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51. The effects of temperature and pH on collegen denaturation at fish skin contractions in Antarctic fish [K012_1988_1989_NZ_4]
Measurements of fish skin contraction as a function of temperature and pH and the effects of temperature on denaturation of collagen was investigated by incubating strips of skin from several notothenioid ...


52. The effects of temperature on conduction of the nervous impulse and transmission of the impulse from nerve to muscle in two Antarctic fish and an isopod [K012_1977_1978_NZ_1]
The pattern of cold adaptation in the nervous system of Antarctic fish, with particular attention to the effects of temperature changes on conduction of the nervous impulse and on transmission of ...


53. The evolution of microsatellite and mitochondrial genes of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) from DNA samples taken from stratified subfossil penguin bones at penguin colonies [K030_1996_1999_NZ_1]
Evolutionary changes in microsatellite and mitochondrial genes of Adelie penguins was investigated to provide knowledge about the genetic processes and mechanisms that give rise to variation and change ...


54. The histological development of blood cells and identification of erythropoietin in the red blooded Antarctic notothenioid species [K012_1994_1995_NZ_1]
A joint program with the Italian program investigated erythropoesis (formation of red blood cells) and red cell turn over in the red blooded Antarctic fishes. A range of fish tissues was collected ...


55. The legacy model vs the subsidy model to explain soil organic matter in the McMurdo Dry Valleys [K052_2004_2006_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The Dry Valleys of Victoria Land, Antarctica, contain naturally simple ecosystems operating under extreme climatic conditions. Nutrients are limited and are thought to come from external sources from ...


56. The length of a female adelie penguin foraging trip after being prevented from going to sea [K063_1987_1988_NZ_1]
One potential proximate cause of the timing of the nest relief cycle of adelie penguins was investigated by testing the hypothesis that the females count the days that they are gone from the nest ...


57. The muscle histochemistry and characterization of different metabolic types in fin and trunk muscles investigated on Antarctic fish [K057_1983_1984_NZ_1]
The muscle histochemistry and characterization of different metabolic types in fin and trunk muscles was investigated on Antarctic fish. Frozen sections were cut and examined and interactions and ...


58. The neural biology of Antarctic fish: Measurements of the neural activity from fish semicircular canals in response to head movement [K012_1983_1984_NZ_1]
The input and outputs of a well defined reflex pathway (the vestibulo-ocular reflex - VOR) was described in Antarctic fish to assess the mechanisms of neural cold adaptation at low temperatures. The ...


59. The respiratory physiology of Antarctic fish: resting metabolism, dermal respiration and haemoglobin denaturation investigations [K012_1984_1985_NZ_3]
Metabolic studies were made on 4 common species of notothenioids; Pagothenia borchgrevinki, Trematomus bernacchii, T. centronotus, T. hansoni and on one zoarcid species Rhigophila dearborni. Fish ...


60. The thermal acclimation ability of notothenioid fish species [K058_2007_2008_NZ_2]
Several individuals of Trematomus bernacchii and Pagothenia borchgrevinki were captured and used in an experiment to understand the ability of these fish to acclimate to increased temperatures. Individuals ...


61. The use of historic milk powder to compare the microbial flora of milk from the past to the present [K021_1998_2008_NZ_7]
Very small samples of milk powder from opened exposed tins were sampled from the artifacts found at the historic huts on Ross Island, in the order of several grams in the 2001-2002 season. Two hypothesis ...


62. The viscosity of the endolymph in Pagothenia borchgrevinki and Dissostichus mawsoni to assess the relative degrees of cold compensation at different stages in the vestibulo-ocular reflex arc [K012_1988_1989_NZ_3]
Endolymph (inner ear fluid) from the semicircular canals was collected from Pagothenia borchgrevinki and Dissostichus mawsoni by dissecting the mid brain to expose the intact vestibular apparatus. ...


63. Tissue collection for molecular and morphological phylogenetics of Antarctic fishes [K012_1989_1992_NZ_2]
Tissue was collected for molecular analysis of evolutionary relationships in the notothenioids. Material from 10 notothenioids and 2 zoarcids was collected and analysed.


64. Video recordings of underwater tracks of fish approaching an olfactory stimulus released into the water column to determine the search strategy used by Antarctic fish [K012_1995_1996_NZ_2]
Two branches exist in the mechanosensory lateral line in Antarctic fish: the canal system and superfiscial neuromasts. Behavioural evidence shows that the canal system is used for prey detection but ...


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