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51. The spatial and temporal distribution of the larval fish Pleuragramma antarcticum in the platelet ice and in the water column, Gerlache Inlet. [K018_2006_2008_NZ_4]   PARENT DIF
Plankton sampling in Gerlache Inlet in the 06-07 season collected large numbers of larvae of the Antarctic ice fish Pleuragramma antarcticum. Samples of Pleuragramma eggs and recently hatched larvae ...


52. The spatial distribution of the meroplankton in Granite Harbour [K018_2008_2009_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
A spatial-distribution study of the meroplankton at Granite Harbour was conducted to add to the information on the distribution and abundance patterns of the meroplankton in the Ross Sea (previously ...


53. The temporal variation of meroplankton at Cape Roberts [K018_2008_2009_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Samples of meroplankton were collected through the ice as a feasibility study (of planktonic larval growth and nutrition) in the 2001-2002 field season. Samples were collected from Cape Evans about ...


54. Investigations of the algal ecology of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley and Lake Miers, Miers Valley [K042_1964_1965_NZ_4]
The algal ecology of two Antarctic lakes, Lake Vanda, Wright Valley and Lake Miers, Miers Valley, were studied, and extensive collections were made of littoral and terrestrial algae, lichens and mosses. ...


55. Investigation of the plankton composition at Edisto Inlet, 1968-69 [K017_1968_1969_NZ_2]
Sampling for vertical migrants of plankton over periods of 24 hours in Edisto Inlet was conducted to determine the effects of continuous low light intensity under the ice on the migration structure. ...


56. Reconnaissance of the Balleny Islands [K017_1963_1964_NZ_1]
A reconnaissance expedition took place around the Balleny Islands in the 1963-1964 field season with the objective to examine the four beaches where landings had previously been made and to search ...


57. The distribution of zooplankton in McMurdo Sound - interannual variation, spatial variation and depth stratification [K014_1990_1991_NZ_1]
Building on previous studies of zooplankton distribution and abundance, a programme was planned to i) augment the interannual variability off Scott Base, ii) assess variability in surface waters on ...


58. Analysis of mixed water and substrate samples from glacial meltwater streams and stream beds in the Dry Valleys for ecology and physiology of protozoan found there [K061_1984_1985_NZ_1]
Aspects of the ecology and physiology of protozoa found in glacial melt waters of the Wright and Taylor Valleys were studied. Combined water/substrate samples and freeze dried moss and algae were ...


59. Characterisation and sampling of the macrobenthic community structure of coastal sublittoral soft bottom habitats in Antarctica [K163_1989_1990_NZ_1]
Coastal soft-bottom communities contain diverse assemblages of animals. Biological interactions and physical disturbances are thought to be important in determining community structure on the small ...


60. Measurements of the tide level, current, temperature and salinity of McMurdo Sound and examination of the biological biomass in the water column [K007_1970_1974_NZ_1]
A measurement of the tides and currents in McMurdo Sound was conducted over several seasons. Current measurements were first made in McMurdo Sound by Hodgson (1907) during the stay of the Discovery ...


61. The temperature and desiccation tolerance limits of protozoa found in glacial melt waters and freshwater ponds or streams at Cape Bird [K028_1983_1984_NZ_1]
Protozoa found in the glacial melt waters and freshwater ponds or streams of Antarctica were investigated for their ability to tolerate freezing in their active stages. Sampling was conducted at Cape ...


62. Microfauna surveys of the vegetation of the Fryxell Stream flush area, Taylor Valley [K024_1989_1990_NZ_2]
Mosses were sampled from the Canada Glacier flush area, Taylor Valley, for included animals (major groups of microfauna in Antarctica are the protozoa, nematoda, tardigrada and rotifers) to attempt ...


63. Vegetation mapping of the Fryxell Stream flush, Taylor Valley [K024_1989_1990_NZ_1]
The Frxyell Stream flows into Lake Fryxell in the Taylor Valley. Canada Pond lies upstream of Lake Fryxell adjacent to the Canada Glacier. The Fryxell Stream flush, both the upper flush (flush area ...


64. A grafting experiment testing the ability of Antarctic sponges to recognise self from non-self tissue and their immune response [K054_1988_1989_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
A dive site was selected at Cape Armitage to conduct a marine benthos survey. The water was approximately 25m deep and the bottom was found to be rocky and inhabited by sponges. Four sponge species ...


65. A survey of the density of starfish and sea urchins to determine the grazing pressure of these species on a sponge dominated reef, Cape Armitage [K054_1988_1989_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
In order to determine the grazing pressure of starfish and sea urchin species on the benthic community of a reef at Cape Armitage, a survey was made of these species densities. The survey was stratified ...


66. An investigation of a bacterial infection of Antarctic sponge species at Cape Armitage [K054_1988_1989_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
A bacterial infection was found associated with two species of Antarctic sponges while conducting a survey of the benthic community at Cape Armitage. This infection was not observed in the first year ...


67. Analysis of the community structure of subtidal reefs at Cape Armitage (species composition of invertebrates and fish, sediment spicule mat depth, sediment type, sedimentation rates and tissue sampling for analysis) [K054_1987_1989_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
A dive site was selected at Cape Armitage to conduct a marine benthos survey. The water was approximately 25m deep and the bottom was found to be rocky and inhabited by sponges. Other sites were ...


68. Analysis of the reef slope community structure at Pram Point (species composition of invertebrates and fish, sponge reproduction, sediment type, sedimentation rates and tissue sampling for analysis) [K054_1991_1992_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The reef community at Cape Armitage was surveyed over two seasons (1987/88 and 1988/89). This community exists on a fan like shallow slope platform. In the same season, Pram Point was initially assessed ...


69. Investigation of the relationship of the fish population with their associated benthos community (population counts, activity and stomach content) [K054_1991_1992_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
The relationship between the benthos and fish populations associated with it was investigated. Fish counts, fish behaviour and samples of fish were collected. Four 5m x 2m transects were surveyed ...


70. Investigations of the physiological adaptations (irradiance and temperature tolerance limits) of two polar species of red algae Iridaea cordata and Phyllophora antarctica at Cape Evans [K062_1989_1990_NZ_1]
The most southerly populations of benthic marine algae occurring anywhere in the world are found in McMurdo Sound. There is considerable divergence of opinion amongst phycologists as to the suitability ...


71. The effect of Scott Base waste water discharge on the marine benthic community [K054_1991_1992_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
To determine if the Scott Base waste water discharge has any effect on the marine benthic community, the benthic community was surveyed, tissue samples were collected from bivalves and water samples ...


72. The vertical distribution of zooplankton in the Cape Armitage area [K012_1987_1988_NZ_2]
The vertical distribution of zooplankton was determined in the Cape Armitage area. A large number of samples were taken by streaming plankton nets at a range of depths over the top 200m. These samples ...


73. Comparison of the structure and diversity of the benthic community of Cape Bird with Cape Hallett and Perseverance Harbour, Campbell Island [K014_1970_1971_NZ_4]
A series of quantitative sea bottom grab samples were collected from the benthos in the area of McDonald Beach and north to the ice cliffs, Cape Bird. Samples were collected from between 25 and 200m ...


74. Photosynthetic physiology (CO2/O2 exchange, optimum temperature and light levels) of common bryophytes species that grow in the melt streams from glaciers in the Dry Valleys [K024_1979_1980_NZ_3]
Previous work (by Rostofer, 1970) covered the photosynthetic physiology of two common bryophyte species (Bryum antarcticum and B. Argenteum) found in the melt-streams from glaciers in the Dry Valleys ...


75. Analysis of foraminiferal populations in sediment samples from McMurdo Sound in relation to sediment type, ecological factors and bathymetry [K042_1981_1982_NZ_1]
Sea floor sediments of McMurdo Sound were sampled to obtain material suitable for detailed analysis of foraminiferal populations and their relationships to sediment type and ecological factors. Foraminifera ...


76. Glacial movement and sedimentation rate of the Mackay Glacier, Granite Harbour [K042_1982_1983_NZ_1]
Granite Harbour can be considered a 'closed basin' which collects sediment deposited from the Mackay Glacier Tongue. Study of this sedimentation system enables a more precise interpretation of the ...


77. Liver samples collected for investigations of enzyme activity of Glutathione-s-transferase in the Antarctic fish Dissostichus mawsoni and Pagothenia borchgrevinki [K042_1983_1984_NZ_2]
The level of the detoxication system in Antarctic fish from the enzyme glutathione-s-transferase was tested. Samples of liver from the Antarctic fish Dissostichus mawsoni and Pagothenia borchgrevinki ...


78. Zooplankton samples, light levels and water temperature from 0 to 200 m in McMurdo Sound to determine diurnal vertical migration of plankton during the summer months [K014_1971_1972_NZ_4]
Diurnal vertical migration of zooplankton is mainly influenced by light levels in temperate areas. In polar regions, light is continuous during the summer months. This study investigated whether diurnal ...


79. The effect of temperature and hypoxia on the metabolic rate and specific dynamic action of feeding of the giant nemertean worm Paraborlasia corrugatus [K057_2002_2003_NZ_1]
The giant nemertean worm Paraborlasia corrugatus is an important member of the benthic community where it is both an opportunistic scavenger and an active predator. Previous work has shown the animal ...


80. Obtaining action spectrum and biological weighting functions for UVR effects on larvae of a suite of Antarctic invertebrates, McMurdo Sound [K068_2004_2006_NZ_1]
The effect of UVR on biological systems is wavelength dependent. Action spectrum for DNA damage is an essential component of understanding the effects of increased UVB on a range of Antarctic invertebrate ...


81. Predicting contaminant impacts at Lake Vanda, Antarctica [K094_1995_1997_NZ_1]
Samples of water, phytoplankton, sediment, soil and bacterial mat were sampled from Lake Vanda and the old Vanda station site, in order to determine the fate of trace metal contaminants and their ...


82. The ability to photorepair UV damaged DNA and the rate of photoreactivation in Antarctic species compared with temperate and tropical species [K068_2004_2006_NZ_2]
Time course experimental exposure of the Antarctic sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeriembryos to UVR was carried out in a lab to examine the kinetics of UVR induced damage to DNA. Embryos (freshly fertilized ...


83. The ability to photorepair UV damaged DNA and the rate of photoreactivation in two Antarctic Starfish Odontaster validus and Odontaster meridionalis compared with a New Zealand species Odontaster benhami [K068_2004_2006_NZ_3]
Photorepair rates in New Zealand temperate species of echinoderms show a much higher DNA photorepair than the Antarctic species Sterechinus neumayeri. To examine the reason for low rates of DNA photorepair ...


84. The degree that UV-B absorbing compounds provide UV-R protection in embryos and larvae of the sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri: A comparison with adults [K068_2002_2003_NZ_1]
The degree that UV-B absorbing compounds provide UV-R protection was examined in four early developmental stages of the sea urchine Sterechinus neumayeri from Cape Armitage, McMurdo Sound. Adult Sterechinus ...


85. An ecological study of Bird Pond at Cape Bird: water parameters, population density and identification plants and animals [K014_1970_1971_NZ_3]
A seasonal ecological study was carried out at Bird Pond, Cape Bird. At weekly intervals the water temperature, depth, conductivity, pH and light were recorded, water samples were analysed for oxygen, ...


86. A feasibility study of marine investigations at Cape Bird: Plankton sampling, water temperature, conductivity and chlorophyll content [K014_1969_1970_NZ_1]
On arrival at Cape Bird it was found that the pack ice had broken early and sampling had to be limited to inshore waters from ice piers with water depths never greater than about 20 feet. Plankton ...


87. A general benthic survey of the Cape Bird region: distribution of sediment types, boundaries of faunal zones, bathymetry and current patterns [K014_1970_1971_NZ_5]
A survey of the region from the ice face to McDonald Beach and to a depth of about 300 meters with regard to distribution of sediment types, boundaries of faunal zones and the general bathymetry of ...


88. An ecological study of Penguin Pond, Green Lake and Harrison Lake at Cape Bird: measurement of water chemistry, water parameters and flora and fauna investigations [K014_1973_1974_NZ_2]
Three lakes were selected for ecological study at Cape Bird. Penguin Pond was sampled twice weekely and measurements were taken for light intensity, temperature, oxygen, pH, chlorinity, alkalinity, ...


89. Biomass, productivity and diurnal migration of marine plankton in shallow waters at Cape Bird [K014_1973_1974_NZ_1]
The phytoplankton and zooplankton in shallow water at Cape Bird was investigated. Samples were taken at intervals of 4 days from early December to late January in plastic buckets from the fast ice ...


90. Food chain investigations at White Island: seal survey, seasonal trends in phytoplankton populations, ocean environmental factors, zooplankton biomass and fish diet, age and growth studies [K014_1976_1977_NZ_1]
A population of Weddell Seals at White Island (some 20km from the edge of the Ross Ice Shelf) was/is thought to be a sub-population that does not migrate to the pack ice in the non-breeding season ...


91. Pelagic ecosystem investigations of McMurdo Sound: plankton species composition and density, ocean environmental factors, levels of seston, bacteria analysis and ice algae composition [K014_1979_1980_NZ_1]
Comparisons of water column productivity and processes was completed by comparing 4 sites including on the edge of the McMurdo Ice Shelf some 12km west of Cape Armitage, off Scott Base on the east ...


92. Plankton and epibenthos sampling from Cape Bird for the University of Canterbury collection and studies [K014_1976_1977_NZ_2]
Epibenthos samples were taken at 2100 each night from the 25 November until the 17 December, 1976 of the plankton and epibenthos immediately adjacent to the shore in front of the wet lab stationed ...


93. Plankton investigations in the Ross Sea in relation to seawater parameters [K014_1970_1971_NZ_6]
Plankton and water was sampled from a site at Cape Bird and the parameters measured include: salinity, light, temperature, biomass of zooplankton and phytoplankton, species identification of zooplankton ...


94. Production and succession investigations of phytoplankton and zooplankton from onshore, tidecrack, ice floes and epibenthic samples at Cape Bird [K014_1977_1978_NZ_1]
The phytoplankton and zooplankton was samples at Cape Bird to determine seasonal trends in the populations structure of onshore communities, determine if a separate tidecrack community exists, the ...


95. The modern sedimentation regime at the snout of the Ferrar Glacier, New Harbour [K042_1985_1986_NZ_1]
The modern sedimentation regime at the snout of the Ferrar Glacier was investigated for comparison with the upper sediments cored in the CIROS-2 hole and to determine the modern sedimentation processes ...


96. The presence and extent of interstitial meiofauna in sandy beaches and stream and coastal water sampling to determine the nutrient input to the sea from penguin colonies [K014_1974_1975_NZ_2]
The presence and extent of the interstitial meiofauna that developed in the sandy beach when the push-ice had melted or rafted out was investigated. The timing of melting was late and only a short ...


97. A mathmatical model of population dynamics to explain changes in biodiversity of microorganisms in ice covered marine environments [K043_2006_2007_NZ_1]
Physical, geographic and biological data were linked into a mathmatical model of population dynamics to integrate and explain the changes in biodiversity of phytoplankton, bacteria and cyanobacteria ...


98. Algal response to transplantation with a ice core flipping experiment, Terra Nova Bay, Ross Sea [K043_2006_2008_NZ_2]
Three ice cores were drilled in sea ice (2.1 m thick) in the region of Gondwana Station in Terra Nova Bay during the 06-07 season. The cores were stored in black plastic bags and then replaced back ...


99. Measurements of the effects of UV-B on sea ice algal growth and productivity [K131_1994_1998_NZ_4]
The effects of UV-B on the growth and productivity of sea ice algae was investigated with two experiments. The growth of sea ice algae was investigated in situ under four different light treatments ...


100. The distribution, taxonomy, physiology and feeding habits of pelagic amphipods in Terra Nova Bay [K043_2006_2008_NZ_5]
The distribution, taxonomy, physiology and feeding habits of pelagic amphipods was investigated. Amphipods were collected by plankton tow, baited traps, coring (coring through sea ice) or hand collections ...


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