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51. Latitudinal Gradient Project (LGP) [K002_Latitudinal_Gradient_Project_LGP]
The Latitudinal Gradient Project (LGP) ("http://www.lgp.aq/") is aimed at increasing the understanding of the coastal marine, freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems that exist along the Victoria Land ...


52. Liver samples collected for investigations of enzyme activity of Glutathione-s-transferase in the Antarctic fish Dissostichus mawsoni and Pagothenia borchgrevinki [K042_1983_1984_NZ_2]
The level of the detoxication system in Antarctic fish from the enzyme glutathione-s-transferase was tested. Samples of liver from the Antarctic fish Dissostichus mawsoni and Pagothenia borchgrevinki ...


53. Measurements of heart rate, ventilation rate and metabolic rate of Trematomus bernacchii. [K057_2011_2012_NZ_1]
Measurements of heart rate, ventilation rate and metabolic rate of Trematomus bernacchii subjected to elevated temperatures, including recovery from exercise and tolerance to hypoxia. The primary ...


54. Measurements of the amount of UV and visible radiation falling onto sea ice and the effects of enhanced UV radiation levels on sea ice algae [K136_1991_1992_NZ_1]
Sea ice algae are speculated to be considerably vulnerable to the effects of enhanced UV from the ozone hole during the Antarctic spring. The amount of UV and visible radiation falling onto the sea ...


55. Measurements of the effects of UV-B on sea ice algal growth and productivity [K131_1994_1998_NZ_4]
The effects of UV-B on the growth and productivity of sea ice algae was investigated with two experiments. The growth of sea ice algae was investigated in situ under four different light treatments ...


56. Measurements of the tide level, current, temperature and salinity of McMurdo Sound and examination of the biological biomass in the water column [K007_1970_1974_NZ_1]
A measurement of the tides and currents in McMurdo Sound was conducted over several seasons. Current measurements were first made in McMurdo Sound by Hodgson (1907) during the stay of the Discovery ...


57. Meltwater geochemistry and biological characteristics of the Darwin Glacier region of Antarctica [K081_2007_2008_NZ_3]
Freshwater ponds have long been recognised as an important local biodiversity element in the Antarctic landscape. A suite of relatively easily measured chemical and biological variables that provide ...


58. Microfauna surveys of the vegetation of the Fryxell Stream flush area, Taylor Valley [K024_1989_1990_NZ_2]
Mosses were sampled from the Canada Glacier flush area, Taylor Valley, for included animals (major groups of microfauna in Antarctica are the protozoa, nematoda, tardigrada and rotifers) to attempt ...


59. Microscopic examination of marine organisms (larger than 45 µm) collected from the sea ice, brine and water column in McMurdo Sound and the Ross Sea [K131_2001_2002_NZ_1]
Large marine organisms, specifically foraminifers and copepods, were collected from the sea ice, brine and water column from thin ice north of Beaufort Island at the beginning of the warming period ...


60. Obtaining action spectrum and biological weighting functions for UVR effects on larvae of a suite of Antarctic invertebrates, McMurdo Sound [K068_2004_2006_NZ_1]
The effect of UVR on biological systems is wavelength dependent. Action spectrum for DNA damage is an essential component of understanding the effects of increased UVB on a range of Antarctic invertebrate ...


61. Oceanography, sea seismic surveys and benthic surveys of the New Zealand sub-Antarctic Islands areas (Auckland and Campbell Islands), the Macquarie Ridge area and the ocean between New Zealand and the Ross Sea [K002_1959_1963_NZ_1]
Oceanographic, sea seismic surveys and benthic surveys were conducted aboard research vessels (HMNZS Endeavour, Wilhoite, Rotoiti, USS Burton Island) between 1959 and 1963. The principal aim of the ...


62. Pelagic ecosystem investigations of McMurdo Sound: plankton species composition and density, ocean environmental factors, levels of seston, bacteria analysis and ice algae composition [K014_1979_1980_NZ_1]
Comparisons of water column productivity and processes was completed by comparing 4 sites including on the edge of the McMurdo Ice Shelf some 12km west of Cape Armitage, off Scott Base on the east ...


63. Photosynthetic physiology (CO2/O2 exchange, optimum temperature and light levels) of common bryophytes species that grow in the melt streams from glaciers in the Dry Valleys [K024_1979_1980_NZ_3]
Previous work (by Rostofer, 1970) covered the photosynthetic physiology of two common bryophyte species (Bryum antarcticum and B. Argenteum) found in the melt-streams from glaciers in the Dry Valleys ...


64. Plankton and epibenthos sampling from Cape Bird for the University of Canterbury collection and studies [K014_1976_1977_NZ_2]
Epibenthos samples were taken at 2100 each night from the 25 November until the 17 December, 1976 of the plankton and epibenthos immediately adjacent to the shore in front of the wet lab stationed ...


65. Plankton investigations in the Ross Sea in relation to seawater parameters [K014_1970_1971_NZ_6]
Plankton and water was sampled from a site at Cape Bird and the parameters measured include: salinity, light, temperature, biomass of zooplankton and phytoplankton, species identification of zooplankton ...


66. Planktonic community structure and species interactions in melt ponds on the McMurdo Ice Shelf and at Cape Bird [K083_1991_1992_NZ_1]
Depth integrated water samples were taken from 20 ponds near Bratina Island on the McMurdo Ice Shelf and 6 ponds from Cape Bird to characterise the planktonic community structure of the ponds and ...


67. Predicting contaminant impacts at Lake Vanda, Antarctica [K094_1995_1997_NZ_1]
Samples of water, phytoplankton, sediment, soil and bacterial mat were sampled from Lake Vanda and the old Vanda station site, in order to determine the fate of trace metal contaminants and their ...


68. Production and succession investigations of phytoplankton and zooplankton from onshore, tidecrack, ice floes and epibenthic samples at Cape Bird [K014_1977_1978_NZ_1]
The phytoplankton and zooplankton was samples at Cape Bird to determine seasonal trends in the populations structure of onshore communities, determine if a separate tidecrack community exists, the ...


69. Reconnaissance of the Balleny Islands [K017_1963_1964_NZ_1]
A reconnaissance expedition took place around the Balleny Islands in the 1963-1964 field season with the objective to examine the four beaches where landings had previously been made and to search ...


70. Sea ice productivity in the Mertz Glacier Region [K043_2002_2004_NZ_1]
Eastern Antarctic sea ice algal biomass were measured in the spring of 2002, 2003 and 2004. Productivity was measured by 14C in 2002 and by oxygen electrodes in 2002 and 2004. Biomass was low, in ...


71. Seafloor sampling (macrofauna, epifauna, macroalgae, sediments, video footage and still photographs) of the north western Ross Sea area including Cape Hallett, Cape Adare, Coulman Island and Cape Russell [K082_2003_2004_NZ_1]
As part of the Italian led Victoria Land Transect (VLT) project voyage on board the RV Italica, diver based surveys of the structural and functional diversity of the shallow water benthic communities ...


72. The ability to photorepair UV damaged DNA and the rate of photoreactivation in Antarctic species compared with temperate and tropical species [K068_2004_2006_NZ_2]
Time course experimental exposure of the Antarctic sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeriembryos to UVR was carried out in a lab to examine the kinetics of UVR induced damage to DNA. Embryos (freshly fertilized ...


73. The ability to photorepair UV damaged DNA and the rate of photoreactivation in two Antarctic Starfish Odontaster validus and Odontaster meridionalis compared with a New Zealand species Odontaster benhami [K068_2004_2006_NZ_3]
Photorepair rates in New Zealand temperate species of echinoderms show a much higher DNA photorepair than the Antarctic species Sterechinus neumayeri. To examine the reason for low rates of DNA photorepair ...


74. The activity and expression of DNA repair/photoreactivation with the enzyme photolyase in the sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri, McMurdo Sound [K068_2003_2004_NZ_1]
An important aspect of understanding the impact of increased UVR is assessing the ability of Antarctic species to repair DNA damaged through the process of photoreactiviation or photorepair. To repair ...


75. The bacterial biomass of sea ice from Seabees Hook, Cape Hallett region [K043_2003_2005_NZ_2]
A taxonomic assessment of sea ice bacteria abundance and their response to climate induced stress was investigated from the sea ice around Seabee Hook, Cape Hallett. Four sites at different points ...


76. The biodiversity of the coastal underwater marine benthic ecosystem in the Ross Sea Region [K082_2001_2007_NZ]   CHILD DIFs
The long term research program ICECUBE (Coastal Underwater Benthic Ecosystems) provides fundamental information on the structural and functional biodiversity of Antarctic coastal benthic ecosystems. ...


77. The biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae and bacteria in Granite Harbour and the physical parameters of their environment [K043_2008_2009_NZ_2]
The total biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae and bacteria from the sea ice and the water column was investigated in Granite Harbour. Sampling sites in the Granite Harbour area were used ...


78. The biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae and bacteria in Terra Nova Bay and the physical parameters of their environment [K043_2006_2008_NZ_1]
The total biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae and bacteria from the sea ice and the water column was investigated in Terra Nova Bay. Sampling sites in the Terra Nova Bay area were used ...


79. The biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae in the Cape Hallett region [K043_2003_2005_NZ_1]
The distribution and biodiversity of algae was assessed to enable possible future predictions of the effects of global warming. Sites (5 in the first season, 4 in the second) were established around ...


80. The biomass, productivity, physiology and grazing pressures of phytoplankton during the polar winter in the Ross Sea region [K043_2007_2008_NZ_1]
What happens to primary production during the long polar night was investigated in the Ross Sea region. Phytoplankton samples were obtained from the water column at Cape Armitage and Cape Evans. Phytoplankton ...


81. The cryopelagic meroplankton community of Gerlache Inlet (2006-2007 season) [K018_2006_2008_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Cryopelagic (directly under the ice) plankton samples were collected in Gerlache Inlet about 1 km to the south of Gondwana Station. A 0.5 m diameter circular fixed-frame plankton net (125µm mesh) ...


82. The cryopelagic meroplankton community of Gerlache Inlet (2007-2008 season) [K018_2006_2008_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
Cryopelagic (directly under the ice) plankton samples were collected in Gerlache Inlet about 1 km to the south of Gondwana Station. Samples were collected at 1m and 5m depth below the sea ice with ...


83. The depth distribution of meroplankton in the water column of Cape Hallett [K018_2003_2005_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Plankton was sampled at a single site (72° 18.412' S, 170° 11.290' E) off Seabee Hook, Edisto Inlet, Cape Hallett during the 04-05 season to determine if there is a different larval community at ...


84. The depth distribution of meroplankton in the water column of Gerlache Inlet [K018_2006_2008_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Plankton was sampled at a single site (74° 38.474' S, 164° 12.473' E) between 14 Nov 2007-06 Dec 2007 about 1 km to the south of Gondwana Station during the 07-08 season to determine if there is ...


85. The depth distribution of meroplankton in the water column of Granite Harbour [K018_2009_2010_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Plankton was sampled at a single site (S 77o00.725’; E 162o 53.046’) between 27 Nov 2009 - 01 Dec 2009 about 1 km to the south of Granite Harbour Camp during the 09-10 season to determine if there ...


86. The direct effects of UV radiation on embryo and larval development and survival, and DNA damage of Sterechinus neumayeri [K068_2002_2006_NZ_2]
Gastrulation is a critical point in the development of an embryo. Damage to embryos prior to gastrulation via UVR effects on cytokinesis or DNA will have a dramatic negative effect on embryo survival. ...


87. The distribution and abundance patterns of meroplankton in the Ross Sea region [K018_2002_2008_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The pelagic community of the Ross Sea consists of a permanent component (=holoplankton) and a temporary component which is primarily made up from the larval stages of benthic marine invertebrates ...


88. The distribution of zooplankton in McMurdo Sound - interannual variation, spatial variation and depth stratification [K014_1990_1991_NZ_1]
Building on previous studies of zooplankton distribution and abundance, a programme was planned to i) augment the interannual variability off Scott Base, ii) assess variability in surface waters on ...


89. The distribution, taxonomy, physiology and feeding habits of pelagic amphipods in Terra Nova Bay [K043_2006_2008_NZ_5]
The distribution, taxonomy, physiology and feeding habits of pelagic amphipods was investigated. Amphipods were collected by plankton tow, baited traps, coring (coring through sea ice) or hand collections ...


90. The distribution, taxonomy, physiology and feeding habits of pelagic amphipods in the Ross Sea [K043_2008_2009_NZ_4]
The distribution, taxonomy, physiology and feeding habits of pelagic amphipods was investigated. Amphipods were collected by plankton tow over two seasons. Approximately 1200 individual amphipods ...


91. The effect of Scott Base waste water discharge on the marine benthic community [K054_1991_1992_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
To determine if the Scott Base waste water discharge has any effect on the marine benthic community, the benthic community was surveyed, tissue samples were collected from bivalves and water samples ...


92. The effect of temperature and hypoxia on the metabolic rate and specific dynamic action of feeding of the giant nemertean worm Paraborlasia corrugatus [K057_2002_2003_NZ_1]
The giant nemertean worm Paraborlasia corrugatus is an important member of the benthic community where it is both an opportunistic scavenger and an active predator. Previous work has shown the animal ...


93. The effects of UVB on growth and productivity and photoadaptations of bottom ice algae at Cape Evans, McMurdo Sound [K136_1999_2002_NZ_1]
Sea ice hosts a large community of algae which is released into the food chain when the ice melts. The sea ice algae grow rapidly in the Antarctic spring at a time that coincides with the ozone hole ...


94. The effects of increased PAR and UV on the xanthophyl cycle of Antarctic ice algae [K068_2005_2006_NZ_1]
The xanthophyll cycle is a photo-protection mechanism in phytoplankton which protects the photosynthestic machinery from damage by high light intensities. Sea ice algae in Antarctica live on the ...


95. The fundamental physiology and biology processes of Sterechinus neumayeri embryos and larvae and how they are affected by increased UV radiation, McMurdo Sound [K068_2007_2008_NZ_1]
Three key processes in the embryos and larvae of the sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri were examined to determine how they respond to environmental changes. In situ experiments were carried out at ...


96. The modern sedimentation regime at the snout of the Ferrar Glacier, New Harbour [K042_1985_1986_NZ_1]
The modern sedimentation regime at the snout of the Ferrar Glacier was investigated for comparison with the upper sediments cored in the CIROS-2 hole and to determine the modern sedimentation processes ...


97. The natural spawning of Sterechinus spp. (Echinodermata) observed in Edisto Inlet, Cape Hallett [K018_2003_2005_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Plankton was sampled at a single site off Seabee Hook, Edisto Inlet, Cape Hallett during the 04-05 season. Significant numbers of newly spawned embryos were first observed 25 November. Based on the ...


98. The physical and biological structure of the water column in Lake Vanda and the influences to it from the inflow of the Onyx River [K081_1993_1996_NZ_2]
The waters of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley have risen at a rate of 1m per year. The rise was largely attributed to increased flows in its only significant inflow, the Onyx River. Prior to the first flows ...


99. The physical and geochemical parameters controlling algal production in Lake Vanda [K081_1980_1981_NZ_1]
The factors controlling algal production in Lake Vanda were investigated experimentally by nutrient bioassays and in situ radiotracer incubations. Photosynthetic profiles were measured through the ...


100. The presence and extent of interstitial meiofauna in sandy beaches and stream and coastal water sampling to determine the nutrient input to the sea from penguin colonies [K014_1974_1975_NZ_2]
The presence and extent of the interstitial meiofauna that developed in the sandy beach when the push-ice had melted or rafted out was investigated. The timing of melting was late and only a short ...


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