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1. Behavioural and corticosterone responses of incubating and confined Adelie penguins to model Weddell seal, model leopard seals and a seal bag, Cape Bird, Ross Island 2003-2004 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_10]
Behavioural and corticosterone responses of incubating Adelie penguins to a model Weddell seal, a model Leopard seal and a seal bag were measured by measuring behaviour and collecting blood samples ...


2. Behavioural responses of incubating Adelie penguins to a novel object, Ross Island, 2002-2003 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_7]
The behavioural responses of incubating Adelie penguins to a person standing 1 meter away and to a cardboard shield of similar size to a person also at 1 meter distance were measured to determine ...


3. Blood and faecal samples from Adelie and emperor penguins at Cape Washington and Mandible Cirque, Ross Sea Region, Antarctica [K034_2001_2005_NZ_14]
Blood and faecal samples were collected from 96 emperor penguins at Cape Washington and from 29 Adelie penguins at Mandible Cirque. Plasma concentrations of corticosterone will be measured ...


4. Change in corticosterone levels and corticosterone response in arriving and departing Adelie penguins at Cape Bird, Ross Island [K034_2001_2005_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins were captured at Cape Bird, Ross Island in the 2001-2002 season to measure the effects of fasting on corticosterone responses in penguins departing from the rookery compared with those ...


5. Corticosterone and behavioural responses of emperor penguins to people and confinement, Cape Washington 2004-2005 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_12]
Corticosterone and behavioural responses of emperor penguins were measured in birds that were followed for up to 30 minutes. Blood samples were taken and corticosterone concentrations measured. Penguins ...


6. Corticosterone and behavioural responses to people of arriving and departing penguins temporarily confined, Ross Island [K034_2001_2005_NZ_5]
The corticosterone and behavioural responses of incubating penguins was measured on incubating adelie penguins in the 2001-2002 season. In the 2002-2003 seasons that study was extended to include ...


7. Corticosterone response of incubating Adelie penguins to the presence of people at Mandible Cirque, North Victoria Land - a rookery previously not visited by people 2004-2005 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_13]
Approximately 20,000 pairs of Adelie penguins nest at Mandible Cirque on the northern Victoria Land Coast. This rookery had not previously been visited by people, providing the chance to compare responses ...


8. Corticosterone response of incubating Adelie penguins to the presence of people, Cape Bird [K034_2001_2005_NZ_2]
The corticosterone and behavioural responses of Adelie penguins to the presence of people was investigated to determine the minimum distance for a person to approach a penguin without initiating a ...


9. Corticosterone responses and body condition of penguins arriving at Cape Bird, Cape Royds and Cape Crozier, Ross Island. 2002-2003 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_3]
With unusual ice conditions around Ross Island as a consequence of the iceberg B15 being stationary north of Ross Island, penguins returning to rookeries had much further to walk than usuall. The ...


10. Corticosterone responses of Emperor Penguins in the Ross Sea Region [K034_2001_2005_NZ_9]
In the 2003-2004 season, 7 emperor penguins were sampled in the McMurdo Sound area. Birds were caught by hand and a single blood sample collected from a vein in the flipper. Each bird was then restrained ...


11. Diesease in Adelie and Emperor Penguins [K034_2001_2005_NZ_11]
Cloacal swabs were taken from Adelie penguins at Cape Crozier and Cape Bird (2003-2004 season) and at Mandible Cirque (2004-2005 season) and from emperor penguins in McMurdo Sound (2003-2004 season) ...


12. Variation in corticosterone responses to handling within and between Adelie penguins, Ross Island [K034_2001_2005_NZ_4]
Corticosterone responses to handling and behavioural responses to the approach of a person are two responses of adelie penguins to potential stressors. We measured these responses in different birds ...


13. Variation in corticosterone responses within and between individuals of Adelie penguins, Ross Island 2002-2003 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_6]
Corticosterone responses to handling were measured three times at four day intervals in 24 Adelie penguins to quantify variation within and between birds in these responses. Blood samples were collected ...


14. Voluntary approach distance of Adelie penguins to people at Cape Bird, Ross Island 2002-2003 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_8]
The distance that walking Adelie penguins chose to approach people was measured for penguins on the beach at Cape Bird. A person stood in the path of an approaching penguin and then after the bird ...


15. A biological reconnaissance of the photoreceptors of invertebrates and fish from the Ross Sea, identifying the micro fauna and flora of Dry Valley lakes and other organism from the Ross Sea region [K022_1977_1978_NZ_1]
A variety of research activities on the organisms in the Ross Dependency was undertaken to determine the biological research potential of the organisms. Most work focused on photoreceptors of different ...


16. A molecular analysis of penguin and chewing lice coevolution from Adelie (Pygoscelis adeliae) and Emperor (Aptenodytes forsteri) penguins [K029_1999_2000_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at Cape Royds (11-12 November, 1999) were captured and checked for chewing lice. Emperor penguins (Aptenodytes forsteri) at Cape Crozier (15-16 November, 1999) ...


17. A partitioning experiments to determine the aetiology of x-cell disease [K057_1999_2000_NZ_2]
Captured Pagothenia borchgrevinki fish were placed into an aquarium and partitioned into tanks as all healthy, all x-cell or a mixture of the two. Lengths and weights of all fish were measured and ...


18. A series of experiments to characterize the neuromuscular transmission in Antarctic fishes (Pagothenia borchgrevinki) and the effects of temperature on these reactions [K012_1978_1980_NZ_1]
The low temperature adaptations involved in neuromuscular transmission in Antarctica fish was characterized. An exploratory dissection of Pagothenia borchgrevinki revealed that the inferior oblique ...


19. A study on the siting, establishment and maintenance of territories in the South Polar Skua (Catharacta maccormicki) [K017_1967_1968_NZ_2]
A study of skua territories was conducted by examining siting, establishment and maintenance of territories in two very different conditions including in an area close to the penguins where skuas ...


20. A transplant experiment measuring the effects petroleum derivatives on Trematomus bernacchii from a relatively pristine site and exposing the fish to the waters at Winterquarters Bay and Cape Armitage [K014_1999_2000_NZ_1]
The impact of petroleum derivatives derived from fuel drums dumped into McMurdo Sound during the period before environmental management practices were regarded was examined on fish in Winterquarters ...


21. Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) and McCormick skua (Catharacta mccormicki) census of the Cape Bird colony 1974 - 1978 [K014_1974_1975_NZ_4]
A population census of the three Adelie penguin colonies in the area of Cape Bird was carried out over several seasons since 1965, between November and December each year. These counts were conducted ...


22. Adelie penguin and skua census and analysis of stomach contents of adelie penguins from Cape Hallett [K014_1982_1983_NZ_1]
In January-February 1983, a four person party spent five weeks at Cape Hallett, Northern Victoria Land, under the auspices of the New Zealand Committee for the International Survey of Antarctic Seabirds ...


23. Adelie penguin and skua nest monitoring for the effects of human disturbance on nest success [K014_1974_1975_NZ_1]
Observations were made on the behaviour and breeding success of penguins and skuas in areas of the Cape Bird northern colony subject to interference by man. Interferance being taken as the presence ...


24. Adelie penguin liver P450 enzymes [K065_1996_1998_NZ_1]
Animlas can be harmed by artificially introduced chemicals either through the food chain or directly. This study aimed to determine how penguins detoxify chemical pollutants they may be exposed to. ...


25. Adelie penguin weights before and after foraging trips from three groups of penguins: control, single egg removed and penned females [K063_1987_1988_NZ_2]
As an index of physiological condition and success of foraging, penguins were weighed early in the season when they were flipper banded and then re-weighed when they returned from their foraging trip. ...


26. Aerial photographs and ground counts for assessing breeding success of Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) rookeries on Ross Island [K122_2004_2005_NZ_4]
In conjunction with aerial photographs of the colonies ground truth counts were made since the 1983-1984 season at the Ross Island colonies. The number of occupied nests, nests with eggs, nests with ...


27. An investigation of the x-cell disease in Pagothenia borchgrevinki fish in McMurdo Sound with measurements of condition factor, gut contents, internal organ status and analysis of tissue samples [K057_1997_1998_NZ_1]
The distribution of x-cell disease in Pagothenia borchgrevinki fish in McMurdo Sound and the effects of the disease on the fish was investigated. A series of linear transects were samples close to ...


28. Analysing toxicological impacts of contaminants on Notothenioid fish: Impacts of Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) [K068_2009_2010_NZ_2]
Target species Trematomus benacchii (n=72)from Cape Evans were collected live for the purpose of conducting a dose-response experiment in New Zealand on the live fish. Fish were dosed with different ...


29. Analysis of activity levels and oxygen consumptions of the Antarctic fish Trematomus bernacchii to determine if they have a circadian rhythm [K057_2004_2005_NZ_1]
Antarctic fish live in an environment with high seasonality, where levels of sunlight in the summer are up to 24 hours a day and in total darkness during the winter. Fish were monitored to determine ...


30. Analysis of animal fat (Weddell Seal, Adelie Penguin and Skua) for DDT concentration [K017_1967_1968_NZ_3]
A special method was designed to test levels of DDT in the fats of Antarctica animals including Weddell seals, Adelie penguins and Skuas.. In this method emphasis was placed on identification of the ...


31. Analysis of blood samples for genetic difference and similarity within and between breeding groups of Adelie penguins and Skuas from Cape Bird, Cape Royds and Cape Crozier, Ross Island [K016_1988_1989_NZ_1]
Prior studies have found little interchange of skuas (Stercorarius maccormicki) and Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) among breeding groups as the majority of breeding birds settle within their ...


32. Analysis of blood samples for hormones circulating in the blood stream of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) in relation to breeding behaviour [K017_1966_1967_NZ_2]
A method for recurrent blood sampling of individual birds was perfected before a close study of the behaviour of a number of banded breeding pairs of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) was conducted ...


33. Analysis of bottom sediment and water samples near Scott Base to determine the effects of effluents on the marine environment [K012_1994_1995_NZ_3]
The effects of Scott Base effluents on the marine environment was investigated by collecting bottom sediments and water samples on both side of the pressure ridges at Pram Point, near Scott Base. ...


34. Analysis of brain and muscle tissues for activities of the enzyme acelylcholinesterase from the Antarctic fish Trematomus bernacchiicollected from polluted and pristine sites [K014_1996_1997_NZ_2]
The effect of human impacts on fish physiology was investigated by determining whether environmental pollutants impacted upon physiological functioning of the neuromuscular system thereby potentially ...


35. Analysis of breeding success, adult survival and mate choice of south polar skuas (Catharacta maccormicki) at Cape Bird, Ross Island [K063_1991_1992_NZ_2]
The breeding success, survival and mate choice in south polar skuas was studied at Cape Bird to determine which individual traits influence breeding success, if breeding success is related to mate ...


36. Analysis of ecstatic calls displays and nest parameters and their importance in Adelie penguin mate attraction, pair bonding and nest success [K019_2002_2003_NZ_1]
Mate recognition of adelie penguins is crucial to their breeding success in such an extreme environment. The importance of male ecstatic display, the role of factors including nest location and size ...


37. Analysis of organochlorine pesticides, PCB's and heavy metals levels in Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) and South Polar skua (Catharacta maccormicki) carcasses and abandoned eggs [K063_1989_1990_NZ_2]
Skuas as a group have come to be recognized as 'barometers' of environmental health, as their wide range and feeding habits make them ideal for monitoring oceanic pollution. Skua and adelie penguin ...


38. Analysis of samples (cloaca, blood and tissue) from Adelie penguins and Weddell seal samples for influenze viruses from Cape Bird [K251_1985_1986_NZ_1]
There is evidence that some influenza pandemics are caused by influenza viruses which have acquired new antigens from avian viruses. In order to understand the conditions under which antigens are ...


39. Analysis of the community structure of subtidal reefs at Cape Armitage (species composition of invertebrates and fish, sediment spicule mat depth, sediment type, sedimentation rates and tissue sampling for analysis) [K054_1987_1989_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
A dive site was selected at Cape Armitage to conduct a marine benthos survey. The water was approximately 25m deep and the bottom was found to be rocky and inhabited by sponges. Other sites were ...


40. Analysis of the condition of female (body fat and protein composition, weight and diet) Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddellii) and the implication for reproductive success [K063_2002_2004_NZ_1]
Weddell seals lay down substantial fat deposits during the non-breeding season and then expend the stored energy during an intensive lactation period. Fluctuations in energy acquisition prior to breeding ...


41. Analysis of the reef slope community structure at Pram Point (species composition of invertebrates and fish, sponge reproduction, sediment type, sedimentation rates and tissue sampling for analysis) [K054_1991_1992_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The reef community at Cape Armitage was surveyed over two seasons (1987/88 and 1988/89). This community exists on a fan like shallow slope platform. In the same season, Pram Point was initially assessed ...


42. Analysis of trachea and cloacal swabs and blood samples for influenza virus and arboviruses in Adelie penguins at Cape Bird [K014_1978_1979_NZ_4]
In recent years, evidence has accumulated to indicate that epidemic strains of influenza virus have developed from animal strains, including those occurring in birds. Interest in the ecology of influenza ...


43. Analysis the diet of Pagothenia borchgrevinki from stomach contents and plankton sampling near Scott Base [K012_1985_1986_NZ_1]
Samples of 20 fish of Pagothenia borchgrevinki were collected every second or third day over the course of the study period near Scott Base. The stomach contents of each fish were extracted, weighed ...


44. Anatomical and physiological adaptations in Antarctic fishes [K022_1988_1989_NZ_1]
Dermal and epidermal chromatophore tissue of two species of fishes (Pagothenia borchgrevinki and Trematomus bernacchii) were prepared for light and transmission electron microscopy. Some specimens ...


45. Anatomical studies of the development of the eyes and lateral line system and sensory regions of the brain to test the ontogenetic shift hypothesis in the Antarctic fish Pleurogramma antarcticum [K012_1995_1996_NZ_1]
The notothenioid fish were found to have adapted to the low light conditions of under fast ice and during the Antarctic winter with well developed mechanosensory lateral line system that allows them ...


46. Assessment of the impact of human activities on Trematomus bernacchii (a representative of the Antarctic fauna) by analysis of pollutants in bile and the amount of induction of a gene that produces a detoxifying enzyme [K014_1996_1997_NZ_1]
The impact of human activities in Antarctica on the local fauna was investigated by developing and applying biochemical and molecular genetic techniques to the assessment of the impact of by-products ...


47. Behavioral observations, blood and fecal samples taken from Adelie penguins at Shell Glacier and Cape Crozier to detect the impact of human disturbance [K027_2003_2006_NZ_1]
Long term studies of the impacts of human disturbance on adelie penguins using a range of key behavioural, ecological and physiological measures are required to establish logical management regimes ...


48. Behavioural observations (frequency and timing of copulation attempts) and paternity analysis from blood samples to investigate sperm competition of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) [K063_1993_1998_NZ_1]
Sexual selection theory suggests that males compete for females and females choose males. Sperm competition is one aspect of this competition. There are two possible mechanisms of sperm competition, ...


49. Behavioural observations of nest site selection in Adelie penguins at Cape Bird [K121_1986_1987_NZ_2]
Virtually all penguins return to their natal rookeries to breed, after spending a couple of years at sea. A majority of young birds of both sexes end up settling within 200 m of their natal nest ...


50. Behavioural observations, recorded calls and breeding parameters as factors influencing the vocal behaviour of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) [K019_2000_2001_NZ_1]
Factors influencing the development and survival of Adelie penguins were investigated from the Cape Bird colony. The fieldwork focused on aspects of vocal recognition but parental care and chick development ...


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