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51. Measurements of the amount of UV and visible radiation falling onto sea ice and the effects of enhanced UV radiation levels on sea ice algae [K136_1991_1992_NZ_1]
Sea ice algae are speculated to be considerably vulnerable to the effects of enhanced UV from the ozone hole during the Antarctic spring. The amount of UV and visible radiation falling onto the sea ...


52. Sea ice productivity in the Mertz Glacier Region [K043_2002_2004_NZ_1]
Eastern Antarctic sea ice algal biomass were measured in the spring of 2002, 2003 and 2004. Productivity was measured by 14C in 2002 and by oxygen electrodes in 2002 and 2004. Biomass was low, in ...


53. The biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae in the Cape Hallett region [K043_2003_2005_NZ_1]
The distribution and biodiversity of algae was assessed to enable possible future predictions of the effects of global warming. Sites (5 in the first season, 4 in the second) were established around ...


54. A biological reconnaissance of the photoreceptors of invertebrates and fish from the Ross Sea, identifying the micro fauna and flora of Dry Valley lakes and other organism from the Ross Sea region [K022_1977_1978_NZ_1]
A variety of research activities on the organisms in the Ross Dependency was undertaken to determine the biological research potential of the organisms. Most work focused on photoreceptors of different ...


55. Blood and faecal samples from Adelie and emperor penguins at Cape Washington and Mandible Cirque, Ross Sea Region, Antarctica [K034_2001_2005_NZ_14]
Blood and faecal samples were collected from 96 emperor penguins at Cape Washington and from 29 Adelie penguins at Mandible Cirque. Plasma concentrations of corticosterone will be measured ...


56. Distribution data and samples of non-marine algae for culture and DNA analysis to determine evolution and dispersal of algae along a latitudinal gradient [K124_2003_2004_NZ_1]
Algae populations at different points on a latitudinal gradient within the Ross Sea sector were investigated. At Cape Hallett, the distribution of the different algal communities were mapped by a ...


57. Isolated fungi from physical samples collected from four sites, two with human impact and two with little human influence to assess fungal biodiversity and the impact of humans [K021_1998_2008_NZ_3]
Physical samples of soil, rocks, wood, foodstuffs, air and artifacts were collected over the period of 2001-2006 from four sites in Ross Sea Region, including two sites with human impact (influence) ...


58. Soil, wood, hay and feed samples collected from Scotts Hut at Cape Evans to determine the presence/absence of Bacillus sp [K021_1998_2008_NZ_5]
Three soil samples were taken from Hut Point, 73 from Cape Evans and 28 from Cape Royds to determine the presence/absence of Bacillus sp. At Cape Evans, transects were made and soil cores were taken ...


59. The use of historic milk powder to compare the microbial flora of milk from the past to the present [K021_1998_2008_NZ_7]
Very small samples of milk powder from opened exposed tins were sampled from the artifacts found at the historic huts on Ross Island, in the order of several grams in the 2001-2002 season. Two hypothesis ...


60. Analyses of water and microbial mat samples collected from two ponds at Luther Peak, near Cape Hallett [K081_2003_2005_NZ_3]
Freshwater ponds have long been recognised as an important local biodiversity element in the Antarctic landscape. To broaden the understanding of pond systems within the Ross Sea region of Antarctica ...


61. Biological, physical and chemical parameters in water and microbial mat samples from ponds in Victoria Valley [K081_2003_2005_NZ_2]
Water and microbial mat communities of the ponds in the Victoria Valley was investigated to test the hypothesis that the gradient in climatic severity associated with latitudinal and altitudinal gradients ...


62. Biological, physical and chemical parameters in water and microbial mat samples from ponds in the Cape Hallett vicinity and cryoconite holes on the Tucker and Bornmann glaciers [K081_2005_2006_NZ_3]
A series of 10 ponds, located away from the main influences of the penguin colony at Cape Hallett, were investigated for variation in chemistry and microbial mat development. Cores of benthic microbial ...


63. Biological, physical and chemical parameters in water and microbial mat samples from ponds in the Labyrinth area of Wright Valley [K081_2003_2005_NZ_1]
Water and microbial mat communities of the ponds in the Labyrinth area of Wright Valley was investigated to test the hypothesis that the gradient in climatic severity associated with latitudinal and ...


64. The adaptation of cyanobacterial mats from the McMurdo Ice Shelf, Mt Discovery and the Alph River system to Antarctic environmental extremes [K081_1990_1991_NZ_1]
The microbial adaptations of the cyanobacterial mats of the ponds of the McMurdo Ice Shelf to the environmental extremes experienced at this location, including changes in temperature and salinity, ...


65. The importance of aerial transport in the distribution of microbes, the role of dried mats as reservoirs of viable propagules and the assessment of the habitat for the germination, growth and persistence of propagules [K082_1990_1992_NZ_1]
The potential importance of dried cyanobacterial mats as sources of propagules for local dissemination was studied at Bratina Island (McMurdo Ice Shelf), Lake Fryxell (Taylor Valley) and Cape Crozier ...


66. The rates of benthic photosynthesis of microbial mats at low irradiances in Lake Hoare and Lake Fryxell, Taylor Valley [K081_2006_2007_NZ_2]
Photosynthesis rates of microbial mats were measured at a range of irradiances to determine the performance of mats at low irradiances at Lake Hoare and Fryxell. Underwater irradiance measurements ...


67. The spatial and temporal variability of nutrients (nitrogen, phosporous, carbon) and plant biomass (cyanobacterial biofilms) on the McMurdo Ice Shelf ecosystem [K081_1987_1988_NZ_1]
The area near Bratina Island was studied by examining scales (large and small) of variability (spatial and temporal) of nutrients and plant biomass on the McMurdo Ice Shelf (MIS) with an aim to examine ...


68. The structure and environmental physiology of Antarctic cyanobacterial mats in the McMurdo Ice Shelf ecosystem [K081_1989_1990_NZ_1]
A detailed understanding of how cyanobacterial mats in the ponds of the McMurdo Ice Shelf are structured and how they derive their carbon, nitrogen and energy supply was investigated with a broad ...


69. Benthic mat biomass and productivity (photosynthesis and respiration) in Lake Vanda, Wright Valley and the role of invertebrates in carbon cycling in the lake [K081_1997_2000_NZ_1]
The importance of benthic microbial production in the lakes of the McMurdo Dry Valleys and how the benthic cyanobacterial mats are adapted to survive and grow in deep water (extreme low light but ...


70. Carbon and nitrogen fixation rates from microbial mat populations in moraine ponds on the McMurdo Ice Shelf [K081_2004_2005_NZ_4]
Carbon and nitrogen fixation experiments were conducted on mats collected from 10 of the ponds on the McMurdo Ice Shelf near Bratina Island. Nitrogen fixation was determined via reduction of acetylene ...


71. Ecological investigation of nitrogen sources and sinks in Lake Wilson and three catchment ponds in the Darwin Glacier region [K081_1992_1993_NZ_1]
Ecological investigations into the waters of the Darwin Glacier region (extreme southern end member to the Dry Valley system) were carried out to extend knowledge of microbial processes to high latitude ...


72. Investigations into the Deep Chlorophyll Maximum Layer of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley: How is the DCM maintained at a constant depth in spite of lake level rise? [K081_1994_1996_NZ_1]
The waters of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley, have risen at a rate of 1m per year. Within the lake there is a biologically important layer, the deep chlorophyll maximum (DCM), where high algal production ...


73. The effects of increased flow on the distribution of nutrient sources and sinks and the physical, chemical and biological components in the Onyx River ecosystem [K081_1993_1996_NZ_1]
The waters of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley have risen at a rate of 1m per year. The rise was largely attributed to increased flows in its only significant inflow, the Onyx River. The effects of this ...


74. The extent and manner in which salts are excluded from pond water during ice formation: ice core analysis, weather data and water samples [K081_2001_2002_NZ_2]
The hypothesis that stratification in the ponds of the McMurdo Ice Shelf is induced during the freezing process, as salts are excluded from the ice matrix during freezing was investigated over several ...


75. The rate of exchange of nutrients between the microbial mats and the overlying water column in Lake Hoare [K081_2000_2001_NZ_2]
Benthic chambers were deployed at 10m depth in Lake Hoare to determine the rate of exchange of nutrients between the microbial mats and the overlying water column. These comprised 5 each of opaque ...


76. The transformation of nutrients in glacial meltstream waters from origin to discharge [K081_2000_2001_NZ_3]
Two stream were examined for the rates and directions of transformation of nutrients, Green Creek and Canada Stream. Both of these streams drain into Lake Frxyell in the Taylor Valley. Each stream ...


77. The change in metabolism, and chemical and physical dynamics, after a transition from light to dark conditions, of melt water ponds on the McMurdo Ice Shelf [K081_2007_2008_NZ_1]
Detailed assessments of the metabolism in one melt water pond on the McMurdo Ice Shelf was investigated. The pond chosen had considerable background knowledge on its general chemistry and biology, ...


78. The changes in the physical, chemical and biological processes in melt water ponds during the late season freeze processes into the polar winter at Bratina Island [K081_2007_2008_NZ_2]
How the onset of winter conditions affects the physical and chemical conditions within the melt water ponds on the McMurdo Ice Shelf (of which summer information is available) and how these changes ...


79. The factors controlling planktonic primary and secondary production in 22 meltwater ponds varying in chemical conditions, and in layers of stratified ponds [K081_2006_2007_NZ_1]
The importance of the large differences in chemistry in the ponds of the McMurdo ice shelf for their planktonic productivity was examined by comparing rates of primary (algal) production and secondary ...


80. Water nutrient chemistry of ponds on Bratina Island, Antarctica [K081_2004_2005_NZ_3]
Tweleve ponds on the McMurdo Ice Shelf were sampled to create and annual data set of water nutrient chemistry (DRP, NH4-N, NO3-N, TDN, TDP), pH, conductivity, temperature, phytoplankton chlorophyll ...


81. Determining the presence of wood decay fungi in the historic huts of the Ross Sea from splinter samples [K023_1996_1997_NZ_2]
Wood that is found in Antarctica at the historic huts originated from materials of Northern and Southern hemisphere origin. The presence of wood decay fungi may pose structural problems for future ...


82. Isolation of thermophilic bacteria from Mt Erebus fumeroles and soil samples [K023_1986_1987_NZ_1]
Warm soil (>60?C) was sampled for microbes from Tramway Ridge SSS1, Mt Erebus. Fumeroles were visited and sampled for microbes. In situ studies with a view to isolate novel extremely thermophilic ...


83. Pseudomonad organisms capable of degrading resin acids: Are they found in Antarctica? Soil samples from Mt Erebus [K023_1996_1997_NZ_1]
Pseudomonads are gram negative bacteria which are unique in their ability to degrade aromatic compounds such as xylene, napthalene and camphor and have recently been shown to degrade toxic resin acids ...


84. Latitudinal Gradient Project (LGP) [K002_Latitudinal_Gradient_Project_LGP]
The Latitudinal Gradient Project (LGP) ("http://www.lgp.aq/") is aimed at increasing the understanding of the coastal marine, freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems that exist along the Victoria Land ...


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