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51. Investigation of the physics (heat balance) and chemistry of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley, 1961-1962 [K042_1961_1962_NZ_1]
The first study of the physics and chemistry of Lake Vanda and the geology of the surrounding area were investigated in the 1961-1962 field season. Twelve holes were drilled at 1000ft intervals along ...


52. Measurement of atmospheric electrical fields during storms and the investigation of the effect of blowing dust on these fields [K011_1969_1974_NZ_1]
An electrostatic field mill, operated by the University of Auckand Physics Department was installed at Vanda Station and monitored electrical fields during storms throughout the year over several ...


53. Measurements of water temperature, spectral irradiance (amount of sunlight), density and salt concentration from lakes in the Taylor and Wright Valley [K042_1963_1964_NZ_1]
The physics and chemistry of the many lakes and ponds in the McMurdo Dry Valleys was investigated in the 1963-64 field season. Previous work on Lakes Vanda and Bonney in the Wright and Taylor Valleys ...


54. Observations of the circulation of winds in the Wright Valley using an acoustic sounder, pilot balloons and airsondes [K172_1988_1989_NZ_1]
Previous meteorological measurements in the Dry Valley region of South Victoria Land have shown that during summer, there is a well developed diurnal local circulation driven by solar heating/convective ...


55. Microclimate measurements (air temperature, light levels and relative humidity) near vegetation at Botany Bay, Granite Harbour [K024_1999_2000_NZ_1]
Several data loggers were deployed in and around plants in order to obtain more information of conditions at the plant level to be able to determine if plants performance characteristics are adapted ...


56. An estimate of the production rate of 14CO due to natural cosmic ray background [K087_1994_1995_NZ_1]
14CO measurements in cylinders exposed in Antarctica were used to estimate the production rate of 14CO due to natural cosmic ray background with comparisons with similar exposures in the Southern ...


57. Annual measurements of atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations and isotopic ratios from Arrival Heights, Ross Island since December 1996 [K087_1996_2008_NZ_1]
Carbon dioxide (CO2) in the earth's atmosphere is considered a trace gas and also a greenhouse gas. Levels of CO2 in the atmosphere are increasing due to anthropogenic activity. Small dry whole air ...


58. Annual measurements of atmospheric carbon monoxide concentrations and isotopic ratios from Arrival Heights, Ross Island since June 1991 [K087_1991_2008_NZ_1]
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a trace gas in the atmosphere. Although it occurs naturally in the atmosphere at very low concentrations, it may contribute to the greenhouse effect and concentrations are ...


59. Annual measurements of atmospheric methane concentrations and isotopic ratios from Arrival Heights, Ross Island since November 1989 [K087_1989_2008_NZ_1]
The atmospheric trace gas, methane (CH4), affects the radiative heat balance of the earth. The sources of atmospheric methane are not well understood. Large air samples (1000-1400 litres) of methane ...


60. Annual measurements of the stable carbon composition of carbon dioxide 13CO2 in the atmosphere from Arrival Heights, Ross Island since March 1997 [K087_1997_2008_NZ_1]
Measurements of the stable carbon composition of carbon dioxide (13CO2) are collected by small dry whole air samples (2L) annually (between 12 to 18 samples since March 1997) by a pump system from ...


61. Atmospheric air samples from aboard supply aircrafts operating between Christchurch, New Zealand and McMurdo Sound investigating the atmospheric chemistry and reactions between carbon monoxide, methane and ozone [K087_1996_1998_NZ_1]
Large whole air samples collected from a compressor system aboard the supply aircrafts operating between Christchurch and McMurdo incorporated measurements of ozone. In association with concentration ...


62. Determination of wind flow patterns and analysis of snow samples for airborne pollutants around Scott Base [K088_1994_1995_NZ_1]
The transport of pollutants from an occupied Antarctic Station (Scott Base) to the surrounding snow was investigated. Density balloons were tracked constantly at low levels throughout the area in ...


63. Experimental measurements of the production rate of 14CO in high pressure air samples [K087_2003_2004_NZ_1]
Air samples are collected from Arrival Heights for analysis of trace gas concentration and isotopic composition throughout the year. The high pressure samples that are collected from February through ...


64. Isotopic analysis of methane and carbon monoxide and other trace gases within firn cores from the Polar Plateau [K087_1998_2008_NZ_1]
Firn cores were sampled from Law Dome, East Antarctic Plateau and the Megadunes site on the Polar Plateau, and air samples within were analysed for methane and carbon monoxide and other trace gas ...


65. Measurement of the characteristics of the intensity and polaristion of skylight at two different sites in Antarctica, differeing in albedo [K041_1992_1993_NZ_1]
The enhancement of UVB radiation falling onto the different land surfaces was investigated. Previous measurements (in the 1990 season) found low maximum polarisation of sky light and strong low azimuth ...


66. Measurements of carbon dioxide concentrations from the atmosphere via equipment aboard supply aircrafts operating between Christchurch, New Zealand and McMurdo Sound [K087_1996_2008_NZ_2]
Carbon dioxide (CO2) in the earth's atmosphere is considered a trace gas and also a greenhouse gas. Levels of CO2 in the atmosphere are increasing due to anthropogenic activity. An automated flask ...


67. Measurements of carbon monoxide concentrations and isotopic ratios from the atmosphere via equipment aboard supply aircrafts operating between Christchurch, New Zealand and McMurdo Sound [K087_1991_2008_NZ_2]
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a trace gas in the atmosphere. The use of the radioactive isotope 14C in carbon monoxide is useful for determining the oxidative capacity via oxidation by hydroxyl (OH). Large ...


68. Measurements of methane concentrations and isotopic ratios from the atmosphere via equipment aboard supply aircrafts operating between Christchurch, New Zealand and McMurdo Sound [K087_1989_2008_NZ_2]
The atmospheric trace gas, methane (CH4), affects the radiative heat balance of the earth. Measurements of the carbon and hydrogen isotopes in atmospheric methane are used to relate this climatically ...


69. Measurements of the UV radiation (Blue, Violet, UVA and UVB) falling on sea ice in McMurdo Sound, quantification of sea ice algae and the effect of snow thickness on the transmissivity of sea ice to UV radiation [K041_1995_1996_NZ_1]
The relative amounts of visible, near and far UV radiation (Blue, Violet, UVA and UVB) falling onto sea ice in McMurdo Sound was measured at a site well cantered in the ice, i.e. not at the ice edge. ...


70. Measurements of the mixing ratios of the C2-C10 non-methane hydrocarbons from Arrival Heights since 1990 [K087_1990_2008_NZ_1]
A large variety of nonmethane hydrocarbons (NMHCs) are found throughout the troposphere in varying concentrations. The reaction of a NMHC with the hydroxyl (OH) molecule causes atmospheric oxidation. ...


71. Measurements of the polarisation of the Antarctic sky from the sea ice edge at Cape Bird and from a ship journey from Hobart to McMurdo Sound [K041_1997_1998_NZ_1]
The polarisation of the Antarctic sky was captured near the sea ice edge at Cape Bird to complement previous studies of the sky polarisation seen at Wellington (New Zealand), Scott Base, Tent Island ...


72. Measurements of the production of 14C in cylinders in Antarctica [K087_1992_1993_NZ_1]
In order to measure the production of 14C via 14N (n,p) 14C, cylinders with ultra pure air doped with dead CO were exposed at Scott Base and the South Pole.


73. Measurements of the transmission of UV light to infrared light through different samples of snow around Scott Base [K041_1997_1998_NZ_2]
The transmission of light through snow depends not only on the cleanliness but also on the size of the snow particles. The transmission properties are directly related to the reflection properties ...


74. Measurements of tropospheric aerosols and meteorological data in remote marine region in Antarctica to compare with New Zealand measurements to help understand the sulphur cycles influence on global climate [K176_1991_1992_NZ_1]
Dimethylsulphide (DMS) and sub-micron atmospheric particles are key components in the atmospheric sulphur cycle. DMS produced by biota in the oceans is thought to be the main source of atmospheric ...


75. The concentration of combustion engine particulates, the organic fraction of the particulates and the sources of the particulates identified by isotopic analysis from snow and ice samples near Scott Base [K011_2000_2001_NZ_1]
The likely sources of organic pollutants in Antarctica are aircrafts, generators and vehicular emissions. Engines and generators emit organic rich particulates due to incomplete fuel combustion that ...


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