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51. All-Sky Optical Imager data, Arrival Heights, Scott Base, Antarctica [K069_1996_2012_NZ_1]
An All-sky Optical Imager was installed in January 1996 at Arrival Heights, Ross Island, Antarctica, to continuously record and analyse optical emissions associated with solar wind particle reactions ...


52. Altitude profile measurements of nitric acid (HNO3) using balloon packages flown into the stratosphere during the autumn, winter and spring [K085_1993_1995_NZ_1]
In addition to ground based measurements of nitric acid (HNO3), altitude profiles of nitric acid was conducted during the autumn, winter and spring using a series of balloon packs flown into the stratosphere. ...


53. An annual cycle of cloud condensation nuclei concentration in the Ross Sea Region [K173_1992_1993_NZ_1]
A cycle of cloud condensation nuclei concentration in the Ross Sea Region was collected by installing and running a CCN monitor at Scott Base. The results contributed to the Southern Hemisphere record ...


54. An artificial substrate experiment to study the colonisation of new areas of sediment in terrestrial aquatic ecosystems, Lake Hoare [K081_2000_2001_NZ_1]
An artificial substrate experiment was designed to mimic the colonisation of new areas of sediment that are introduced to Lake Hoare by episodic and localised slippage of accumulations of sediment ...


55. An ASTER Digital Elevation Model (DEM) for the Darwin-Hatherton Glacial System [K053_2006_2007_NZ_1]
In order to understand how the West Antarctic Ice Sheet may respond to global climate change in the future, its current nature and how it has responded to climate change in the past has been investigated. ...


56. An ecological study of Bird Pond at Cape Bird: water parameters, population density and identification plants and animals [K014_1970_1971_NZ_3]
A seasonal ecological study was carried out at Bird Pond, Cape Bird. At weekly intervals the water temperature, depth, conductivity, pH and light were recorded, water samples were analysed for oxygen, ...


57. An ecological study of Penguin Pond, Green Lake and Harrison Lake at Cape Bird: measurement of water chemistry, water parameters and flora and fauna investigations [K014_1973_1974_NZ_2]
Three lakes were selected for ecological study at Cape Bird. Penguin Pond was sampled twice weekely and measurements were taken for light intensity, temperature, oxygen, pH, chlorinity, alkalinity, ...


58. An estimate of the production rate of 14CO due to natural cosmic ray background [K087_1994_1995_NZ_1]
14CO measurements in cylinders exposed in Antarctica were used to estimate the production rate of 14CO due to natural cosmic ray background with comparisons with similar exposures in the Southern ...


59. An integrated marine geophysical survey (multibeam bathymetry, chirp sonar, gravity and geomagnetic measurements, with seismic reflection) of the southern Adare Basin region. (R/V Nathaniel B Palmer cruise NBP0701) [K101_2006_2007_NZ_1]
A detailed integrated marine geophysical survey of the sourthern Adare Basin region and a series of detailed seismic transects across the Northern Basin, underlying the north-western Ross Sea continental ...


60. An investigation of a bacterial infection of Antarctic sponge species at Cape Armitage [K054_1988_1989_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
A bacterial infection was found associated with two species of Antarctic sponges while conducting a survey of the benthic community at Cape Armitage. This infection was not observed in the first year ...


61. An investigation of the lower Wellar Coal Measure sequence [K026_1976_1977_NZ_4]
The lower Wellar Coal Measure sequence was investigated and extensively sampled. A thin, unusually textured horizon, with the appearance of an ash deposit, was traced along the entire northern side ...


62. An investigation of the x-cell disease in Pagothenia borchgrevinki fish in McMurdo Sound with measurements of condition factor, gut contents, internal organ status and analysis of tissue samples [K057_1997_1998_NZ_1]
The distribution of x-cell disease in Pagothenia borchgrevinki fish in McMurdo Sound and the effects of the disease on the fish was investigated. A series of linear transects were samples close to ...


63. An oil spill experiment measuring the response of soils to oil spills: chemical and microbial analysis, nutrient analysis, soil moisture and temperature [K123_2000_2003_NZ_1]
To measure how quickly soils respond to oil spills, JP5 jet fuel was spilled onto contained soil cores at Scott Base. 105 PVC soil cores (10 cm x 30 cm deep) capped at the bottom sitting in plastic ...


64. Analyses of water and microbial mat samples collected from two ponds at Luther Peak, near Cape Hallett [K081_2003_2005_NZ_3]
Freshwater ponds have long been recognised as an important local biodiversity element in the Antarctic landscape. To broaden the understanding of pond systems within the Ross Sea region of Antarctica ...


65. Analysing toxicological impacts of contaminants on Notothenioid fish: Impacts of Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) [K068_2009_2010_NZ_2]
Target species Trematomus benacchii (n=72)from Cape Evans were collected live for the purpose of conducting a dose-response experiment in New Zealand on the live fish. Fish were dosed with different ...


66. Analysis of activity levels and oxygen consumptions of the Antarctic fish Trematomus bernacchii to determine if they have a circadian rhythm [K057_2004_2005_NZ_1]
Antarctic fish live in an environment with high seasonality, where levels of sunlight in the summer are up to 24 hours a day and in total darkness during the winter. Fish were monitored to determine ...


67. Analysis of air and snow samples in Antarctica for isotope analysis [K001_1960_1975_NZ_1]
Snow samples were collected over a number of seasons for analysis of fission products (deuterium and oxygen isotopes), tritium and sulphur isotope contents. The information would provide the basic ...


68. Analysis of air samples for trace levels of hydrocarbons, fluorocarbons and light hydrocarbons [K173_1984_1987_NZ_1]
The importance of minor atmospheric constituents to the global climate is well established but knowledge of their chemistry, distribution (by latitude, altitude and season) is sparse. This project ...


69. Analysis of animal fat (Weddell Seal, Adelie Penguin and Skua) for DDT concentration [K017_1967_1968_NZ_3]
A special method was designed to test levels of DDT in the fats of Antarctica animals including Weddell seals, Adelie penguins and Skuas.. In this method emphasis was placed on identification of the ...


70. Analysis of blood samples for genetic difference and similarity within and between breeding groups of Adelie penguins and Skuas from Cape Bird, Cape Royds and Cape Crozier, Ross Island [K016_1988_1989_NZ_1]
Prior studies have found little interchange of skuas (Stercorarius maccormicki) and Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) among breeding groups as the majority of breeding birds settle within their ...


71. Analysis of blood samples for hormones circulating in the blood stream of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) in relation to breeding behaviour [K017_1966_1967_NZ_2]
A method for recurrent blood sampling of individual birds was perfected before a close study of the behaviour of a number of banded breeding pairs of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) was conducted ...


72. Analysis of bottom sediment and water samples near Scott Base to determine the effects of effluents on the marine environment [K012_1994_1995_NZ_3]
The effects of Scott Base effluents on the marine environment was investigated by collecting bottom sediments and water samples on both side of the pressure ridges at Pram Point, near Scott Base. ...


73. Analysis of bottom sediments within the Ross Sea to determine the sedimentation regime of the area [K008_1972_1973_NZ_2]
The collection of a series of bottom grab samples in the Ross Sea were made over three weeks from the USCGS Northwind. The aim was to study the sedimentation regime in the Ross Sea. 30 grab stations ...


74. Analysis of brain and muscle tissues for activities of the enzyme acelylcholinesterase from the Antarctic fish Trematomus bernacchiicollected from polluted and pristine sites [K014_1996_1997_NZ_2]
The effect of human impacts on fish physiology was investigated by determining whether environmental pollutants impacted upon physiological functioning of the neuromuscular system thereby potentially ...


75. Analysis of breeding success, adult survival and mate choice of south polar skuas (Catharacta maccormicki) at Cape Bird, Ross Island [K063_1991_1992_NZ_2]
The breeding success, survival and mate choice in south polar skuas was studied at Cape Bird to determine which individual traits influence breeding success, if breeding success is related to mate ...


76. Analysis of cyanobacterial mats for toxins [K081_2001_2002_NZ_3]
Mats of algae and cyanobacteria are often the dominant biomass of inland aquatic systems. A collection of samples of these mats were extensively sampled from the moraine ponds near Bratina Island ...


77. Analysis of ecstatic calls displays and nest parameters and their importance in Adelie penguin mate attraction, pair bonding and nest success [K019_2002_2003_NZ_1]
Mate recognition of adelie penguins is crucial to their breeding success in such an extreme environment. The importance of male ecstatic display, the role of factors including nest location and size ...


78. Analysis of foraminiferal populations in sediment samples from McMurdo Sound in relation to sediment type, ecological factors and bathymetry [K042_1981_1982_NZ_1]
Sea floor sediments of McMurdo Sound were sampled to obtain material suitable for detailed analysis of foraminiferal populations and their relationships to sediment type and ecological factors. Foraminifera ...


79. Analysis of fossil sponge material from the McMurdo Ice Shelf for age dating and microbial symbionts to compare with the present day organisms diversity [K023_2001_2002_NZ_4]
Marine sponges become entrained into glacial ice at the glacial-marine sediment interface and eventually become exposed on the upper surface of the glacier through processes of ablation. The transit ...


80. Analysis of isotopic ratios of water vapour samples from the stratosphere to determine polar stratospheric cloud formation and disintigration [K087_2001_2006_NZ_1]
The transport of water vapor near the tropopause and lower stratosphere, e.g. The inflow of tropospheric water vapor into the stratosphere and the vertical redistribution of stratospheric water vapor ...


81. Analysis of mixed water and substrate samples from glacial meltwater streams and stream beds in the Dry Valleys for ecology and physiology of protozoan found there [K061_1984_1985_NZ_1]
Aspects of the ecology and physiology of protozoa found in glacial melt waters of the Wright and Taylor Valleys were studied. Combined water/substrate samples and freeze dried moss and algae were ...


82. Analysis of organochlorine pesticides, PCB's and heavy metals levels in Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) and South Polar skua (Catharacta maccormicki) carcasses and abandoned eggs [K063_1989_1990_NZ_2]
Skuas as a group have come to be recognized as 'barometers' of environmental health, as their wide range and feeding habits make them ideal for monitoring oceanic pollution. Skua and adelie penguin ...


83. Analysis of outcoming gas from the CIROS drill holes [K211_1984_1985_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
The outcoming gas from the CIROS drill holes was monitored with the composition analysed by gas chromatograph. 10 measurements were made for outcoming gas. Oxygen, nitrogen and carbon dioxide were ...


84. Analysis of salt deposits, soil profiles and soil chemistry from the Darwin Glacier region to determine the glacial history of the area [K150_1978_1979_NZ_1]
The soil on old surfaces (those exposed to weathering for long periods of time) and in particular the salt deposits expected to occur within these soils was investigated in the Darwin Glacier region ...


85. Analysis of samples (cloaca, blood and tissue) from Adelie penguins and Weddell seal samples for influenze viruses from Cape Bird [K251_1985_1986_NZ_1]
There is evidence that some influenza pandemics are caused by influenza viruses which have acquired new antigens from avian viruses. In order to understand the conditions under which antigens are ...


86. Analysis of satellite imagery as a means of studying the distribution of weathered soils in Antarctica [K150_1982_1983_NZ_4]
Satellite imagery of the McMurdo Sound region was studied to test the usefulness of remote sensing and enhanced satellite imagery as a means of studying the distrubution of weathered soil in Antarctica. ...


87. Analysis of shallow cores (stratigraphy, thickness and facies analysis, ageing) from Allan Hills and Table Mountain and assessment of contamination of diesel drilling fluid from DVDP-6 core, Lake Vida, 1972 [K047_2000_2001_NZ_1]
Shallow coring of permafrost glacial sediments was completed of the Sirius Group at Allan Hills to provide stratigraphic cores for thickness and facies analysis and at Table Mountain for comparative ...


88. Analysis of soil and water samples from the Taylor Valley, Wright Valley and Ross Island areas for pathogenic free living amoebae [K021_1977_1978_NZ_1]
Soil and water was sampled to determine the distribution and occurrence of the pathogenic free living amoebae which are the aetiological agents of Primary Amebic Meningo-encephalitis. Samples were ...


89. Analysis of soil cores from the Asgard Range to determine ice movement in the history of the valley system [K150_1982_1983_NZ_2]
Moraines in the Asgard Range were cored to look for buried soils and other evidence of ice movement at an earlier period in the history of the valley system. A posthole borer was used to drill holes ...


90. Analysis of soil profile samples and ice cores from Columnar Valley and Pearce Valley to determine the nature and origin of massive ground ice [K047_2002_2003_NZ_1]
To investigate the nature and origin of massive ground ice and to establish whether it has the potential to yield palaeoclimatic data, a set of shallow ice cores and samples were collected from Columnar ...


91. Analysis of soil samples (surface and cores), penguin faeces and water for influenza evolution determined from viruses preserved in adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) guano at Cape Bird and Cape Adare [K030_1999_2000_NZ_1]
The gene sequence of the influenza virus from the frozen soil beneath Adelie penguin colonies on Ross Island, Antarctica was analysed. Gene sequences from virus stored since 1933 show that the virus ...


92. Analysis of soil samples for human comensal micro-organism to determine the degree of human induced microbial contamination of heavily used regions [K023_2001_2002_NZ_2]
Mineral soils from the immediate vicinity of field campsites in the Wright Valley, Miers Valley and Bratina Island campsites were sampled daily during occupation. The samples were analysed with PCR ...


93. Analysis of soils from Marble Point contaminated with heavy metals [K150_1989_1990_NZ_2]
The fate of pollutants in Antarctic soils - to what extent soluble and insoluble materials move through, out of, or become fixed in soils, was investigated. Soil samples from a number of sites at ...


94. Analysis of the coastal geomorphology of Cape Bird - onshore measurements (tides, wave height, current velocities and direction, climatic parameter) and offshore bathymetric surveys [K014_1971_1972_NZ_3]
Measurements were made on the following inputs into the beach system of Cape Bird: the tides, wave height, current velocities and directions, wind conditions and air temperature to examine which daily ...


95. Analysis of the community structure of subtidal reefs at Cape Armitage (species composition of invertebrates and fish, sediment spicule mat depth, sediment type, sedimentation rates and tissue sampling for analysis) [K054_1987_1989_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
A dive site was selected at Cape Armitage to conduct a marine benthos survey. The water was approximately 25m deep and the bottom was found to be rocky and inhabited by sponges. Other sites were ...


96. Analysis of the condition of female (body fat and protein composition, weight and diet) Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddellii) and the implication for reproductive success [K063_2002_2004_NZ_1]
Weddell seals lay down substantial fat deposits during the non-breeding season and then expend the stored energy during an intensive lactation period. Fluctuations in energy acquisition prior to breeding ...


97. Analysis of the effects of environmental factors (temperature, light, water content and CO2 concentration) on the photosynthesis activity of two common Antarctic mosses and a cyanobacterial mat in the Taylor Valley [K024_2002_2003_NZ_2]
A detailed study of how the environmental factors temperature, light, water content and carbon dioxide concentration affected photosynthesis of the two common mosses Bryum argenteum and Hennediella ...


98. Analysis of the endolithic communities in the McMurdo Dry Valleys: microclimate, biodiversity, community structure, biomass, photosynthetic activity and genetic diversity [K024_2003_2008_NZ_1]
The photosynthetic activity of endolithic communities at three sites in the Ross Sea Region, including Mt Falconer in the Taylor Valley, Linnaeus Terrace in the Asgard Range, the Nussbaumriegel in ...


99. Analysis of the reef slope community structure at Pram Point (species composition of invertebrates and fish, sponge reproduction, sediment type, sedimentation rates and tissue sampling for analysis) [K054_1991_1992_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The reef community at Cape Armitage was surveyed over two seasons (1987/88 and 1988/89). This community exists on a fan like shallow slope platform. In the same season, Pram Point was initially assessed ...


100. Analysis of trachea and cloacal swabs and blood samples for influenza virus and arboviruses in Adelie penguins at Cape Bird [K014_1978_1979_NZ_4]
In recent years, evidence has accumulated to indicate that epidemic strains of influenza virus have developed from animal strains, including those occurring in birds. Interest in the ecology of influenza ...


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