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51. A study of global (Very Low Frequency) VLF propagation with emphasis on the effects of stratospheric ionisation and glacial ice in Antarctica [K138_1992_1993_NZ_1]
The performance of GPS navigation equipment for possible future deployment on Antarctic resupply flights was investigated. In addition, using Hercules C-130 aircrafts fitted with GPS, VLF propagation ...


52. A study of the glacial history of the McMurdo Oasis by the dating of lacustre carbonates [K009_1979_1980_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Three holes were drilled into frozen sediments around Lake Fryxell. The first was 4ft in depth in frozen silts approx 50m NW of the Fryxell Hut. The second hole was 30m east of the first hole and ...


53. A study on the siting, establishment and maintenance of territories in the South Polar Skua (Catharacta maccormicki) [K017_1967_1968_NZ_2]
A study of skua territories was conducted by examining siting, establishment and maintenance of territories in two very different conditions including in an area close to the penguins where skuas ...


54. A survey of suitable sites in the Wright Valley for boreholes and a study of Lake Vanda sediments [K009_1971_1972_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Two weeks were spent in the Wright Valley to survey suitable sites for boreholes to be put down as part of the International Drilling Programme. It was proposed to core the entire thickness of bottom ...


55. A survey of the Miers and Marshall Valley and Walcott Bay area for dating the formation of the major landforms [K009_1975_1976_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
A few days were spent in the Miers Valley to collect samples of gypsum for geochemical analyses. Surprisingly carbonate "biscuit" similar to that found in the Taylor Valley were found. Thus, we noted ...


56. A survey of the density of starfish and sea urchins to determine the grazing pressure of these species on a sponge dominated reef, Cape Armitage [K054_1988_1989_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
In order to determine the grazing pressure of starfish and sea urchin species on the benthic community of a reef at Cape Armitage, a survey was made of these species densities. The survey was stratified ...


57. A transplant experiment measuring the effects petroleum derivatives on Trematomus bernacchii from a relatively pristine site and exposing the fish to the waters at Winterquarters Bay and Cape Armitage [K014_1999_2000_NZ_1]
The impact of petroleum derivatives derived from fuel drums dumped into McMurdo Sound during the period before environmental management practices were regarded was examined on fish in Winterquarters ...


58. A vegetation assessment of Beaufort Island [K024_1996_1997_NZ_3]
The vegetation at Beaufort Island was assessed and a report written to ICAIR including a description of the area, species present, comparison to other Dry Valley vegetation, the merits of the vegetation ...


59. Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) and McCormick skua (Catharacta mccormicki) census of the Cape Bird colony 1974 - 1978 [K014_1974_1975_NZ_4]
A population census of the three Adelie penguin colonies in the area of Cape Bird was carried out over several seasons since 1965, between November and December each year. These counts were conducted ...


60. Adelie penguin and skua census and analysis of stomach contents of adelie penguins from Cape Hallett [K014_1982_1983_NZ_1]
In January-February 1983, a four person party spent five weeks at Cape Hallett, Northern Victoria Land, under the auspices of the New Zealand Committee for the International Survey of Antarctic Seabirds ...


61. Adelie penguin and skua nest monitoring for the effects of human disturbance on nest success [K014_1974_1975_NZ_1]
Observations were made on the behaviour and breeding success of penguins and skuas in areas of the Cape Bird northern colony subject to interference by man. Interferance being taken as the presence ...


62. Adelie penguin liver P450 enzymes [K065_1996_1998_NZ_1]
Animlas can be harmed by artificially introduced chemicals either through the food chain or directly. This study aimed to determine how penguins detoxify chemical pollutants they may be exposed to. ...


63. Adelie penguin weights before and after foraging trips from three groups of penguins: control, single egg removed and penned females [K063_1987_1988_NZ_2]
As an index of physiological condition and success of foraging, penguins were weighed early in the season when they were flipper banded and then re-weighed when they returned from their foraging trip. ...


64. Aerial photographs and ground counts for assessing breeding success of Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) rookeries on Ross Island [K122_2004_2005_NZ_4]
In conjunction with aerial photographs of the colonies ground truth counts were made since the 1983-1984 season at the Ross Island colonies. The number of occupied nests, nests with eggs, nests with ...


65. Age determination of the detrital zircon component of crustal slices of Ross Orogen from the Skelton Glacier and Royal Society Ranges areas [K062_2003_2004_NZ_1]
It is suggested that the Ross Orogeny is composed of a wide variety of crustal slices that are exotic to their present location and were accreted to the East Antarctic craton during the lower paleozoic ...


66. Algae cultures from air trap samples, snow samples and algal surveys from Scott Base, the Ross Ice Shelf and Victoria Valley to determine the dispersal of algae by wind within Antarctica [K053_1990_1991_NZ_2]
The dispersal of algae by wind within Antarctica was investigated by testing four techniques for detecting viable algae in the air: 1) High through put 'jet' spore samples, 2) Clinical monitors, 3) ...


67. Algae, fungi and actinomycetes from soils of Mt Erebus [K052_1982_1983_NZ_4]
Soil samples were collected from the crater of Mt Erebus. Yeast glucose agar and penicillin and streptomycin was used to culture thermophilic microbes, fungi and actinomycetes. Several thermophilic ...


68. Algal composition, physico-chemical features, photosynthetic carbon metabolism, nitrogen cycling and the structure and metabolic properties of algal mats in lakes and streams of southern Victoria Land [K081_1983_1986_NZ_1]
A three year study of lakes and stream of southern Victoria Land was conducted from 1983-1986. In the first season, the algal composition and physico-chemical characteristics of South Victoria Land ...


69. Algal response to transplantation with a ice core flipping experiment, Terra Nova Bay, Ross Sea [K043_2006_2008_NZ_2]
Three ice cores were drilled in sea ice (2.1 m thick) in the region of Gondwana Station in Terra Nova Bay during the 06-07 season. The cores were stored in black plastic bags and then replaced back ...


70. All-Sky Optical Imager data, Arrival Heights, Scott Base, Antarctica [K069_1996_2012_NZ_1]
An All-sky Optical Imager was installed in January 1996 at Arrival Heights, Ross Island, Antarctica, to continuously record and analyse optical emissions associated with solar wind particle reactions ...


71. All-Sky Optical Imager data, Arrival Heights, Scott Base, Antarctica [K069_1996_2008_NZ_1]
An All-sky Optical Imager was installed in January 1996 at Arrival Heights, Ross Island, Antarctica, to continuously record and analyse optical emissions associated with solar wind particle reactions ...


72. Altitude profile measurements of nitric acid (HNO3) using balloon packages flown into the stratosphere during the autumn, winter and spring [K085_1993_1995_NZ_1]
In addition to ground based measurements of nitric acid (HNO3), altitude profiles of nitric acid was conducted during the autumn, winter and spring using a series of balloon packs flown into the stratosphere. ...


73. An ASTER Digital Elevation Model (DEM) for the Darwin-Hatherton Glacial System [K053_2006_2007_NZ_1]
In order to understand how the West Antarctic Ice Sheet may respond to global climate change in the future, its current nature and how it has responded to climate change in the past has been investigated. ...


74. An annual cycle of cloud condensation nuclei concentration in the Ross Sea Region [K173_1992_1993_NZ_1]
A cycle of cloud condensation nuclei concentration in the Ross Sea Region was collected by installing and running a CCN monitor at Scott Base. The results contributed to the Southern Hemisphere record ...


75. An artificial substrate experiment to study the colonisation of new areas of sediment in terrestrial aquatic ecosystems, Lake Hoare [K081_2000_2001_NZ_1]
An artificial substrate experiment was designed to mimic the colonisation of new areas of sediment that are introduced to Lake Hoare by episodic and localised slippage of accumulations of sediment ...


76. An ecological study of Bird Pond at Cape Bird: water parameters, population density and identification plants and animals [K014_1970_1971_NZ_3]
A seasonal ecological study was carried out at Bird Pond, Cape Bird. At weekly intervals the water temperature, depth, conductivity, pH and light were recorded, water samples were analysed for oxygen, ...


77. An ecological study of Penguin Pond, Green Lake and Harrison Lake at Cape Bird: measurement of water chemistry, water parameters and flora and fauna investigations [K014_1973_1974_NZ_2]
Three lakes were selected for ecological study at Cape Bird. Penguin Pond was sampled twice weekely and measurements were taken for light intensity, temperature, oxygen, pH, chlorinity, alkalinity, ...


78. An estimate of the production rate of 14CO due to natural cosmic ray background [K087_1994_1995_NZ_1]
14CO measurements in cylinders exposed in Antarctica were used to estimate the production rate of 14CO due to natural cosmic ray background with comparisons with similar exposures in the Southern ...


79. An integrated marine geophysical survey (multibeam bathymetry, chirp sonar, gravity and geomagnetic measurements, with seismic reflection) of the southern Adare Basin region. (R/V Nathaniel B Palmer cruise NBP0701) [K101_2006_2007_NZ_1]
A detailed integrated marine geophysical survey of the sourthern Adare Basin region and a series of detailed seismic transects across the Northern Basin, underlying the north-western Ross Sea continental ...


80. An investigation of a bacterial infection of Antarctic sponge species at Cape Armitage [K054_1988_1989_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
A bacterial infection was found associated with two species of Antarctic sponges while conducting a survey of the benthic community at Cape Armitage. This infection was not observed in the first year ...


81. An investigation of the lower Wellar Coal Measure sequence [K026_1976_1977_NZ_4]
The lower Wellar Coal Measure sequence was investigated and extensively sampled. A thin, unusually textured horizon, with the appearance of an ash deposit, was traced along the entire northern side ...


82. An investigation of the x-cell disease in Pagothenia borchgrevinki fish in McMurdo Sound with measurements of condition factor, gut contents, internal organ status and analysis of tissue samples [K057_1997_1998_NZ_1]
The distribution of x-cell disease in Pagothenia borchgrevinki fish in McMurdo Sound and the effects of the disease on the fish was investigated. A series of linear transects were samples close to ...


83. An oil spill experiment measuring the response of soils to oil spills: chemical and microbial analysis, nutrient analysis, soil moisture and temperature [K123_2000_2003_NZ_1]
To measure how quickly soils respond to oil spills, JP5 jet fuel was spilled onto contained soil cores at Scott Base. 105 PVC soil cores (10 cm x 30 cm deep) capped at the bottom sitting in plastic ...


84. Analyses of water and microbial mat samples collected from two ponds at Luther Peak, near Cape Hallett [K081_2003_2005_NZ_3]
Freshwater ponds have long been recognised as an important local biodiversity element in the Antarctic landscape. To broaden the understanding of pond systems within the Ross Sea region of Antarctica ...


85. Analysing toxicological impacts of contaminants on Notothenioid fish: Impacts of Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) [K068_2009_2010_NZ_2]
Target species Trematomus benacchii (n=72)from Cape Evans were collected live for the purpose of conducting a dose-response experiment in New Zealand on the live fish. Fish were dosed with different ...


86. Analysis of activity levels and oxygen consumptions of the Antarctic fish Trematomus bernacchii to determine if they have a circadian rhythm [K057_2004_2005_NZ_1]
Antarctic fish live in an environment with high seasonality, where levels of sunlight in the summer are up to 24 hours a day and in total darkness during the winter. Fish were monitored to determine ...


87. Analysis of air and snow samples in Antarctica for isotope analysis [K001_1960_1975_NZ_1]
Snow samples were collected over a number of seasons for analysis of fission products (deuterium and oxygen isotopes), tritium and sulphur isotope contents. The information would provide the basic ...


88. Analysis of air samples for trace levels of hydrocarbons, fluorocarbons and light hydrocarbons [K173_1984_1987_NZ_1]
The importance of minor atmospheric constituents to the global climate is well established but knowledge of their chemistry, distribution (by latitude, altitude and season) is sparse. This project ...


89. Analysis of animal fat (Weddell Seal, Adelie Penguin and Skua) for DDT concentration [K017_1967_1968_NZ_3]
A special method was designed to test levels of DDT in the fats of Antarctica animals including Weddell seals, Adelie penguins and Skuas.. In this method emphasis was placed on identification of the ...


90. Analysis of blood samples for genetic difference and similarity within and between breeding groups of Adelie penguins and Skuas from Cape Bird, Cape Royds and Cape Crozier, Ross Island [K016_1988_1989_NZ_1]
Prior studies have found little interchange of skuas (Stercorarius maccormicki) and Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) among breeding groups as the majority of breeding birds settle within their ...


91. Analysis of blood samples for hormones circulating in the blood stream of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) in relation to breeding behaviour [K017_1966_1967_NZ_2]
A method for recurrent blood sampling of individual birds was perfected before a close study of the behaviour of a number of banded breeding pairs of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) was conducted ...


92. Analysis of bottom sediment and water samples near Scott Base to determine the effects of effluents on the marine environment [K012_1994_1995_NZ_3]
The effects of Scott Base effluents on the marine environment was investigated by collecting bottom sediments and water samples on both side of the pressure ridges at Pram Point, near Scott Base. ...


93. Analysis of bottom sediments within the Ross Sea to determine the sedimentation regime of the area [K008_1972_1973_NZ_2]
The collection of a series of bottom grab samples in the Ross Sea were made over three weeks from the USCGS Northwind. The aim was to study the sedimentation regime in the Ross Sea. 30 grab stations ...


94. Analysis of brain and muscle tissues for activities of the enzyme acelylcholinesterase from the Antarctic fish Trematomus bernacchiicollected from polluted and pristine sites [K014_1996_1997_NZ_2]
The effect of human impacts on fish physiology was investigated by determining whether environmental pollutants impacted upon physiological functioning of the neuromuscular system thereby potentially ...


95. Analysis of breeding success, adult survival and mate choice of south polar skuas (Catharacta maccormicki) at Cape Bird, Ross Island [K063_1991_1992_NZ_2]
The breeding success, survival and mate choice in south polar skuas was studied at Cape Bird to determine which individual traits influence breeding success, if breeding success is related to mate ...


96. Analysis of cyanobacterial mats for toxins [K081_2001_2002_NZ_3]
Mats of algae and cyanobacteria are often the dominant biomass of inland aquatic systems. A collection of samples of these mats were extensively sampled from the moraine ponds near Bratina Island ...


97. Analysis of ecstatic calls displays and nest parameters and their importance in Adelie penguin mate attraction, pair bonding and nest success [K019_2002_2003_NZ_1]
Mate recognition of adelie penguins is crucial to their breeding success in such an extreme environment. The importance of male ecstatic display, the role of factors including nest location and size ...


98. Analysis of foraminiferal populations in sediment samples from McMurdo Sound in relation to sediment type, ecological factors and bathymetry [K042_1981_1982_NZ_1]
Sea floor sediments of McMurdo Sound were sampled to obtain material suitable for detailed analysis of foraminiferal populations and their relationships to sediment type and ecological factors. Foraminifera ...


99. Analysis of fossil sponge material from the McMurdo Ice Shelf for age dating and microbial symbionts to compare with the present day organisms diversity [K023_2001_2002_NZ_4]
Marine sponges become entrained into glacial ice at the glacial-marine sediment interface and eventually become exposed on the upper surface of the glacier through processes of ablation. The transit ...


100. Analysis of isotopic ratios of water vapour samples from the stratosphere to determine polar stratospheric cloud formation and disintigration [K087_2001_2006_NZ_1]
The transport of water vapor near the tropopause and lower stratosphere, e.g. The inflow of tropospheric water vapor into the stratosphere and the vertical redistribution of stratospheric water vapor ...


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