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51. A survey of the density of starfish and sea urchins to determine the grazing pressure of these species on a sponge dominated reef, Cape Armitage [K054_1988_1989_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
In order to determine the grazing pressure of starfish and sea urchin species on the benthic community of a reef at Cape Armitage, a survey was made of these species densities. The survey was stratified ...


52. An investigation of a bacterial infection of Antarctic sponge species at Cape Armitage [K054_1988_1989_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
A bacterial infection was found associated with two species of Antarctic sponges while conducting a survey of the benthic community at Cape Armitage. This infection was not observed in the first year ...


53. Analysis of the community structure of subtidal reefs at Cape Armitage (species composition of invertebrates and fish, sediment spicule mat depth, sediment type, sedimentation rates and tissue sampling for analysis) [K054_1987_1989_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
A dive site was selected at Cape Armitage to conduct a marine benthos survey. The water was approximately 25m deep and the bottom was found to be rocky and inhabited by sponges. Other sites were ...


54. Analysis of the reef slope community structure at Pram Point (species composition of invertebrates and fish, sponge reproduction, sediment type, sedimentation rates and tissue sampling for analysis) [K054_1991_1992_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The reef community at Cape Armitage was surveyed over two seasons (1987/88 and 1988/89). This community exists on a fan like shallow slope platform. In the same season, Pram Point was initially assessed ...


55. Analysis the diet of Pagothenia borchgrevinki from stomach contents and plankton sampling near Scott Base [K012_1985_1986_NZ_1]
Samples of 20 fish of Pagothenia borchgrevinki were collected every second or third day over the course of the study period near Scott Base. The stomach contents of each fish were extracted, weighed ...


56. Investigation of the relationship of the fish population with their associated benthos community (population counts, activity and stomach content) [K054_1991_1992_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
The relationship between the benthos and fish populations associated with it was investigated. Fish counts, fish behaviour and samples of fish were collected. Four 5m x 2m transects were surveyed ...


57. Investigations of the physiological adaptations (irradiance and temperature tolerance limits) of two polar species of red algae Iridaea cordata and Phyllophora antarctica at Cape Evans [K062_1989_1990_NZ_1]
The most southerly populations of benthic marine algae occurring anywhere in the world are found in McMurdo Sound. There is considerable divergence of opinion amongst phycologists as to the suitability ...


58. Analysis of blood samples for genetic difference and similarity within and between breeding groups of Adelie penguins and Skuas from Cape Bird, Cape Royds and Cape Crozier, Ross Island [K016_1988_1989_NZ_1]
Prior studies have found little interchange of skuas (Stercorarius maccormicki) and Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) among breeding groups as the majority of breeding birds settle within their ...


59. Population dynamics of Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddelli) in McMurdo Sound and the Victoria Land Coast: movement in the area, sub-adult populations, age structure and reproductive condition [K017_1960_1973_NZ_1]
The population parameters of the Weddell seal in McMurdo Sound was initiated in the 1965-66 season following a 4 year study of the reproductive cycle of the Weddell seal and 2 years of tagging by ...


60. The ecology and physiology of Antarctic invertebrates at Cape Bird [K140_1997_2000_NZ_1]
The effect of temperature on the terrestrial arthropod fauna at Cape Bird was investigated. The work was carried out over three field season and the site was visited for three periods during each ...


61. Skua chick survival rates under two experimental conditions, experimentally fed and siblings contained in separate enclosures [K017_1993_1994_NZ_1]
Skuas at high latitiudes have high chick mortality shortly after the chicks hatch due to the older chick chasing the younger and smaller chick from the nest area where it starves or becomes predated. ...


62. Genetic variation within and among moss species populations in the Ross Sea Region [K022_1996_1998_NZ_1]
A detailed genetic analysis of genetic variation was conducted on samples of mosses collected at locations around the Ross Sea Region including Cape Bird, Cape Evans, Cape Royds, Cape Crozier, Cape ...


63. Hormone and metabolic changes during the lactating period of Weddell seals [K071_1990_1991_NZ_1]
Weddell seals have been found to have an absence of diurnal patterns of secretion of the hormones cortisol and melatonin, the hormones which animals use to monitor the annual pattern of changes in ...


64. Chlorophyll a fluorescence and temperature measurements from lichen and mosses buried under snow at Botany Bay, Granite Harbour [K024_1999_2000_NZ_2]
Fluorescence (chlorophyll a fluorescence) activity measurements were recorded for selected plants for about three weeks to determine if the photosystems of lichen or mosses are active in differing ...


65. Measurements of photosynthetic recovery after the winter cold and desiccation at Botany Bay, Granite Harbour [K024_2000_2001_NZ_1]
Three CMS400 photosynthesis systems were used to study the recovery of photosynthetic activity by lichens and mosses rewetted for the first time after the winter at Botany Bay, Granite Harbour.


66. Photosynthetic physiology (CO2/O2 exchange, optimum temperature and light levels) of common bryophytes species that grow in the melt streams from glaciers in the Dry Valleys [K024_1979_1980_NZ_3]
Previous work (by Rostofer, 1970) covered the photosynthetic physiology of two common bryophyte species (Bryum antarcticum and B. Argenteum) found in the melt-streams from glaciers in the Dry Valleys ...


67. Measurements of heart rate, blood oxygenation, redox state of cytochrome oxidase and blood flow in peripheral tissues of Adelie penguins that have been stressed using an infrared spectrometer [K032_1999_2000_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) live and breed in an physiologically demanding environment that requires individual birds to respond rapidly to fluctuating environmental conditions. The physiological ...


68. Analysis of foraminiferal populations in sediment samples from McMurdo Sound in relation to sediment type, ecological factors and bathymetry [K042_1981_1982_NZ_1]
Sea floor sediments of McMurdo Sound were sampled to obtain material suitable for detailed analysis of foraminiferal populations and their relationships to sediment type and ecological factors. Foraminifera ...


69. Liver samples collected for investigations of enzyme activity of Glutathione-s-transferase in the Antarctic fish Dissostichus mawsoni and Pagothenia borchgrevinki [K042_1983_1984_NZ_2]
The level of the detoxication system in Antarctic fish from the enzyme glutathione-s-transferase was tested. Samples of liver from the Antarctic fish Dissostichus mawsoni and Pagothenia borchgrevinki ...


70. Metabolic consequences of diving in the Weddell seal (Leptoychotes weddelli) [K065_2002_2003_NZ_1]
To achieve a greater understanding of metabolic efficiency during diving, it is important to establish the degree of metabolic suppression (reduction of oxygen consumption) at the cellular level, ...


71. Nest success (eggs laid, hatched and chick survival) of south Polar Skuas at Cape Bird [K121_1986_1987_NZ_3]
Siblicide in nestling South Polar Skuas was investigated at Cape Bird. Skua nests were located and monitored (112 in the 86-87 season, 165 in the 87-88 season and 173 in the 88-89 season). Their ...


72. The energy expenditure by mother Weddell seals during the suckling period [K071_1996_1997_NZ_1]
Weddell seals are well adapted polar animals. They give birth to pups in the Antarctic summer when they haul out onto the ice. While feeding their pups, they have a massive fasting weight loss (and ...


73. A study on the siting, establishment and maintenance of territories in the South Polar Skua (Catharacta maccormicki) [K017_1967_1968_NZ_2]
A study of skua territories was conducted by examining siting, establishment and maintenance of territories in two very different conditions including in an area close to the penguins where skuas ...


74. Measurements of the strength of an adult skua and the force required to drag an adelie penguin chick from a colony [K017_1968_1969_NZ_1]
How much force was necessary to drag struggling adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) chicks of different ages from a colony was measured by holding a chick in a harness as they tugged against a spring ...


75. Observations of intraspecific aggressive behaviour in the adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) [K017_1967_1971_NZ_1]
The cause, function, effect and patterns of behaviour in penguin fighting on the colony was determined from long periods of direct observations of banded penguins and on set-period recordings of all ...


76. Population counts and monitoring of the breeding cycle of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at Cape Hallett and an investigation of the Cape Adare colony [K017_1960_1961_NZ_1]
The total size of the breeding population of Adelie penguins at Cape Hallett was determined by counting all the occupied sites at the period when the adult population was near its zenith. The colony ...


77. Adelie penguin and skua census and analysis of stomach contents of adelie penguins from Cape Hallett [K014_1982_1983_NZ_1]
In January-February 1983, a four person party spent five weeks at Cape Hallett, Northern Victoria Land, under the auspices of the New Zealand Committee for the International Survey of Antarctic Seabirds ...


78. Biomass, productivity and diurnal migration of marine plankton in shallow waters at Cape Bird [K014_1973_1974_NZ_1]
The phytoplankton and zooplankton in shallow water at Cape Bird was investigated. Samples were taken at intervals of 4 days from early December to late January in plastic buckets from the fast ice ...


79. Collection of ectoparasites from Adelie penguins, an Emperor penguin, a Skua and a Snow Petrel at Cape Bird [K014_1977_1978_NZ_3]
48 Adelie penguins, one Emperor penguin, one Skua and one Snow Petrel were examined for ectoparasites to add to the study of avian ectoparasites of the New Zealand sub region. Two methods were used: ...


80. Investigation of the population structure (length, weight, sex ratio and distribution in the water column) of Euphausia crystallorophias [K014_1979_1980_NZ_2]
The population structure of Euphausia crystallorophias (krill) was investigated as part of a study of the under ice pelagic ecosystem in McMurdo Sound. On six occasions vertical hauls were made from ...


81. Measurements of bill length, body weight, analysis of stomach contents and count of bird movements to and from a colony at Cape Bird to examine feeding behaviour of Adelie penguins [K014_1973_1974_NZ_3]
Weights and bill measurements of 300 adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) leaving the colony and returning from fishing were taken (10 every 2 days) and stomach samples were collected from 17 birds ...


82. Population study, growth rate of chicks, mortality rate, diurnal observations, measurements of aggressiveness and the collection of morphological and anatomical data of an adelie penguin colony at Cape Bird [K014_1978_1979_NZ_2]
A population study was conducted on Adelie penguins in the Northern colony at Cape Bird. 15 colonies were selected for daily observations and complete maps of every colony was made to measure the ...


83. Production and succession investigations of phytoplankton and zooplankton from onshore, tidecrack, ice floes and epibenthic samples at Cape Bird [K014_1977_1978_NZ_1]
The phytoplankton and zooplankton was samples at Cape Bird to determine seasonal trends in the populations structure of onshore communities, determine if a separate tidecrack community exists, the ...


84. Recording and modified playbacks of Adelie penguin parental calls to chicks in the creche stage to investigate parental chick communication [K014_1978_1979_NZ_1]
The vocal communication of Adelie penguins at Cape Bird was investigated. A single colony was selected from the Northern colony for study and all birds (established breeders and most of the non breeders) ...


85. The population dynamics and energetics of a species of pelagic Antarctic fish, Pagothenia borchgrevinki - length, weight, stomach content, parasites, fecundity, pattern of feeding, respiration experiments [K014_1979_1980_NZ_3]
The population dynamics and energetics of a species of pelagic Antarctic fish, Pagothenia borchgrevinki was studied. Fish were captured using silver lures with treble hooks and fish traps baited with ...


86. The distribution, taxonomy, physiology and feeding habits of pelagic amphipods in Terra Nova Bay [K043_2006_2008_NZ_5]
The distribution, taxonomy, physiology and feeding habits of pelagic amphipods was investigated. Amphipods were collected by plankton tow, baited traps, coring (coring through sea ice) or hand collections ...


87. The role of grazing on sea ice algae and sea ice bacteria by ciliates and flagellated (zooplankton) in Terra Nova Bay [K043_2006_2008_NZ_3]
Sea water was collected from a depth of 2 meters below the sea ice in the region of Gondwana Station in Terra Nova Bay. Initial measurements of chlorophyll along with presence and abundance of ciliates ...


88. Lipid transport, lipid metabolism and cold adaptation in Antarctic notothenioid fish [K058_2005_2008_NZ_1]
Fish species of the suborder Notothenioidei are morphologically distinct in that they lack a swim bladder. To compensate, high levels of tissue lipids aid in maintaining buoyancy. The lipids also ...


89. Metabolic changes of notothenioid fish in relation to nutritional status [K058_2007_2008_NZ_1]
Individuals of Trematomus bernacchii and Pagothenia borchgrevinki were captured and used in an experiment to understand metabolic changes, especially pertaining to the lipid transport system (lipoproteins) ...


90. Plasma protein profiles of severely ice-damaged Notothenioidei fish [K058_2005_2008_NZ_2]
A small percentage of the notothenioid fish caught in the McMurdo Sound or Terra Nova Bay region were found to have what was classed as ice damage (oedema) in their eyes, potentially resulting from ...


91. Reproductive biology of notothenioid fish - Analysis of gonadal development from a number of species [K058_2005_2008_NZ_3]
Fish species of the suborder Notothenioidei were captured in the McMurdo Sound or Terra Nova Bay region and basic biological measurements were taken for all fish (length, weight, gonadosomatic indices, ...


92. The breeding behaviour (territorial behaviour, male quality, movement and mating success) of male and female Weddell seals in relation to reproductive success during the breeding season [K027_1997_2001_NZ_1]
The breeding behaviour of the Weddell seal, Leptonychotes weddelli at the Turtle Rock colony in McMurdo Sound was studied over four breeding seasons. The aim was to quantify the male and female behaviour ...


93. The thermal acclimation ability of notothenioid fish species [K058_2007_2008_NZ_2]
Several individuals of Trematomus bernacchii and Pagothenia borchgrevinki were captured and used in an experiment to understand the ability of these fish to acclimate to increased temperatures. Individuals ...


94. Underwater recordings of Weddell seal calls recorded as a indication of male attributes, both inter and intra-sexual interactions during the breeding season in Weddell seals [K027_1997_2001_NZ_2]
To determine if male weddell seal calls reveal information on male attributes, recordings of major Weddell call types from all of the sampled males at the Turtlerock colony was correlated with measurements ...


95. Causes of high mortality of the second chick from a pair of skua (Catharaeta maccormicki) eggs; egg content and chick weights, feeding rates, parental brooding behaviour, experimental removal and starvation of chicks [K017_1966_1967_NZ_1]
The cause/factors of heavy mortality of the second chick hatching from a pair of eggs at a skua nest was investigated. Previous observations found that the second chick is chased away from the nest ...


96. Genetic variability and patterns of colonisation in Antarctic mosses [K022_1992_1995_NZ_1]
The geographic and microgeographic organisation of variation at genetic marker loci in mosses of the McMurdo Sound region was investigated. Samples of five species of mosses including Bryum argenteum, ...


97. The relationship between skuas and adelie penguins at the Cape Bird colonies: penguin egg and chick mortality from skua predation and territorial, feeding and breeding behaviour of skuas about the penguin colony [K017_1965_1970_NZ_1]
A five year study on the relationship between skuas (Catharaeta maccormicki) and adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) was investigated at Cape Bird with two studies: a) A study of penguin egg ...


98. Skua studies (population numbers, territorial behaviour, the breeding cycle, mortality and the effect of the penguin colonies on normal activity of skuas) at Cape Royds and Cape Hallett colonies [K017_1959_1960_NZ_1]
The penguin and skua colonies at Cape Royds were used to study skua-penguin association. A population count of skuas (Catharaeta maccormicki) at Cape Royds was conducted from late October to late ...


99. Analysis of the condition of female (body fat and protein composition, weight and diet) Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddellii) and the implication for reproductive success [K063_2002_2004_NZ_1]
Weddell seals lay down substantial fat deposits during the non-breeding season and then expend the stored energy during an intensive lactation period. Fluctuations in energy acquisition prior to breeding ...


100. Physiology of Arthropods (Collembola) at Cape Hallett [K140_2002_2003_NZ_2]
Environmental physiology of three species of springtails (Hexapoda: Collembola): (1) Isotoma klovstadi (Isotomidae), (2) Cryptopygus cisantarcticus (Isotomidae) and (3) Friesia grisea ...


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