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1. Physiology of Arthropods (Collembola) at Cape Hallett [K140_2002_2003_NZ_2]
Environmental physiology of three species of springtails (Hexapoda: Collembola): (1) Isotoma klovstadi (Isotomidae), (2) Cryptopygus cisantarcticus (Isotomidae) and (3) Friesia grisea ...


2. The distribution of terrestrial invertebrates at Cape Hallett [K140_2002_2003_NZ_1]
A survey of the terrestrial invertebrates of the ice free areas at Cape Hallett was conducted over three spatial scales: 1) A site-wide survey of the soil and under-stone arthropods of the Cape Hallett ...


3. The degree that UV-B absorbing compounds provide UV-R protection in embryos and larvae of the sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri: A comparison with adults [K068_2002_2003_NZ_1]
The degree that UV-B absorbing compounds provide UV-R protection was examined in four early developmental stages of the sea urchine Sterechinus neumayeri from Cape Armitage, McMurdo Sound. Adult Sterechinus ...


4. Collection of Antarctic fish leeches from McMurdo Sound - K014_2009_2012_NZ_2 [K014_2009_2012_NZ_2]
Samples of Antarctic Trematomid fish leeches were fixed in alcohol and returned to New Zealand for identification and analysis.


5. A biological reconnaissance of the photoreceptors of invertebrates and fish from the Ross Sea, identifying the micro fauna and flora of Dry Valley lakes and other organism from the Ross Sea region [K022_1977_1978_NZ_1]
A variety of research activities on the organisms in the Ross Dependency was undertaken to determine the biological research potential of the organisms. Most work focused on photoreceptors of different ...


6. A grafting experiment testing the ability of Antarctic sponges to recognise self from non-self tissue and their immune response [K054_1988_1989_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
A dive site was selected at Cape Armitage to conduct a marine benthos survey. The water was approximately 25m deep and the bottom was found to be rocky and inhabited by sponges. Four sponge species ...


7. A molecular analysis of penguin and chewing lice coevolution from Adelie (Pygoscelis adeliae) and Emperor (Aptenodytes forsteri) penguins [K029_1999_2000_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at Cape Royds (11-12 November, 1999) were captured and checked for chewing lice. Emperor penguins (Aptenodytes forsteri) at Cape Crozier (15-16 November, 1999) ...


8. A quantitative survey of mosses in the McMurdo Sound region [K042_1976_1977_NZ_3]
A quantitative survey of the ecology of mosses in the McMurdo Sound region was conducted in the 1976/77 field season. Moss was found around streams below the Rhone, Hughes and Calkin Glaciers in the ...


9. A survey of the density of starfish and sea urchins to determine the grazing pressure of these species on a sponge dominated reef, Cape Armitage [K054_1988_1989_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
In order to determine the grazing pressure of starfish and sea urchin species on the benthic community of a reef at Cape Armitage, a survey was made of these species densities. The survey was stratified ...


10. An investigation of a bacterial infection of Antarctic sponge species at Cape Armitage [K054_1988_1989_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
A bacterial infection was found associated with two species of Antarctic sponges while conducting a survey of the benthic community at Cape Armitage. This infection was not observed in the first year ...


11. Analysis of fossil sponge material from the McMurdo Ice Shelf for age dating and microbial symbionts to compare with the present day organisms diversity [K023_2001_2002_NZ_4]
Marine sponges become entrained into glacial ice at the glacial-marine sediment interface and eventually become exposed on the upper surface of the glacier through processes of ablation. The transit ...


12. Analysis of the community structure of subtidal reefs at Cape Armitage (species composition of invertebrates and fish, sediment spicule mat depth, sediment type, sedimentation rates and tissue sampling for analysis) [K054_1987_1989_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
A dive site was selected at Cape Armitage to conduct a marine benthos survey. The water was approximately 25m deep and the bottom was found to be rocky and inhabited by sponges. Other sites were ...


13. Analysis of the reef slope community structure at Pram Point (species composition of invertebrates and fish, sponge reproduction, sediment type, sedimentation rates and tissue sampling for analysis) [K054_1991_1992_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The reef community at Cape Armitage was surveyed over two seasons (1987/88 and 1988/89). This community exists on a fan like shallow slope platform. In the same season, Pram Point was initially assessed ...


14. Biodiversity survey at Mt Kyffin near the Beardmore Glacier [K024_2002_2003_NZ_4]
A four person party visited an area close to Mt Kyffin on the south side of the Beardmore Glacier and at nearly 84° South latitude. In the 59-60 season the presence of many plants (lichens) and insects ...


15. Biological and biochemical studies of the plant, invertebrate and microbial communities in the Ross Sea Region [K052_1984_1985_NZ_1]
An expedition was undertaken in the 84/85 season with the aim(s): 1) to survey plant and microbial communities in the Terra Nova Bay area, 2) to conduct ecophysiological studies on the insects at ...


16. Biology of the springtail Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni at Cape Bird: feeding habits, life cycle and migration movements throughout a season [K017_1969_1970_NZ_1]
Aspects of the biology of Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni (Collembola) was investigated at Cape Bird. The work can be divided into three main investigations: 1) Food studies - which included isolation and ...


17. Cloacal and rectal samples collected from Adelie penguins, south polar skuas and Weddell seals in the Ross Sea region [K029_2005_2006_NZ]
Genetic data has revealed that endemism exists within the microbial world. Antarctica is physically separated from the rest of the world and has a short history of human activity which may appear ...


18. Cold tolerance of Antarctic terrestrial nematodes in the McMurdo Sound region [K067_1988_1989_NZ_1]
A survey of the nematode fauna associated with moss and algae growth from terrestrial sites on Ross Island and the McMurdo Dry Valleys was conducted. A total of 6 species were identified and maps ...


19. Collection and identification of marine crustaceans in McMurdo Sound to identify ectoparasitic isopods from McMurdo Sound fish species [K012_1994_1995_NZ_2]
A variety of small crustaceans from diverse sources, including benthic traps, bottom grab and hand collection by USAP divers were collected to identify ectoparasitic isopods from McMurdo Sound fish ...


20. Collection of Antarctic fish leeches from McMurdo Sound [K014_2009_2010_NZ_2]
Samples of Antarctic Trematomid fish leeches were fixed in alcohol and returned to New Zealand for identification and analysis.


21. Collection of Antarctic terrestrial insects from Cape Royds, New Harbour/Taylor Valley [K012_1981_1982_NZ_4]
Collection of terrestrial insects (collembolans) were made wherever possible to extend distribution records, and to characterize preferred habitats for the insects. Collections of collembola (springtails) ...


22. Collection of benthic Antarctic fishes to determine isopod ectoparasite species distribution and host specificity and collection of specimens for a museum reference collection [K012_1981_1982_NZ_2]
142 specimens of small benthic fishes were captured at Cape Royds and examined for ectoparasites. Where practical, fishes with isopod ectoparasites were retained to obtain additional information on ...


23. Collection of polychaetes from Cape Bird for taxonomic studies [K014_1971_1972_NZ_1]
A range of polychaetes were collected for taxonomic studies. Colour notes and other observations were made on the live animals. A number of new records from the Ross Sea area were recorded as well ...


24. Collection of tardigrads from areas around the Ross Sea Region to define different species [K014_1975_1976_NZ_1]
Tardigrada, or water bears, are microscopic aquatic invertebrates found in many land and sea habitats. Ultrastructure studies have tried to show their true affinities to other invertebrates. Physiologists ...


25. Collembolids (Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni) and mite (Stereotydius mollis) samples and surveys of the lower Taylor Valley for phylogenetic relationship studies [K024_2002_2003_NZ_1]
Both collembolids (Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni) and mites (Stereotydius mollis) were surveyed over the entire floor of the lower Taylor Valley with special attention paid to the stream areas and to wet ...


26. Culturing techniques, distribution and abundance and SEM analysis of separate instars or moults of the springtail Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni at Cape Bird [K014_1975_1976_NZ_2]
The separtation of instars or moults is essential to a life history study of an invertebrate. A reliable method of differentiating instars of the small black collembolan or springtail, Gomphiocephalus ...


27. Determination of the unique evolutionary patterns that prevail in the Antarctic springtail (Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni) [K025_2006_2007_NZ]
The energetic budgets (activity) of Antarctic springtails (Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni) was investigated at Cape Bird, Ross Island and the Garwood Valley, McMurdo Dry Valleys to determine the unique ...


28. Distribution and feeding habits of Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni at Cape Geology/Botany Bay, Antarctica [K053_1993_1994_NZ_2]
Data was obtained on distribution and feeding habits of the Collembolan Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni at Cape Geology/Granite Harbour. A considerable amount of descriptive data has been collected regarding ...


29. Distribution and freeze tolerance testing of nematodes around Cape Hallett and Terra Nova Bay [K066_2005_2008_NZ_1]
Nematode worms in Antarctica are adapted to survive extreme conditions. One species, Panagrolaimus davidi, is unusual in that it can survive extra as well as intra-cellular freezing. This study investigated ...


30. Ecological survey of the algae, lichen, fungi, and invertebrates on ice free areas of the La Gorce Mountains [K058_1996_1997_NZ_1]
A detailed study of far south ecosystems was conducted at La Gorce Mountains and nearby nunataks. A general biological survey was carried out describing the occurrence of any organisms encountered ...


31. Ecological survey of the birds, algae, lichen, fungi, and invertebrates on ice free areas of the Edward VII Peninsula, Marie Byrd Land [K053_1987_1988_NZ_3]
A 5-6 week remote field expedition was carried out to visit all rock outcrops in the Edward VII Peninsula, Marie Byrd Land to make a general biological survey of the region and assemble good plant ...


32. Ecophysiological experiments on the springtail Gressitacantha terranova to determine genetic variation, antifreeze proteins and cold tolerance studies [K066_2007_2008_NZ_1]
This study sought to carry out primary ecophysiological experiments - cold tolerance - on the springtail Gressitacantha terranova. Bulk collections were made using aspirators and paintbrushes from ...


33. Examination of the water mixing processes, water temperature and zooplankton species assemblage under the Ross Ice Shelf [K007_1976_1978_NZ_1]
The water under the Ross Ice Shelf was investigated over two seasons through a hole drilled in the ice. In the first season, an ice hole near White Island was used to access the water under the ice ...


34. Floristic surveys, vegetation mapping, soil animals and environmental parameters for algae growth at Cape Bird [K052_1982_1983_NZ_3]
A plant map for Keble Valley was produced and the water channels plotted to determine the factors involved in moss establishment and growth. Water and shelter were found to be the main factors. Temperature ...


35. Genetic sequencing of terrestrial invertebrates along the latitudinal range of the Ross Dependency to determine patterns of biodiversity, phylogenetic relationships and levels of gene flow among populations [K028_1999_2008_NZ_1]
Molecular techniques (allozyme electrophoresis and mitochondrial gene sequencing) were used to characterise the Antarctic terrestrial biodiversity along the latitudinal range of the Ross Dependency ...


36. Haemotological characterization of Antarctic fish blood from Antarctic fish and the giant isopod [K012_1978_1980_NZ_2]
Blood samples were taken from 8 Antarctic Notothenioids (e.g. Pagothenia borchgrevinki, Trematomus hansoni, T. centronotus, T. bernacchii, T. newnesi, Dissostichus mawsoni) and one species each of ...


37. Investigation of the population structure (length, weight, sex ratio and distribution in the water column) of Euphausia crystallorophias [K014_1979_1980_NZ_2]
The population structure of Euphausia crystallorophias (krill) was investigated as part of a study of the under ice pelagic ecosystem in McMurdo Sound. On six occasions vertical hauls were made from ...


38. Investigations of the invertebrate fauna associated with samples of lichen, mosses and green algae taken from sites in Victoria Land and Ross Island [K014_1970_1971_NZ_1]
Lichens mossess and green algae were collected from sites in Victoria Land and Ross Island including Cape Hallett, the Strand Moraines, Blue Glacier, Lake Fryxell, Suess Glacier, Marble Point, Granite ...


39. Latitudinal Gradient Project (LGP) [K002_Latitudinal_Gradient_Project_LGP]
The Latitudinal Gradient Project (LGP) ("http://www.lgp.aq/") is aimed at increasing the understanding of the coastal marine, freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems that exist along the Victoria Land ...


40. Measurements of distribution, swimming and feeding behaviour, diet analysis and morphometric measurements of Paramoera walkeri - a common subtidal gammarid amphipod [K014_1971_1972_NZ_2]
Paramoera walkeri is a common subtidal gammarid amphipod, occurring to depths slightly in excess of 15m. Work was completed over two seasons of sampling. In the first season, 4 samples were taken ...


41. Measurements of metabolic rate, osmotic pressure and blood volume of pycnogonids from Antarctica [K057_1985_1986_NZ_2]
Several individuals of several species of pycnogonids (sea spiders) were obtained from the aquarium at McMurdo Station. Measurements of metabolic rate, osmotic pressure and blood volume was determined ...


42. Microfauna surveys of the vegetation of the Fryxell Stream flush area, Taylor Valley [K024_1989_1990_NZ_2]
Mosses were sampled from the Canada Glacier flush area, Taylor Valley, for included animals (major groups of microfauna in Antarctica are the protozoa, nematoda, tardigrada and rotifers) to attempt ...


43. Microscopic examination of marine organisms (larger than 45 µm) collected from the sea ice, brine and water column in McMurdo Sound and the Ross Sea [K131_2001_2002_NZ_1]
Large marine organisms, specifically foraminifers and copepods, were collected from the sea ice, brine and water column from thin ice north of Beaufort Island at the beginning of the warming period ...


44. New Zealand and the South West Pacific Regional OBIS Node Marine Biodata Information System (MBIS) [OBIS_NZMBIS]
NIWA's (National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research - New Zealand) MBIS (Marine Biodata Information System) database is a data warehouse of marine data that is used, among other things, to ...


45. Obtaining action spectrum and biological weighting functions for UVR effects on larvae of a suite of Antarctic invertebrates, McMurdo Sound [K068_2004_2006_NZ_1]
The effect of UVR on biological systems is wavelength dependent. Action spectrum for DNA damage is an essential component of understanding the effects of increased UVB on a range of Antarctic invertebrate ...


46. Oxygen consumption rates of Lineus corrigatus, a large marine nemertean worm, and the effects of diesel fuel oil on metabolic rates [K057_1989_1991_NZ_2]
A preliminary survey of the respiratory physiology of Lineus corrigatus, a large marine worm living in the shallow waters around Ross Island was conducted. Worms were caught using traps in shallow ...


47. Parameters affecting sensory and metabolic adaptations in Antarctic vertebrates and invertebrates [K022_1990_1991_NZ_1]
The sense organs of three species of Antarctic fish and Antarctic octopus, scallops and collembolans were fixed for electron microscopy. Pigmented spots around the oral cavity of nemertean worms, ...


48. Photoreception in Antarctic isopods, crustaceans and fishes [K022_1984_1985_NZ_1]
Fish specimens of Pagothenia borchgrevinki, Dissostichus mawsoni and 4 eel-pouts, along with specimens of invertebrates including Antarctic scallops, the amphipod Orchomene plebs and the Antarctic ...


49. Planktonic community structure and species interactions in melt ponds on the McMurdo Ice Shelf and at Cape Bird [K083_1991_1992_NZ_1]
Depth integrated water samples were taken from 20 ponds near Bratina Island on the McMurdo Ice Shelf and 6 ponds from Cape Bird to characterise the planktonic community structure of the ponds and ...


50. Reconnaissance of the Balleny Islands [K017_1963_1964_NZ_1]
A reconnaissance expedition took place around the Balleny Islands in the 1963-1964 field season with the objective to examine the four beaches where landings had previously been made and to search ...


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