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51. Analysis of the condition of female (body fat and protein composition, weight and diet) Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddellii) and the implication for reproductive success [K063_2002_2004_NZ_1]
Weddell seals lay down substantial fat deposits during the non-breeding season and then expend the stored energy during an intensive lactation period. Fluctuations in energy acquisition prior to breeding ...


52. Analysis of the reef slope community structure at Pram Point (species composition of invertebrates and fish, sponge reproduction, sediment type, sedimentation rates and tissue sampling for analysis) [K054_1991_1992_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The reef community at Cape Armitage was surveyed over two seasons (1987/88 and 1988/89). This community exists on a fan like shallow slope platform. In the same season, Pram Point was initially assessed ...


53. Analysis of water and soil samples for pollutants (trace metals, major anions, mercury) to determine the nature and extent of contamination in meltwaters in the Ross Dependency [K105_1992_1994_NZ_1]
A set of baseline data for the composition of meltwaters in the Ross Dependency, with particular concentrations on the levels of ultra trace heavy metals in waters remote from significant or current ...


54. Analysis the diet of Pagothenia borchgrevinki from stomach contents and plankton sampling near Scott Base [K012_1985_1986_NZ_1]
Samples of 20 fish of Pagothenia borchgrevinki were collected every second or third day over the course of the study period near Scott Base. The stomach contents of each fish were extracted, weighed ...


55. Anatomical and physiological adaptations in Antarctic fishes [K022_1988_1989_NZ_1]
Dermal and epidermal chromatophore tissue of two species of fishes (Pagothenia borchgrevinki and Trematomus bernacchii) were prepared for light and transmission electron microscopy. Some specimens ...


56. Anatomical studies of the development of the eyes and lateral line system and sensory regions of the brain to test the ontogenetic shift hypothesis in the Antarctic fish Pleurogramma antarcticum [K012_1995_1996_NZ_1]
The notothenioid fish were found to have adapted to the low light conditions of under fast ice and during the Antarctic winter with well developed mechanosensory lateral line system that allows them ...


57. Annual measurements of atmospheric methane concentrations and isotopic ratios from Arrival Heights, Ross Island [K087_1989_2012_NZ_1]
The atmospheric trace gas, methane (CH4), affects the radiative heat balance of the earth. The sources of atmospheric methane are not well understood. Large air samples (1000-1400 litres) of methane ...


58. Annual measurements of the stable carbon composition of carbon dioxide 13CO2 in the atmosphere from Arrival Heights, Ross Island since March 1997 [K087_1997_2008_NZ_1]
Measurements of the stable carbon composition of carbon dioxide (13CO2) are collected by small dry whole air samples (2L) annually (between 12 to 18 samples since March 1997) by a pump system from ...


59. Antarctic Sea Ice Thickness Mapping in McMurdo Sound [K063_2011_2012_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
In-depth research has been conducted into sea ice thickness in the McMurdo Sound. The subice platelet layer thickness under sea ice was measured in regular intervals at two North-South oriented profiles ...


60. Aqueous geochemistry of the melt pools on the McMurdo Ice Shelf : A collaboration with the RISE (Ross Ice Shelf Ecosystem) programme [K013_1987_1988_NZ_1]
A large freshwater ecosystem on the McMurdo Ice Shelf and the lower Koettlitz Glacier, in the Ross Dependency, is an area some 1500 km2 . The area is covered by pools, lakes, streams and rivers, many ...


61. Atmospheric air samples from aboard supply aircrafts operating between Christchurch, New Zealand and McMurdo Sound investigating the atmospheric chemistry and reactions between carbon monoxide, methane and ozone [K087_1996_1998_NZ_1]
Large whole air samples collected from a compressor system aboard the supply aircrafts operating between Christchurch and McMurdo incorporated measurements of ozone. In association with concentration ...


62. Atmospheric measurement from four sites in the Ross Sea Region investigating gases, aerosol properties and local weather conditions [K173_1987_1990_NZ_1]
Gases, aerosol properties and local weather was studied at sites around Ross Island and in McMurdo Sound as part of a programme to describe the properties of the atmospheric aerosol (and gases), to ...


63. Dynamics and ionisation in the Antarctic middle atmosphere: MF radar measurements [K055_2004_2008_NZ_1]
Our studies investigate the Antarctic middle atmosphere’s response to natural and man-made factors which change climate. The dynamical processes of this region are significant in controlling the circulation ...


64. Dynamics and ionisation in the Antarctic middle atmosphere: MF radar measurements - K055_2004_2012_NZ_1 [K055_2004_2012_NZ_1]
Our studies investigate the Antarctic middle atmosphere’s response to natural and man-made factors which change climate. The dynamical processes of this region are significant in controlling the circulation ...


65. Dynamics in the Antarctic Atmosphere, Ross Island [K055_2010_2012_NZ_1]
The outcomes of SNOW WEB are to develop networked technologies which contribute to improved climate and environmental monitoring in the Ross Sea Region. We want to demonstrate both the scientific ...


66. Early life stages in the life cycle of Antarctic silverfish, Pleuragramma antarcticum [K012_1998_1999_NZ_1]
Mature eggs were expressed from a gravid icefish at Terra Nova Bay and fertilized successfully in vitro. Development was followed for about 15 days, but was curtailed by the end of the season. Development ...


67. Ecological survey of the algae, lichen, fungi, and invertebrates on ice free areas of the La Gorce Mountains [K058_1996_1997_NZ_1]
A detailed study of far south ecosystems was conducted at La Gorce Mountains and nearby nunataks. A general biological survey was carried out describing the occurrence of any organisms encountered ...


68. Ecological survey of the birds, algae, lichen, fungi, and invertebrates on ice free areas of the Edward VII Peninsula, Marie Byrd Land [K053_1987_1988_NZ_3]
A 5-6 week remote field expedition was carried out to visit all rock outcrops in the Edward VII Peninsula, Marie Byrd Land to make a general biological survey of the region and assemble good plant ...


69. Ecophysiology (CO2 / O2 exchange, nitrogen fixation rates and chlorophyll a levels) of endolithic algae from Marble Point, Antarctica [K024_1979_1980_NZ_2]
Rocks containing endolithic algae were collected from the Marble Point area. Infra-red gas analysis and Warburg Manometry studies were carried out to ascertain carbon dioxide and oxygen exchange. ...


70. Electroretinograms, retina analysis, behavioural observations and gut content and clearance rate of notothenioid Antarctic fish to determine the importance of visual function in feeding [K012_1987_1988_NZ_1]
The visual function in Pagothenia borchgrevinki was investigated in relation to their feeding by relating feeding with the vertical stratification of zooplankton and then determining their visual ...


71. Estimates of the amount of neuromuscular transmitter released by motor nerve terminals at different temperatures in the Antarctic fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki [K012_1982_1983_NZ_3]
The number of quantal doses of acetylcholine released by a nerve to activate a muscle can be estimated by recording repeated responses (end plate potentials of EPPs) to nerve stimulation and calculating ...


72. Estimates of the population density of Trematomus bernacchii at Cape Roberts and Cape Evans [K012_2000_2002_NZ_1]
The population density of the bottom dwelling Antarctic fish Trematomus bernacchii was estimated using the mark and recapture method and underwater video surveillance. Two sites were fished over two ...


73. Estimates of the rate of photosynthesis, nitrate reduction and sulphate reduction of bacteria in Antarctic ponds and lakes [K009_1982_1983_NZ_2]
Samples of algae and bacteria were from the east and west lobe of Lake Bonney (sediment), Lake Miers sediment, Lake Fryxell (9.75m and 14m sediment) and an oligotrophic and eutrophic pond at Cape ...


74. Examination of fossilized biota, especially barnacles, of the Scallop Hill Formation and Taylor Formation groups to reconstruct the palaeoenvironment [K241_1985_1986_NZ_1]
Barnacles are useful in palaeobathymetry and in palaeotemperature studies. However, barnacle plates are elusive in the field, and when fractured may be overlooked by the field geologist. The palaeoecology ...


75. Examination of the ability of the Antarctic fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki to withstand hypoxic conditions, their ability to recover and the potential for lactate as an end product of metabolism during hypoxia [K057_2003_2004_NZ_1]
Fish muscle was not found to produce lactic acid as an end product of anaerobic metabolism during high speed swimming. However, analysis of the enzymes involved in anaerobic metabolism, particularly ...


76. Examination of the water mixing processes, water temperature and zooplankton species assemblage under the Ross Ice Shelf [K007_1976_1978_NZ_1]
The water under the Ross Ice Shelf was investigated over two seasons through a hole drilled in the ice. In the first season, an ice hole near White Island was used to access the water under the ice ...


77. Examining the viability of seeds found at the historic hut at Cape Evans on Ross Island [K021_1998_2008_NZ_6]
The seeds presently in the open containers at the historic hut at Cape Evans were examined, collected (2001-2003) and germination was attempted. The seeds were placed in sealed glass containers and ...


78. Experimental measurements of the production rate of 14CO in high pressure air samples [K087_2003_2004_NZ_1]
Air samples are collected from Arrival Heights for analysis of trace gas concentration and isotopic composition throughout the year. The high pressure samples that are collected from February through ...


79. Experiments to determine the extent to which the behaviour of individual faults alters the properties of the sea ice sheet as a whole [K131_1998_2001_NZ_1]
Sea ice beams were cut using a technique already developed to stress sea ice to fracture. Twenty two beams were cut in total. Mechanical measurements and characterisation of the resulting cracks was ...


80. Experiments to determine the processes governing the colonization of micro-organisms in extreme Antarctic fellfields [K015_1982_1983_NZ_1]
In Antarctica, moisture, temperature and other climatic regimes and the quality and stability of the prevailing mineral substrate act as extreme limiting factors for colonization by microbes, cryptograms ...


81. Food chain investigations at White Island: seal survey, seasonal trends in phytoplankton populations, ocean environmental factors, zooplankton biomass and fish diet, age and growth studies [K014_1976_1977_NZ_1]
A population of Weddell Seals at White Island (some 20km from the edge of the Ross Ice Shelf) was/is thought to be a sub-population that does not migrate to the pack ice in the non-breeding season ...


82. Genetic variability and patterns of colonisation in Antarctic mosses [K022_1992_1995_NZ_1]
The geographic and microgeographic organisation of variation at genetic marker loci in mosses of the McMurdo Sound region was investigated. Samples of five species of mosses including Bryum argenteum, ...


83. Genetic variation within and among moss species populations in the Ross Sea Region [K022_1996_1998_NZ_1]
A detailed genetic analysis of genetic variation was conducted on samples of mosses collected at locations around the Ross Sea Region including Cape Bird, Cape Evans, Cape Royds, Cape Crozier, Cape ...


84. Genomic Indicators of Climate Chnage - Genetic and isotopic analysis of Adelie penguin tissue from relict colonies at Cape Bird and Cape Royds, Ross Island, Antarctica. [K016_2011_2013_NZ_1]
Our objectives are to identify the molecular basis by which Ad�lie penguins have responded to a -10�C increase in temperature since the last glacial maximum. We will sequence the genomes of a number ...


85. Genomic Indicators of Climate Chnage - Genetic and isotopic analysis of Adélie penguin tissue from relict colonies at Cape Bird and Cape Royds, Ross Island, Antarctica. [K016_2011_2012_NZ_1]
Our objectives are to identify the molecular basis by which Adélie penguins have responded to a -10°C increase in temperature since the last glacial maximum. We will sequence the genomes of a number ...


86. Automatic weather station measurements for debris covered ice, bare ice and snow accumulation area over two summer season on the McMurdo Ice Shelf [K053_2003_2005_NZ_2]
An automatic weather station (AWS) was installed in three separate surface types in the vicinity of Bratina Island on the McMurdo Ice Shelf (MIS) over two summer seasons, in order to identify the ...


87. Mark and recapture study of Trematomus bernacchii at Cape Royds [K012_1981_1982_NZ_3]
A mark and recapture study of Trematomus bernacchii was proposed for the Cape Royds area to estimate population size and degree of mobility within the population. Fish were tagged with color coded ...


88. Glacial movement and sedimentation rate of the Mackay Glacier, Granite Harbour [K042_1982_1983_NZ_1]
Granite Harbour can be considered a 'closed basin' which collects sediment deposited from the Mackay Glacier Tongue. Study of this sedimentation system enables a more precise interpretation of the ...


89. Bacteria culturing from geothermal soil samples collected from the summits of Mt Erebus and Mt Melbourne [K023_1994_1995_NZ_1]
Soil samples were collected from the summit of Mt Erebus and Mt Melbourne geothermal areas. Previous sampling of this area (1980) indicated the absence of bacteria which are common in other hot springs ...


90. Mathematical modelling of the optical behaviour sea ice in McMurdo Sound to determine the partitioning of radiant energy [K131_1998_1999_NZ_2]
Optical beam-spread profiles were measured on sea ice from McMurdo Sound, with a view to understanding the role of microstructure in the scattering of light in sea ice. These experiments were performed ...


91. McMurdo Ice Shelf Project: Measurements of ice sheet movement, accumulation and ablation rate, strain/density rates, brine infusion and snow profiles [K001_1962_1984_NZ_1]
Surface elevation and movement of the McMurdo Ice Shelf and Ross Ice Shelf were conducted as part of the McMurdo Ice Shelf Project which was active from the 1962 to 1970 field seasons. A significant ...


92. Measurement and comparison of miniature end plate currents between notothenioid Antarctic fish species [K012_1998_2000_NZ_2]
To determine if cold-adaptation of neuromuscular ion currents, as reported for Mini End Plate Currents (MEPCs) of one Antarctic fish species, Pagothenia borchgrevinki is a widespread feature of ther ...


93. Measurement of atmospheric electrical fields during storms and the investigation of the effect of blowing dust on these fields [K011_1969_1974_NZ_1]
An electrostatic field mill, operated by the University of Auckand Physics Department was installed at Vanda Station and monitored electrical fields during storms throughout the year over several ...


94. Measurement of electrical resistivity of sea ice in McMurdo Sound [K131_1984_1985_NZ_1]
The electrical resistivity of sea ice was measured in situ at two locations in McMurdo Sound: 1km south of Scott Base and 1km northwest of Tent Island. Measurements were made at frequencies of 100Hz ...


95. Measurement of ionosphere activity from the Beacon satellite launched in 1964 [K002_1969_1970_NZ_2]
The Polar Ionosphere Beacon Satellite Program, S-66, was for the purpose of ionospheric research. The S-66 program aimed to make possible a synoptic study of the ionosphere as it varies in time and ...


96. Measurement of ocean waves and ice coupled waves near a fast ice boundary, McMurdo Sound [K137_1990_1993_NZ_1]
Ocean waves interact with Antarctic ice. Pack ice acts as a barrier to wave penetration, and attenuates the propagating waves. The presence of fast ice changes the nature of the wave interaction so ...


97. Measurement of radio noise levels within 100km of McMurdo Station [K002_1970_1971_NZ_1]
The electromagnetic interference problems in the McMurdo Station-Scott Base area of Antarctica was investigated. Growth in the area has resulted in contamination of the natural environment with man ...


98. Measurement of the characteristics of the intensity and polaristion of skylight at two different sites in Antarctica, differeing in albedo [K041_1992_1993_NZ_1]
The enhancement of UVB radiation falling onto the different land surfaces was investigated. Previous measurements (in the 1990 season) found low maximum polarisation of sky light and strong low azimuth ...


99. Measurement of the effects of pH and temperature on the oxygen binding properties (oxygen affinity) and ATP concentrations in whole blood of Antarctic fish [K012_1982_1983_NZ_1]
Many Antarctic fishes have taken advantage of the combination of low oxygen requirements and high availability of oxygen by reducing the number of erythrocytes and the amount of intracellular haemoglobin. ...


100. Measurement of the vibrations the sensory neurons of the anterior lateral line can detect in the Antarctic fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki in relation to prey detection [K012_1985_1986_NZ_2]
A study of predator-prey interaction was focussed into an investigation of non-visual sensory interaction between Pagothenia borchgrevinki and its prey. Recordings were made from sensory neurons of ...


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