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1. Bathymetric surveys, the geomorphology, glacial chronology, halite investigations, thermokarst formations, overland flow and stream bifurcations of Lake Bonney area [K009_1973_1974_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
35 holes were drilled through the ice in the smaller western lobe of Lake Bonney and the bathymetry of the lake was determined. A further 52 holes were used for the eastern lobe bathymetry. Sediment ...


2. Vegetation surveys and trails of a 'tracker' system to allow both topography and plant occurrence to be mapped at Cape Royds [K024_1996_1997_NZ_2]
A species list and vegetation notes of the Cape Royds area was completed. A high density of lichens occurred (eg Usnea sphacelata)at Horseshoe Bay and inland near the ice edge (Caloplaca sp.). A 'tracker' ...


3. Geological observations and geochemistry analysis of samples of all rock outcrops from White Island, McMurdo Sound [K062_2003_2004_NZ_2]
The geology of White Island was investigated by visits to all major areas of rock outcrops. The geology was described and samples were collected for lab analysis. Xenoliths were also collected and ...


4. Respiration rates and physiological changes of Antarctic fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki exposed to fuel oil, acute vs chronic exposure [K057_1989_1991_NZ_1]
The potential for oil pollution in the Ross Sea is increasing as shipping activities increase due to base operations and tourism. The effects of diesel fuel oil on Antarctic fish survival and physiology ...


5. Sediment transport load in the Onyx River, Wright Valley [K164_1984_1985_NZ_1]
The sediment transport load in the Onyx River was investigated. The bedload transport rates were used in association with the 15 year flow record, to estimate sandur sedimentation rates. 38 cross ...


6. Causes of high mortality of the second chick from a pair of skua (Catharaeta maccormicki) eggs; egg content and chick weights, feeding rates, parental brooding behaviour, experimental removal and starvation of chicks [K017_1966_1967_NZ_1]
The cause/factors of heavy mortality of the second chick hatching from a pair of eggs at a skua nest was investigated. Previous observations found that the second chick is chased away from the nest ...


7. The interactions between a polar glacier tongue (Mackay Glacier Tongue and Blue Glacier), sediment and sea water at the grounding line using an ROV [K042_1991_1992_NZ_1]
The Mackay Glacier Tongue and Blue Glacier was explored with a submersible remotely operated vehicle (ROV) to determine whether sediment was being shielded by freezing or melting out onto the sea ...


8. Geological investigations, triangulation surveys and glaciology investigations of the Upper Tucker Glacier area, North Victoria Land, and around Scott Base [K002_1962_1963_NZ_3]
Intensive geological work was conducted in the Tucker Glacier area of North Victoria Land. The work area overlapped the Geological Survey of the 1957-58 Expedition and this was helpful to correlate ...


9. Examination of fossilized biota, especially barnacles, of the Scallop Hill Formation and Taylor Formation groups to reconstruct the palaeoenvironment [K241_1985_1986_NZ_1]
Barnacles are useful in palaeobathymetry and in palaeotemperature studies. However, barnacle plates are elusive in the field, and when fractured may be overlooked by the field geologist. The palaeoecology ...


10. The movement of springtails (Collembolan) and mites (Acari) in relation to terrain and weather conditions at Cape Bird [K017_1967_1968_NZ_1]
This study investigated the changing position of the concentrations of both the collembolan species Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni and two mite species. Regular sampling of a transect set out across a large ...


11. The respiratory physiology of Antarctic fish: resting metabolism, dermal respiration and haemoglobin denaturation investigations [K012_1984_1985_NZ_3]
Metabolic studies were made on 4 common species of notothenioids; Pagothenia borchgrevinki, Trematomus bernacchii, T. centronotus, T. hansoni and on one zoarcid species Rhigophila dearborni. Fish ...


12. RICE – Roosevelt Island Climate Evolution Project - Deep ice Core [K049_2010_2012_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
Roosevelt Island Climate Evolution – RICE Project The potential for rapid deglaciation of West Antarctica remains a primary uncertainty in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) predictions ...


13. Geological examination, stratigraphic sections, mapping and sample collection of Beacon and Ferrar rocks and fossils in the area between the Skelton Neve and the Mackay Glacier [K042_1971_1972_NZ_3]
Beacon and Ferrar rocks were studied just west of the Dry Valleys, between the Skelton Neve and the Mackay Glacier area. Detailed stratigraphic sections were measured with staff and level at Mistake ...


14. Change in corticosterone levels and corticosterone response in arriving and departing Adelie penguins at Cape Bird, Ross Island [K034_2001_2005_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins were captured at Cape Bird, Ross Island in the 2001-2002 season to measure the effects of fasting on corticosterone responses in penguins departing from the rookery compared with those ...


15. The effect of crude oil on Antarctic soils [K052_1982_1983_NZ_1]
Two small plots near a recently abandoned penguin colony and an area of moss free soil at Cape Bird were prepared by addition of 100ml of McKee crude oil. The plots were covered with steel mesh. These ...


16. Geological investigation of the stratigraphic succession through the thickest portion of the Bowers Groups and rock and fossil samples for paleontological and depositional dating, Bowers Mountains, Northern Victoria Land [K051_1973_1974_NZ_1]
The Lower Paleozoic rocks of North Victoria Land occupy a key position in any reconstruction of the New Zealand/Australian/Antarctic segment of Gondwanaland. To know the precise age of the Antarctic ...


17. Soil pit description and analysis (thin sections, cation and anion chemistry of soluble salts) from Beacon, Arena and Pearce Valley to determine the origin of ground ice at high elevations in the Dry Valleys [K047_2001_2002_NZ_1]
The origin of ground ice at high elevations (>1000m) throughout the Dry Valleys of Antarctica was investigated as the origin is unclear because there is no obvious comtemporary source of water. A ...


18. Strain meter measurements on an actively breaking ice edge to investigate sea wave/ice interactions and the break up processes of sea ice [K131_1994_1998_NZ_3]
The interaction between the ocean wave field and the sea ice in the marginal fast ice zone was measured by first designing and testing a prototype strain meter especially designed for operation near ...


19. Soil, surface rocks and stone samples from the Beacon Valley area for microtexture analysis of quartz grains [K105_1997_1998_NZ_2]
Samples from pits, surface rocks, stones and from outcrops were collected for examination and analysis to determine the processes which quartz grains from the Beacon sandstone have been through before ...


20. Geophysical investigations (seismic, aero and ground base magnetic, gravity, GPR and bathymetry surveys) of the tectonic, sedimentary and volcanic history of the Victoria Land Basing - site survey for ANDRILL project [K001_ANDRILL_SITE_SURVEYS]
A multi-national team (Germany, Italy, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the USA) undertook seismic reflection, aeromagnetic surveys, ground-based magnetic and gravity measurements to image the ...


21. The distribution of path lengths taken by light as it scatters through sea ice [K132_1990_1993_NZ_1]
The spatial spreading of light introduced at a point on the surface of the ice and the temporal spreading of a brief pulse of light injected at a point was measured to clarify the details of the interaction ...


22. Geological mapping of the Blue Glacier regions and detailed studies of three sections within the Ferrar Dolerite [K002_1979_1980_NZ_1]
The Blue Glacier region was geologically mapped in detail as part of a regional detailed geological mapping project between the Skelton and Taylor Glaciers. In addition to geological mapping, detailed ...


23. Geological mapping and measurements of the Priestley Formation and granite-metasedimentary rocks of the Preistly and Campbell Glacier region, Terra Nova Bay [K002_1982_1983_NZ_1]
The Southern Deep Freeze Range, Northern Foothills and Inexpressible Island in North Victoria Land, have been geologically investigated in the past. The granites of this area belong to a completely ...


24. Temperature selection, locomotion and feeding behaviour of Antarctic fish [K012_1983_1984_NZ_3]
To test the ability of Antarctic fishes to perceive and react to temperature differences, a temperature gradient from -1.8°C to +5.4°C was set up in a trough and fish were monitored to see which part ...


25. The biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae in the Cape Hallett region [K043_2003_2005_NZ_1]
The distribution and biodiversity of algae was assessed to enable possible future predictions of the effects of global warming. Sites (5 in the first season, 4 in the second) were established around ...


26. The ecology (tidal and weather records, distribution and abundance of microbes and quantification of nitrogen transformation) of an Antarctic tidal lagoon and mudflats at Bratina Island, McMurdo Ice Shelf [K081_1992_1993_NZ_2]
A tidal lagoon at Bratina Island experiences a daily inundation with tidal height varying. Low tide reveals a network of ponds, streams and tidal flats that appear to be highly productive with all ...


27. The structural and functional diversity of the shallow-water benthic community at Cape Evans [K082_2001_2002_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The biodiversity of the seafloor community at Cape Evans was investigated to determine the structural and functional diversity of the benthic community and resurveyed over several seasons to assess ...


28. The geology of the Nimrod Glacier - Beaumont Bay area [K002_1960_1961_NZ_2]
The geology of the Nimrod Glacier - Beaumont Bay area was examined to describe the structure, formation and depositional history of the region. Three types of sedimentary rock types were present in ...


29. The rates of blood flow and oxygen uptake in the gills of the Antarctic fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki [K057_1994_1995_NZ_1]
Blood flow and oxygen uptake at the gills of Antarctic fish was examined using an extracorporeal loop that links the blood supply of the fish between the ventral and dorsal aorta so that continuous ...


30. The sensitivity of Antarctic marine amphipods to environmental pollutants and the effects of UV light exposure on amphipods exposed to toxins [K026_1997_1998_NZ_1]
The sensitivities of three species of necrophagous marine amphipods to a range of reference toxicants in the water and the effect of UV light exposure on the sensitivity of fluroanthene exposed (a ...


31. Corticosterone and behavioural responses to people of arriving and departing penguins temporarily confined, Ross Island [K034_2001_2005_NZ_5]
The corticosterone and behavioural responses of incubating penguins was measured on incubating adelie penguins in the 2001-2002 season. In the 2002-2003 seasons that study was extended to include ...


32. Determining the geochronology of the Taylor Valley from the study of the geomorphology, lake levels, sediments and climatic events during the past 400,000 years [K009_1974_1975_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Fieldwork was carried out in the Taylor Valley over several seasons to determine the geochronology of the area.The lake beds and the geomorphology of a series of hummocks between the Suess and LaCroix ...


33. Evans Piedmont Glacier clean snow pit sampling for recent decade trace element record and AWS (2004-2008) data collection [K049_2007_2008_NZ_1]
A 4m snow pit from the Evans Piedmont glacier, Victoria Dry Valleys was sampled using ultra-clean methodology at 1cm resolution and was used to provide a comparison of trace element seasonal fluctuations ...


34. The rate of exchange of nutrients between the microbial mats and the overlying water column in Lake Hoare [K081_2000_2001_NZ_2]
Benthic chambers were deployed at 10m depth in Lake Hoare to determine the rate of exchange of nutrients between the microbial mats and the overlying water column. These comprised 5 each of opaque ...


35. Examination of the Buckeye Tillite formation, the trace fossils within the Devonian Horlick formation and the Permian Coal Measure in the Ohio Range of the Horlick Mountains [K026_1983_1984_NZ_1]
A second season of field work was undertaken in the Ohio Range of the Horlick Mountains as a three fold geological study to complete the stratigraphy of the area. This included an analysis of the ...


36. The structural glaciology and movement of the Taylor Glacier, Taylor Valley, Antarctica [K064_1994_2005_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
The structural glaciology and movement of the Taylor Glacier, was investigated over several seasons (98-01) by excavating a tunnel in the right side of the Taylor Glacier, 1.5km upstream of the terminus, ...


37. The response of sea ice and brine water algae and bacteria to changes in salinity, temperature, light and UVB in Granite Harbour [K043_2008_2009_NZ_3]
In the 2008/2009 season, samples of the bottom ice algae and brine algae (within 30cm of the top of the ice) were subjected to temperature, salinity, light and UVB experiments and analysed with PAM ...


38. The biodiversity of the coastal underwater marine benthic ecosystem in the Ross Sea Region [K082_2001_2007_NZ]   CHILD DIFs
The long term research program ICECUBE (Coastal Underwater Benthic Ecosystems) provides fundamental information on the structural and functional biodiversity of Antarctic coastal benthic ecosystems. ...


39. The structural glaciology and movement of the Victoria Upper Glacier, Victoria Valley, Antarctica [K064_1994_2005_NZ_5]   PARENT DIF
The structure and movement of the Victoria Upper Glacier, Victoria Valley, was investigated over several seasons. A network of 13 points on the glacier surface were marked with bamboo flags and the ...


40. The production biology of Lake Bonney and Lake Fryxell [K009_1970_1971_NZ_1]
A party of biologist was concerned with the production biology of Lake Bonney and Lake Fryxell. Soil bacteria and protozoa were studied and rotifiers were collected from the lakes.


41. Changes in haematocrit, chloride concentrations and osmolarity of Pagothenia borchgrevinki fish exposed to 10°C water for 10 minutes [K057_1987_1988_NZ_4]
The affects of acute increase in temperature on haematocrit and on the ionic and osmotic homeostasis of Pagothenia borchgrevinki was investigated. Fish were captured and placed in aquariums at a temperature ...


42. The taxonomy and distribution of algae cultured from samples from Granite Harbour: Oscillatoriales and Cyanobacteria [K053_1993_1994_NZ_1]
Samples were removed from the complete range of habitats supporting algal growth at Granite Harbour. A total of over 190 samples were examined microscopically and a taxonomic list was compiled. Cultures ...


43. Surface snow samples containing aeolian dust recovered from 40 sites on first and multi-year McMurdo sea ice using ultra clean methodology in November 2009 [K049_2009_2010_NZ_1]
55 surface snow samples containing aeolian dust were collected from the McMurdo sea ice using ultra clean methodology along two East-West transects and one North-South transect. Duplicate samples ...


44. Deep and shallow CTD casts of turbulence at the sea ice-ocean interface in McMurdo Sound [K131_2005_2006_NZ_1]
Turbulence exists at the sea ice-ocean interface and therefore may have a key role in the latter stages of sea ice formation, including the forming of frazil ice. Both deep and shallow CTD casts were ...


45. Strain meter measurements of sea ice under the influence of a moving load from the sea ice runway near McMurdo Station [K131_1983_1985_NZ_1]
Using a strain meter, with a 500 mm gauge length, the influence of a moving load on the strain produced in sea ice was measured firstly by driving a vehicle (ford pickup) on the sea ice runway near ...


46. Yolk formation in Adelie penguin eggs [K014_1979_1980_NZ_4]
Development of a technique of preserving and staining egg yolks have permitted the number of days during which yolk is deposited in a follicle to be estimated. Whether the yolk structure of Adelie ...


47. Using labelled antifreeze proteins placed in the gut of notothenioid fish to determine the path they take from the gut to the blood [K066_2000_2003_NZ_1]
The many fish that live in the waters around Antarctica have a unique set of adaptations to cope with the extremely cold conditions in which they live. They have developed antifreeze proteins (AFP) ...


48. Geological mapping and geochemical and geochronological analysis of anomalous plutonic rocks in the Koettlitz Walcott Glacier and Skelton-Glacier and Hoopers Crags area [K062_1997_1999_NZ_1]
The Ross Orogeny refers to the collision event when East and West Antarctica met, resulting in subduction with associated deformation, crustal thickening, metamorphism and igneous activity. In the ...


49. Collection of benthic Antarctic fishes to determine isopod ectoparasite species distribution and host specificity and collection of specimens for a museum reference collection [K012_1981_1982_NZ_2]
142 specimens of small benthic fishes were captured at Cape Royds and examined for ectoparasites. Where practical, fishes with isopod ectoparasites were retained to obtain additional information on ...


50. Oxygen consumption rates of Pagothenia borchgrevinki: A study to determine if they can utilise their skin surface for gas exchange [K057_1987_1988_NZ_3]
The ability of Pagothenia borchgrevinki to utilise their skin surface for gas exchange was examined. A fish was anaesthetised and a rubber collar placed over the fish, isolating the head of the animal ...


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