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51. Litter surveys of beaches in the Ross Sea Region [K013_1981_1982_NZ_2]
Beach landings were made at several sites in the Ross Sea Region to establish the nature and quantity of seaborne and other litter on beaches and to determine if pelagic tar strands are onshore. The ...


52. Neuston net tows in the New Zealand sector of the Southern Ocean and the Ross Sea to determine quantities of anthropogenic contaminants [K013_1981_1982_NZ_1]
The quantities of floatant contaminant levels (in particular virgin plastic granules together with larger chunks of degrading plastic, pelagic tar balls and oily residues and any other antrhopogenic ...


53. Environmental monitoring (temperature and relative humidity) in the Heroic era huts, Ross Island for suitable fungal growing conditions. [K021_1998_2008_NZ_2]
Temperature and relative humidity HOBO data loggers were installed in a number of locations inside the historic huts at Cape Royds, Cape Evans and Hut Point on Ross Island in December 1999 (two in ...


54. Estimated survival times of humans wearing the Quick Don Immersion Suit and Cold Water Immersion Suits in Antarctic waters (-1.86°C) [K301_1991_1993_NZ_1]
A limited but realistic field evaluation of human thermal response to immersion in Antarctic sea water (-1.86?C) whilst wearing an Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) Quick Don Immersion Suit (QDIS) ...


55. Evaluation of the suitability of conservationally acceptable materials for treating wood in the polar environment to reduce wood deterioration. [K021_1998_2008_NZ_4]
In the 1998-1999 season, three test racks with wood panels were erected near the three historic huts at Hut Point, Cape Evans and Cape Royds. The racks were placed outside the historic hut boundaries ...


56. Isolated fungi from physical samples collected from four sites, two with human impact and two with little human influence to assess fungal biodiversity and the impact of humans [K021_1998_2008_NZ_3]
Physical samples of soil, rocks, wood, foodstuffs, air and artifacts were collected over the period of 2001-2006 from four sites in Ross Sea Region, including two sites with human impact (influence) ...


57. Sampling petroleum contaminated soils for microbes at the historic huts [K021_1998_2008_NZ_8]
Soil samples were taken at Cape Evans where the remains of 2 petroleum depots are located near the hut (1999-2000 season) to ascertain if hydrocarbons were present. Additional sampling was carried ...


58. Soil, wood, hay and feed samples collected from Scotts Hut at Cape Evans to determine the presence/absence of Bacillus sp [K021_1998_2008_NZ_5]
Three soil samples were taken from Hut Point, 73 from Cape Evans and 28 from Cape Royds to determine the presence/absence of Bacillus sp. At Cape Evans, transects were made and soil cores were taken ...


59. Examination of introduced algae from foodstuffs and other foreign items brought to Antarctica [K053_1990_1991_NZ_1]
The impact of non-indigenous algae into Antarctica was investigated at Scott Base and was limited to soil particles adherent to fresh vegetables flown in from New Zealand (lettuce and potatoes). Preliminary ...


60. An oil spill experiment measuring the response of soils to oil spills: chemical and microbial analysis, nutrient analysis, soil moisture and temperature [K123_2000_2003_NZ_1]
To measure how quickly soils respond to oil spills, JP5 jet fuel was spilled onto contained soil cores at Scott Base. 105 PVC soil cores (10 cm x 30 cm deep) capped at the bottom sitting in plastic ...


61. Investigation of an oil spill from a buried pipeline at Scott Base [K123_2000_2001_NZ_2]
An investigation of a spill from a leaking underground pipeline carrying diesel (JP8 jet fuel) from storage tanks to Scott Base was conducted during the 2000-2001 season by digging a number of holes ...


62. Soil albedo measurements of oil-contaminated and control sites at Scott Base and Marble Point [K123_2000_2001_NZ_1]
Soil albedo measurements were made on oil contaminated and pristine soil surfaces at Scott Base and Marble Point using a single LI200X Pyranometer facing upward and downward to detect incoming and ...


63. The diversity of the microflora and microfauna and the thermal and moisture regimes of soils from contaminated and pristine soils from Scott Base, Marble Point and Bull Pass, Wright Valley [K123_1998_1999_NZ_1]
The impact of fuel spills on the biological, chemical and physical properties of Antarctic soils was investigated. Soil surface samples and soil profile samples (pits dug down to the ice cemented ...


64. Analysis of bottom sediment and water samples near Scott Base to determine the effects of effluents on the marine environment [K012_1994_1995_NZ_3]
The effects of Scott Base effluents on the marine environment was investigated by collecting bottom sediments and water samples on both side of the pressure ridges at Pram Point, near Scott Base. ...


65. Analysis of brain and muscle tissues for activities of the enzyme acelylcholinesterase from the Antarctic fish Trematomus bernacchiicollected from polluted and pristine sites [K014_1996_1997_NZ_2]
The effect of human impacts on fish physiology was investigated by determining whether environmental pollutants impacted upon physiological functioning of the neuromuscular system thereby potentially ...


66. A transplant experiment measuring the effects petroleum derivatives on Trematomus bernacchii from a relatively pristine site and exposing the fish to the waters at Winterquarters Bay and Cape Armitage [K014_1999_2000_NZ_1]
The impact of petroleum derivatives derived from fuel drums dumped into McMurdo Sound during the period before environmental management practices were regarded was examined on fish in Winterquarters ...


67. Assessment of the impact of human activities on Trematomus bernacchii (a representative of the Antarctic fauna) by analysis of pollutants in bile and the amount of induction of a gene that produces a detoxifying enzyme [K014_1996_1997_NZ_1]
The impact of human activities in Antarctica on the local fauna was investigated by developing and applying biochemical and molecular genetic techniques to the assessment of the impact of by-products ...


68. Measurements of the orientation response to water flow of the fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki and the role of the lateral line system in mediating the rheotaxic behaviour [K014_1996_1997_NZ_3]
How the Antarctic fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki orientates to water flow (rheotaxis) was investigated by exposing captured fish to a laminar current flow at various flow rates in a custom built aquarium ...


69. Sequencing of the metallothionein gene using the RT-PCR (reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction) method in the Antarctic fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki to determine the exposure of Antarctic fish to heavy metals [K014_1997_1999_NZ_1]
The development and application of a new molecular approach for quantifying the exposure of Antarctic fish to heavy metals was tested. The approach uses quantitative RT-PCR (reverse transcriptase ...


70. Analysis of organochlorine pesticides, PCB's and heavy metals levels in Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) and South Polar skua (Catharacta maccormicki) carcasses and abandoned eggs [K063_1989_1990_NZ_2]
Skuas as a group have come to be recognized as 'barometers' of environmental health, as their wide range and feeding habits make them ideal for monitoring oceanic pollution. Skua and adelie penguin ...


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