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51. Collection of Antarctic fish leeches from McMurdo Sound [K014_2009_2010_NZ_2]
Samples of Antarctic Trematomid fish leeches were fixed in alcohol and returned to New Zealand for identification and analysis.


52. Collection of benthic Antarctic fishes to determine isopod ectoparasite species distribution and host specificity and collection of specimens for a museum reference collection [K012_1981_1982_NZ_2]
142 specimens of small benthic fishes were captured at Cape Royds and examined for ectoparasites. Where practical, fishes with isopod ectoparasites were retained to obtain additional information on ...


53. Collection of marine sediment, algae, invertebrate and fish samples from multiple sites at diveable depths in the Ross Sea Region [K065_2008_2009_NZ_1]
In order to resolve the contribution of microbes (bacteria) in the benthic food web under the sea ice in Antarctica and to determine the level of recycling of carbon that occurs in the community, ...


54. Collembolids (Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni) and mite (Stereotydius mollis) samples and surveys of the lower Taylor Valley for phylogenetic relationship studies [K024_2002_2003_NZ_1]
Both collembolids (Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni) and mites (Stereotydius mollis) were surveyed over the entire floor of the lower Taylor Valley with special attention paid to the stream areas and to wet ...


55. Comparison of the photosynthetic performance of Umbilicaria species in the Ross Sea region [K024_2002_2003_NZ_3]
The photosynthetic performance of Umbilicaria species was measured under standard conditions in the laboratory and compared with Umbilicaria species from the Taylor Valley and Mt Kyffin.


56. Contraction rates of muscles and measurements of the input and output parameters of the vestibulo-ocular reflex action in the Antarctic fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki [K012_1984_1985_NZ_2]
In order to fully describe the input and output parameters of the vestibulo-ocular reflex, simultaneous recordings are required of head movement, sensory input from the semicircular canals, motor ...


57. Corticosterone and behavioural responses of emperor penguins to people and confinement, Cape Washington 2004-2005 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_12]
Corticosterone and behavioural responses of emperor penguins were measured in birds that were followed for up to 30 minutes. Blood samples were taken and corticosterone concentrations measured. Penguins ...


58. Corticosterone and behavioural responses to people of arriving and departing penguins temporarily confined, Ross Island [K034_2001_2005_NZ_5]
The corticosterone and behavioural responses of incubating penguins was measured on incubating adelie penguins in the 2001-2002 season. In the 2002-2003 seasons that study was extended to include ...


59. Corticosterone response of incubating Adelie penguins to the presence of people at Mandible Cirque, North Victoria Land - a rookery previously not visited by people 2004-2005 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_13]
Approximately 20,000 pairs of Adelie penguins nest at Mandible Cirque on the northern Victoria Land Coast. This rookery had not previously been visited by people, providing the chance to compare responses ...


60. Corticosterone response of incubating Adelie penguins to the presence of people, Cape Bird [K034_2001_2005_NZ_2]
The corticosterone and behavioural responses of Adelie penguins to the presence of people was investigated to determine the minimum distance for a person to approach a penguin without initiating a ...


61. Corticosterone responses and body condition of penguins arriving at Cape Bird, Cape Royds and Cape Crozier, Ross Island. 2002-2003 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_3]
With unusual ice conditions around Ross Island as a consequence of the iceberg B15 being stationary north of Ross Island, penguins returning to rookeries had much further to walk than usuall. The ...


62. Corticosterone responses of Emperor Penguins in the Ross Sea Region [K034_2001_2005_NZ_9]
In the 2003-2004 season, 7 emperor penguins were sampled in the McMurdo Sound area. Birds were caught by hand and a single blood sample collected from a vein in the flipper. Each bird was then restrained ...


63. Decomposition, nitrogen mobilization, nitrogen fixation and the importance of lakeside foams in fellfield soils of the Garwood Valley [K052_1991_1992_NZ_1]
Nitrogen, a necessary nutrient for plants and microbes, is frequently limiting in soils. Nitrogen fixation and decomposition, both ways plants and microbes obtain nitrogen, are very slow processes ...


64. Determination of the development rate of the choroid rete, the visual behaviour, the effect of stress on visual behaviour and the metabolice response of two Antarctic fish to exercise stress [K012_2000_2001_NZ_1]
In Antarctic fish, retinal function is critically dependent on oxygen supply and in some fishes additional oxygen can be unloaded through a choroid rete at the back of the retina. The relative development ...


65. Determination of the origin of marine diatoms in the Sirius Group glacial deposits from Table Mountain and Mt Feather and the conditions for authigenic chabazite formation in these rocks [K045_1994_1995_NZ_2]
The age of the Sirius Group glacial deposits in the Transantarctic Mountains are a topic of debate. There are two conflicting models which try to explain the origin of diatoms found in tillite beds ...


66. Determining the geochronology of the Taylor Valley from the study of the geomorphology, lake levels, sediments and climatic events during the past 400,000 years [K009_1974_1975_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Fieldwork was carried out in the Taylor Valley over several seasons to determine the geochronology of the area.The lake beds and the geomorphology of a series of hummocks between the Suess and LaCroix ...


67. Determining the microbial flora around mummified seal carcases in the McMurdo Dry Valleys as a nutrient source for microbial diversity [K023_2001_2002_NZ_3]
Transect sampling of surface and 5-10cm depth of the soils in the vicinity of seal carcases in the Miers Valley was carried out. Samples were analysed to assess the impact of local carbon/nitrogen ...


68. Diesease in Adelie and Emperor Penguins [K034_2001_2005_NZ_11]
Cloacal swabs were taken from Adelie penguins at Cape Crozier and Cape Bird (2003-2004 season) and at Mandible Cirque (2004-2005 season) and from emperor penguins in McMurdo Sound (2003-2004 season) ...


69. Dynamics and change of the Darwin Hatherton Glacial System [K056_2006_2010_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The Darwin-Hatherton glacial system offers a unique opportunity to investigate the response of the Antarctic Ice Sheet to future climate change. As well as draining the East Antarctic Ice Sheet into ...


70. Early geological, glaciology and biological investigations of the McMurdo Dry Valleys, the Koettlitz Glacier area and Darwin Glacier area by Victoria University of Wellington Antarctic Expeditions [K042_1957_1963_NZ_1]
The Victoria University of Wellington Antarctic Expedition (VUWAE) was mounted to complete the detailed investigations of the extensive ice free area of Victoria Land between the Taylor and Mackay ...


71. Early life stages in the life cycle of Antarctic silverfish, Pleuragramma antarcticum [K012_1998_1999_NZ_1]
Mature eggs were expressed from a gravid icefish at Terra Nova Bay and fertilized successfully in vitro. Development was followed for about 15 days, but was curtailed by the end of the season. Development ...


72. Ecophysiology (CO2 / O2 exchange, nitrogen fixation rates and chlorophyll a levels) of endolithic algae from Marble Point, Antarctica [K024_1979_1980_NZ_2]
Rocks containing endolithic algae were collected from the Marble Point area. Infra-red gas analysis and Warburg Manometry studies were carried out to ascertain carbon dioxide and oxygen exchange. ...


73. Electroretinograms, retina analysis, behavioural observations and gut content and clearance rate of notothenioid Antarctic fish to determine the importance of visual function in feeding [K012_1987_1988_NZ_1]
The visual function in Pagothenia borchgrevinki was investigated in relation to their feeding by relating feeding with the vertical stratification of zooplankton and then determining their visual ...


74. Estimates of the amount of neuromuscular transmitter released by motor nerve terminals at different temperatures in the Antarctic fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki [K012_1982_1983_NZ_3]
The number of quantal doses of acetylcholine released by a nerve to activate a muscle can be estimated by recording repeated responses (end plate potentials of EPPs) to nerve stimulation and calculating ...


75. Estimates of the population density of Trematomus bernacchii at Cape Roberts and Cape Evans [K012_2000_2002_NZ_1]
The population density of the bottom dwelling Antarctic fish Trematomus bernacchii was estimated using the mark and recapture method and underwater video surveillance. Two sites were fished over two ...


76. Examination of fossilized biota, especially barnacles, of the Scallop Hill Formation and Taylor Formation groups to reconstruct the palaeoenvironment [K241_1985_1986_NZ_1]
Barnacles are useful in palaeobathymetry and in palaeotemperature studies. However, barnacle plates are elusive in the field, and when fractured may be overlooked by the field geologist. The palaeoecology ...


77. Examination of the ability of the Antarctic fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki to withstand hypoxic conditions, their ability to recover and the potential for lactate as an end product of metabolism during hypoxia [K057_2003_2004_NZ_1]
Fish muscle was not found to produce lactic acid as an end product of anaerobic metabolism during high speed swimming. However, analysis of the enzymes involved in anaerobic metabolism, particularly ...


78. Examination of the chemistry, physics and sedimentology of Lake Wilson, Waikato Valley, Brown Hills Region [K009_1974_1975_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Lake Wilson was examined to see if it contained permanent water. The thickness of the ice was described. 36 holes were drilled and the bathymetry was mapped. Surface sediment samples were collected ...


79. Fission track dating of granitic rocks in the Wright Valley [K042_1981_1982_NZ_3]
Samples of granitic rocks suitable for fission track dating from the eastern end of the Wright Valley and along the coast of McMurdo Sound between Gneiss Point and Spike Cape were collected. The samples ...


80. Floristic surveys, vegetation mapping, soil animals and environmental parameters for algae growth at Cape Bird [K052_1982_1983_NZ_3]
A plant map for Keble Valley was produced and the water channels plotted to determine the factors involved in moss establishment and growth. Water and shelter were found to be the main factors. Temperature ...


81. GIS analysis, biological samples (soil microorganism, invertebrate and plant), automatic weather station data and vegetation and invertebrate surveys to determine the terrestrial biocomplexity of the McMurdo Dry Valleys [K020_2008_2009_NZ_1]
The McMurdo Dry Valleys are the largest area of snow-free land in Antarctica. Managers ability to promote and protect these areas would benefit if we knew the biodiversity present and what controls ...


82. GPR surveys, meteorological and hydrology data from the Joyce, Garwood and Hobbs glaciers in the McMurdo Dry Valleys to investigate glacier-permafrost interactions [K064_2008_2010_NZ_1]
The aim of this study was to develop an understanding of the interactions between glaciers and their permafrost beds that will permit models of glaciers to realistically parameterise ice motion. Improvement ...


83. Geochemical studies, the natural abundance of nitrogen isotopes in soil and evaporates and observations of the sequential changes in the saline lakes of the Dry Valleys and surrounding areas [K211_1978_1979_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Geochemical studies on the tritium chronology of Lake Vanda, the natural abundance of nitrogen isotopes in soil and evaporites in the Dry Valleys and observations of the sequential changes in the ...


84. Geochemistry investigations of landforms in the Ross Sea Region to determine past glacial history and landform processes [K009_1969_1970_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The geochemistry of Ross Island (Cape Barne and Cape Crozier), the Taylor and Wright Valleys, Lake Vida in Victoria Valley and Marble Point was studied (weathering and land formation) to determine ...


85. Geochemistry, petrology and structure of Mt Dromedary/Koettlitz glacier area [K002_1970_1974_NZ_1]
Geological investigations and mapping was conducted in the Mt Dromedary/Koettlitz Glacier area over two field seasons. Detailed geological mapping was conducted at a 1:50,000 scale. Sufficient samples ...


86. Geological investigations and collection of fossil specimens from the Sledgers Glacier-Mariner Glacier region to determine the geological history and environment of deposition of the region [K003_1974_1982_NZ_1]
The eastern part of the Bower Group in the Mariner Glacier area and the central western part of the Bowers Group in the Black Glacier-Sledger Glacier area were visited and examined to search for fossils ...


87. Geological mapping and reconnaissance of the Edward VII Peninsula, Marie Byrd Land [K151_1987_1988_NZ_1]
A field expedition visited all of the rock outcrops in the Edward VII Peninsula, Marie Byrd Land. The principal objective was to undertake geological studies and make collections for future geochronological ...


88. Geophysical studies of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley, including lake water and ice parameters and geomorphological studies of the surrounding physical environment with comparisons with other nearby water bodies [K211_1970_1973_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
A geophysical study of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley was conducted over three seasons focussing on the heat balance of the lake with geochemical and geomorphological studies running concurrently. Comparisons ...


89. Glacial movement and sedimentation rate of the Mackay Glacier, Granite Harbour [K042_1982_1983_NZ_1]
Granite Harbour can be considered a 'closed basin' which collects sediment deposited from the Mackay Glacier Tongue. Study of this sedimentation system enables a more precise interpretation of the ...


90. Granites and metamorphic rocks of the areas between the Miers and Salmon valleys compared with those from the Taylor and Wright Valleys [K042_1980_1981_NZ_2]
The area between the Miers and Salmon Valleys were mapped in detail and sampled extensively to determine the relationship between basement intrusive and metamorphic rocks. Samples were used to provide ...


91. Haemotological characterization of Antarctic fish blood from Antarctic fish and the giant isopod [K012_1978_1980_NZ_2]
Blood samples were taken from 8 Antarctic Notothenioids (e.g. Pagothenia borchgrevinki, Trematomus hansoni, T. centronotus, T. bernacchii, T. newnesi, Dissostichus mawsoni) and one species each of ...


92. Heavy metal analysis of soil samples from pits excavated around Scott Base [K105_1993_1994_NZ_1]
Comparison of soils from Scott Base (site with human activity) with baseline data taken from pristine sites around the Ross Dependency (without human activity) found elevated levels of most heavy ...


93. Ice core and soft sediment samples from Lake Fryxell, Lake Vanda, Don Juan Pond and surrounding shallow lakes in the Wright Valley [K009_1978_1979_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
A bathymetric map of Lake Fryxell was completed by drilling 28 holes through the floating ice and mapping the lake bottom. 13 cores were collected. The lake benthic sediment was cored for investigation. ...


94. Initial assessment for biological research in the Ross Island/Dry Valleys Region [K009_1977_1978_NZ_2]
The primary objective of this study was to assess the potential for biological, particularly botanical, research in the Ross Island/Dry Valleys region and to carry out preliminary studies in four ...


95. Investigating respiratory viruses from Antarctic personnel at Scott Base, McMurdo Station and South Pole Station to determine immune system adaptation to climatic extremes [K016_1975_1976_NZ_1]
Aspects of human biomedical and immunological adaptation to Antarctic isolation was studied including the occurrence of respiratory virus infections in people overwintering in Antarctica and the reasons ...


96. Investigation into the environmental factors that drive microbial diversity in the soils of the Meirs Valley mineral soils [K023_2004_2005_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The primary objective of this event was to examine possible environmental factors (moisture, nutrients, mineralogy) driving the microbial diversity in the dry valley soils of Antarctica. 325 mineral ...


97. Investigation into the environmental factors that drive microbial diversity in the soils of the Miers Valley, Mt Erebus, Bratina Island and Beacon Valley [K023_2005_2007_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Modern molecular phylogenetics, in conjunction with sensitive mineral surface geochemical analysis, was used to determine the quantitative and qualitative distribution of micro-organism in Dry Valley ...


98. Investigation of Antarctic lakes and lake sediments in the Ross Sea Region [K009_1969_1990_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The study of Antarctic lakes and lake sediments in the Ross Sea Region, particularly in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, with particular emphasis on the climatic history was a continuing program of the Waikato ...


99. Investigation of catchecholamine release from blood samples after different stress conditions in the three Antarctic fish; Pagothenia borchgrevinki, Trematomus bernacchii and T. centronotus [K057_1998_1999_NZ_2]
Under certain conditions, catecholamines (stress hormones) are released into the blood system of Antarctic fish. Under what conditions these hormones are released, the time course for recovery back ...


100. Investigation of levels of endocrine disrupting compounds in the Antarctic environment and food chain [K068_2009_2010_NZ_1]
The study aims to quantify selected emerging Endocrine Disrupting Compounds (EDCs) in sewage, and waters from Antarctica, and to study levels of EDCs in the food chain, including invertebrates, fish, ...


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