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51. A transplant experiment measuring the effects petroleum derivatives on Trematomus bernacchii from a relatively pristine site and exposing the fish to the waters at Winterquarters Bay and Cape Armitage [K014_1999_2000_NZ_1]
The impact of petroleum derivatives derived from fuel drums dumped into McMurdo Sound during the period before environmental management practices were regarded was examined on fish in Winterquarters ...


52. Adelie penguin and skua census and analysis of stomach contents of adelie penguins from Cape Hallett [K014_1982_1983_NZ_1]
In January-February 1983, a four person party spent five weeks at Cape Hallett, Northern Victoria Land, under the auspices of the New Zealand Committee for the International Survey of Antarctic Seabirds ...


53. Aerial photographs and ground counts for assessing breeding success of Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) rookeries on Ross Island [K122_2004_2005_NZ_4]
In conjunction with aerial photographs of the colonies ground truth counts were made since the 1983-1984 season at the Ross Island colonies. The number of occupied nests, nests with eggs, nests with ...


54. Age determination of the detrital zircon component of crustal slices of Ross Orogen from the Skelton Glacier and Royal Society Ranges areas [K062_2003_2004_NZ_1]
It is suggested that the Ross Orogeny is composed of a wide variety of crustal slices that are exotic to their present location and were accreted to the East Antarctic craton during the lower paleozoic ...


55. An ASTER Digital Elevation Model (DEM) for the Darwin-Hatherton Glacial System [K053_2006_2007_NZ_1]
In order to understand how the West Antarctic Ice Sheet may respond to global climate change in the future, its current nature and how it has responded to climate change in the past has been investigated. ...


56. An annual cycle of cloud condensation nuclei concentration in the Ross Sea Region [K173_1992_1993_NZ_1]
A cycle of cloud condensation nuclei concentration in the Ross Sea Region was collected by installing and running a CCN monitor at Scott Base. The results contributed to the Southern Hemisphere record ...


57. An ecological study of Bird Pond at Cape Bird: water parameters, population density and identification plants and animals [K014_1970_1971_NZ_3]
A seasonal ecological study was carried out at Bird Pond, Cape Bird. At weekly intervals the water temperature, depth, conductivity, pH and light were recorded, water samples were analysed for oxygen, ...


58. An estimate of the production rate of 14CO due to natural cosmic ray background [K087_1994_1995_NZ_1]
14CO measurements in cylinders exposed in Antarctica were used to estimate the production rate of 14CO due to natural cosmic ray background with comparisons with similar exposures in the Southern ...


59. An investigation of the lower Wellar Coal Measure sequence [K026_1976_1977_NZ_4]
The lower Wellar Coal Measure sequence was investigated and extensively sampled. A thin, unusually textured horizon, with the appearance of an ash deposit, was traced along the entire northern side ...


60. Analysis of blood samples for genetic difference and similarity within and between breeding groups of Adelie penguins and Skuas from Cape Bird, Cape Royds and Cape Crozier, Ross Island [K016_1988_1989_NZ_1]
Prior studies have found little interchange of skuas (Stercorarius maccormicki) and Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) among breeding groups as the majority of breeding birds settle within their ...


61. Analysis of blood samples for hormones circulating in the blood stream of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) in relation to breeding behaviour [K017_1966_1967_NZ_2]
A method for recurrent blood sampling of individual birds was perfected before a close study of the behaviour of a number of banded breeding pairs of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) was conducted ...


62. Analysis of brain and muscle tissues for activities of the enzyme acelylcholinesterase from the Antarctic fish Trematomus bernacchiicollected from polluted and pristine sites [K014_1996_1997_NZ_2]
The effect of human impacts on fish physiology was investigated by determining whether environmental pollutants impacted upon physiological functioning of the neuromuscular system thereby potentially ...


63. Analysis of breeding success, adult survival and mate choice of south polar skuas (Catharacta maccormicki) at Cape Bird, Ross Island [K063_1991_1992_NZ_2]
The breeding success, survival and mate choice in south polar skuas was studied at Cape Bird to determine which individual traits influence breeding success, if breeding success is related to mate ...


64. Analysis of ecstatic calls displays and nest parameters and their importance in Adelie penguin mate attraction, pair bonding and nest success [K019_2002_2003_NZ_1]
Mate recognition of adelie penguins is crucial to their breeding success in such an extreme environment. The importance of male ecstatic display, the role of factors including nest location and size ...


65. Analysis of organochlorine pesticides, PCB's and heavy metals levels in Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) and South Polar skua (Catharacta maccormicki) carcasses and abandoned eggs [K063_1989_1990_NZ_2]
Skuas as a group have come to be recognized as 'barometers' of environmental health, as their wide range and feeding habits make them ideal for monitoring oceanic pollution. Skua and adelie penguin ...


66. Analysis of salt deposits, soil profiles and soil chemistry from the Darwin Glacier region to determine the glacial history of the area [K150_1978_1979_NZ_1]
The soil on old surfaces (those exposed to weathering for long periods of time) and in particular the salt deposits expected to occur within these soils was investigated in the Darwin Glacier region ...


67. Analysis of samples (cloaca, blood and tissue) from Adelie penguins and Weddell seal samples for influenze viruses from Cape Bird [K251_1985_1986_NZ_1]
There is evidence that some influenza pandemics are caused by influenza viruses which have acquired new antigens from avian viruses. In order to understand the conditions under which antigens are ...


68. Analysis of satellite imagery as a means of studying the distribution of weathered soils in Antarctica [K150_1982_1983_NZ_4]
Satellite imagery of the McMurdo Sound region was studied to test the usefulness of remote sensing and enhanced satellite imagery as a means of studying the distrubution of weathered soil in Antarctica. ...


69. Analysis of shallow cores (stratigraphy, thickness and facies analysis, ageing) from Allan Hills and Table Mountain and assessment of contamination of diesel drilling fluid from DVDP-6 core, Lake Vida, 1972 [K047_2000_2001_NZ_1]
Shallow coring of permafrost glacial sediments was completed of the Sirius Group at Allan Hills to provide stratigraphic cores for thickness and facies analysis and at Table Mountain for comparative ...


70. Analysis of soil cores from the Asgard Range to determine ice movement in the history of the valley system [K150_1982_1983_NZ_2]
Moraines in the Asgard Range were cored to look for buried soils and other evidence of ice movement at an earlier period in the history of the valley system. A posthole borer was used to drill holes ...


71. Analysis of soil profile samples and ice cores from Columnar Valley and Pearce Valley to determine the nature and origin of massive ground ice [K047_2002_2003_NZ_1]
To investigate the nature and origin of massive ground ice and to establish whether it has the potential to yield palaeoclimatic data, a set of shallow ice cores and samples were collected from Columnar ...


72. Analysis of soils from Marble Point contaminated with heavy metals [K150_1989_1990_NZ_2]
The fate of pollutants in Antarctic soils - to what extent soluble and insoluble materials move through, out of, or become fixed in soils, was investigated. Soil samples from a number of sites at ...


73. Analysis of the condition of female (body fat and protein composition, weight and diet) Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddellii) and the implication for reproductive success [K063_2002_2004_NZ_1]
Weddell seals lay down substantial fat deposits during the non-breeding season and then expend the stored energy during an intensive lactation period. Fluctuations in energy acquisition prior to breeding ...


74. Annual measurements of atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations and isotopic ratios from Arrival Heights, Ross Island since December 1996 [K087_1996_2008_NZ_1]
Carbon dioxide (CO2) in the earth's atmosphere is considered a trace gas and also a greenhouse gas. Levels of CO2 in the atmosphere are increasing due to anthropogenic activity. Small dry whole air ...


75. Annual measurements of atmospheric methane concentrations and isotopic ratios from Arrival Heights, Ross Island [K087_1989_2012_NZ_1]
The atmospheric trace gas, methane (CH4), affects the radiative heat balance of the earth. The sources of atmospheric methane are not well understood. Large air samples (1000-1400 litres) of methane ...


76. Annual measurements of atmospheric methane concentrations and isotopic ratios from Arrival Heights, Ross Island since November 1989 [K087_1989_2008_NZ_1]
The atmospheric trace gas, methane (CH4), affects the radiative heat balance of the earth. The sources of atmospheric methane are not well understood. Large air samples (1000-1400 litres) of methane ...


77. Annual measurements of the stable carbon composition of carbon dioxide 13CO2 in the atmosphere from Arrival Heights, Ross Island since March 1997 [K087_1997_2008_NZ_1]
Measurements of the stable carbon composition of carbon dioxide (13CO2) are collected by small dry whole air samples (2L) annually (between 12 to 18 samples since March 1997) by a pump system from ...


78. Aqueous geochemistry of the melt pools on the McMurdo Ice Shelf : A collaboration with the RISE (Ross Ice Shelf Ecosystem) programme [K013_1987_1988_NZ_1]
A large freshwater ecosystem on the McMurdo Ice Shelf and the lower Koettlitz Glacier, in the Ross Dependency, is an area some 1500 km2 . The area is covered by pools, lakes, streams and rivers, many ...


79. Assessment of the impact of human activities on Trematomus bernacchii (a representative of the Antarctic fauna) by analysis of pollutants in bile and the amount of induction of a gene that produces a detoxifying enzyme [K014_1996_1997_NZ_1]
The impact of human activities in Antarctica on the local fauna was investigated by developing and applying biochemical and molecular genetic techniques to the assessment of the impact of by-products ...


80. Assessment of the rate of contaminant movement through Antarctic soils using a lithium chloride experiment at Lake Vanda [K150_1993_1994_NZ_4]
A leaching trial was set up at Lake Vanda to determine how rapidly and how far water-soluble materials spilt on the soil surface will move. A series of 1 x 1 m plots and control sites on the north ...


81. Atmospheric measurement from four sites in the Ross Sea Region investigating gases, aerosol properties and local weather conditions [K173_1987_1990_NZ_1]
Gases, aerosol properties and local weather was studied at sites around Ross Island and in McMurdo Sound as part of a programme to describe the properties of the atmospheric aerosol (and gases), to ...


82. Baseline information on both the modern processes operating on Antarctic beaches and the development of beach ridges in relation to the last glaciation ice retreat and isostatic rebound [K043_1996_1998_NZ_1]
Beaches in McMurdo Sound have developed since the last glaciation when ice sheets were at their maximum. The weight of the overlying ice, depressed the land, which has slowly rebounded forming a series ...


83. Behavioral observations, blood and fecal samples taken from Adelie penguins at Shell Glacier and Cape Crozier to detect the impact of human disturbance [K027_2003_2006_NZ_1]
Long term studies of the impacts of human disturbance on adelie penguins using a range of key behavioural, ecological and physiological measures are required to establish logical management regimes ...


84. Behavioural observations (frequency and timing of copulation attempts) and paternity analysis from blood samples to investigate sperm competition of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) [K063_1993_1998_NZ_1]
Sexual selection theory suggests that males compete for females and females choose males. Sperm competition is one aspect of this competition. There are two possible mechanisms of sperm competition, ...


85. Behavioural observations of nest site selection in Adelie penguins at Cape Bird [K121_1986_1987_NZ_2]
Virtually all penguins return to their natal rookeries to breed, after spending a couple of years at sea. A majority of young birds of both sexes end up settling within 200 m of their natal nest ...


86. Behavioural observations, recorded calls and breeding parameters as factors influencing the vocal behaviour of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) [K019_2000_2001_NZ_1]
Factors influencing the development and survival of Adelie penguins were investigated from the Cape Bird colony. The fieldwork focused on aspects of vocal recognition but parental care and chick development ...


87. Biodiversity, Dynamics and Metabolics of Heterogeneous Meltwater Ponds [K025_2011_2012_NZ_3]
Microbial biodiversity and community dynamics within and between selected melt water ponds near Bratina Is will help to identify environmental drivers within ponds. Research will examine the metabolic ...


88. Biodiversity, Dynamics and Metabolics of Heterogeneous Meltwater Ponds - K025_2011_2013_NZ_3 [K025_2011_2013_NZ_3]
Microbial biodiversity and community dynamics within and between selected melt water ponds near Bratina Is will help to identify environmental drivers within ponds. Research will examine the metabolic ...


89. Biogenic gas emissions from glacial melt water ponds on the McMurdo Ice Shelf : A collaboration with the RISE (Ross Ice Shelf Ecosystem) programme [K013_1993_1994_NZ_1]
Aspects of the biogeochemical cycling of sulphur and iodine was examined on the McMurdo Ice Shelf at Bratina Island to investigate the role of glacial melt water ponds as a biogenic source of sulphur ...


90. Biological soil samples from a range of salty hollows to determine if some life forms had adapted to this environment [K150_1987_1988_NZ_1]
Soil biological samples were collected from a range of salty hollows to determine if some life forms had adapted to this environment because biological adaptation in Antarctica is such that virtually ...


91. Biological survey of the Balleny Islands [K407_2000_2001_NZ_1]
US coastguard helicopters were used to survey bird, seal and plant populations of the three main islands and islets of the Balleny Islands, located off the coast of Antarctica, for birds and seal ...


92. Biology of the springtail Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni at Cape Bird: feeding habits, life cycle and migration movements throughout a season [K017_1969_1970_NZ_1]
Aspects of the biology of Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni (Collembola) was investigated at Cape Bird. The work can be divided into three main investigations: 1) Food studies - which included isolation and ...


93. Biostratigraphic collections of Devonian fish fossils from Middle Devonian Aztec Siltstone at the top of the Taylor Group (Beacon Supergroup) and sediment studies for a basin analysis [K026_1991_1992_NZ_1]
Using toboggans and sledges, the party travelled 700 kilometres from the Darwin Glacier northwards to the Lashly Mountains to study Taylor Group sedimentary rocks (Beacon Supergroup). The principle ...


94. Body temperature and activity patterns of adelie penguins held in captivity under different light conditions to determine if there is an internal body clock [K123_1987_1988_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins were held in captivity and fitted with implantable body temperature transducers. Measurements were made every 30 minutes of body temperature and activity (orientation, posture, eye ...


95. Botanical investigations at Terra Nova Bay and Wood Bay, North Victoria Land and the assessment of human impacts [K271_1988_1989_NZ_1]
Vegetation and environmental studies were conducted at sites on Ross Island and in North Victoria Land, including Terra Nova Bay (Edmonson Point, Northern Foothills, Cape Washington, Mount Melbourne, ...


96. Causes of high mortality of the second chick from a pair of skua (Catharaeta maccormicki) eggs; egg content and chick weights, feeding rates, parental brooding behaviour, experimental removal and starvation of chicks [K017_1966_1967_NZ_1]
The cause/factors of heavy mortality of the second chick hatching from a pair of eggs at a skua nest was investigated. Previous observations found that the second chick is chased away from the nest ...


97. Census of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at the Cape Royds rookery, 22 January, 1985 [K121_1984_1985_NZ_1]
A penguin census (adults and chicks) was conducted in January on the Cape Royds rookery. The number of chicks and adults were counted three times (by two observers for the chicks and one observer ...


98. Changes in the cliff face (retreat) at a cold based glacier, Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Antarctica [K064_2004_2007_NZ_4]   PARENT DIF
A change in the position of the supraglacial channel cliff faces of the Wright Lower Glacier was investigated over three field seasons (04-05, 05-06 and 06-07). The volume of ice lost due to cliff ...


99. Cloacal and rectal samples collected from Adelie penguins, south polar skuas and Weddell seals in the Ross Sea region [K029_2005_2006_NZ]
Genetic data has revealed that endemism exists within the microbial world. Antarctica is physically separated from the rest of the world and has a short history of human activity which may appear ...


100. Collection of display specimens for Canterbury Museum [K026_1975_1976_NZ_1]
A broad range and size of geological specimens, suitable for display purposes, was collected from the Ross Dependency, to give the public a better knowledge of the type of rocks outcropping in the ...


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