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51. GPS surveying to obtain ice flow velocities for the southern McMurdo Ice Shelf, Antarctica, 2002-2005. [K114_2002_2003_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
In the 2002/03 field season (event K114), 34 marker poles were established in a 2.5 km-spaced grid over the southern McMurdo Ice Shelf (SMIS), and these were positioned using differential ...


52. The temperature and desiccation tolerance limits of protozoa found in glacial melt waters and freshwater ponds or streams at Cape Bird [K028_1983_1984_NZ_1]
Protozoa found in the glacial melt waters and freshwater ponds or streams of Antarctica were investigated for their ability to tolerate freezing in their active stages. Sampling was conducted at Cape ...


53. Biochemical and biological activity of soils from a penguin colony at Cape Bird and soil description, classification and measurements of water content, soil temperature and depth to frozen ground [K024_1981_1984_NZ_1]
The biochemical and biological activity of the soils of the Adelie penguin colonies at Cape Bird was studied over two seasons. Biochemical markers of decomposition of penguin guano were studied by ...


54. Profile descriptions, mapping and analysis of soils in the Wright Valley, Antarctica and assessment of soil disturbance by foot traffic [K123_2004_2005_NZ_1]
Soil profile descriptions from the Lower Wright Valley, West Wright Valley (including north and south forks), Labyrinth and Dais was carried out over three field seasons (2004-05, 2005-06 and 2006-07) ...


55. Analysis of soil and water samples from the Taylor Valley, Wright Valley and Ross Island areas for pathogenic free living amoebae [K021_1977_1978_NZ_1]
Soil and water was sampled to determine the distribution and occurrence of the pathogenic free living amoebae which are the aetiological agents of Primary Amebic Meningo-encephalitis. Samples were ...


56. Paleomagnetic samples and geological mapping of the basement geology of the Daniels Range and the Rennick Glacier area in North Victoria Land [K017_1981_1982_NZ_1]
A collection of paleomagnetic rock samples including Jurassic volcanics and dolerites, Beacon Supergroup, Devonian-Carboniferous volcanics, Paleozoic Granitoids and Cambrian Volcanics and sediments ...


57. Investigating respiratory viruses from Antarctic personnel at Scott Base, McMurdo Station and South Pole Station to determine immune system adaptation to climatic extremes [K016_1975_1976_NZ_1]
Aspects of human biomedical and immunological adaptation to Antarctic isolation was studied including the occurrence of respiratory virus infections in people overwintering in Antarctica and the reasons ...


58. Parasitological studies in organisms found in McMurdo Sound [K012_1973_1978_NZ_1]
A research programme in parasitology was conducted over several seasons, investigating several different organisms in the McMurdo Sound region. In the 1973-74 season, a study of the parasite burden ...


59. The stratigraphy and magnetostratigraphy of surface and subsurface late Cenozoic Ross Sea drift from drill cores taken in the eastern Taylor Valley [K010_1980_1983_NZ_1]
In the 1980/81 and 1982/83 Antarctic field seasons, drilling and mapping were undertaken as part of a programme in the eastern Taylor Valley to investigate the late Cenozoic glacial history of the ...


60. Measurements of the tide level, current, temperature and salinity of McMurdo Sound and examination of the biological biomass in the water column [K007_1970_1974_NZ_1]
A measurement of the tides and currents in McMurdo Sound was conducted over several seasons. Current measurements were first made in McMurdo Sound by Hodgson (1907) during the stay of the Discovery ...


61. Research of sea ice biogeochemical data and oceanographic measurements under the Ross ice shelf [K131_2011_2012NZ_1]
Oceanographic data compiling of - salinity, current, pressure, ice-water interface data was gathered from under the Ross Ice shelf to gain a better understanding of the interactions of sub ice shelf ...


62. Temperature, salinity and current turbulence along an east to west transect across McMurdo Sound [K131_2007_2010_NZ_1]
The oceanography of McMurdo Sound was investigated by collecting current meter data, water samples, ice cores, under ice turbulence and Conductivity (salinity)-Temperature-Depth (CTD) profiles of ...


63. Fungi isolates from physical samples (soil, rock, wood, foodstuff, air, artifacts, etc) from heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region to determine fungal biodiversity [K021_1998_2011_NZ_1]
Physical samples of soil, rocks, wood, foodstuffs, air and artefacts were collected from six Heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region over the period of January 1999 to January 2008. These sites included ...


64. Soil samples from Mout Fleming, Allen Hills and the McKelvey Valley to determine the fungal terrestrial biodiversity using cultures and molecular DNA techniques [K021_1998_2011_NZ_9]
Soil samples were taken from Mount Fleming (00-01), Allen Hills (03-04) and the McKelvey Valley (07-08) to ascertain terrestrial biodiversity at the sites, as determined by molecular DNA techniques ...


65. Fungi isolates from physical samples (soil, rock, wood, foodstuff, air, artifacts, etc) from heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region to determine fungal biodiversity [K021_1998_2012_NZ_1]
Physical samples of soil, rocks, wood, foodstuffs, air and artifacts were collected from six Heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region over the period of January 1999 to January 2008. These sites included ...


66. Soil climate and atmospheric data for Scott Base, Marble Point, Mount Fleming, Bull Pass, Granite Harbour, Minna Bluff, Victoria Valley, Don Juan Pond and Bull Pass, Antarctica [K123_1999_2012_NZ_1]
In collaboration with the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) climate stations were installed at six locations in the Ross Sea Region including Scott Base, Marble Point and Bull Pass all ...


67. Research of sea ice biogeochemical data and oceanographic measurements under the Ross ice shelf [K131_2011_2012_NZ_1]
Oceanographic data compiling of - salinity, current, pressure, ice-water interface data was gathered from under the Ross Ice shelf to gain a better understanding of the interactions of sub ice shelf ...


68. Antarctic Sea Ice Thickness Mapping in McMurdo Sound [K063_2011_2012_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
In-depth research has been conducted into sea ice thickness in the McMurdo Sound. The subice platelet layer thickness under sea ice was measured in regular intervals at two North-South oriented profiles ...


69. Land and sea ice sructure west and south of Ross Island measured by ground penetrating radar, UAV, and helicopter EM bird [K053_2009_2012_NZ_1]
This data set decribes surface and volume properties of snow and ice to validate radar satellite measurements. Ground penetrating radar (GPR) at 500 and 1000GHz provides information on snow layers ...


70. Environmental protection, management and classification of terrestrial ecosystems in the Ross Sea Region [K123_2010_2012_NZ_3]
Soil samples from a diverse range of soil types have been collected from the Wright and Victoria Valley Systems, to determine whether soil distribution patterns aid prediction of microbial abundance ...


71. Investigation of the role of anti-freeze glyco-proteins in the circulation system of Antarctic fish [K014_2009_2012_NZ_1]
In order to investigate how Antarctic fish deal with ice in their blood circulatory system, Trematomus bernacchii and Pagothenia borchgrevinki Antarctic fish were captured for experimental investigation. ...


72. Collection of Antarctic fish leeches from McMurdo Sound [K014_2009_2012_NZ_2]
Samples of Antarctic Trematomid fish leeches were fixed in alcohol and returned to New Zealand for identification and analysis.


73. Lore and Law: Sense of Place, Sense of Right and Pro-Environmental Behaviour of Support and Science in the Antarctic [K073_2009_2012_NZ_1]
The principal objective of this study is to investigate environmentally responsible decision-making by human beings in the Antarctic. Specifically, it will identify decision factors about human behaviour ...


74. Geomagnetic and seismological data collected from Scott Base, Cape Evans (Ross Island) and Lake Vanda [K102_1959_2012_NZ_1]
Geomagnetic and seismological measurements were established in Antarctica in 1957 as part of the International Geophysical Year and have continued until present. Geomagnetic data have been recorded ...


75. Life at the Extreme: Resolving the Genetic Basis of Microbial Endemism in the Super-Heated Soils of Mt Erebus, Antarctica [K023_2008_2012_NZ_1]
The study of high temperature extreme environments continues to challenge our understanding of the upper tolerances of microbial life and how life may have originated on earth and possibly other planets. ...


76. The Glaciological Basis of Palaeoclimatic Reconstructions of Ice-Shelf Moraines [K064_2010_2012_NZ_1]
The research is giving us an understanding of the entrainment, transfer and deposition of sediment by ice shelves. The investigation of the structure, composition and motion of the Southern McMurdo ...


77. Genomic Indicators of Climate Chnage - Genetic and isotopic analysis of Adélie penguin tissue from relict colonies at Cape Bird and Cape Royds, Ross Island, Antarctica. [K016_2011_2012_NZ_1]
Our objectives are to identify the molecular basis by which Ad?lie penguins have responded to a -10?C increase in temperature since the last glacial maximum. We will sequence the genomes of a number ...


78. Arrival Heights Bruker IFS 120M FTS mid-infrared gases [K085_1996_2012_NZ_1]
A Bruker 120M interferometer, a high resolution infrared instrument, was used to measure trace gases in the atmosphere (HNO3, HCl, CH4, N2O, CO, ClONO2) during the early spring from the time the sun ...


79. Spectrometer (ADAS2) sunlight and moonlight measurements of Ozone (O3), Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2), Chlorine Dioxide (OClO) and Bromine Oxide (BrO) from Arrival Heights [K085_1998_2012_NZ_1]
A UV/visible wavelength diode array spectrometer was installed at Arrival Heights to allow off axis sunlight and moonlight measurements of ozone (O3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), chlorine dioxide (OClO) ...


80. Annual measurements of atmospheric methane concentrations and isotopic ratios from Arrival Heights, Ross Island [K087_1989_2012_NZ_1]
The atmospheric trace gas, methane (CH4), affects the radiative heat balance of the earth. The sources of atmospheric methane are not well understood. Large air samples (1000-1400 litres) of methane ...


81. Column and vertical profiles of chlorine monoxide from a heterodyne spectrometer [K085_1996_2012_NZ_2]
A microwave experiment was installed at Scott Base to measure microwave emission of atmospheric chlorine monoxide (ClO) near 1.1 mm wavelength by a heterodyne spectrometer. The heterodyne techniques ...


82. JY Spectrometer measurements of ozone and nitrogen dioxide from Arrival Heights [K085_1982_2012_NZ_1]
Ozone (O3) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) are two trace gases in the stratosphere that interact to have an important effect on the radiation balance. The spatial and temporal variation in these gases ...


83. Measurements of the total amount of ozone in the vertical column of the atmosphere from a ground based Dobson spectrophotometer at Arrival Heights, Antarctica [K085_1988_2012_NZ_1]
Atmospheric ozone is important to mankind because it absorbs most ultraviolet and other high energy radiation harmful to life, preventing it from reaching the earth's surface. A rapid loss of more ...


84. Springtime chlorine dioxide and bromine monoxide measurements from a diode array spectrometer, Arrival Heights [K085_1993_2012_NZ_1]
A UV/visible diode array spectrometer was installed at Arrival Heights (93/94 seasons) for zenith skylight measurements of Chlorine Dioxide (OClO) and Bromine Monoxide (BrO) in two wavelength ranges, ...


85. Surface ozone concentration from an TEI instrument at Arrival Heights [K085_2002_2012_NZ_1]
A TEI instrument was installed at Arrival Heights to monitor boundary layer concentration of surface ozone levels with an ultraviolet absorption measurement. Ambient air is pumped through a cell and ...


86. Investigation of levels of endocrine disrupting compounds in the Antarctic environment and food chain [K068_2009_2010_NZ_1]
The study aims to quantify selected emerging Endocrine Disrupting Compounds (EDCs) in sewage, and waters from Antarctica, and to study levels of EDCs in the food chain, including invertebrates, fish, ...


87. Benthic invertebrate community composition, sediment characteristics, and seafloor habitat structure of New Harbour [K082_2009_2010_NZ_1]
SCUBA-based sampling was conducted to determine benthic invertebrate community composition, sediment characteristics, and seafloor habitat structure of New Harbour, via core sampling and video. Specimens ...


88. Aeolian sediment in snow and on sea ice in Western in McMurdo Sound, and the Nansen Ice Shlelf in Terra Nova Bay, Antarctica [K001D_2010_2012_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
To quantify the distribution, composition and overall flux of aeolian (windblown) sediment that accumulates on Ice shelves and annual sea ice in the SW Ross Sea region and is subsequently released ...


89. Land and sea ice sructure west and south of Ross Island measured by ground penetrating radar, UAV, and helicopter EM bird [K053_2009_2010_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
This data set decribes surface and volume properties of snow and ice to validate radar satellite measurements. Ground penetrating radar (GPR) at 500 and 1000GHz provides information on snow layers ...


90. Distribution of meroplankton in Granite Harbour in proximity to a glacier [K018_2009_2010_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Plankton was sampled at a 4 x 3 grid (100m apart) centred around S 77o00.910’; E 162o 58.978’ between 21 Nov 2009 - 26 Nov 2009 to determine if there is a different larval community at different ...


91. Census data using aerial photographs on the number of breeding Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at colonies in the Ross Sea Region [K122_1981_2012_NZ_1]
Data are of numbers of breeding pairs of Adelie penguins(Pygoscelis adeliae)in the Ross Sea region colonies counted from aerial photographs. Photographs were taken from either a helicopter or from ...


92. The depth distribution of meroplankton in the water column of Granite Harbour [K018_2009_2010_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Plankton was sampled at a single site (S 77o00.725’; E 162o 53.046’) between 27 Nov 2009 - 01 Dec 2009 about 1 km to the south of Granite Harbour Camp during the 09-10 season to determine if there ...


93. Trace metal analysis of sea ice at Granite Harbour [K043_2009_2010_NZ_1]
Samples of sea ice and surface snow were collected from the region around the Granite Harbour camp. Samples were melted and filtered in ultra clean conditions and returned to NZ for analysis.


94. GIS analysis, biological samples (soil microorganism, invertebrate and plant), automatic weather station data and vegetation and invertebrate surveys to determine the terrestrial biocomplexity of the McMurdo Dry Valleys [K020_2008_2012_NZ_1]
The McMurdo Dry Valleys are the largest area of snow-free land in Antarctica. Managers ability to promote and protect these areas would benefit if we knew the biodiversity present and what controls ...


95. Ground penetrating radar survey of the Darwin and Hatherton glacial systems [K056_2006_2007_NZ_3]
More than 300 km of ground penetrating radar (GPR) data were collected on the glaciers around Roadend Nunatak, Lake Wellman and Lake Wilson. Reflections from the bedrock were observed on most profiles, ...


96. Dynamics and change of the Darwin Hatherton Glacial System [K056_2006_2010_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The Darwin-Hatherton glacial system offers a unique opportunity to investigate the response of the Antarctic Ice Sheet to future climate change. As well as draining the East Antarctic Ice Sheet into ...


97. Bratina Island ponds planktonic community dynamics [K160_2009_2010_NZ_1]
This study aimed to increase the knowledge of microbial biodiversity and the environmental factors which structure them paying special attention to the stratification transition zones within Bratina ...


98. Soil, nematode, and springtail sample collection from Granite Harbour [K066_2009_2010_NZ_1]
The aim of this study was to determine aspects of the environmental physiology and phylogeography of Antarctic terrestrial invertebrates. Soil samples were collected from Granite Harbour for geochemical ...


99. Characterisation of aquatic resources in McMurdo Sound region of Antarctica: water chemistry, biological identity and genomic samples [K081_2009_2010_NZ_1]
Aquatic environments in Antarctica have changes over time with a changing climate. Small aquatic zones on the surface of glaciers ablation zones are comparatively constant and represent perhaps the ...


100. Investigation of the role of anti-freeze glyco-proteins in the circulation system of Antarctic fish [K014_2009_2010_NZ_1]
In order to investigate how Antarctic fish deal with ice in their blood circulatory system, Trematomus bernacchii and Pagothenia borchgrevinki Antarctic fish were captured for experimental investigation. ...


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