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51. Investigation into the environmental factors that drive microbial diversity in the soils of the Miers Valley, Mt Erebus, Bratina Island and Beacon Valley [K023_2007_2008_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
In this study, the active microbial component in the Dry Valleys system was characterized using newly developed molecular techniques with the aid of in situ augmentation and cloches (wind protection) ...


52. Microbial diversity and the environmental factors that drive the microbial community in the Ross Sea Region [K023_2004_2008_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The Antarctic environment has recently been shown to support a high level of diversity of bacteria in the soil given the simplicity and extreme nature of the habitat. Understanding the relationship ...


53. The cryopelagic meroplankton community of Gerlache Inlet (2006-2007 season) [K018_2006_2008_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Cryopelagic (directly under the ice) plankton samples were collected in Gerlache Inlet about 1 km to the south of Gondwana Station. A 0.5 m diameter circular fixed-frame plankton net (125?m mesh) ...


54. The cryopelagic meroplankton community of Gerlache Inlet (2007-2008 season) [K018_2006_2008_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
Cryopelagic (directly under the ice) plankton samples were collected in Gerlache Inlet about 1 km to the south of Gondwana Station. Samples were collected at 1m and 5m depth below the sea ice with ...


55. The depth distribution of meroplankton in the water column of Cape Hallett [K018_2003_2005_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Plankton was sampled at a single site (72? 18.412' S, 170? 11.290' E) off Seabee Hook, Edisto Inlet, Cape Hallett during the 04-05 season to determine if there is a different larval community at ...


56. The depth distribution of meroplankton in the water column of Gerlache Inlet [K018_2006_2008_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Plankton was sampled at a single site (74? 38.474' S, 164? 12.473' E) between 14 Nov 2007-06 Dec 2007 about 1 km to the south of Gondwana Station during the 07-08 season to determine if there is ...


57. The natural spawning of Sterechinus spp. (Echinodermata) observed in Edisto Inlet, Cape Hallett [K018_2003_2005_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Plankton was sampled at a single site off Seabee Hook, Edisto Inlet, Cape Hallett during the 04-05 season. Significant numbers of newly spawned embryos were first observed 25 November. Based on the ...


58. The spatial and temporal distribution of the larval fish Pleuragramma antarcticum in the platelet ice and in the water column, Gerlache Inlet. [K018_2006_2008_NZ_4]   PARENT DIF
Plankton sampling in Gerlache Inlet in the 06-07 season collected large numbers of larvae of the Antarctic ice fish Pleuragramma antarcticum. Samples of Pleuragramma eggs and recently hatched larvae ...


59. The spatial distribution of the meroplankton in Granite Harbour [K018_2008_2009_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
A spatial-distribution study of the meroplankton at Granite Harbour was conducted to add to the information on the distribution and abundance patterns of the meroplankton in the Ross Sea (previously ...


60. The temporal variation of meroplankton at Cape Roberts [K018_2008_2009_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Samples of meroplankton were collected through the ice as a feasibility study (of planktonic larval growth and nutrition) in the 2001-2002 field season. Samples were collected from Cape Evans about ...


61. Analysis of the effects of environmental factors (temperature, light, water content and CO2 concentration) on the photosynthesis activity of two common Antarctic mosses and a cyanobacterial mat in the Taylor Valley [K024_2002_2003_NZ_2]
A detailed study of how the environmental factors temperature, light, water content and carbon dioxide concentration affected photosynthesis of the two common mosses Bryum argenteum and Hennediella ...


62. Analysis of the endolithic communities in the McMurdo Dry Valleys: microclimate, biodiversity, community structure, biomass, photosynthetic activity and genetic diversity [K024_2003_2008_NZ_1]
The photosynthetic activity of endolithic communities at three sites in the Ross Sea Region, including Mt Falconer in the Taylor Valley, Linnaeus Terrace in the Asgard Range, the Nussbaumriegel in ...


63. Collembolids (Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni) and mite (Stereotydius mollis) samples and surveys of the lower Taylor Valley for phylogenetic relationship studies [K024_2002_2003_NZ_1]
Both collembolids (Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni) and mites (Stereotydius mollis) were surveyed over the entire floor of the lower Taylor Valley with special attention paid to the stream areas and to wet ...


64. Comparison of the photosynthetic performance of Umbilicaria species in the Ross Sea region [K024_2002_2003_NZ_3]
The photosynthetic performance of Umbilicaria species was measured under standard conditions in the laboratory and compared with Umbilicaria species from the Taylor Valley and Mt Kyffin.


65. Examination of the photosynthetic behaviour (energy content, nutrient content, productivity and acclimation) of mosses and lichens throughout the summer season at Cape Hallett [K024_2004_2006_NZ_2]
A possible sign of climate change is likely to be improved production and growth in plants. The response of net photosynthetic rates were measured on the large areas of relatively uniform moss cover ...


66. Experimental measurements of the effects of the environmental factors (temperature, light, water content and carbon dioxide concentration) on the photosynthesis activity of Antarctic mosses and lichens at Cape Hallett [K024_1998_1999_NZ_2]
A detailed study of how the environmental factors temperature, light, water content and carbon dioxide concentration affected photosynthesis of the two common mosses Bryum argenteum and B. pseudotriquetrum ...


67. Microclimate measurements (air temperature, light levels and relative humidity) near vegetation at Botany Bay, Granite Harbour [K024_1999_2000_NZ_1]
Several data loggers were deployed in and around plants in order to obtain more information of conditions at the plant level to be able to determine if plants performance characteristics are adapted ...


68. Plant biodiversity survey of the Cape Hallett region [K024_2004_2006_NZ_1]
Changes in biodiversity (the numbers, types and amount of terrestrial lichens and mosses) are expected to be one signal for environmental change. Better collection techniques, better identification ...


69. Plant biodiversity survey of the Granite Harbour, Darwin Glacier and Cape Crozier regions [K024_2006_2008_NZ_2]
The distribution and identity of lichens, mosses and endolithic algae were examined at sites around Granite Harbour, the Darwin Glacier and Igloo Spur at Cape Crozier to extend sampling of the Ross ...


70. A vegetation assessment of Beaufort Island [K024_1996_1997_NZ_3]
The vegetation at Beaufort Island was assessed and a report written to ICAIR including a description of the area, species present, comparison to other Dry Valley vegetation, the merits of the vegetation ...


71. Comparative studies of vegetation surveys, maps, species lists and lichen growth rates of the Cape Hallett region (Seebee Hook, Willett Cove and the scree slopes surrounding them) with a 1968 study [K024_1998_1999_NZ_1]
The first botanical work at Cape Hallett was carried out when Hallett Station existed in the early to late 1960s. These studies were used for comparative purposes of vegetation cover and lichen growth ...


72. Measurements of climate data and the effect of high light and low temperature on the photosynthetic response (photosynthetic gas exchange rates and fluorescence) of mosses and lichens at Granite Harbour [K024_1994_1995_NZ_1]
The winter snowfall (during 1994) was unusually large and the area of Botany Bay was uniformly covered to a depth of 50 to 70cm. Furthermore, air temperatures were low being rarely above -6? C. These ...


73. Photosynthesis, fluorescence and microclimate measurements of several species of mosses and lichens from Botany Bay at Granite Harbour [K024_1991_1992_NZ_1]
The photosynthetic rate of Antarctic mosses and lichens was studied with investigations into the effects of high levels of light radiation and of possible UV effects. The mosses Pottia heimii, Bryum ...


74. The photosynthetic performance (photosynthesis response curves to light and water content at various temperatures) of the pale and dark forms of the lichen Usnea spacelata from Cape Royds [K024_1996_1997_NZ_4]
The photosynthetic performance of the fruticose lichen Usnea sphacelata was measured using advanced, climatised photosynthetic cuvettes at Scott Base. Individuals of the Usnea sp were identified and ...


75. Vegetation surveys and trails of a 'tracker' system to allow both topography and plant occurrence to be mapped at Cape Royds [K024_1996_1997_NZ_2]
A species list and vegetation notes of the Cape Royds area was completed. A high density of lichens occurred (eg Usnea sphacelata)at Horseshoe Bay and inland near the ice edge (Caloplaca sp.). A 'tracker' ...


76. The ecology and physiology of Antarctic invertebrates at Cape Bird [K140_1997_2000_NZ_1]
The effect of temperature on the terrestrial arthropod fauna at Cape Bird was investigated. The work was carried out over three field season and the site was visited for three periods during each ...


77. GIS mapping of vegetation cover at two specially protected areas; Botany Bay, Granite Harbour and Cape Bird [K024_2007_2008_NZ_2]
The ground cover of vegetation was mapped for the entire ASPA (Antarctic Specially Protected Areas) at Botany Bay, Granite Harbour and at Cape Bird including mosses, lichen and algae. The method for ...


78. GPR/GPS surveys and analysis of a firn core from the Gawn Ice Piedmont Glacier to examine Holocene climate history [K049_1999_2008_NZ_11]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from the ...


79. Holocene climate history from ice cores, snow profiles, the glacial system and local climate patterns from the Evans Piedmont Glacier, Victoria Land Coast Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_6]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from the ...


80. Holocene climate history from ice cores, snow profiles, weather and glacier investigations (topography, mass balance and bedrock mapping) of the Victoria Lower Glacier, Victoria Land Coast, Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from two ...


81. Holocene climate history from investigations of the glacial system, ice cores and local climate patterns from Skinner Saddle, Victoria Land Coast Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_10]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from Skinner ...


82. Holocene climate history obtained from ice cores, snow profiles (density, chemistry, structure), snow samples (dust origin) and climate measurements from the Baldwin Glacier, Victoria Land Coast, Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from the ...


83. Holocene climate history obtained from snow profiles (chemistry, dust flux, temperature, structure), firn cores and climate measurements from the Wilson Piedmont Glacier, Victoria Land Coast, Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_4]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from the ...


84. Investigation of the Holocene climate history from analysis of the glacial system, ice cores and snow samples from the Whitehall Glacier, Victoria Land Coast, Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_9]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from the ...


85. New Zealand International Transantarctic Scientific Expedition (NZ ITASE) - Climate variability measured from ice cores taken along the Victoria Land Coast [K049_1999_2008_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The climate of the Victoria Land Coast is created by the interacting influences of the Dry Valleys, East Antarctic Ice Sheet and the Ross Sea. Slight changes can significantly alter local weather ...


86. Snow profiles (analysed for snow chemistry, isotope ratios dust flux and mineralogy) along a transect from the coast towards the East Antarctic Ice Sheet to interpret Holocene climate records [K049_1999_2008_NZ_5]   PARENT DIF
In order to interpret the climate record contained in the ice cores from Victoria Lower Glacier it was necessary to trace air mass trajectories to distinguish between marine and continental influences. ...


87. Biodiversity survey at Mt Kyffin near the Beardmore Glacier [K024_2002_2003_NZ_4]
A four person party visited an area close to Mt Kyffin on the south side of the Beardmore Glacier and at nearly 84? South latitude. In the 59-60 season the presence of many plants (lichens) and insects ...


88. Chlorophyll a fluorescence and temperature measurements from lichen and mosses buried under snow at Botany Bay, Granite Harbour [K024_1999_2000_NZ_2]
Fluorescence (chlorophyll a fluorescence) activity measurements were recorded for selected plants for about three weeks to determine if the photosystems of lichen or mosses are active in differing ...


89. Estimates of growth rates of lichen from photographs of lichen thalli on the Mt Falconer summit and ridge and the Rhone Bench (above Lake Bonney), Taylor Valley [K024_1980_2008_NZ_1]
A small number of lichen thalli on Mt Falconer summit and ridge and the Rhone Bench (above Lake Bonney) were marked and photographed during the 80-81 field season. These plants were refound over subsequent ...


90. Measurements of lichen activity (chlorophyll a fluorescence) for an entire year from Botany Bay, Granite Harbour [K024_1999_2000_NZ_3]
A system was established at the back of Botany bay to monitor chlorophyll a fluorescence from a thallus of Umbilicaria aprina continuously through the winter and the next season (lichen activity through ...


91. Measurements of photosynthetic recovery after the winter cold and desiccation at Botany Bay, Granite Harbour [K024_2000_2001_NZ_1]
Three CMS400 photosynthesis systems were used to study the recovery of photosynthetic activity by lichens and mosses rewetted for the first time after the winter at Botany Bay, Granite Harbour.


92. Measurements of the shielding against UVA by protective pigments in the moss Bryum subrotundifolium at Botany Bay, Granite Harbour [K024_2000_2001_NZ_2]
A new chlorophyll fluorescence system, UVA PAM allowed the protective shield against UVA radiation to be measured in the moss Bryum subrotundifolium. An area of the moss was heavily shaded for 10 ...


93. Nutrient transfer from penguin colonies to the vegetation at Cape Hallett: A measurement of the transfer of organic nitrogen in the form of ammonia [K024_2004_2006_NZ_3]
The transfer of nutrients from marine to terrestrial ecosystems are though to be important for vegetation. The transfer rate of organic nitrogen in the form of ammonia from the penguin colonies to ...


94. Population genetics of the lichen species Umbilicaria aprina, Umbilicaria decussata and Buellia frigida along a latitudinal gradient in the Ross Sea region [K024_2006_2008_NZ_1]
A latitudinal change in population genetics of selected lichen species was conducted to determine whether these lichen communities have spread along a latitudinal gradient from northern latitudes ...


95. The use of GIS mapping techniques to assess changes in vegetation at Cape Hallett [K024_2003_2004_NZ_1]
A detailed vegetation map of a 120m by 28m study site was published by Rudolph (1963). A paper copy of the original maps of this research was obtained from archives at the University of Ohio.The map ...


96. The use of computer models to predict changes in patterns and processes of terrestrial ecosystems in Antarctica: real data from automatic weather stations and digital cameras, dust samplers and soil samples [K024_2007_2008_NZ_1]
Field work was carried out to add to the creation of a dynamic geographic information system in which the specific observations about patterns and processes of the physical environment, plus observations ...


97. Vegetation survey in a proposed long-term monitoring site at Castle Rock [K024_1996_1997_NZ_1]
The site, near Castle Rock was delineated in a previous season by another investigator. The area was carefully searched and plants located, identified and as necessary, collected for herbarium and ...


98. Blood samples analysed for albumin to determine if the lack of this protein serum is common to the Notothenioid fish group [K066_2001_2002_NZ_1]
One species of Antarctic Notothenioid fish was found to lack the common blood protein serum albumin. It was investigated if this was common to all notothenioid fish. In addition, if this blood protein ...


99. Distribution and freeze tolerance testing of nematodes around Cape Hallett and Terra Nova Bay [K066_2005_2008_NZ_1]
Nematode worms in Antarctica are adapted to survive extreme conditions. One species, Panagrolaimus davidi, is unusual in that it can survive extra as well as intra-cellular freezing. This study investigated ...


100. Fish tissue samples for use in phylogenetic and phylogeographic studies of notothenioid fish [K066_2001_2006_NZ_1]
Antarctica has been a frozen continent for about the last 15-20 million years. In that time, the notothenioid fish have become the dominant group of fish with about 100 new species appearing in the ...


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