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51. Baseline information on both the modern processes operating on Antarctic beaches and the development of beach ridges in relation to the last glaciation ice retreat and isostatic rebound [K043_1996_1998_NZ_1]
Beaches in McMurdo Sound have developed since the last glaciation when ice sheets were at their maximum. The weight of the overlying ice, depressed the land, which has slowly rebounded forming a series ...


52. Behavioral observations, blood and fecal samples taken from Adelie penguins at Shell Glacier and Cape Crozier to detect the impact of human disturbance [K027_2003_2006_NZ_1]
Long term studies of the impacts of human disturbance on adelie penguins using a range of key behavioural, ecological and physiological measures are required to establish logical management regimes ...


53. Behavioural and corticosterone responses of incubating and confined Adelie penguins to model Weddell seal, model leopard seals and a seal bag, Cape Bird, Ross Island 2003-2004 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_10]
Behavioural and corticosterone responses of incubating Adelie penguins to a model Weddell seal, a model Leopard seal and a seal bag were measured by measuring behaviour and collecting blood samples ...


54. Behavioural observations (frequency and timing of copulation attempts) and paternity analysis from blood samples to investigate sperm competition of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) [K063_1993_1998_NZ_1]
Sexual selection theory suggests that males compete for females and females choose males. Sperm competition is one aspect of this competition. There are two possible mechanisms of sperm competition, ...


55. Behavioural observations of nest site selection in Adelie penguins at Cape Bird [K121_1986_1987_NZ_2]
Virtually all penguins return to their natal rookeries to breed, after spending a couple of years at sea. A majority of young birds of both sexes end up settling within 200 m of their natal nest ...


56. Behavioural observations, recorded calls and breeding parameters as factors influencing the vocal behaviour of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) [K019_2000_2001_NZ_1]
Factors influencing the development and survival of Adelie penguins were investigated from the Cape Bird colony. The fieldwork focused on aspects of vocal recognition but parental care and chick development ...


57. Behavioural responses of incubating Adelie penguins to a novel object, Ross Island, 2002-2003 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_7]
The behavioural responses of incubating Adelie penguins to a person standing 1 meter away and to a cardboard shield of similar size to a person also at 1 meter distance were measured to determine ...


58. Biodiversity, Dynamics and Metabolics of Heterogeneous Meltwater Ponds [K025_2011_2012_NZ_3]
Microbial biodiversity and community dynamics within and between selected melt water ponds near Bratina Is will help to identify environmental drivers within ponds. Research will examine the metabolic ...


59. Biogenic gas emissions from glacial melt water ponds on the McMurdo Ice Shelf : A collaboration with the RISE (Ross Ice Shelf Ecosystem) programme [K013_1993_1994_NZ_1]
Aspects of the biogeochemical cycling of sulphur and iodine was examined on the McMurdo Ice Shelf at Bratina Island to investigate the role of glacial melt water ponds as a biogenic source of sulphur ...


60. Biological soil samples from a range of salty hollows to determine if some life forms had adapted to this environment [K150_1987_1988_NZ_1]
Soil biological samples were collected from a range of salty hollows to determine if some life forms had adapted to this environment because biological adaptation in Antarctica is such that virtually ...


61. Biological survey of the Balleny Islands [K407_2000_2001_NZ_1]
US coastguard helicopters were used to survey bird, seal and plant populations of the three main islands and islets of the Balleny Islands, located off the coast of Antarctica, for birds and seal ...


62. Biology of the springtail Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni at Cape Bird: feeding habits, life cycle and migration movements throughout a season [K017_1969_1970_NZ_1]
Aspects of the biology of Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni (Collembola) was investigated at Cape Bird. The work can be divided into three main investigations: 1) Food studies - which included isolation and ...


63. Biostratigraphic collections of Devonian fish fossils from Middle Devonian Aztec Siltstone at the top of the Taylor Group (Beacon Supergroup) and sediment studies for a basin analysis [K026_1991_1992_NZ_1]
Using toboggans and sledges, the party travelled 700 kilometres from the Darwin Glacier northwards to the Lashly Mountains to study Taylor Group sedimentary rocks (Beacon Supergroup). The principle ...


64. Body temperature and activity patterns of adelie penguins held in captivity under different light conditions to determine if there is an internal body clock [K123_1987_1988_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins were held in captivity and fitted with implantable body temperature transducers. Measurements were made every 30 minutes of body temperature and activity (orientation, posture, eye ...


65. Botanical investigations at Terra Nova Bay and Wood Bay, North Victoria Land and the assessment of human impacts [K271_1988_1989_NZ_1]
Vegetation and environmental studies were conducted at sites on Ross Island and in North Victoria Land, including Terra Nova Bay (Edmonson Point, Northern Foothills, Cape Washington, Mount Melbourne, ...


66. Causes of high mortality of the second chick from a pair of skua (Catharaeta maccormicki) eggs; egg content and chick weights, feeding rates, parental brooding behaviour, experimental removal and starvation of chicks [K017_1966_1967_NZ_1]
The cause/factors of heavy mortality of the second chick hatching from a pair of eggs at a skua nest was investigated. Previous observations found that the second chick is chased away from the nest ...


67. Census of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at the Cape Royds rookery, 22 January, 1985 [K121_1984_1985_NZ_1]
A penguin census (adults and chicks) was conducted in January on the Cape Royds rookery. The number of chicks and adults were counted three times (by two observers for the chicks and one observer ...


68. Changes in the cliff face (retreat) at a cold based glacier, Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Antarctica [K064_2004_2007_NZ_4]   PARENT DIF
A change in the position of the supraglacial channel cliff faces of the Wright Lower Glacier was investigated over three field seasons (04-05, 05-06 and 06-07). The volume of ice lost due to cliff ...


69. Chlorophyll a fluorescence and temperature measurements from lichen and mosses buried under snow at Botany Bay, Granite Harbour [K024_1999_2000_NZ_2]
Fluorescence (chlorophyll a fluorescence) activity measurements were recorded for selected plants for about three weeks to determine if the photosystems of lichen or mosses are active in differing ...


70. Cloacal and rectal samples collected from Adelie penguins, south polar skuas and Weddell seals in the Ross Sea region [K029_2005_2006_NZ]
Genetic data has revealed that endemism exists within the microbial world. Antarctica is physically separated from the rest of the world and has a short history of human activity which may appear ...


71. Collection of display specimens for Canterbury Museum [K026_1975_1976_NZ_1]
A broad range and size of geological specimens, suitable for display purposes, was collected from the Ross Dependency, to give the public a better knowledge of the type of rocks outcropping in the ...


72. Collection of endoliths from Battleship Promontory, Convoy Range [K047_2000_2001_NZ_2]
Endoliths were collected from the Battleship Promontory, Allan Hills area. Endoliths were search for with a geo pick and recorded notes from each collection site was recorded. 35mm pictures and digital ...


73. Collection of polychaetes from Cape Bird for taxonomic studies [K014_1971_1972_NZ_1]
A range of polychaetes were collected for taxonomic studies. Colour notes and other observations were made on the live animals. A number of new records from the Ross Sea area were recorded as well ...


74. Comparative studies of pebble and sediments from known sedimentary environments (Taylor Glacier, Table Mountain and Crary Ice Rise) with those found in a DVDP core [K042_1974_1975_NZ_1]
Examination of the cores from the Dry Valley Drilling Project consisted of, among other studies, grain size, pebble and magnetic investigations. Pebble and sediment sampling from known sedimentary ...


75. Comparative studies of vegetation surveys, maps, species lists and lichen growth rates of the Cape Hallett region (Seebee Hook, Willett Cove and the scree slopes surrounding them) with a 1968 study [K024_1998_1999_NZ_1]
The first botanical work at Cape Hallett was carried out when Hallett Station existed in the early to late 1960s. These studies were used for comparative purposes of vegetation cover and lichen growth ...


76. Comparison of the photosynthetic performance of Umbilicaria species in the Ross Sea region [K024_2002_2003_NZ_3]
The photosynthetic performance of Umbilicaria species was measured under standard conditions in the laboratory and compared with Umbilicaria species from the Taylor Valley and Mt Kyffin.


77. Comparison of the structure and diversity of the benthic community of Cape Bird with Cape Hallett and Perseverance Harbour, Campbell Island [K014_1970_1971_NZ_4]
A series of quantitative sea bottom grab samples were collected from the benthos in the area of McDonald Beach and north to the ice cliffs, Cape Bird. Samples were collected from between 25 and 200m ...


78. Conceptual modelling of the sewage and wastewater plume from Scott Base incorporating current and tidal data, seawater stratification and microbiological, physical and chemical indicators associated with the plume [K407_1998_1999_NZ_1]
Before the installation of the Scott Base sewage treatment plant, untreated sewage and wastewater was discharged directlyin front of Scott Base since its occupation in 1957. The distribution of sewage ...


79. Constant observations of an adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) colony to determine the precise time of nest relief, the duration of foraging trips and the rhythms of behaviour and the levels of hormones in their blood [K121_1984_1986_NZ_1]
The precise time of nest relief, the duration of foraging trips and the rhythms of behaviour were measured by keeping a colony of Adelie penguins under constant observation throughout the breeding ...


80. Correlations of history Victoria Land Coast soil surveys and soil chemistry and surveys of the soils of the McMurdo Dry Valleys (Wright, Victoria and Taylor Valleys) [K150_1972_1973_NZ_1]
The soils of the McMurdo Dry Valleys were examined by the NZ Soil Bureau as early as 1959 with an extensive survey of the Taylor Valley. Further areas of the Victoria Land Coast from as far south ...


81. Corticosterone and behavioural responses of emperor penguins to people and confinement, Cape Washington 2004-2005 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_12]
Corticosterone and behavioural responses of emperor penguins were measured in birds that were followed for up to 30 minutes. Blood samples were taken and corticosterone concentrations measured. Penguins ...


82. Corticosterone and behavioural responses to people of arriving and departing penguins temporarily confined, Ross Island [K034_2001_2005_NZ_5]
The corticosterone and behavioural responses of incubating penguins was measured on incubating adelie penguins in the 2001-2002 season. In the 2002-2003 seasons that study was extended to include ...


83. Corticosterone response of incubating Adelie penguins to the presence of people at Mandible Cirque, North Victoria Land - a rookery previously not visited by people 2004-2005 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_13]
Approximately 20,000 pairs of Adelie penguins nest at Mandible Cirque on the northern Victoria Land Coast. This rookery had not previously been visited by people, providing the chance to compare responses ...


84. Cumulative impacts and rates of recovery of the Antarctic soil environment at Scott Base and vicinity, Crater Hill, Observation Hill and Capes Evans and Royds [K026_2008_2009_NZ_1]
Soil profile descriptions from the a number of disturbed and undisturbed sites in the vicinity of Scott Base and McMurdo Station, including Crater Hill, Observation Hill, and Home Beach at Cape Evans ...


85. Data from GPS loggers and Time Depth Recorders with VHF transmitters attached to female Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddellii) at Hutton Cliffs throughout the winter months [K063_2002_2004_NZ_2]
Links between the foraging performance of Weddell seals breeding in McMurdo Sound and a range of oceanographic parameters, including sea surface temperature, productivity and bathymetry encountered ...


86. Description of the Permian strata in north Victoria Land [K042_1981_1982_NZ_2]
The Beacon Supergroup of northern Victoria Land, a coal bearing alluvial plain sequence, was investigated. 17 localities were visited between Gair Mesa and the Lanterman Range in north Victoria Land ...


87. Description of the summit of Mt Erebus from an ascent: temperature profiles, topography features and collected soil, lichen and snow and sulphur samples [K044_1963_1964_NZ_1]
An ascent of Mt Erebus was made to the southwest crater rim to collect snow and sulphur samples and to observe the summits volcanic activity. On the ascent, temperature profiles were establish. Temperature ...


88. Detailed description, mapping and sampling (for sedimentology, paleontology and chronology studies) of Cenozoic bedded polymicton-type sediments within the Taylor Valley [K042_1974_1975_NZ_3]
Cenozoic bedded polymicton-type sediments within the Taylor Valley were mapped. These polymicton-type sediments are of glacial origin deposited into a body of water and therefore exhibit sorting and ...


89. Detailed investigation of the basement geology of the St Johns range, Southern Victoria Land, Antarctica: Mapping of the plutonic intrusions [K061_1990_1991_NZ_2]
Field work was carried out on basement rocks in the St. Johns Range, McMurdo Dry Valleys. Rock samples of dyke swarms exposed in homogenous granite on the Kukri erosion surface were collected, granitoid ...


90. Detailed investigation of the basement geology of the St Johns range, Southern Victoria Land, Antarctica: Structural and lithological mapping of the Koettlitz Group [K061_1990_1991_NZ_1]
Variations in lithology and structure were mapped to try and determine a relationship between metamorphism, deformation and pluton intrusion in an orogenic belt and to propose an origin for the orthogneiss ...


91. Detailed rock sampling for K-Ar and Rb-Sr geochronological dating studies of the Rennick and Matusevich Glacier region: GANOVEX V [K002_1988_1989_NZ_1]
The GANOVEX V Expedition (German Antarctic North Victoria Land Expedition) was carried out aboard the M.V. Polar Queen, research vessel. The area visited was the Oates Land Coast. Detailed rock sampling ...


92. Determination of a polar wander path for Beacon Supergroup at Mount Bastion, West Beacon and Table Mountain [K042_1978_1979_NZ_1]
The Beacon Supergroup in the McMurdo Sound region is a flat lying continental sequence about 2000m thick and ranging in age from Early Devonian to Late Triassic (400 to 180 my BP). A polar wander ...


93. Determination of deposition, sediment transport direction and age of New Mountain Sandstone (Beacon Supergroup) at various localities in the Royal Society Range and Dry Valleys region [K042_1974_1975_NZ_4]
The New Mountain Sandstone, the lowest formation of the Beacon Supergroup was studied in detail at various localities in the Royal Society Range and Dry Valley's region to determine its environment ...


94. Determination of the Sirius Group (Neogene deposits) mode of deposition at Allan Hills, Mt Feather and Table Mountain [K042_1997_2001_NZ_1]
An ancient glacial deposit termed the Sirius Group is a collection of Neogene deposits that crop out at high elevations throughout the Transantarctic Mountains (TAM). The paleoflow direction and how ...


95. Determination of the range of reflecting structures in the upper atmosphere: a frequency shift experiment [K055_1990_1991_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
A HF Middle and Upper atmospheric radar is operated at Scott Base year round under automatic control for two experiments: the Partial Reflection Winds and the D-region polarimeter experiments. An ...


96. Determination of the unique evolutionary patterns that prevail in the Antarctic springtail (Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni) [K025_2006_2007_NZ]
The energetic budgets (activity) of Antarctic springtails (Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni) was investigated at Cape Bird, Ross Island and the Garwood Valley, McMurdo Dry Valleys to determine the unique ...


97. Determining the geochronology of the Taylor Valley from the study of the geomorphology, lake levels, sediments and climatic events during the past 400,000 years [K009_1974_1975_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Fieldwork was carried out in the Taylor Valley over several seasons to determine the geochronology of the area.The lake beds and the geomorphology of a series of hummocks between the Suess and LaCroix ...


98. Determining the origin of the Mawson Diamictite in the Coombs Hills, Carapace Nunatuk Region [K026_1976_1977_NZ_3]
The Mawson Diamictite of the Coombs Hills was visited to compare the succession with that of Carapace Nunatak 10 km to the west. At Carapace Nunatak a pronounced ridge of hyaloclastite with fossiliferous ...


99. Determining the source of melt water at a cold based glacier, Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Antarctica [K064_2004_2007_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
The seasonal melt regime of the Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Dry Valleys, Antarctica was investigated and monitored over three field seasons (04-05, 05-06 and 06-07). Melt water samples were ...


100. Direct measurements of cosmic rays (neutron) flux at several sites in Antarctica [K112_1997_2000_NZ_2]
Cosmic rays (neutron) flux was directly measured with a portable detector in conjunction with a study examining the production of cosmic ray produced nuclides in rocks. The semi portable detector ...


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