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51. Collection of benthic Antarctic fishes to determine isopod ectoparasite species distribution and host specificity and collection of specimens for a museum reference collection [K012_1981_1982_NZ_2]
142 specimens of small benthic fishes were captured at Cape Royds and examined for ectoparasites. Where practical, fishes with isopod ectoparasites were retained to obtain additional information on ...


52. Collection of ectoparasites from Adelie penguins, an Emperor penguin, a Skua and a Snow Petrel at Cape Bird [K014_1977_1978_NZ_3]
48 Adelie penguins, one Emperor penguin, one Skua and one Snow Petrel were examined for ectoparasites to add to the study of avian ectoparasites of the New Zealand sub region. Two methods were used: ...


53. Collection of marine sediment, algae, invertebrate and fish samples from multiple sites at diveable depths in the Ross Sea Region [K065_2008_2009_NZ_1]
In order to resolve the contribution of microbes (bacteria) in the benthic food web under the sea ice in Antarctica and to determine the level of recycling of carbon that occurs in the community, ...


54. Constant observations of an adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) colony to determine the precise time of nest relief, the duration of foraging trips and the rhythms of behaviour and the levels of hormones in their blood [K121_1984_1986_NZ_1]
The precise time of nest relief, the duration of foraging trips and the rhythms of behaviour were measured by keeping a colony of Adelie penguins under constant observation throughout the breeding ...


55. Contraction rates of muscles and measurements of the input and output parameters of the vestibulo-ocular reflex action in the Antarctic fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki [K012_1984_1985_NZ_2]
In order to fully describe the input and output parameters of the vestibulo-ocular reflex, simultaneous recordings are required of head movement, sensory input from the semicircular canals, motor ...


56. Data from GPS loggers and Time Depth Recorders with VHF transmitters attached to female Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddellii) at Hutton Cliffs throughout the winter months [K063_2002_2004_NZ_2]
Links between the foraging performance of Weddell seals breeding in McMurdo Sound and a range of oceanographic parameters, including sea surface temperature, productivity and bathymetry encountered ...


57. Determination of the development rate of the choroid rete, the visual behaviour, the effect of stress on visual behaviour and the metabolice response of two Antarctic fish to exercise stress [K012_2000_2001_NZ_1]
In Antarctic fish, retinal function is critically dependent on oxygen supply and in some fishes additional oxygen can be unloaded through a choroid rete at the back of the retina. The relative development ...


58. Determination of the unique evolutionary patterns that prevail in the Antarctic springtail (Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni) [K025_2006_2007_NZ]
The energetic budgets (activity) of Antarctic springtails (Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni) was investigated at Cape Bird, Ross Island and the Garwood Valley, McMurdo Dry Valleys to determine the unique ...


59. Determining if lactating Weddell seal mothers are indeed fasting [K071_1996_1997_NZ_2]
Weddell seals are well adapted polar animals. They give birth to pups in the Antarctic summer when they haul out onto the ice. While feeding their pups, they have a massive fasting weight loss (and ...


60. Distribution and feeding habits of Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni at Cape Geology/Botany Bay, Antarctica [K053_1993_1994_NZ_2]
Data was obtained on distribution and feeding habits of the Collembolan Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni at Cape Geology/Granite Harbour. A considerable amount of descriptive data has been collected regarding ...


61. Distribution data and samples of non-marine algae for culture and DNA analysis to determine evolution and dispersal of algae along a latitudinal gradient [K124_2003_2004_NZ_1]
Algae populations at different points on a latitudinal gradient within the Ross Sea sector were investigated. At Cape Hallett, the distribution of the different algal communities were mapped by a ...


62. Distribution of meroplankton in Granite Harbour in proximity to a glacier [K018_2009_2010_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Plankton was sampled at a 4 x 3 grid (100m apart) centred around S 77o00.910���; E 162o 58.978��� between 21 Nov 2009 - 26 Nov 2009 to determine if there is a different larval community at different ...


63. Do lactating seals maintain blood glucose levels whilst fasting during lactation? [K071_1993_1994_NZ_2]
Weddell seals are well adapted polar animals. They give birth to pups in the Antarctic summer when they haul out onto the ice. While feeding their pups, they have a massive fasting weight loss (and ...


64. Does melatonin secretion occurs when Weddell seals are exposed to darkness? [K071_1993_1994_NZ_1]
In many animals, seasonal events such as reproduction and changes in pelage are regulated by the alteration in length of daylight throughout the year. In many animals, the hormone melatonin is secreted ...


65. Early geological, glaciology and biological investigations of the McMurdo Dry Valleys, the Koettlitz Glacier area and Darwin Glacier area by Victoria University of Wellington Antarctic Expeditions [K042_1957_1963_NZ_1]
The Victoria University of Wellington Antarctic Expedition (VUWAE) was mounted to complete the detailed investigations of the extensive ice free area of Victoria Land between the Taylor and Mackay ...


66. Early life stages in the life cycle of Antarctic silverfish, Pleuragramma antarcticum [K012_1998_1999_NZ_1]
Mature eggs were expressed from a gravid icefish at Terra Nova Bay and fertilized successfully in vitro. Development was followed for about 15 days, but was curtailed by the end of the season. Development ...


67. Estimates of the amount of neuromuscular transmitter released by motor nerve terminals at different temperatures in the Antarctic fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki [K012_1982_1983_NZ_3]
The number of quantal doses of acetylcholine released by a nerve to activate a muscle can be estimated by recording repeated responses (end plate potentials of EPPs) to nerve stimulation and calculating ...


68. Estimates of the population density of Trematomus bernacchii at Cape Roberts and Cape Evans [K012_2000_2002_NZ_1]
The population density of the bottom dwelling Antarctic fish Trematomus bernacchii was estimated using the mark and recapture method and underwater video surveillance. Two sites were fished over two ...


69. Examining the viability of seeds found at the historic hut at Cape Evans on Ross Island [K021_1998_2008_NZ_6]
The seeds presently in the open containers at the historic hut at Cape Evans were examined, collected (2001-2003) and germination was attempted. The seeds were placed in sealed glass containers and ...


70. Experiments to determine the processes governing the colonization of micro-organisms in extreme Antarctic fellfields [K015_1982_1983_NZ_1]
In Antarctica, moisture, temperature and other climatic regimes and the quality and stability of the prevailing mineral substrate act as extreme limiting factors for colonization by microbes, cryptograms ...


71. Fungi isolates from physical samples (soil, rock, wood, foodstuff, air, artifacts, etc) from heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region to determine fungal biodiversity [K021_1998_2008_NZ_1]
Physical samples of soil, rocks, wood, foodstuffs, air and artefacts were collected from six Heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region over the period of January 1999 to January 2008. These sites included ...


72. Fungi isolates from physical samples (soil, rock, wood, foodstuff, air, artifacts, etc) from heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region to determine fungal biodiversity - K021_1998_2011_NZ_1 [K021_1998_2011_NZ_1]
Physical samples of soil, rocks, wood, foodstuffs, air and artefacts were collected from six Heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region over the period of January 1999 to January 2008. These sites included ...


73. Fungi isolates from physical samples (soil, rock, wood, foodstuff, air, artifacts, etc) from heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region to determine fungal biodiversity - K021_1998_2012_NZ_1 [K021_1998_2012_NZ_1]
Physical samples of soil, rocks, wood, foodstuffs, air and artifacts were collected from six Heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region over the period of January 1999 to January 2008. These sites included ...


74. Genetic sequencing of terrestrial invertebrates along the latitudinal range of the Ross Dependency to determine patterns of biodiversity, phylogenetic relationships and levels of gene flow among populations [K028_1999_2008_NZ_1]
Molecular techniques (allozyme electrophoresis and mitochondrial gene sequencing) were used to characterise the Antarctic terrestrial biodiversity along the latitudinal range of the Ross Dependency ...


75. Genetic variability and patterns of colonisation in Antarctic mosses [K022_1992_1995_NZ_1]
The geographic and microgeographic organisation of variation at genetic marker loci in mosses of the McMurdo Sound region was investigated. Samples of five species of mosses including Bryum argenteum, ...


76. Genetic variation within and among moss species populations in the Ross Sea Region [K022_1996_1998_NZ_1]
A detailed genetic analysis of genetic variation was conducted on samples of mosses collected at locations around the Ross Sea Region including Cape Bird, Cape Evans, Cape Royds, Cape Crozier, Cape ...


77. Haemotological characterization of Antarctic fish blood from Antarctic fish and the giant isopod [K012_1978_1980_NZ_2]
Blood samples were taken from 8 Antarctic Notothenioids (e.g. Pagothenia borchgrevinki, Trematomus hansoni, T. centronotus, T. bernacchii, T. newnesi, Dissostichus mawsoni) and one species each of ...


78. Hormone and metabolic changes during the lactating period of Weddell seals [K071_1990_1991_NZ_1]
Weddell seals have been found to have an absence of diurnal patterns of secretion of the hormones cortisol and melatonin, the hormones which animals use to monitor the annual pattern of changes in ...


79. Investigation of the population structure (length, weight, sex ratio and distribution in the water column) of Euphausia crystallorophias [K014_1979_1980_NZ_2]
The population structure of Euphausia crystallorophias (krill) was investigated as part of a study of the under ice pelagic ecosystem in McMurdo Sound. On six occasions vertical hauls were made from ...


80. Investigation of the relationship of the fish population with their associated benthos community (population counts, activity and stomach content) [K054_1991_1992_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
The relationship between the benthos and fish populations associated with it was investigated. Fish counts, fish behaviour and samples of fish were collected. Four 5m x 2m transects were surveyed ...


81. Investigations of haematological parameters, the level of red cell ATP and blood lactate in the blood of resting and exercising Antarctic fish at cold and warm temperatures [K012_1977_1978_NZ_2]
The level of adenosine triphosphate in fish blood and its role in regulating oxygen uptake by fish haemoglobins was examined. Various haematological parameters, red cell ATP and blood lactate were ...


82. Investigations of the physiological adaptations (irradiance and temperature tolerance limits) of two polar species of red algae Iridaea cordata and Phyllophora antarctica at Cape Evans [K062_1989_1990_NZ_1]
The most southerly populations of benthic marine algae occurring anywhere in the world are found in McMurdo Sound. There is considerable divergence of opinion amongst phycologists as to the suitability ...


83. Isolated fungi from physical samples collected from four sites, two with human impact and two with little human influence to assess fungal biodiversity and the impact of humans [K021_1998_2008_NZ_3]
Physical samples of soil, rocks, wood, foodstuffs, air and artifacts were collected over the period of 2001-2006 from four sites in Ross Sea Region, including two sites with human impact (influence) ...


84. Life at the Extreme: Resolving the Genetic Basis of Microbial Endemism in the Super-Heated Soils of Mt Erebus, Antarctica [K023_2008_2012_NZ_1]
The study of high temperature extreme environments continues to challenge our understanding of the upper tolerances of microbial life and how life may have originated on earth and possibly other planets. ...


85. Lipid transport, lipid metabolism and cold adaptation in Antarctic notothenioid fish [K058_2005_2008_NZ_1]
Fish species of the suborder Notothenioidei are morphologically distinct in that they lack a swim bladder. To compensate, high levels of tissue lipids aid in maintaining buoyancy. The lipids also ...


86. Liver samples collected for investigations of enzyme activity of Glutathione-s-transferase in the Antarctic fish Dissostichus mawsoni and Pagothenia borchgrevinki [K042_1983_1984_NZ_2]
The level of the detoxication system in Antarctic fish from the enzyme glutathione-s-transferase was tested. Samples of liver from the Antarctic fish Dissostichus mawsoni and Pagothenia borchgrevinki ...


87. Mark and recapture study of Trematomus bernacchii at Cape Royds [K012_1981_1982_NZ_3]
A mark and recapture study of Trematomus bernacchii was proposed for the Cape Royds area to estimate population size and degree of mobility within the population. Fish were tagged with color coded ...


88. Measurement of the effects of pH and temperature on the oxygen binding properties (oxygen affinity) and ATP concentrations in whole blood of Antarctic fish [K012_1982_1983_NZ_1]
Many Antarctic fishes have taken advantage of the combination of low oxygen requirements and high availability of oxygen by reducing the number of erythrocytes and the amount of intracellular haemoglobin. ...


89. Measurement of the vibrations the sensory neurons of the anterior lateral line can detect in the Antarctic fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki in relation to prey detection [K012_1985_1986_NZ_2]
A study of predator-prey interaction was focussed into an investigation of non-visual sensory interaction between Pagothenia borchgrevinki and its prey. Recordings were made from sensory neurons of ...


90. Measurements and observations (breeding success, territorial behaviour, morphometric measurements, blood hormone level, etc) of breeding pairs and non-breeding individual South Polar skuas at Northern Rookery, Cape Bird [K063_1989_1990_NZ_1]
South polar skuas (Catharacta maccormicki) are strongly territorial and the number of territorial pairs in any given area is relatively constant from year to year. The presence of adult non-breeding ...


91. Measurements of bill length, body weight, analysis of stomach contents and count of bird movements to and from a colony at Cape Bird to examine feeding behaviour of Adelie penguins [K014_1973_1974_NZ_3]
Weights and bill measurements of 300 adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) leaving the colony and returning from fishing were taken (10 every 2 days) and stomach samples were collected from 17 birds ...


92. Measurements of blood progesterone levels during the breeding season of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) to determine if foraging trips are synchronised [K063_1991_1992_NZ_1]
During the breeding season of adelie penguins, breeding birds undergo periods of fast while their mate is out foraging. A late return by either member of a pair can cause nest failure as late returning ...


93. Measurements of heart rate, blood oxygenation, redox state of cytochrome oxidase and blood flow in peripheral tissues of Adelie penguins that have been stressed using an infrared spectrometer [K032_1999_2000_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) live and breed in an physiologically demanding environment that requires individual birds to respond rapidly to fluctuating environmental conditions. The physiological ...


94. Measurements of photosynthetic recovery after the winter cold and desiccation at Botany Bay, Granite Harbour [K024_2000_2001_NZ_1]
Three CMS400 photosynthesis systems were used to study the recovery of photosynthetic activity by lichens and mosses rewetted for the first time after the winter at Botany Bay, Granite Harbour.


95. Measurements of the quantal content in neuromuscular transmission of the Antarctic fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki - end plate potential recordings from muscle fibres [K012_1984_1985_NZ_1]
The Antarctic fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki was captured from near Scott Base and used to measure the quantal content in neuromuscular transmission of Antarctic fish. The amount of neurotransmitter ...


96. Measurements of the strength of an adult skua and the force required to drag an adelie penguin chick from a colony [K017_1968_1969_NZ_1]
How much force was necessary to drag struggling adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) chicks of different ages from a colony was measured by holding a chick in a harness as they tugged against a spring ...


97. Melatonin levels from blood samples collected from adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) held under different light conditions to investigate the circadian physiology of adelie penguins [K121_1985_1987_NZ_1]
All animals have a biological clock that controls the timing of their daily activities. This internal clock is reset each day to a 24-hour period by the regular cycle of day and night. Animals in ...


98. Melatonin secretion patterns in relation to changes in light intensity and activity in Weddell seals [K071_1987_1988_NZ_1]
In many animals, seasonal events such as reproduction and changes in pelage are regulated by the alteration in length of daylight throughout the year. Weddell seals are subjected to 24 hours of sunlight ...


99. Metabolic changes of notothenioid fish in relation to nutritional status [K058_2007_2008_NZ_1]
Individuals of Trematomus bernacchii and Pagothenia borchgrevinki were captured and used in an experiment to understand metabolic changes, especially pertaining to the lipid transport system (lipoproteins) ...


100. Metabolic consequences of diving in the Weddell seal (Leptoychotes weddelli) [K065_2002_2003_NZ_1]
To achieve a greater understanding of metabolic efficiency during diving, it is important to establish the degree of metabolic suppression (reduction of oxygen consumption) at the cellular level, ...


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