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101. Analysis of water and soil samples for pollutants (trace metals, major anions, mercury) to determine the nature and extent of contamination in meltwaters in the Ross Dependency [K105_1992_1994_NZ_1]
A set of baseline data for the composition of meltwaters in the Ross Dependency, with particular concentrations on the levels of ultra trace heavy metals in waters remote from significant or current ...


102. Analysis the diet of Pagothenia borchgrevinki from stomach contents and plankton sampling near Scott Base [K012_1985_1986_NZ_1]
Samples of 20 fish of Pagothenia borchgrevinki were collected every second or third day over the course of the study period near Scott Base. The stomach contents of each fish were extracted, weighed ...


103. Anatomical and physiological adaptations in Antarctic fishes [K022_1988_1989_NZ_1]
Dermal and epidermal chromatophore tissue of two species of fishes (Pagothenia borchgrevinki and Trematomus bernacchii) were prepared for light and transmission electron microscopy. Some specimens ...


104. Anatomical studies of the development of the eyes and lateral line system and sensory regions of the brain to test the ontogenetic shift hypothesis in the Antarctic fish Pleurogramma antarcticum [K012_1995_1996_NZ_1]
The notothenioid fish were found to have adapted to the low light conditions of under fast ice and during the Antarctic winter with well developed mechanosensory lateral line system that allows them ...


105. Annual measurements of atmospheric methane concentrations and isotopic ratios from Arrival Heights, Ross Island [K087_1989_2012_NZ_1]
The atmospheric trace gas, methane (CH4), affects the radiative heat balance of the earth. The sources of atmospheric methane are not well understood. Large air samples (1000-1400 litres) of methane ...


106. Annual measurements of the stable carbon composition of carbon dioxide 13CO2 in the atmosphere from Arrival Heights, Ross Island since March 1997 [K087_1997_2008_NZ_1]
Measurements of the stable carbon composition of carbon dioxide (13CO2) are collected by small dry whole air samples (2L) annually (between 12 to 18 samples since March 1997) by a pump system from ...


107. Antarctic Sea Ice Thickness Mapping in McMurdo Sound [K063_2011_2012_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
In-depth research has been conducted into sea ice thickness in the McMurdo Sound. The subice platelet layer thickness under sea ice was measured in regular intervals at two North-South oriented profiles ...


108. Aqueous geochemistry of the melt pools on the McMurdo Ice Shelf : A collaboration with the RISE (Ross Ice Shelf Ecosystem) programme [K013_1987_1988_NZ_1]
A large freshwater ecosystem on the McMurdo Ice Shelf and the lower Koettlitz Glacier, in the Ross Dependency, is an area some 1500 km2 . The area is covered by pools, lakes, streams and rivers, many ...


109. Assessment of the impact of human activities on Trematomus bernacchii (a representative of the Antarctic fauna) by analysis of pollutants in bile and the amount of induction of a gene that produces a detoxifying enzyme [K014_1996_1997_NZ_1]
The impact of human activities in Antarctica on the local fauna was investigated by developing and applying biochemical and molecular genetic techniques to the assessment of the impact of by-products ...


110. Assessment of the rate of contaminant movement through Antarctic soils using a lithium chloride experiment at Lake Vanda [K150_1993_1994_NZ_4]
A leaching trial was set up at Lake Vanda to determine how rapidly and how far water-soluble materials spilt on the soil surface will move. A series of 1 x 1 m plots and control sites on the north ...


111. Assessment of the recovery of damage to mosses (from walking tracks, cores and slab removal) from the Taylor Valley [K024_1989_1990_NZ_3]
It is commonly accepted that mosses in the Dry Valley's grow very slowly. The recovery of mosses was investigated by locating and investigating in detail various damaged sites from previous activity ...


112. Atmospheric air samples from aboard supply aircrafts operating between Christchurch, New Zealand and McMurdo Sound investigating the atmospheric chemistry and reactions between carbon monoxide, methane and ozone [K087_1996_1998_NZ_1]
Large whole air samples collected from a compressor system aboard the supply aircrafts operating between Christchurch and McMurdo incorporated measurements of ozone. In association with concentration ...


113. Atmospheric measurement from four sites in the Ross Sea Region investigating gases, aerosol properties and local weather conditions [K173_1987_1990_NZ_1]
Gases, aerosol properties and local weather was studied at sites around Ross Island and in McMurdo Sound as part of a programme to describe the properties of the atmospheric aerosol (and gases), to ...


114. Climate data (wind speed and direction, air temperature, relative humidity, barometric pressure, and solar radiation) from manual observations and automatic weather stations at Scott Base and Arrival Heights [K089_1957_2013_NZ_1]
Climate data have been collected at Scott Base continuously since 1957 and more recently from Arrival Heights and is one of the longest continuous climate records in Antarctica. Climate parameters ...


115. Annual measurements of atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations and isotopic ratios from Arrival Heights, Ross Island since December 1996 [K087_1996_2008_NZ_1]
Carbon dioxide (CO2) in the earth's atmosphere is considered a trace gas and also a greenhouse gas. Levels of CO2 in the atmosphere are increasing due to anthropogenic activity. Small dry whole air ...


116. Annual measurements of atmospheric carbon monoxide concentrations and isotopic ratios from Arrival Heights, Ross Island since June 1991 [K087_1991_2008_NZ_1]
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a trace gas in the atmosphere. Although it occurs naturally in the atmosphere at very low concentrations, it may contribute to the greenhouse effect and concentrations are ...


117. Annual measurements of atmospheric methane concentrations and isotopic ratios from Arrival Heights, Ross Island since November 1989 [K087_1989_2008_NZ_1]
The atmospheric trace gas, methane (CH4), affects the radiative heat balance of the earth. The sources of atmospheric methane are not well understood. Large air samples (1000-1400 litres) of methane ...


118. Annual measurements of atmospheric nitrous oxide concentrations from Arrival Heights, Ross Island since May 1996 [K087_1996_2008_NZ_3]
Nitrous oxide (N2O) is the main naturally occurring regulator of stratospheric ozone and is therefore a major greenhouse gas. Small whole dry air samples (2L) are collected annually (between 12 to ...


119. Automatic weather station data investigation the physical environment processes that control the production of meltwater on the McMurdo Ice Shelf and the impact on pond physical dynamics [K081_2001_2002_NZ_4]
The processes controlling the production of meltwater on the McMurdo Ice Shelf, in particular the energy partitioning and turbulent fluxes at the ice shelf surface, was investigated by the collection ...


120. Automatic weather station measurements for debris covered ice, bare ice and snow accumulation area over two summer season on the McMurdo Ice Shelf [K053_2003_2005_NZ_2]
An automatic weather station (AWS) was installed in three separate surface types in the vicinity of Bratina Island on the McMurdo Ice Shelf (MIS) over two summer seasons, in order to identify the ...


121. Bacteria culturing from geothermal soil samples collected from the summits of Mt Erebus and Mt Melbourne [K023_1994_1995_NZ_1]
Soil samples were collected from the summit of Mt Erebus and Mt Melbourne geothermal areas. Previous sampling of this area (1980) indicated the absence of bacteria which are common in other hot springs ...


122. Baseline information on both the modern processes operating on Antarctic beaches and the development of beach ridges in relation to the last glaciation ice retreat and isostatic rebound [K043_1996_1998_NZ_1]
Beaches in McMurdo Sound have developed since the last glaciation when ice sheets were at their maximum. The weight of the overlying ice, depressed the land, which has slowly rebounded forming a series ...


123. Baseline measurements of atmospheric mercury concentrations from Scott Base/Arrival Heights [K013_1985_1988_NZ_1]
The southern hemisphere is not as well characterized as that of the northern hemisphere for atmospheric mercury measurements. Very little data exists for baseline atmospheric mercury data in Antarctica. ...


124. Bathymetric surveys of the nearshore submarine platforms around Favreau Pillar, Kirstensen Rocks and near Foyn and Possession Islands [K020_1982_1983_NZ_1]
A brief bathymetric survey of the platforms around Favreau Pillar, Kirstensen Rocks and near Foyn and Possession Islands was made using a zodiac inflatable dinghy and a small portable echosounder. ...


125. Bathymetric surveys, the geomorphology, glacial chronology, halite investigations, thermokarst formations, overland flow and stream bifurcations of Lake Bonney area [K009_1973_1974_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
35 holes were drilled through the ice in the smaller western lobe of Lake Bonney and the bathymetry of the lake was determined. A further 52 holes were used for the eastern lobe bathymetry. Sediment ...


126. Beacon sandstones collected in the Skelton Neve region for cosmogenic dating. [K001BR_2011_2012_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
36 Outcrop and Glacial erratic samples of Beacon Sandstone were collected from Escalade Peak, Tate Peak, Halfway Nunatak, Neve Nunatak and Clinker Bluff. These samples are accompanied by the geomorphic, ...


127. Behavioral observations, blood and fecal samples taken from Adelie penguins at Shell Glacier and Cape Crozier to detect the impact of human disturbance [K027_2003_2006_NZ_1]
Long term studies of the impacts of human disturbance on adelie penguins using a range of key behavioural, ecological and physiological measures are required to establish logical management regimes ...


128. Behavioural observations (frequency and timing of copulation attempts) and paternity analysis from blood samples to investigate sperm competition of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) [K063_1993_1998_NZ_1]
Sexual selection theory suggests that males compete for females and females choose males. Sperm competition is one aspect of this competition. There are two possible mechanisms of sperm competition, ...


129. Behavioural observations of nest site selection in Adelie penguins at Cape Bird [K121_1986_1987_NZ_2]
Virtually all penguins return to their natal rookeries to breed, after spending a couple of years at sea. A majority of young birds of both sexes end up settling within 200 m of their natal nest ...


130. Behavioural observations, recorded calls and breeding parameters as factors influencing the vocal behaviour of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) [K019_2000_2001_NZ_1]
Factors influencing the development and survival of Adelie penguins were investigated from the Cape Bird colony. The fieldwork focused on aspects of vocal recognition but parental care and chick development ...


131. Benthic invertebrate community composition, sediment characteristics, and seafloor habitat structure of New Harbour [K082_2009_2010_NZ_1]
SCUBA-based sampling was conducted to determine benthic invertebrate community composition, sediment characteristics, and seafloor habitat structure of New Harbour, via core sampling and video. Specimens ...


132. Benthic mat biomass and productivity (photosynthesis and respiration) in Lake Vanda, Wright Valley and the role of invertebrates in carbon cycling in the lake [K081_1997_2000_NZ_1]
The importance of benthic microbial production in the lakes of the McMurdo Dry Valleys and how the benthic cyanobacterial mats are adapted to survive and grow in deep water (extreme low light but ...


133. Benthic mat biomass, productivity (photosynthesis and respiration) and contributions to lake nutrient cycling in Lake Hoare, Taylor Valley [K081_1996_2000_NZ_1]
The importance of benthic microbial mat production in the Lake Hoare, Taylor Valley and how the mats are adapted to survive and grow in deep water (extreme low light but no freezing) was investigated. ...


134. Biochemical and biological activity of soils from a penguin colony at Cape Bird and soil description, classification and measurements of water content, soil temperature and depth to frozen ground [K024_1981_1984_NZ_1]
The biochemical and biological activity of the soils of the Adelie penguin colonies at Cape Bird was studied over two seasons. Biochemical markers of decomposition of penguin guano were studied by ...


135. Biodiversity survey at Mt Kyffin near the Beardmore Glacier [K024_2002_2003_NZ_4]
A four person party visited an area close to Mt Kyffin on the south side of the Beardmore Glacier and at nearly 84° South latitude. In the 59-60 season the presence of many plants (lichens) and insects ...


136. Biodiversity, Dynamics and Metabolics of Heterogeneous Meltwater Ponds [K025_2011_2012_NZ_3]
Microbial biodiversity and community dynamics within and between selected melt water ponds near Bratina Is will help to identify environmental drivers within ponds. Research will examine the metabolic ...


137. Biodiversity, Dynamics and Metabolics of Heterogeneous Meltwater Ponds - K025_2011_2013_NZ_3 [K025_2011_2013_NZ_3]
Microbial biodiversity and community dynamics within and between selected melt water ponds near Bratina Is will help to identify environmental drivers within ponds. Research will examine the metabolic ...


138. Biogenic gas emissions from glacial melt water ponds on the McMurdo Ice Shelf : A collaboration with the RISE (Ross Ice Shelf Ecosystem) programme [K013_1993_1994_NZ_1]
Aspects of the biogeochemical cycling of sulphur and iodine was examined on the McMurdo Ice Shelf at Bratina Island to investigate the role of glacial melt water ponds as a biogenic source of sulphur ...


139. Biological and biochemical studies of the plant, invertebrate and microbial communities in the Ross Sea Region [K052_1984_1985_NZ_1]
An expedition was undertaken in the 84/85 season with the aim(s): 1) to survey plant and microbial communities in the Terra Nova Bay area, 2) to conduct ecophysiological studies on the insects at ...


140. Biological soil samples from a range of salty hollows to determine if some life forms had adapted to this environment [K150_1987_1988_NZ_1]
Soil biological samples were collected from a range of salty hollows to determine if some life forms had adapted to this environment because biological adaptation in Antarctica is such that virtually ...


141. Biological survey of the Balleny Islands [K407_2000_2001_NZ_1]
US coastguard helicopters were used to survey bird, seal and plant populations of the three main islands and islets of the Balleny Islands, located off the coast of Antarctica, for birds and seal ...


142. Biological, physical and chemical parameters in water and microbial mat samples from ponds in the Cape Hallett vicinity and cryoconite holes on the Tucker and Bornmann glaciers [K081_2005_2006_NZ_3]
A series of 10 ponds, located away from the main influences of the penguin colony at Cape Hallett, were investigated for variation in chemistry and microbial mat development. Cores of benthic microbial ...


143. Biological, physical and chemical parameters in water and microbial mat samples from ponds in the Labyrinth area of Wright Valley [K081_2003_2005_NZ_1]
Water and microbial mat communities of the ponds in the Labyrinth area of Wright Valley was investigated to test the hypothesis that the gradient in climatic severity associated with latitudinal and ...


144. Biological, physical and chemical parameters in water and microbial mat samples from ponds in Victoria Valley [K081_2003_2005_NZ_2]
Water and microbial mat communities of the ponds in the Victoria Valley was investigated to test the hypothesis that the gradient in climatic severity associated with latitudinal and altitudinal gradients ...


145. Biology of the springtail Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni at Cape Bird: feeding habits, life cycle and migration movements throughout a season [K017_1969_1970_NZ_1]
Aspects of the biology of Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni (Collembola) was investigated at Cape Bird. The work can be divided into three main investigations: 1) Food studies - which included isolation and ...


146. Biomass, productivity and diurnal migration of marine plankton in shallow waters at Cape Bird [K014_1973_1974_NZ_1]
The phytoplankton and zooplankton in shallow water at Cape Bird was investigated. Samples were taken at intervals of 4 days from early December to late January in plastic buckets from the fast ice ...


147. Biostratigraphic collections of Devonian fish fossils from Middle Devonian Aztec Siltstone at the top of the Taylor Group (Beacon Supergroup) and sediment studies for a basin analysis [K026_1991_1992_NZ_1]
Using toboggans and sledges, the party travelled 700 kilometres from the Darwin Glacier northwards to the Lashly Mountains to study Taylor Group sedimentary rocks (Beacon Supergroup). The principle ...


148. Blood buffering capacity of muscles of the Antarctic fish Dissostichus mawsoni, Pagothenia borchgrevinki, Trematomus centronotus, P. macropterus and Rhigophila dearborni [K012_1986_1987_NZ_2]
Temperature is an environmental factor which has profound effects on both aerobic and anaerobic activities. During aerobic activity, hydrogen ions from acidic metabolites are consumed by oxidative ...


149. Blood samples analysed for albumin to determine if the lack of this protein serum is common to the Notothenioid fish group [K066_2001_2002_NZ_1]
One species of Antarctic Notothenioid fish was found to lack the common blood protein serum albumin. It was investigated if this was common to all notothenioid fish. In addition, if this blood protein ...


150. Body temperature and activity patterns of adelie penguins held in captivity under different light conditions to determine if there is an internal body clock [K123_1987_1988_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins were held in captivity and fitted with implantable body temperature transducers. Measurements were made every 30 minutes of body temperature and activity (orientation, posture, eye ...


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