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51. Measurements of photosynthetic recovery after the winter cold and desiccation at Botany Bay, Granite Harbour [K024_2000_2001_NZ_1]
Three CMS400 photosynthesis systems were used to study the recovery of photosynthetic activity by lichens and mosses rewetted for the first time after the winter at Botany Bay, Granite Harbour.


52. Measurements of the shielding against UVA by protective pigments in the moss Bryum subrotundifolium at Botany Bay, Granite Harbour [K024_2000_2001_NZ_2]
A new chlorophyll fluorescence system, UVA PAM allowed the protective shield against UVA radiation to be measured in the moss Bryum subrotundifolium. An area of the moss was heavily shaded for 10 ...


53. Nutrient transfer from penguin colonies to the vegetation at Cape Hallett: A measurement of the transfer of organic nitrogen in the form of ammonia [K024_2004_2006_NZ_3]
The transfer of nutrients from marine to terrestrial ecosystems are though to be important for vegetation. The transfer rate of organic nitrogen in the form of ammonia from the penguin colonies to ...


54. Photosynthetic physiology (CO2/O2 exchange, optimum temperature and light levels) of common bryophytes species that grow in the melt streams from glaciers in the Dry Valleys [K024_1979_1980_NZ_3]
Previous work (by Rostofer, 1970) covered the photosynthetic physiology of two common bryophyte species (Bryum antarcticum and B. Argenteum) found in the melt-streams from glaciers in the Dry Valleys ...


55. Vegetation survey in a proposed long-term monitoring site at Castle Rock [K024_1996_1997_NZ_1]
The site, near Castle Rock was delineated in a previous season by another investigator. The area was carefully searched and plants located, identified and as necessary, collected for herbarium and ...


56. A hot house experiment at Cape Bird to determine the effects of microclimate on plant establishment [K052_1982_1983_NZ_5]
A small perspex frame was placed over bare mineral soil adjacent to the mosses in Keble Valley to examine the effects of humidity, temperature and microclimate on plant establishment. Many green ...


57. Biological and biochemical studies of the plant, invertebrate and microbial communities in the Ross Sea Region [K052_1984_1985_NZ_1]
An expedition was undertaken in the 84/85 season with the aim(s): 1) to survey plant and microbial communities in the Terra Nova Bay area, 2) to conduct ecophysiological studies on the insects at ...


58. Collection of endolithic algae, sublithic algae and chasmolithic lichens in the McMurdo Dry Valleys [K009_1981_1982_NZ_2]
Collections of endolithic algae were made in the Meirs, Wright and Beacon Valleys and on the Asgaard Range. Sublithic algae were collected from the Taylor Valley. Chasmolithic lichens were collected ...


59. Floristic and ecological surveys of plants and microbes in the Garwood Valley [K052_1986_1987_NZ_1]
A general floristic and ecological survey of plants and microbes was conducted in the Garwood Valley/Joyce Lake area including vegetation mapping, collection and microscopic examination of algae and ...


60. Floristic surveys, vegetation mapping, soil animals and environmental parameters for algae growth at Cape Bird [K052_1982_1983_NZ_3]
A plant map for Keble Valley was produced and the water channels plotted to determine the factors involved in moss establishment and growth. Water and shelter were found to be the main factors. Temperature ...


61. Initial assessment for biological research in the Ross Island/Dry Valleys Region [K009_1977_1978_NZ_2]
The primary objective of this study was to assess the potential for biological, particularly botanical, research in the Ross Island/Dry Valleys region and to carry out preliminary studies in four ...


62. Analysis of cyanobacterial mats for toxins [K081_2001_2002_NZ_3]
Mats of algae and cyanobacteria are often the dominant biomass of inland aquatic systems. A collection of samples of these mats were extensively sampled from the moraine ponds near Bratina Island ...


63. Biological survey of the Balleny Islands [K407_2000_2001_NZ_1]
US coastguard helicopters were used to survey bird, seal and plant populations of the three main islands and islets of the Balleny Islands, located off the coast of Antarctica, for birds and seal ...


64. Measurements of the effects of UV-B on sea ice algal growth and productivity [K131_1994_1998_NZ_4]
The effects of UV-B on the growth and productivity of sea ice algae was investigated with two experiments. The growth of sea ice algae was investigated in situ under four different light treatments ...


65. The effects of UVB on growth and productivity and photoadaptations of bottom ice algae at Cape Evans, McMurdo Sound [K136_1999_2002_NZ_1]
Sea ice hosts a large community of algae which is released into the food chain when the ice melts. The sea ice algae grow rapidly in the Antarctic spring at a time that coincides with the ozone hole ...


66. The role of grazing on sea ice algae and sea ice bacteria by ciliates and flagellated (zooplankton) in Terra Nova Bay [K043_2006_2008_NZ_3]
Sea water was collected from a depth of 2 meters below the sea ice in the region of Gondwana Station in Terra Nova Bay. Initial measurements of chlorophyll along with presence and abundance of ciliates ...


67. In situ measurements of photosynthesis in the benthic microbial mats at high depths under the perennial ice cover of Lake Hoare, Taylor Valley [K081_2004_2005_NZ_2]
In situ measurements of photosynthesis in the benthic microbial mats, that grow under the perennial ice cover, of Lake Hoare were measured to determine if photosynthesis is positive at considerable ...


68. Measurements of the amount of UV and visible radiation falling onto sea ice and the effects of enhanced UV radiation levels on sea ice algae [K136_1991_1992_NZ_1]
Sea ice algae are speculated to be considerably vulnerable to the effects of enhanced UV from the ozone hole during the Antarctic spring. The amount of UV and visible radiation falling onto the sea ...


69. Molecular systematics of Antarctic mosses [K024_1999_2001_NZ_1]
Estimating genetic variation is important in understanding a populations potential to track changing environmental conditions and for conservation management. Two molecular techniques, DNA sequencing ...


70. Sea ice productivity in the Mertz Glacier Region [K043_2002_2004_NZ_1]
Eastern Antarctic sea ice algal biomass were measured in the spring of 2002, 2003 and 2004. Productivity was measured by 14C in 2002 and by oxygen electrodes in 2002 and 2004. Biomass was low, in ...


71. The biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae in the Cape Hallett region [K043_2003_2005_NZ_1]
The distribution and biodiversity of algae was assessed to enable possible future predictions of the effects of global warming. Sites (5 in the first season, 4 in the second) were established around ...


72. A biological reconnaissance of the photoreceptors of invertebrates and fish from the Ross Sea, identifying the micro fauna and flora of Dry Valley lakes and other organism from the Ross Sea region [K022_1977_1978_NZ_1]
A variety of research activities on the organisms in the Ross Dependency was undertaken to determine the biological research potential of the organisms. Most work focused on photoreceptors of different ...


73. Genetic variability and patterns of colonisation in Antarctic mosses [K022_1992_1995_NZ_1]
The geographic and microgeographic organisation of variation at genetic marker loci in mosses of the McMurdo Sound region was investigated. Samples of five species of mosses including Bryum argenteum, ...


74. Ecological survey of the birds, algae, lichen, fungi, and invertebrates on ice free areas of the Edward VII Peninsula, Marie Byrd Land [K053_1987_1988_NZ_3]
A 5-6 week remote field expedition was carried out to visit all rock outcrops in the Edward VII Peninsula, Marie Byrd Land to make a general biological survey of the region and assemble good plant ...


75. Distribution data and samples of non-marine algae for culture and DNA analysis to determine evolution and dispersal of algae along a latitudinal gradient [K124_2003_2004_NZ_1]
Algae populations at different points on a latitudinal gradient within the Ross Sea sector were investigated. At Cape Hallett, the distribution of the different algal communities were mapped by a ...


76. Examining the viability of seeds found at the historic hut at Cape Evans on Ross Island [K021_1998_2008_NZ_6]
The seeds presently in the open containers at the historic hut at Cape Evans were examined, collected (2001-2003) and germination was attempted. The seeds were placed in sealed glass containers and ...


77. Algae cultures from air trap samples, snow samples and algal surveys from Scott Base, the Ross Ice Shelf and Victoria Valley to determine the dispersal of algae by wind within Antarctica [K053_1990_1991_NZ_2]
The dispersal of algae by wind within Antarctica was investigated by testing four techniques for detecting viable algae in the air: 1) High through put 'jet' spore samples, 2) Clinical monitors, 3) ...


78. Assessment of the importance of biological nitrogen fixation in the terrestrial ecosytem: Nitrogen fixation rates of Nostoc cyanobacterial mats in the Garwood Valley and at Cape Royds [K053_1986_1987_NZ_1]
Microbes with the nitrogenase enzyme on mosses and soils, particularly the cyanobacteria Nostoc, were examined to investigate the extent and magnitude of the nitrogen fixation process. Sample cores ...


79. Detailed descriptions and culturing of Oscillatoriaceae algae from Cape Royds and the Garwood Valley [K053_1986_1987_NZ_2]
The sites of the first detailed account of Cyanophyta in the Ross Sea Region (West and West, 1911) collected by Shackleton's 1907-09 expedition were revisited and detailed descriptions of Oscillatoriaceae ...


80. Detailed descriptions and culturing of Prasiola calophylla algae from Cape Royds and the Garwood Valley [K053_1986_1987_NZ_3]
A detailed investigation of the autoecology, morphology and life history of Prasiola calophylla were conducted to extend the existing data for the species. Data on distribution and growth patterns ...


81. Ecological survey of the algae, lichen, fungi, and invertebrates on ice free areas of the La Gorce Mountains [K058_1996_1997_NZ_1]
A detailed study of far south ecosystems was conducted at La Gorce Mountains and nearby nunataks. A general biological survey was carried out describing the occurrence of any organisms encountered ...


82. Examination of introduced algae from foodstuffs and other foreign items brought to Antarctica [K053_1990_1991_NZ_1]
The impact of non-indigenous algae into Antarctica was investigated at Scott Base and was limited to soil particles adherent to fresh vegetables flown in from New Zealand (lettuce and potatoes). Preliminary ...


83. Systematic survey and abundance investigations of the algae in the meltpools of the McMurdo Ice Shelf [K053_1987_1988_NZ_1]
A qualitative and quantitative survey was made of algae in aquatic habitats on the McMurdo Ice Shelf. The majority of the work was conducted in eight ponds of diverse chemical characteristics in the ...


84. Taxonomic and ecological survey of the terrestrial algae in the Ross Sea Region (McMurdo Dry Valleys, Marble Point, Cape Bird, Mt Erebus) [K053_1980_1981_NZ_1]
A taxonomic and ecological survey of the terrestrial algae was conducted in the vicinity of Lake Fryxell, Taylor Valley and Cape Bird and supplemented with samples from Marble Point, the lakes and ...


85. The taxonomy and distribution of algae cultured from samples from Granite Harbour: Oscillatoriales and Cyanobacteria [K053_1993_1994_NZ_1]
Samples were removed from the complete range of habitats supporting algal growth at Granite Harbour. A total of over 190 samples were examined microscopically and a taxonomic list was compiled. Cultures ...


86. Vegetation distribution (distribution mapping and microscopic examination) at Cape Bird [K053_1982_1983_NZ_2]
Extensive vegetation mapping and microscopic examination of sample material was completed at Cape Bird in detail enough so that maps were produced marking the location of all major algal, moss and ...


87. Vegetation distribution (maps, soil temperature, and microscopic examination) on the surface of heated ground at Tramway Ridge, Mt Erebus [K053_1982_1983_NZ_1]
Descriptions of the vegetation distribution on the surface of steam heated warm ground, especially in relation to temperature gradients from cold to hot areas was investigated on the summit of Mt ...


88. Algal composition, physico-chemical features, photosynthetic carbon metabolism, nitrogen cycling and the structure and metabolic properties of algal mats in lakes and streams of southern Victoria Land [K081_1983_1986_NZ_1]
A three year study of lakes and stream of southern Victoria Land was conducted from 1983-1986. In the first season, the algal composition and physico-chemical characteristics of South Victoria Land ...


89. Biological, physical and chemical parameters in water and microbial mat samples from ponds in Victoria Valley [K081_2003_2005_NZ_2]
Water and microbial mat communities of the ponds in the Victoria Valley was investigated to test the hypothesis that the gradient in climatic severity associated with latitudinal and altitudinal gradients ...


90. Biological, physical and chemical parameters in water and microbial mat samples from ponds in the Labyrinth area of Wright Valley [K081_2003_2005_NZ_1]
Water and microbial mat communities of the ponds in the Labyrinth area of Wright Valley was investigated to test the hypothesis that the gradient in climatic severity associated with latitudinal and ...


91. The adaptation of cyanobacterial mats from the McMurdo Ice Shelf, Mt Discovery and the Alph River system to Antarctic environmental extremes [K081_1990_1991_NZ_1]
The microbial adaptations of the cyanobacterial mats of the ponds of the McMurdo Ice Shelf to the environmental extremes experienced at this location, including changes in temperature and salinity, ...


92. The importance of aerial transport in the distribution of microbes, the role of dried mats as reservoirs of viable propagules and the assessment of the habitat for the germination, growth and persistence of propagules [K082_1990_1992_NZ_1]
The potential importance of dried cyanobacterial mats as sources of propagules for local dissemination was studied at Bratina Island (McMurdo Ice Shelf), Lake Fryxell (Taylor Valley) and Cape Crozier ...


93. The physical and geochemical parameters controlling algal production in Lake Vanda [K081_1980_1981_NZ_1]
The factors controlling algal production in Lake Vanda were investigated experimentally by nutrient bioassays and in situ radiotracer incubations. Photosynthetic profiles were measured through the ...


94. The rates of benthic photosynthesis of microbial mats at low irradiances in Lake Hoare and Lake Fryxell, Taylor Valley [K081_2006_2007_NZ_2]
Photosynthesis rates of microbial mats were measured at a range of irradiances to determine the performance of mats at low irradiances at Lake Hoare and Fryxell. Underwater irradiance measurements ...


95. The spatial and temporal variability of nutrients (nitrogen, phosporous, carbon) and plant biomass (cyanobacterial biofilms) on the McMurdo Ice Shelf ecosystem [K081_1987_1988_NZ_1]
The area near Bratina Island was studied by examining scales (large and small) of variability (spatial and temporal) of nutrients and plant biomass on the McMurdo Ice Shelf (MIS) with an aim to examine ...


96. The structure and environmental physiology of Antarctic cyanobacterial mats in the McMurdo Ice Shelf ecosystem [K081_1989_1990_NZ_1]
A detailed understanding of how cyanobacterial mats in the ponds of the McMurdo Ice Shelf are structured and how they derive their carbon, nitrogen and energy supply was investigated with a broad ...


97. The relationship between sediment texture, micro-organisms (diatom and Foraminifera), water depth and current to 100m along the Victoria Land coast from Trip Island to Cape Armitage, McMurdo Sound [K042_1987_1988_NZ_1]
The relationship between sediment texture, micro-organisms (diatom and Foraminifera), water column currents and water depth was investigated along the shoreline (to the 100m contour) of the Victoria ...


98. The extent and manner in which salts are excluded from pond water during ice formation: ice core analysis, weather data and water samples [K081_2001_2002_NZ_2]
The hypothesis that stratification in the ponds of the McMurdo Ice Shelf is induced during the freezing process, as salts are excluded from the ice matrix during freezing was investigated over several ...


99. Water nutrient chemistry of ponds on Bratina Island, Antarctica [K081_2004_2005_NZ_3]
Tweleve ponds on the McMurdo Ice Shelf were sampled to create and annual data set of water nutrient chemistry (DRP, NH4-N, NO3-N, TDN, TDP), pH, conductivity, temperature, phytoplankton chlorophyll ...


100. The occurrance of heavy metals in marine benthic organisms, Cape Evans and Terra Nova Bay [K082_2001_2002_NZ_5]   PARENT DIF
The distribution of heavy metals (such as Cd, Pb and Hg) in different areas of the Antarctic marine coastal ecosystems along a latitudinal gradient, and at sites characterised by different degrees ...


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