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51. McMurdo Sound Sediment and Tectonic Studies (MSSTS) [McMurdo_Sound_Sediment_and_Tectonic_Study]
The main purpose of the MSSTS project is to obtain a record of the early history of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet and to date its initiation in the Ross Sea region. In addition, it was hoped to relate ...


52. Examination of fossilized biota, especially barnacles, of the Scallop Hill Formation and Taylor Formation groups to reconstruct the palaeoenvironment [K241_1985_1986_NZ_1]
Barnacles are useful in palaeobathymetry and in palaeotemperature studies. However, barnacle plates are elusive in the field, and when fractured may be overlooked by the field geologist. The palaeoecology ...


53. The distribution of zooplankton in McMurdo Sound - interannual variation, spatial variation and depth stratification [K014_1990_1991_NZ_1]
Building on previous studies of zooplankton distribution and abundance, a programme was planned to i) augment the interannual variability off Scott Base, ii) assess variability in surface waters on ...


54. Analysis of samples (cloaca, blood and tissue) from Adelie penguins and Weddell seal samples for influenze viruses from Cape Bird [K251_1985_1986_NZ_1]
There is evidence that some influenza pandemics are caused by influenza viruses which have acquired new antigens from avian viruses. In order to understand the conditions under which antigens are ...


55. Geological mapping and reconnaissance of the Edward VII Peninsula, Marie Byrd Land [K151_1987_1988_NZ_1]
A field expedition visited all of the rock outcrops in the Edward VII Peninsula, Marie Byrd Land. The principal objective was to undertake geological studies and make collections for future geochronological ...


56. Rb-Sr dating of Asgard Formation rocks from the Lower Wright Valley and Victoria Valley to determine the age of the oldest basement rocks in the Ross Dependency [K231_1985_1986_NZ_1]
A programme was conducted to determine the age of the oldest basement rocks in the Ross Dependency. The Asgard Formation in the Dry Valleys is a series of metamorphosed sedimentary rocks that form ...


57. Analysis of mixed water and substrate samples from glacial meltwater streams and stream beds in the Dry Valleys for ecology and physiology of protozoan found there [K061_1984_1985_NZ_1]
Aspects of the ecology and physiology of protozoa found in glacial melt waters of the Wright and Taylor Valleys were studied. Combined water/substrate samples and freeze dried moss and algae were ...


58. Analysis of soil and water samples from the Taylor Valley, Wright Valley and Ross Island areas for pathogenic free living amoebae [K021_1977_1978_NZ_1]
Soil and water was sampled to determine the distribution and occurrence of the pathogenic free living amoebae which are the aetiological agents of Primary Amebic Meningo-encephalitis. Samples were ...


59. Analysis of the effects of environmental factors (temperature, light, water content and CO2 concentration) on the photosynthesis activity of two common Antarctic mosses and a cyanobacterial mat in the Taylor Valley [K024_2002_2003_NZ_2]
A detailed study of how the environmental factors temperature, light, water content and carbon dioxide concentration affected photosynthesis of the two common mosses Bryum argenteum and Hennediella ...


60. Analysis of the endolithic communities in the McMurdo Dry Valleys: microclimate, biodiversity, community structure, biomass, photosynthetic activity and genetic diversity [K024_2003_2008_NZ_1]
The photosynthetic activity of endolithic communities at three sites in the Ross Sea Region, including Mt Falconer in the Taylor Valley, Linnaeus Terrace in the Asgard Range, the Nussbaumriegel in ...


61. Biochemical and biological activity of soils from a penguin colony at Cape Bird and soil description, classification and measurements of water content, soil temperature and depth to frozen ground [K024_1981_1984_NZ_1]
The biochemical and biological activity of the soils of the Adelie penguin colonies at Cape Bird was studied over two seasons. Biochemical markers of decomposition of penguin guano were studied by ...


62. Collembolids (Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni) and mite (Stereotydius mollis) samples and surveys of the lower Taylor Valley for phylogenetic relationship studies [K024_2002_2003_NZ_1]
Both collembolids (Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni) and mites (Stereotydius mollis) were surveyed over the entire floor of the lower Taylor Valley with special attention paid to the stream areas and to wet ...


63. Comparison of the photosynthetic performance of Umbilicaria species in the Ross Sea region [K024_2002_2003_NZ_3]
The photosynthetic performance of Umbilicaria species was measured under standard conditions in the laboratory and compared with Umbilicaria species from the Taylor Valley and Mt Kyffin.


64. Investigating respiratory viruses from Antarctic personnel at Scott Base, McMurdo Station and South Pole Station to determine immune system adaptation to climatic extremes [K016_1975_1976_NZ_1]
Aspects of human biomedical and immunological adaptation to Antarctic isolation was studied including the occurrence of respiratory virus infections in people overwintering in Antarctica and the reasons ...


65. Paleomagnetic samples and geological mapping of the basement geology of the Daniels Range and the Rennick Glacier area in North Victoria Land [K017_1981_1982_NZ_1]
A collection of paleomagnetic rock samples including Jurassic volcanics and dolerites, Beacon Supergroup, Devonian-Carboniferous volcanics, Paleozoic Granitoids and Cambrian Volcanics and sediments ...


66. Parasitological studies in organisms found in McMurdo Sound [K012_1973_1978_NZ_1]
A research programme in parasitology was conducted over several seasons, investigating several different organisms in the McMurdo Sound region. In the 1973-74 season, a study of the parasite burden ...


67. Plant biodiversity survey of the Granite Harbour, Darwin Glacier and Cape Crozier regions [K024_2006_2008_NZ_2]
The distribution and identity of lichens, mosses and endolithic algae were examined at sites around Granite Harbour, the Darwin Glacier and Igloo Spur at Cape Crozier to extend sampling of the Ross ...


68. Surveys and detailed investigations of Holocene raised beaches on the Victoria Land coast from Spike Cape to Depot Island [K052_1984_1985_NZ_2]
The Holocene raised beaches along the Victoria Land coast from Spike Cape north to Depot Island were investigated. Raised beach ridge suites contain records of relative sea level change that can ...


69. The stratigraphy and magnetostratigraphy of surface and subsurface late Cenozoic Ross Sea drift from drill cores taken in the eastern Taylor Valley [K010_1980_1983_NZ_1]
In the 1980/81 and 1982/83 Antarctic field seasons, drilling and mapping were undertaken as part of a programme in the eastern Taylor Valley to investigate the late Cenozoic glacial history of the ...


70. The temperature and desiccation tolerance limits of protozoa found in glacial melt waters and freshwater ponds or streams at Cape Bird [K028_1983_1984_NZ_1]
Protozoa found in the glacial melt waters and freshwater ponds or streams of Antarctica were investigated for their ability to tolerate freezing in their active stages. Sampling was conducted at Cape ...


71. Nitrogen fixation and carbon assimilation rates of fumarole plants from the Mt Erebus crater rim [K024_1979_1980_NZ_1]
Sterile samples of plants were taken from Mt. Erebus crater rim and returned to New Zealand for in situ acetylene reduction assays for nitrogen fixation and 14C assimilation assays.


72. Analysis the diet of Pagothenia borchgrevinki from stomach contents and plankton sampling near Scott Base [K012_1985_1986_NZ_1]
Samples of 20 fish of Pagothenia borchgrevinki were collected every second or third day over the course of the study period near Scott Base. The stomach contents of each fish were extracted, weighed ...


73. Determination of the origin of marine diatoms in the Sirius Group glacial deposits from Table Mountain and Mt Feather and the conditions for authigenic chabazite formation in these rocks [K045_1994_1995_NZ_2]
The age of the Sirius Group glacial deposits in the Transantarctic Mountains are a topic of debate. There are two conflicting models which try to explain the origin of diatoms found in tillite beds ...


74. Isotopic analysis of methane and carbon monoxide and other trace gases within firn cores from the Polar Plateau [K087_1998_2008_NZ_1]
Firn cores were sampled from Law Dome, East Antarctic Plateau and the Megadunes site on the Polar Plateau, and air samples within were analysed for methane and carbon monoxide and other trace gas ...


75. Palaeomagnetic measurements on rocks from Mt Crean to determine the continental drift of gondwanaland [K045_1994_1995_NZ_1]
The Beacon sediments of East Antarctica were deposited over the Devonian to Triassic geological periods, from 400 to 200 million years ago. Palaeomagnetic measurements on these rocks provide information ...


76. The Heimdall Erosion surface [K051_2006_2007_NZ_1]
The Heimdall Erosion surface between Mt Jason, Mt Hercules, Mt Electra, Balham Valley, Vashka Lake and Sponsors Peak was investigated with the aim to evaluate the tectonic setting of early Beacon ...


77. The sensitivity of Antarctic marine amphipods to environmental pollutants and the effects of UV light exposure on amphipods exposed to toxins [K026_1997_1998_NZ_1]
The sensitivities of three species of necrophagous marine amphipods to a range of reference toxicants in the water and the effect of UV light exposure on the sensitivity of fluroanthene exposed (a ...


78. The vertical distribution of zooplankton in the Cape Armitage area [K012_1987_1988_NZ_2]
The vertical distribution of zooplankton was determined in the Cape Armitage area. A large number of samples were taken by streaming plankton nets at a range of depths over the top 200m. These samples ...


79. Stratigraphic section description and processing of phytoliths and pollen (microfossils) samples from Wellar Coal Measures, the Feather Sandstone and Lashley Formation from Allan Hills [K042_2001_2002_NZ_1]
Stratigraphic sections from the Weller Coal Measures, the Feather Sandstone, and the Lashley Formation were described from the Allan Hills. 115 samples were taken from these rocks and processes for ...


80. The distribution and petrogenetic realationship of the various granitoids, gneisses, schists and dykes in the St Johns Range [K042_1985_1986_NZ_2]
The distribution of the various granitoids, gneisses, schists and dykes in the St Johns Range was mapped and a representative suite of samples suitable for major and trace element analysis was collected ...


81. The pre-Devonian structural and metamorphic history of the basement in the Victoria and Wright Valleys [K042_1984_1985_NZ_1]
The pre-Devonian structural and metamorphic history of the basement in the Victoria and Wright Valleys, with emphasis on the depth of burial and amount of uplift prior to Beacon sedimentation, was ...


82. Velocity logging of the CIROS-1 drillhole and determination of the geological structure in the immediate vicinity of the CIROS-1 drillhole using seismic reflection techniques (marine airgun sound source) [K042_1986_1987_NZ_1]
Measurement of the downhole velocity of the CIROS-1 drillhole after the completion of drilling by lowering a hydrophone down the drillhole was unsuccessful due to equipment failure. Determination ...


83. Analysis of trachea and cloacal swabs and blood samples for influenza virus and arboviruses in Adelie penguins at Cape Bird [K014_1978_1979_NZ_4]
In recent years, evidence has accumulated to indicate that epidemic strains of influenza virus have developed from animal strains, including those occurring in birds. Interest in the ecology of influenza ...


84. Bacteria culturing from geothermal soil samples collected from the summits of Mt Erebus and Mt Melbourne [K023_1994_1995_NZ_1]
Soil samples were collected from the summit of Mt Erebus and Mt Melbourne geothermal areas. Previous sampling of this area (1980) indicated the absence of bacteria which are common in other hot springs ...


85. CIROS Project: Obtaining Cenozoic history of the Ross Sea by coring sedimentary strata offshore [K001_CIROS_PROJECT]
The CIROS (Cenozoic Investigation in the Western Ross Sea) drilling project was conducted to obtain a record of the early history of the Antarctic Ice Sheet and the rise of the Transantarctic Mountains. ...


86. The development of anaerobic enrichment cultures and measurements of the rates of methanogenesis, the turnover of 14C acetate and the degradation of substrates from sediment samples from Bratina Island [K141_1992_1994_NZ_1]
Life in ponds and tidal lagoons of the McMurdo Ice Shelf is dominated by benthic cyanobacterial mats. Anaerobic conditions occur beneath these productive mats. A study was conducted to investigate ...


87. The effect of temperature and sulphate availability on the terminal electron flow (to sulphide or methane) in anaerobic Antarctic sediments [K081_2001_2002_NZ_1]
Sediment was collected from a range of ponds from the McMurdo Ice Shelf and returned to New Zealand for laboratory studies. Samples were incubated in long term incubators to determine the relative ...


88. Analysis of fossil sponge material from the McMurdo Ice Shelf for age dating and microbial symbionts to compare with the present day organisms diversity [K023_2001_2002_NZ_4]
Marine sponges become entrained into glacial ice at the glacial-marine sediment interface and eventually become exposed on the upper surface of the glacier through processes of ablation. The transit ...


89. Analysis of soil samples for human comensal micro-organism to determine the degree of human induced microbial contamination of heavily used regions [K023_2001_2002_NZ_2]
Mineral soils from the immediate vicinity of field campsites in the Wright Valley, Miers Valley and Bratina Island campsites were sampled daily during occupation. The samples were analysed with PCR ...


90. Determining the microbial flora around mummified seal carcases in the McMurdo Dry Valleys as a nutrient source for microbial diversity [K023_2001_2002_NZ_3]
Transect sampling of surface and 5-10cm depth of the soils in the vicinity of seal carcases in the Miers Valley was carried out. Samples were analysed to assess the impact of local carbon/nitrogen ...


91. Natural spatial subsidies in continental Antarctic soil [K052_2001_2005_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The soils of the McMurdo Dry Valleys are hypothesized to rely on external sources of nutrients (carbon, nitrogen, etc). The importance of these spatial subsidies on productivity and biological diversity ...


92. Physical, chemical and biological characteristics of soils from the upper Garwood Valley, Ross Sea Region, 2002-2006. [K052_2004_2005_NZ]   PARENT DIF
These data consist of a number of subsets of soil samples gathered from the upper Garwood Valley in January 2002, January 2003, January 2005 and January 2006. Replicate randomly-located samples of ...


93. Physical, chemical and biological characteristics of soils from the western Wright Vanda (Lake Vanda district), Ross Sea Region, 2006 [K052_2005_2006_NZ]   PARENT DIF
These data consist of a number of subsets of soil samples gathered from the Wright Valley in January 2006. Replicate randomly-located samples of surface soils to 10 cm depth have been gathered from ...


94. Soil samples used for ATP analysis of microbial biomass and PCR based methods to determine species diversity and detecting human contamination by testing for human enteric micro-organisms [K023_1999_2000_NZ_1]
Soil samples were collected during January 1999 and 2000 from the ornithogenic soils of the Adelie penguin colony at Cape Bird, the volcanic soils at Cape Evans, the gravels and ornithogenic soils ...


95. The legacy model vs the subsidy model to explain soil organic matter in the McMurdo Dry Valleys [K052_2004_2006_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The Dry Valleys of Victoria Land, Antarctica, contain naturally simple ecosystems operating under extreme climatic conditions. Nutrients are limited and are thought to come from external sources from ...


96. Biodiversity survey at Mt Kyffin near the Beardmore Glacier [K024_2002_2003_NZ_4]
A four person party visited an area close to Mt Kyffin on the south side of the Beardmore Glacier and at nearly 84° South latitude. In the 59-60 season the presence of many plants (lichens) and insects ...


97. Ecophysiology (CO2 / O2 exchange, nitrogen fixation rates and chlorophyll a levels) of endolithic algae from Marble Point, Antarctica [K024_1979_1980_NZ_2]
Rocks containing endolithic algae were collected from the Marble Point area. Infra-red gas analysis and Warburg Manometry studies were carried out to ascertain carbon dioxide and oxygen exchange. ...


98. Photosynthetic physiology (CO2/O2 exchange, optimum temperature and light levels) of common bryophytes species that grow in the melt streams from glaciers in the Dry Valleys [K024_1979_1980_NZ_3]
Previous work (by Rostofer, 1970) covered the photosynthetic physiology of two common bryophyte species (Bryum antarcticum and B. Argenteum) found in the melt-streams from glaciers in the Dry Valleys ...


99. Population genetics of the lichen species Umbilicaria aprina, Umbilicaria decussata and Buellia frigida along a latitudinal gradient in the Ross Sea region [K024_2006_2008_NZ_1]
A latitudinal change in population genetics of selected lichen species was conducted to determine whether these lichen communities have spread along a latitudinal gradient from northern latitudes ...


100. A study of the glacial history of the McMurdo Oasis by the dating of lacustre carbonates [K009_1979_1980_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Three holes were drilled into frozen sediments around Lake Fryxell. The first was 4ft in depth in frozen silts approx 50m NW of the Fryxell Hut. The second hole was 30m east of the first hole and ...


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