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51. Marine Seismic Surveying in McMurdo Sound [K042_1979_1980_NZ_4]
A marine seismic survey was conducted in McMurdo Sound to extend marine seismic coverage to i) the western side of McMurdo Sound, in order to examine the nature of any faulting or other structures ...


52. Mass balance measurements and glacier monitoring of glaciers in the Dry Valleys [K161_1969_1991_NZ_4]   PARENT DIF
Glaciers of the Dry Valleys occur where snow accumulation gains exceed sublimation and other losses. Monitoring of the mass balance of glaciers in the Dry Valleys was conducted from the 1969/70 summer ...


53. Measurement of atmospheric electrical fields during storms and the investigation of the effect of blowing dust on these fields [K011_1969_1974_NZ_1]
An electrostatic field mill, operated by the University of Auckand Physics Department was installed at Vanda Station and monitored electrical fields during storms throughout the year over several ...


54. Measurement of ionosphere activity from the Beacon satellite launched in 1964 [K002_1969_1970_NZ_2]
The Polar Ionosphere Beacon Satellite Program, S-66, was for the purpose of ionospheric research. The S-66 program aimed to make possible a synoptic study of the ionosphere as it varies in time and ...


55. Measurement of ocean waves and ice coupled waves near a fast ice boundary, McMurdo Sound [K137_1990_1993_NZ_1]
Ocean waves interact with Antarctic ice. Pack ice acts as a barrier to wave penetration, and attenuates the propagating waves. The presence of fast ice changes the nature of the wave interaction so ...


56. Measurement of the characteristics of the intensity and polaristion of skylight at two different sites in Antarctica, differeing in albedo [K041_1992_1993_NZ_1]
The enhancement of UVB radiation falling onto the different land surfaces was investigated. Previous measurements (in the 1990 season) found low maximum polarisation of sky light and strong low azimuth ...


57. Measurement of time and space structure of atmospheric planetary waves in the polar mesosphere from Scott Base, South Pole Station and collaboration with other countries [K055_1982_2008_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The regular heating and cooling of the atmosphere drives energetic weather systems near the earth's surface. Some of this energy is propagated upwards into the middle atmosphere in a variety of wave ...


58. Measurements of the UV radiation (Blue, Violet, UVA and UVB) falling on sea ice in McMurdo Sound, quantification of sea ice algae and the effect of snow thickness on the transmissivity of sea ice to UV radiation [K041_1995_1996_NZ_1]
The relative amounts of visible, near and far UV radiation (Blue, Violet, UVA and UVB) falling onto sea ice in McMurdo Sound was measured at a site well cantered in the ice, i.e. not at the ice edge. ...


59. Measurements of the boundary layer (bottom) of the atmosphere of the atmospheric trace gases NO2, O3, OClO and BrO [K085_2004_2005_NZ_1]
The experimental set up of the 'off axis' UV/visible wavelength diode array spectrometer was compared with a small portable field instrument. The diode array uses sunlight and moonlight to measure ...


60. Measurements of the polarisation of the Antarctic sky from the sea ice edge at Cape Bird and from a ship journey from Hobart to McMurdo Sound [K041_1997_1998_NZ_1]
The polarisation of the Antarctic sky was captured near the sea ice edge at Cape Bird to complement previous studies of the sky polarisation seen at Wellington (New Zealand), Scott Base, Tent Island ...


61. Measurements of the transmission of UV light to infrared light through different samples of snow around Scott Base [K041_1997_1998_NZ_2]
The transmission of light through snow depends not only on the cleanliness but also on the size of the snow particles. The transmission properties are directly related to the reflection properties ...


62. Measurements of total ozone and aerosol parameters from October to mid-December, 1986, during the period when ozone levels are changing most rapidly [K085_1986_1987_NZ_1]
A spectrophotometer was installed at Arrival Heights near Scott Base and operated for a period of six weeks from the end of October 1986 to mid-December 1986. The instrument was fully automated and ...


63. Measurements of tropospheric aerosols and meteorological data in remote marine region in Antarctica to compare with New Zealand measurements to help understand the sulphur cycles influence on global climate [K176_1991_1992_NZ_1]
Dimethylsulphide (DMS) and sub-micron atmospheric particles are key components in the atmospheric sulphur cycle. DMS produced by biota in the oceans is thought to be the main source of atmospheric ...


64. Monitoring of permafrost temperatures at Marble Point and Bull Pass, Wright Valley [K123_2005_2007_NZ_1]
Bore holes were drilled in bedrock near existing climate monitoring stations at Marble Point and Bull Pass, Wright Valley to monitor permafrost temperatures at depths of up to 30m and to drill till ...


65. Radio tracking of adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) foraging movements while at sea during the early breeding season [K121_1986_1988_NZ_1]
Adelie penguin foraging movements at sea were located and described during the early breeding season at the Cape Bird colony. Radio transmitters were attached to individual birds and 18 penguins were ...


66. Seismic reflection data from a 50km line southeast of the summit of Mt Erebus to assess the amplitude and wavelength of crustal flexure associated with the load of the Ross Archipelago [K101_1988_1989_NZ_1]
A joint project between the New Zealand Geophysic Division (now IGNS), Stanford University and the University of Nebraska was conducted to carry out a seismic reflection line of approximate 50 km ...


67. Seismic reflection survey across Hut Point Peninsula to determine the sedimentary sequence under the peninsula to define Cenozoic glacial and volcanic history of the region [K101_1992_1993_NZ_1]
A seismic reflection survey and wide angle reflection experiment was carried out along an 11km profile, starting approximately 8 km east of Hut Point Peninsula and heading west to delineate the sedimentary ...


68. Seismic refraction and reflection measurements of the east-west Antarctic plate boundary near the Lowery Glacier and onto the Ross Ice Shelf, south Victoria Land [K101_1990_1991_NZ_1]
In the 1990-1991 season, a seismic refraction and reflection experiment was completed along a 142 km long line across the transition zone between Ross Embayment and the Transantarctic Mountains, just ...


69. Seismic, gravity, radar and magnetic measurements across the East Antarctic ice sheet from the Transantarctic Mountains to the Wilkes sub-glacial basin [K101_1993_1994_NZ_1]
A geophysical traverse, designed to image the sedimentary layer under the 3 km thick East Antarctic ice sheet, was completed across part of East Antarctic ice cap west of McMurdo Sound. The programme ...


70. Seismic, infrasonic and magnetic induction data from Mt Erebus: 1980-1986, The International Mt Erebus Seismci Survey (IMESS) [K044_1980_1986_NZ_1]
The International Mt Erebus Seismic Survey (IMESS) was conducted on Mt Erebus to monitor and assess the seismic activity of the volcano year round. Seismic, infrasonic and magnetic induction data ...


71. Seismograph data from the David Glacier region near Terra Nova Bay to determine the origins of low magnitude seismicity in the area: brittle ice failure, basal shearing beneath the glacier, or tectonic events? [K101_2003_2004_NZ_1]
Temporary seismograph stations placed in the Transantarctic Mountains have recorded regular, low magnitude seismicity. The origin of the quakes could not be uniquely discriminated among brittle ice ...


72. Soil chemistry and soil CO2 concentration and isotopic composition from sites in Taylor Valley and the Lake Wellman area [K072_2008_2010_NZ_1]
This study aimed to understand the origin and dynamics of pedogenic carbonate in Antarctic soils, with a long-term view to understanding the formation of carbonate and the storage and turnover of ...


73. Spatial variation measurements of the hydrology and glaciology of the Dry Valleys [K161_1969_1991_NZ_5]   CHILD DIFs   PARENT DIF
The long term hydrology/glaciology study carried out in the McMurdo Dry Valleys was conducted to gain information on the hydrological behaviour of the Dry Valleys rivers and lakes, particularly for ...


74. Spectrometer sunlight and moonlight measurements of Ozone (O3), Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2), Chlorine Dioxide (OClO) and Bromine Oxide (BrO) from Arrival Heights [K085_1998_2008_NZ_1]
A UV/visible wavelength diode array spectrometer was installed at Arrival Heights to allow off axis sunlight and moonlight measurements of ozone (O3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), chlorine dioxide (OClO) ...


75. Spectroscope absorption measurements of the stratospheric trace gases hydrogen chloride (HCl) and nitric (HNO3) using a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer with the full moon as a light source at Arrival Heights [K085_2002_2003_NZ_1]
Spectroscope absorption measurements of the stratospheric trace gas hydrogen chloride (HCl) was measured using a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer with the full moon as a light source (sunlight ...


76. Streamflow monitoring of the Onyx River in the Wright Valley and various other glacier melt streams in the Dry Valleys [K161_1969_1991_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Monitoring of the stream flow of glacial streams in the Dry Valleys was monitored from the 1969/1970 summer until the 1990/1991 season. The data was used to contribute to the understanding of the ...


77. Studies of the surface strain of Erebus Glacier Tongue to determine the process of calving [K009_1977_1978_NZ_3]
The surface deformation of the Erebus Glacier Tongue was measured in order to elucidate the calving mechanisms for the formation of icebergs. Surface strain, surface tilt, surface velocity and long ...


78. Surface ozone concentration from an TEI instrument at Arrival Heights [K085_2002_2012_NZ_1]
A TEI instrument was installed at Arrival Heights to monitor boundary layer concentration of surface ozone levels with an ultraviolet absorption measurement. Ambient air is pumped through a cell and ...


79. Surface ozone concentration from an TEI instrument at Arrival Heights [K085_2002_2008_NZ_1]
A TEI instrument was installed at Arrival Heights to monitor boundary layer concentration of surface ozone levels with an ultraviolet absorption measurement. Ambient air is pumped through a cell and ...


80. Surface ozone concentration from an TEI instrument at Arrival Heights - K085_2002_2014_NZ_1 [K085_2002_2014_NZ_1]
A TEI instrument was installed at Arrival Heights to monitor boundary layer concentration of surface ozone levels with an ultraviolet absorption measurement. Ambient air is pumped through a cell and ...


81. Surface ozone concentration measurements using a surface ozone monitor from Scott Base [K085_1996_2003_NZ_1]
The boundary layer concentration of ozone was measured with a Dasibi ozone instrument that monitors surface ozone with an ultraviolet absorption measurement. Ambient air is pumped through a cell ...


82. Teleseismic and local earthquake measurements with an digital seismometer array spread between the McKay Glacier and Table Mountain (to the north and south) and Cape Bird and Mt Fleming (to the east and west) [K102_1999_2000_NZ_1]
A digital seismometer array (10 station) was placed in the Transantarctic Mountains over a three month period (November 1999-January 2000) to record teleseismic (distant earthquakes more than 20° ...


83. The ANDRILL drilling project - 1284.87 m and 1138.54 m sediment cores from below the McMurdo/Ross Ice Shelf [K001_ANDRILL]   CHILD DIFs
ANDRILL (ANtarctic DRILLing project) is a multinational (Germany, Italy, New Zealand and USA) initiative to investigate the climate and tectonic history of Antarctica by recovering deep sediment ...


84. The Cape Roberts Project [K001_Cape_Roberts_Project]
The Cape Roberts Project was a multinational project in which the Antarctic programmes of Australia, Germany, Italy, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the USA collaborated together to take a series ...


85. The Marshall Valley Drilling Project [K021_1985_1986_NZ_1]
Three bore holes were drilled in the Marshall Valley approximately 1km apart to determine the Quaternary glacial stratigraphy of the area. The first hole was 24.52m in depth, the second was 31.92m ...


86. The bathymetry and sedimentology of Lake Joyce [K009_1972_1973_NZ_4]   PARENT DIF
18 holes were drilled through the floating ice of Lake Joyce. The position of the holes were surveyed, the ice thickness and water depths were measured and the coring of the bottom sediments was ...


87. The hydrology, glaciology and sediment transport monitoring of the glacial-river-lake system in the Miers Valley, Antarctica [K046_1988_1991_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
A three year hydrological, glaciological and sediment transport monitoring programme was conducted in the Miers Valley. The energy and mass balances of the glacier-river-lake system was investigated ...


88. The thermal conductivity and diffusivity of first year sea ice measured as a temperature depth profile in developing sea ice during the winter months in McMurdo Sound [K131_1994_1998_NZ_2]
Measurements of heat flows and hence thermal diffusivity and thermal conductivity in sea ice was measured in the absence of thermal radiation (i.e. sunlight, which dumps heat at depth in the ice and ...


89. The use of GIS mapping techniques to assess changes in vegetation at Cape Hallett [K024_2003_2004_NZ_1]
A detailed vegetation map of a 120m by 28m study site was published by Rudolph (1963). A paper copy of the original maps of this research was obtained from archives at the University of Ohio.The map ...


90. The use of computer models to predict changes in patterns and processes of terrestrial ecosystems in Antarctica: real data from automatic weather stations and digital cameras, dust samplers and soil samples [K024_2007_2008_NZ_1]
Field work was carried out to add to the creation of a dynamic geographic information system in which the specific observations about patterns and processes of the physical environment, plus observations ...


91. Ultraviolet radition from 290-450 nm with a high precision spectro-radiometer [K085_2006_2007_NZ_1]
A high precision spectro-radiometer measuring total ultraviolet radiation from 290-450 nm was installed at Arrival Heights as a two month blind inter-comparison with the established measurement programme ...


92. Very low frequency radio observations of lightning discharges [K069_2008_2009_NZ_2]
The AARDDVARK/WWLLN Very Low Frequency (VLF) Radio Sensor was installed at Arrival Heights from 10-15 December 2008 by Dr Craig J. Rodger and Dr. James Brundell as part of Antarctica New Zealand Event ...


93. Very low frequency radio observations of lightning discharges (AARDDVARK) [K060_2008_2012_NZ_2]
The AARDDVARK/WWLLN Very Low Frequency (VLF) Radio Sensor was installed at Arrival Heights from 10-15 December 2008 by Dr Craig J. Rodger and Dr. James Brundell as part of Antarctica New Zealand Event ...


94. Very low frequency subionospheric communication transmitter observations [K069_2008_2009_NZ_1]
The AARDDVARK/WWLLN Very Low Frequency (VLF) Radio Sensor was installed at Arrival Heights from 10-15 December 2008 by Dr Craig J. Rodger and Dr. James Brundell as part of Antarctica New Zealand Event ...


95. Very low frequency subionospheric communication transmitter observations (WWLLN) [K060_2008_2012_NZ_1]
The AARDDVARK/WWLLN Very Low Frequency (VLF) Radio Sensor was installed at Arrival Heights from 10-15 December 2008 by Dr Craig J. Rodger and Dr. James Brundell as part of Antarctica New Zealand Event ...


96. Video surveillance recordings and seismic activity of Mt Erebus: 1986-1991, The International Mt Erebus Eruption Mechanism Study (IMEEMS) [K044_1986_1991_NZ_1]
Studies of the location of earthquake foci at Mt Erebus found that eruption earthquakes had an apparent range of depths to 4km, but that infrasonic signals were more consistant with a surface origin. ...


97. Water chemistry and biology of the Canada Glacier glacial meltwater stream [K009_1981_1982_NZ_1]
Lake water chemistry is relatively well understood, whereas in comparison stream waters have been little studied. The chemistry of glacial meltwater from the Canada Glacier was characterised and the ...


98. Wind profiles of the Wright Valley using an acoustic wind profiler measuring wind speed and direction and dry bulb temperature [K016_1990_1991_NZ_1]
A new acoustic wind profiler was tested in the Wright Valley on the slopes of Mount Odin. This instrument may have the advantage of providing continuous vertical profiles of wind speed and direction ...


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