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1. Very low frequency subionospheric communication transmitter observations (WWLLN) [K060_2008_2012_NZ_1]
The AARDDVARK/WWLLN Very Low Frequency (VLF) Radio Sensor was installed at Arrival Heights from 10-15 December 2008 by Dr Craig J. Rodger and Dr. James Brundell as part of Antarctica New Zealand Event ...


2. Monitoring Magnetosphere - Ionosphere Coupling, Arrival heights, Scott Base, Antarctica [K069_1989_2012_NZ_1]
A magnetometer and data recording system was installed and began recording hydromagnetic and ion cyclotron waves (geomagnetic pulsations) propagating into the high latitude cusp and polar cap regions ...


3. Climate data (wind speed and direction, air temperature, relative humidity, barometric pressure, and solar radiation) from manual observations and automatic weather stations at Scott Base and Arrival Heights [K089_1957_2012_NZ_1]
Climate data have been collected at Scott Base continuously since 1957 and more recently from Arrival Heights and is one of the longest continuous climate records in Antarctica. Climate parameters ...


4. 5 minute sea level, air temperature and barometric pressure data from a monitoring station near Scott Base since 2001 [K089_2001_2012_NZ_1]
In January 2001, a sea level monitoring station was installed near to the reverse osmosis intake near Scott Base. The data are transmitted from the sensor, to a data logger at Scott Base. Data is ...


5. Meterological Data from AWS, Darwin Glacier (Brown Hills) [K702_2004_2012_NZ_1]
Location: S79 50.113, E159 19.122 AWS/environemntal logging station was installed in the central valley (S 79? 50.113" E 159? 19.122") between Lake Wilson and Diamond Glacier in the Darwin Glacier ...


6. Cape Roberts Tide Gauge records since 1990 [K042_1990_2012_NZ_1]
A tide gauge was installed at Cape Roberts in November 1990 and has been in near continuous operation since. A 10 minute average of water depth was recorded each hour with hourly averages of wind ...


7. Dynamics and ionisation in the Antarctic middle atmosphere: MF radar measurements [K055_2004_2012_NZ_1]
Our studies investigate the Antarctic middle atmosphere?s response to natural and man-made factors which change climate. The dynamical processes of this region are significant in controlling the circulation ...


8. Very low frequency radio observations of lightning discharges (AARDDVARK) [K060_2008_2012_NZ_2]
The AARDDVARK/WWLLN Very Low Frequency (VLF) Radio Sensor was installed at Arrival Heights from 10-15 December 2008 by Dr Craig J. Rodger and Dr. James Brundell as part of Antarctica New Zealand Event ...


9. Dynamics in the Antarctic Atmosphere, Ross Island [K055_2010_2012_NZ_1]
The outcomes of SNOW WEB are to develop networked technologies which contribute to improved climate and environmental monitoring in the Ross Sea Region. We want to demonstrate both the scientific ...


10. Cold Spice: Double Diffusion Generated by Vertical Ice Walls at Erebus Ice Tongue and Drygalski Ice Tongue, Antarctica [K132_2010_2012_NZ_1]
?Ocean spice? refers to one of the great hidden mechanisms driving ocean missing. Large regions of the oceans are layered in such a way that differences in molecular characteristics between heat and ...


11. RICE – Roosevelt Island Climate Evolution Project - Deep ice Core [K049_2010_2012_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
Roosevelt Island Climate Evolution – RICE Project The potential for rapid deglaciation of West Antarctica remains a primary uncertainty in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) predictions ...


12. RICE: Snow Samples, Roosevelt Island, Antarctica [K049_2010_2012_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
RICE is an international collaboration between New Zealand, USA, Denmark, United Kingdom, Germany, Australia, Italy and China. The aim of the project is to recover a 750 m deep ice core from Roosevelt ...


13. RICE: Roosevelt Island Climate Evolution Project - Automatic Weather Station Data [K049_2010_2012_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
RICE is an international collaboration between New Zealand, USA, Denmark, United Kingdom, Germany, Australia, Italy and China. The aim of the project is to recover a 750 m deep ice core from Roosevelt ...


14. Evans Piedmont Glacier clean snow pit sampling for recent decade trace element record and AWS (2004-2008) data collection [K049_2007_2012_NZ_1]
A 4m snow pit from the Evans Piedmont glacier, Victoria Dry Valleys was sampled using ultra-clean methodology at 1cm resolution and was used to provide a comparison of trace element seasonal fluctuations ...


15. RICE: Shallow - Firn - Ice core, Roosevelt Island, Antarctica [K049_2010_2012_NZ_4]   PARENT DIF
RICE is an international collaboration between New Zealand, USA, Denmark, United Kingdom, Germany, Australia, Italy and China. The aim of the project is to recover a 750 m deep ice core from Roosevelt ...


16. Holocene climate history from investigations of the glacial system, ice cores and local climate patterns from Skinner Saddle, Victoria Land Coast Antarctica [K049_1999_2012_NZ_10]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from Skinner ...


17. Measurement of the characteristics of the intensity and polaristion of skylight at two different sites in Antarctica, differeing in albedo [K041_1992_1993_NZ_1]
The enhancement of UVB radiation falling onto the different land surfaces was investigated. Previous measurements (in the 1990 season) found low maximum polarisation of sky light and strong low azimuth ...


18. K-Ar and Rb-Sr dating of collected rocks from the Priestley Formation, Bowers/Wilson and Bowers/Robertson Bay Terrane boundaries in the Preistley and Mariner Glacier areas, North Victoria Land [K231_1990_1991_NZ_1]
One of the best exposed geological cross sections of the Antarctic continent occurs in the northern sector of the Transantarctic Mountains along the west coast of the Ross Sea in North Victoria Land. ...


19. Measurements of tropospheric aerosols and meteorological data in remote marine region in Antarctica to compare with New Zealand measurements to help understand the sulphur cycles influence on global climate [K176_1991_1992_NZ_1]
Dimethylsulphide (DMS) and sub-micron atmospheric particles are key components in the atmospheric sulphur cycle. DMS produced by biota in the oceans is thought to be the main source of atmospheric ...


20. A study of global (Very Low Frequency) VLF propagation with emphasis on the effects of stratospheric ionisation and glacial ice in Antarctica [K138_1992_1993_NZ_1]
The performance of GPS navigation equipment for possible future deployment on Antarctic resupply flights was investigated. In addition, using Hercules C-130 aircrafts fitted with GPS, VLF propagation ...


21. Determination of the origin of marine diatoms in the Sirius Group glacial deposits from Table Mountain and Mt Feather and the conditions for authigenic chabazite formation in these rocks [K045_1994_1995_NZ_2]
The age of the Sirius Group glacial deposits in the Transantarctic Mountains are a topic of debate. There are two conflicting models which try to explain the origin of diatoms found in tillite beds ...


22. Measurements of the transmission of UV light to infrared light through different samples of snow around Scott Base [K041_1997_1998_NZ_2]
The transmission of light through snow depends not only on the cleanliness but also on the size of the snow particles. The transmission properties are directly related to the reflection properties ...


23. Measurements of the polarisation of the Antarctic sky from the sea ice edge at Cape Bird and from a ship journey from Hobart to McMurdo Sound [K041_1997_1998_NZ_1]
The polarisation of the Antarctic sky was captured near the sea ice edge at Cape Bird to complement previous studies of the sky polarisation seen at Wellington (New Zealand), Scott Base, Tent Island ...


24. Measurements of the UV radiation (Blue, Violet, UVA and UVB) falling on sea ice in McMurdo Sound, quantification of sea ice algae and the effect of snow thickness on the transmissivity of sea ice to UV radiation [K041_1995_1996_NZ_1]
The relative amounts of visible, near and far UV radiation (Blue, Violet, UVA and UVB) falling onto sea ice in McMurdo Sound was measured at a site well cantered in the ice, i.e. not at the ice edge. ...


25. The distribution of zooplankton in McMurdo Sound - interannual variation, spatial variation and depth stratification [K014_1990_1991_NZ_1]
Building on previous studies of zooplankton distribution and abundance, a programme was planned to i) augment the interannual variability off Scott Base, ii) assess variability in surface waters on ...


26. Geological investigation (mapping, geochronology and geochemical analysis) of West Antarctica Volcanics from Marie Byrd Land [K048_1989_1991_NZ_1]
The West Antarctica Volcano Exploration (WAVE) project was conducted to gain an understanding of the volcanic and geochemical evolution of intraplate volcanoes in West Antarctica and to compare volcanism ...


27. A collection of lithospheric xenoliths from the Executive Committee Range and Mt Murphy Volcanic Complex in West Antarctica and the McMurdo Volcanic Province in McMurdo Sound [K048_1992_1993_NZ_1]
Lithospheric xenoliths are a convenient and relatively cost efficient means of gaining an insight into the petrology of the deep earth. As such, they provide important information on lithospheric ...


28. Palaeomagnetic measurements on rocks from Mt Crean to determine the continental drift of gondwanaland [K045_1994_1995_NZ_1]
The Beacon sediments of East Antarctica were deposited over the Devonian to Triassic geological periods, from 400 to 200 million years ago. Palaeomagnetic measurements on these rocks provide information ...


29. A survey of the density of starfish and sea urchins to determine the grazing pressure of these species on a sponge dominated reef, Cape Armitage [K054_1988_1989_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
In order to determine the grazing pressure of starfish and sea urchin species on the benthic community of a reef at Cape Armitage, a survey was made of these species densities. The survey was stratified ...


30. An investigation of a bacterial infection of Antarctic sponge species at Cape Armitage [K054_1988_1989_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
A bacterial infection was found associated with two species of Antarctic sponges while conducting a survey of the benthic community at Cape Armitage. This infection was not observed in the first year ...


31. A grafting experiment testing the ability of Antarctic sponges to recognise self from non-self tissue and their immune response [K054_1988_1989_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
A dive site was selected at Cape Armitage to conduct a marine benthos survey. The water was approximately 25m deep and the bottom was found to be rocky and inhabited by sponges. Four sponge species ...


32. Analysis of the community structure of subtidal reefs at Cape Armitage (species composition of invertebrates and fish, sediment spicule mat depth, sediment type, sedimentation rates and tissue sampling for analysis) [K054_1987_1989_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
A dive site was selected at Cape Armitage to conduct a marine benthos survey. The water was approximately 25m deep and the bottom was found to be rocky and inhabited by sponges. Other sites were ...


33. All-Sky Optical Imager data, Arrival Heights, Scott Base, Antarctica [K069_1996_2012_NZ_1]
An All-sky Optical Imager was installed in January 1996 at Arrival Heights, Ross Island, Antarctica, to continuously record and analyse optical emissions associated with solar wind particle reactions ...


34. Population regulation and demography in Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at three penguin colonies on Ross Island (Cape Bird, Cape Crozier and Cape Royds) [K122_1994_2012_NZ_2]
This study aims to investigate the factors regulating population size and colony distribution of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at three colonies on Ross Island (Cape Royds, Bird and Crozier) ...


35. South Polar Skua Population Census [K121_2011_2012_NZ_1]
Our primary hypothesis is that South Polar skua (Stercorarius maccormicki) population abundance broadly tracks summer food availability in the southern McMurdo Sound region. Skuas and Ad?lie penguins ...


36. Wind profiles of the Wright Valley using an acoustic wind profiler measuring wind speed and direction and dry bulb temperature [K016_1990_1991_NZ_1]
A new acoustic wind profiler was tested in the Wright Valley on the slopes of Mount Odin. This instrument may have the advantage of providing continuous vertical profiles of wind speed and direction ...


37. Community composition survey at Terra Nova Bay with similar samples collected at Cape Evans Cape Armitage and Turtle Rock [K043_2008_2012_NZ_5]
Five ice cores were collected from Terra Nova bay in the vicinity of Gondwana station. From each core the top, middle and bottom sections were sectioned and processed as described earlier. In addition, ...


38. The sensitivity of Antarctic marine amphipods to environmental pollutants and the effects of UV light exposure on amphipods exposed to toxins [K026_1997_1998_NZ_1]
The sensitivities of three species of necrophagous marine amphipods to a range of reference toxicants in the water and the effect of UV light exposure on the sensitivity of fluroanthene exposed (a ...


39. Life In The Ice: Microbial Diversity and Function in Antarctic Sea Ice Ecosystems [K043_2010_2012_NZ_2]
Our hypothesis is that ‘spatial and temporal variations in diversity and ecosystem function of the sea ice microbial community are sensitive indicators of changing climatic conditions’. The research ...


40. The concentration of combustion engine particulates, the organic fraction of the particulates and the sources of the particulates identified by isotopic analysis from snow and ice samples near Scott Base [K011_2000_2001_NZ_1]
The likely sources of organic pollutants in Antarctica are aircrafts, generators and vehicular emissions. Engines and generators emit organic rich particulates due to incomplete fuel combustion that ...


41. The concentration of combustion engine particulates, the organic fraction of the particulates and the sources of the particulates identified by isotopic analysis from snow and ice samples near Scott Base [K016_1993_1994_NZ_1]
The McMurdo Dry Valleys contain negligible snow and ice, while being surrounded by other glaciated valleys and snow covered mountains. The mechanisms causing the valleys and maintaining them were ...


42. Determination of wind flow patterns and analysis of snow samples for airborne pollutants around Scott Base [K088_1994_1995_NZ_1]
The transport of pollutants from an occupied Antarctic Station (Scott Base) to the surrounding snow was investigated. Density balloons were tracked constantly at low levels throughout the area in ...


43. Measurement of ocean waves and ice coupled waves near a fast ice boundary, McMurdo Sound [K137_1990_1993_NZ_1]
Ocean waves interact with Antarctic ice. Pack ice acts as a barrier to wave penetration, and attenuates the propagating waves. The presence of fast ice changes the nature of the wave interaction so ...


44. CTD casts off Pram Point to determine the internal wave structure under the shore fast ice of McMurdo Sound [K053_1993_1994_NZ_4]
The internal wave structure under the shore fast ice of McMurdo Sound was surveyed. An internal wave is a wave propagating along a density stratification in the water mass. The discontinuity in density ...


45. Investigations of the physiological adaptations (irradiance and temperature tolerance limits) of two polar species of red algae Iridaea cordata and Phyllophora antarctica at Cape Evans [K062_1989_1990_NZ_1]
The most southerly populations of benthic marine algae occurring anywhere in the world are found in McMurdo Sound. There is considerable divergence of opinion amongst phycologists as to the suitability ...


46. Analysis of the reef slope community structure at Pram Point (species composition of invertebrates and fish, sponge reproduction, sediment type, sedimentation rates and tissue sampling for analysis) [K054_1991_1992_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The reef community at Cape Armitage was surveyed over two seasons (1987/88 and 1988/89). This community exists on a fan like shallow slope platform. In the same season, Pram Point was initially assessed ...


47. Investigation of the relationship of the fish population with their associated benthos community (population counts, activity and stomach content) [K054_1991_1992_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
The relationship between the benthos and fish populations associated with it was investigated. Fish counts, fish behaviour and samples of fish were collected. Four 5m x 2m transects were surveyed ...


48. The effect of Scott Base waste water discharge on the marine benthic community [K054_1991_1992_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
To determine if the Scott Base waste water discharge has any effect on the marine benthic community, the benthic community was surveyed, tissue samples were collected from bivalves and water samples ...


49. Geological investigations and collection of fossil specimens from the Sledgers Glacier-Mariner Glacier region to determine the geological history and environment of deposition of the region [K003_1974_1982_NZ_1]
The eastern part of the Bower Group in the Mariner Glacier area and the central western part of the Bowers Group in the Black Glacier-Sledger Glacier area were visited and examined to search for fossils ...


50. Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) surveys of a an ice rise on the southern McMurdo Ice Shelf, Antarctica. [K065_2004_2005_NZ]
A topographic rise was observed on satellite imagery and ground traverses of the southern McMurdo Ice Shelf, part way between the SW tip of Black Island and the north shore of Minna Bluff was investigated ...


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