conditions to investigate the circadian physiology of adelie penguins [K121_1985_1987_NZ_1]
All animals have a biological clock that controls the timing of their daily activities. This internal clock is reset each day to a 24-hour period by the regular cycle of day and night. Animals in ...


54. Mutation and extinction rates in Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) populations from fossil bones and blood samples collected from several sites in the Ross Sea Region [K030_2001_2005_NZ_1]
Recent studies on the evolution of mitochondrial DNA in Adelie penguins has found high rates of mutation sparking a major controversy and raising the question of whether evolutionary rates are high ...


55. Nest success (eggs laid, hatched and chick survival) of south Polar Skuas at Cape Bird [K121_1986_1987_NZ_3]
Siblicide in nestling South Polar Skuas was investigated at Cape Bird. Skua nests were located and monitored (112 in the 86-87 season, 165 in the 87-88 season and 173 in the 88-89 season). Their ...


56. Nutrient transfer from penguin colonies to the vegetation at Cape Hallett: A measurement of the transfer of organic nitrogen in the form of ammonia [K024_2004_2006_NZ_3]
The transfer of nutrients from marine to terrestrial ecosystems are though to be important for vegetation. The transfer rate of organic nitrogen in the form of ammonia from the penguin colonies to ...


57. Observation of a skua club at Cape Bird to determine why they exist [K014_1970_1971_NZ_2]
Not far from breeding skuas in a colony there is often a flock of essentially non-breeding birds which is commonly known as the club. The purpose of the club was determined by constant observation ...


58. Observations of feeding chase behaviour, attendance patterns and foraging trip durations of adults to determine the function of feeding chase behaviour in adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) [K063_2004_2006_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins exhibit a unique form of behaviour known as the feeding chase, whereby a parent is chased by its creche aged chicks before feeding them. The brood reduction hypothesis proposes that ...


59. Observations of intraspecific aggressive behaviour in the adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) [K017_1967_1971_NZ_1]
The cause, function, effect and patterns of behaviour in penguin fighting on the colony was determined from long periods of direct observations of banded penguins and on set-period recordings of all ...


60. Penguin and seal bones collected from Cape Adare, Franklin Island and Inexpressible Island for 14C dating and Antarctic bone standards [K020_1982_1983_NZ_2]
Collections of penguin and seal bones for 14C dating were Made at Cape Adare and Franklin Island. At Inexpressible Island bone samples were obtained of a penguin and seal killed in 1912 by members ...


61. Population counts and monitoring of the breeding cycle of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at Cape Hallett and an investigation of the Cape Adare colony [K017_1960_1961_NZ_1]
The total size of the breeding population of Adelie penguins at Cape Hallett was determined by counting all the occupied sites at the period when the adult population was near its zenith. The colony ...


62. Population counts and monitoring of the breeding cycle of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) throughout an entire breeding season at Cape Royds [K122_1959_1960_NZ_1]
The breeding colony at Cape Royds was kept under daily observations during an entire breeding season before birds started arriving (only 17 present when observations started) until all birds had departed ...


63. Population counts of the Adelie penguin at Cape Hallett [K017_1968_1969_NZ_3]
The Adelie penguin colony at Seabee Spit, Cape Hallett was first discovered in 1956 and estimates then and later (Reid, 1964) detailed counts of the population was used to compare with a census conducted ...


64. Population ecology of the South Polar skua at Cape Hallett: 1967-1969 [K017_1966_1969_NZ_1]
A banding study of the South Polar Skua (Catharacta maccormicki) was conducted over three field seasons (1966/67, 1967/68 and 1968/69) at Cape Hallett. A swinging door type trap was constructed in ...


65. Population regulation and demography in Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at Cape Hallett. [K122_2004_2005_NZ_3]
This study aims to investigate the factors regulating population size and colony distribution of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at Cape Hallett. Data was collected on Adelie penguin reproductive ...


66. Population regulation and demography in Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at three penguin colonies on Ross Island (Cape Bird, Cape Crozier and Cape Royds) [K122_1994_2012_NZ_2]
This study aims to investigate the factors regulating population size and colony distribution of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at three colonies on Ross Island (Cape Royds, Bird and Crozier) ...


67. Population study, growth rate of chicks, mortality rate, diurnal observations, measurements of aggressiveness and the collection of morphological and anatomical data of an adelie penguin colony at Cape Bird [K014_1978_1979_NZ_2]
A population study was conducted on Adelie penguins in the Northern colony at Cape Bird. 15 colonies were selected for daily observations and complete maps of every colony was made to measure the ...


68. Radio tracking of adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) foraging movements while at sea during the early breeding season [K121_1986_1988_NZ_1]
Adelie penguin foraging movements at sea were located and described during the early breeding season at the Cape Bird colony. Radio transmitters were attached to individual birds and 18 penguins were ...


69. Radio-tracking of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at sea during their first foraging trip following egg laying [K121_1985_1986_NZ_1]
The movements of adelie penguins at sea during their first foraging trip following egg laying was monitored by attaching radio transmitters to both males (7) and females (3). The location of the birds ...


70. Reconnaissance of the Balleny Islands [K017_1963_1964_NZ_1]
A reconnaissance expedition took place around the Balleny Islands in the 1963-1964 field season with the objective to examine the four beaches where landings had previously been made and to search ...


71. Recording and modified playbacks of Adelie penguin parental calls to chicks in the creche stage to investigate parental chick communication [K014_1978_1979_NZ_1]
The vocal communication of Adelie penguins at Cape Bird was investigated. A single colony was selected from the Northern colony for study and all birds (established breeders and most of the non breeders) ...


72. Satellite tracks for female adelie penguins during the breeding season [K065_1988_1989_NZ_2]
Four satellite transmitters were deployed on female Adelie penguins during the incubation period. The transmitters were affixed to the backs of the penguins using an epoxy glue. The birds were banded, ...


73. Satellite transmitter tracking of adelie penguins during their winter migration route from Cape Bird and Cape Hallett [K063_1997_1998_NZ_1]
Winter migration routes of adelie penguins were investigated by attaching transmitters to penguins from the Cape Bird colony and Cape Hallett colony and tracking the birds throughout the winter. Dummy ...


74. Skua chick survival rates under two experimental conditions, experimentally fed and siblings contained in separate enclosures [K017_1993_1994_NZ_1]
Skuas at high latitiudes have high chick mortality shortly after the chicks hatch due to the older chick chasing the younger and smaller chick from the nest area where it starves or becomes predated. ...


75. Skua studies (population numbers, territorial behaviour, the breeding cycle, mortality and the effect of the penguin colonies on normal activity of skuas) at Cape Royds and Cape Hallett colonies [K017_1959_1960_NZ_1]
The penguin and skua colonies at Cape Royds were used to study skua-penguin association. A population count of skuas (Catharaeta maccormicki) at Cape Royds was conducted from late October to late ...


76. South Polar Skua Population Census [K121_2011_2012_NZ_1]
Our primary hypothesis is that South Polar skua (Stercorarius maccormicki) population abundance broadly tracks summer food availability in the southern McMurdo Sound region. Skuas and Adélie penguins ...


77. Survey of McCormick skua (Catharacta mccormicki) colonies in Southern McMurdo Sound [K301_1987_1988_NZ]
A survey of McCormick skua (Catharacta mccormicki) to determine the number of breeding pairs was undertaken during the 1987-1988 season as a follow up to a previous survey in the same region during ...


78. Survey of the mammals and birds occurring at Cape Bird, 1977-1980 [K014_1977_1978_NZ_2]
A general survey of the mammals and birds occurring was carried out at Cape Bird 1977-1981 and at Cape Hallett 1982-1983. No previous work has been carried out on mammals in these areas. Short, frequent ...


79. The breeding success (timing of laying, hatching, creche formation, causes of failure and posture thermoregulation) of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at Cape Bird, Ross Island [K121_1977_1978_NZ_1]
A section of the Northern Rookery at Cape Bird, Ross Island, adelie penguin rookery was chosen as a study area. Birds were caught, banded and given an alpha numeric number for identification purposes. ...


80. The evolution of microsatellite and mitochondrial genes of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) from DNA samples taken from stratified subfossil penguin bones at penguin colonies [K030_1996_1999_NZ_1]
Evolutionary changes in microsatellite and mitochondrial genes of Adelie penguins was investigated to provide knowledge about the genetic processes and mechanisms that give rise to variation and change ...


81. The length of a female adelie penguin foraging trip after being prevented from going to sea [K063_1987_1988_NZ_1]
One potential proximate cause of the timing of the nest relief cycle of adelie penguins was investigated by testing the hypothesis that the females count the days that they are gone from the nest ...


82. The relationship between skuas and adelie penguins at the Cape Bird colonies: penguin egg and chick mortality from skua predation and territorial, feeding and breeding behaviour of skuas about the penguin colony [K017_1965_1970_NZ_1]
A five year study on the relationship between skuas (Catharaeta maccormicki) and adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) was investigated at Cape Bird with two studies: a) A study of penguin egg ...


83. Time-depth records of diving behaviour profiles of adelie penguins at various nest stages [K065_1988_1989_NZ_1]
Using a newly developed small electronic package, time depth recorders, several penguins were fitted to determine the profile of their diving behaviour while they are foraging. The time depth recorders ...


84. Validating a new method for measuring stress levels of Adelie penguins [K122_2001_2002_NZ_1]
A non-invasive method of measuring stress levels was tested on Adelie (Pygoscelis adeliae) penguins at Cape Bird. The previous accepted normal measurements of stress levels of animals involved blood ...


85. Variation in corticosterone responses to handling within and between Adelie penguins, Ross Island [K034_2001_2005_NZ_4]
Corticosterone responses to handling and behavioural responses to the approach of a person are two responses of adelie penguins to potential stressors. We measured these responses in different birds ...


86. Variation in corticosterone responses within and between individuals of Adelie penguins, Ross Island 2002-2003 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_6]
Corticosterone responses to handling were measured three times at four day intervals in 24 Adelie penguins to quantify variation within and between birds in these responses. Blood samples were collected ...


87. Voluntary approach distance of Adelie penguins to people at Cape Bird, Ross Island 2002-2003 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_8]
The distance that walking Adelie penguins chose to approach people was measured for penguins on the beach at Cape Bird. A person stood in the path of an approaching penguin and then after the bird ...


88. Yolk formation in Adelie penguin eggs [K014_1979_1980_NZ_4]
Development of a technique of preserving and staining egg yolks have permitted the number of days during which yolk is deposited in a follicle to be estimated. Whether the yolk structure of Adelie ...


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