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51. Investigation of the factors controlling the distribution of desert varnish in the Wright Valley [K008_1972_1973_NZ_1]
An investigation of the factors controlling the distribution of desert varnish in the Wright Valley, Antarctica was conducted. Traverses were made on foot throughout the Wright Valley and revealed ...


52. Investigations of the glaciology and hydrology in the Terra Nova Bay regions [K162_1984_1985_NZ_1]
The occurrence or non-occurrence of both glacial moraines and past sea levels in the Terra Nova Bay area was investigated with a view to establishing a glacial chronology to supplement the Dry Valleys ...


53. Mass balance measurements and glacier monitoring of glaciers in the Dry Valleys [K161_1969_1991_NZ_4]   PARENT DIF
Glaciers of the Dry Valleys occur where snow accumulation gains exceed sublimation and other losses. Monitoring of the mass balance of glaciers in the Dry Valleys was conducted from the 1969/70 summer ...


54. Spatial variation measurements of the hydrology and glaciology of the Dry Valleys [K161_1969_1991_NZ_5]   CHILD DIFs   PARENT DIF
The long term hydrology/glaciology study carried out in the McMurdo Dry Valleys was conducted to gain information on the hydrological behaviour of the Dry Valleys rivers and lakes, particularly for ...


55. Biochemical and biological activity of soils from a penguin colony at Cape Bird and soil description, classification and measurements of water content, soil temperature and depth to frozen ground [K024_1981_1984_NZ_1]
The biochemical and biological activity of the soils of the Adelie penguin colonies at Cape Bird was studied over two seasons. Biochemical markers of decomposition of penguin guano were studied by ...


56. Sediment transport load in the Onyx River, Wright Valley [K164_1984_1985_NZ_1]
The sediment transport load in the Onyx River was investigated. The bedload transport rates were used in association with the 15 year flow record, to estimate sandur sedimentation rates. 38 cross ...


57. Surveys and detailed investigations of Holocene raised beaches on the Victoria Land coast from Spike Cape to Depot Island [K052_1984_1985_NZ_2]
The Holocene raised beaches along the Victoria Land coast from Spike Cape north to Depot Island were investigated. Raised beach ridge suites contain records of relative sea level change that can ...


58. Determination of the origin of marine diatoms in the Sirius Group glacial deposits from Table Mountain and Mt Feather and the conditions for authigenic chabazite formation in these rocks [K045_1994_1995_NZ_2]
The age of the Sirius Group glacial deposits in the Transantarctic Mountains are a topic of debate. There are two conflicting models which try to explain the origin of diatoms found in tillite beds ...


59. Palaeomagnetic measurements on rocks from Mt Crean to determine the continental drift of gondwanaland [K045_1994_1995_NZ_1]
The Beacon sediments of East Antarctica were deposited over the Devonian to Triassic geological periods, from 400 to 200 million years ago. Palaeomagnetic measurements on these rocks provide information ...


60. Analysis of soil samples for human comensal micro-organism to determine the degree of human induced microbial contamination of heavily used regions [K023_2001_2002_NZ_2]
Mineral soils from the immediate vicinity of field campsites in the Wright Valley, Miers Valley and Bratina Island campsites were sampled daily during occupation. The samples were analysed with PCR ...


61. Determining the microbial flora around mummified seal carcases in the McMurdo Dry Valleys as a nutrient source for microbial diversity [K023_2001_2002_NZ_3]
Transect sampling of surface and 5-10cm depth of the soils in the vicinity of seal carcases in the Miers Valley was carried out. Samples were analysed to assess the impact of local carbon/nitrogen ...


62. Soil samples used for ATP analysis of microbial biomass and PCR based methods to determine species diversity and detecting human contamination by testing for human enteric micro-organisms [K023_1999_2000_NZ_1]
Soil samples were collected during January 1999 and 2000 from the ornithogenic soils of the Adelie penguin colony at Cape Bird, the volcanic soils at Cape Evans, the gravels and ornithogenic soils ...


63. Monitoring of permafrost temperatures at Marble Point and Bull Pass, Wright Valley [K123_2005_2007_NZ_1]
Bore holes were drilled in bedrock near existing climate monitoring stations at Marble Point and Bull Pass, Wright Valley to monitor permafrost temperatures at depths of up to 30m and to drill till ...


64. Soil, relic ice, permafrost, Hart Ash and granite samples from the Lower Victoria Valley, Beacon Valley, near the Meserve Glacier in Wright Valley, and Kennar Valley to determine the deposition of this ice [K047_2004_2006_NZ_1]
Ancient glacial ice that has stagnated and lies buried underneath rock debris has been found in the Beacon Valley and more recently in several other valleys. This ice poses the possibility of obtaining ...


65. The use of computer models to predict changes in patterns and processes of terrestrial ecosystems in Antarctica: real data from automatic weather stations and digital cameras, dust samplers and soil samples [K024_2007_2008_NZ_1]
Field work was carried out to add to the creation of a dynamic geographic information system in which the specific observations about patterns and processes of the physical environment, plus observations ...


66. A geochemical reconnaisance of the salts in the soils of the Victoria Valley [K009_1972_1973_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
A geochemical reconnaisance of the salts in the Victoria Valley was undertaken in the 1972/73 season. A field camp was set up at Lake Vida and the area from Lake Vida to Lake Vaska, Lake Clarke and ...


67. A survey of suitable sites in the Wright Valley for boreholes and a study of Lake Vanda sediments [K009_1971_1972_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Two weeks were spent in the Wright Valley to survey suitable sites for boreholes to be put down as part of the International Drilling Programme. It was proposed to core the entire thickness of bottom ...


68. Algae, fungi and actinomycetes from soils of Mt Erebus [K052_1982_1983_NZ_4]
Soil samples were collected from the crater of Mt Erebus. Yeast glucose agar and penicillin and streptomycin was used to culture thermophilic microbes, fungi and actinomycetes. Several thermophilic ...


69. Bathymetric surveys, the geomorphology, glacial chronology, halite investigations, thermokarst formations, overland flow and stream bifurcations of Lake Bonney area [K009_1973_1974_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
35 holes were drilled through the ice in the smaller western lobe of Lake Bonney and the bathymetry of the lake was determined. A further 52 holes were used for the eastern lobe bathymetry. Sediment ...


70. Biological and biochemical studies of the plant, invertebrate and microbial communities in the Ross Sea Region [K052_1984_1985_NZ_1]
An expedition was undertaken in the 84/85 season with the aim(s): 1) to survey plant and microbial communities in the Terra Nova Bay area, 2) to conduct ecophysiological studies on the insects at ...


71. Decomposition, nitrogen mobilization, nitrogen fixation and the importance of lakeside foams in fellfield soils of the Garwood Valley [K052_1991_1992_NZ_1]
Nitrogen, a necessary nutrient for plants and microbes, is frequently limiting in soils. Nitrogen fixation and decomposition, both ways plants and microbes obtain nitrogen, are very slow processes ...


72. Examination of the chemistry, physics and sedimentology of Lake Wilson, Waikato Valley, Brown Hills Region [K009_1974_1975_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Lake Wilson was examined to see if it contained permanent water. The thickness of the ice was described. 36 holes were drilled and the bathymetry was mapped. Surface sediment samples were collected ...


73. Floristic and ecological surveys of plants and microbes in the Garwood Valley [K052_1986_1987_NZ_1]
A general floristic and ecological survey of plants and microbes was conducted in the Garwood Valley/Joyce Lake area including vegetation mapping, collection and microscopic examination of algae and ...


74. Floristic surveys, vegetation mapping, soil animals and environmental parameters for algae growth at Cape Bird [K052_1982_1983_NZ_3]
A plant map for Keble Valley was produced and the water channels plotted to determine the factors involved in moss establishment and growth. Water and shelter were found to be the main factors. Temperature ...


75. Geochemical and geochronology of late quaternary glaciations in the McMurdo Sound Region [K009_1982_1983_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The history and mechanics of the late Wisconsin age lakes which have periodically filled many of the lower portions of many of the Valleys that open into McMurdo Sound was studied from samples taken ...


76. Influence of the lithological and geotechnical properties of rocks upon morphology of glacial valleys [K009_1984_1985_NZ_1]
The long and cross sectional forms of glacial valleys and cirques are a reflection of relationship between the abrasive and plucking processes occuring at the base of a glacier and the resistance ...


77. Soil salt concentrations as indicators of prior lake levels: Lakes Bonney and Vanda [K009_1973_1974_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
In the belief that geochemical techniques may assist to unravel the complexities of the Antarctic glacial moraine, a project was undertaken to investigate the concentrations of salts in the soils ...


78. The amount of nitrogen in the biotic and abiotic systems at Cape Bird measured from evaporated water samples and wind blown inputs [K052_1982_1983_NZ_2]
The amount of nitrogen in the biotic (flora and fauna) and abiotic (soils, ice and snow) systems at Cape Bird was determined by taking water from melt streams, snow or ice, acidifying and evaporating ...


79. The bathymetry and sedimentology of Lake Joyce [K009_1972_1973_NZ_4]   PARENT DIF
18 holes were drilled through the floating ice of Lake Joyce. The position of the holes were surveyed, the ice thickness and water depths were measured and the coring of the bottom sediments was ...


80. The collection of fossils, qualitative microbial studies and nitrogen fixation rates of the soils from several sites in the Ross Sea region [K052_1980_1981_NZ_1]
Preliminary qualitative microbiological studies were conducted at several sites in the Ross Sea Region including Cape Bird, Taylor Valley, Wright Valley and Shapeless Mountain and Mistake Peak on ...


81. The geomorphology of the Victoria Valley, the Wright Valley, the Koettlitz Valley and its tributaries and the Olympus Range [K009_1971_1972_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The research was concerned with several aspects of the geomorphology of the Victoria Valley, the Wright Valley, the Koettlitz Valley and its tributaries and the Olympus Range areas. Particular studies ...


82. The production biology of Lake Bonney and Lake Fryxell [K009_1970_1971_NZ_1]
A party of biologist was concerned with the production biology of Lake Bonney and Lake Fryxell. Soil bacteria and protozoa were studied and rotifiers were collected from the lakes.


83. The study of the abundance and occurence of salts in the soils of the Wright Valley [K009_1972_1973_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Soil samples were collected and analysed from three profiles across the Wright Valley, to determine the abundance of sodium, magnesium, calcium, potassium, chloride and some minor elements in the ...


84. Investigation of Antarctic lakes and lake sediments in the Ross Sea Region [K009_1969_1990_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The study of Antarctic lakes and lake sediments in the Ross Sea Region, particularly in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, with particular emphasis on the climatic history was a continuing program of the Waikato ...


85. Geological map of sedimentation by running water and intense wind activity in Trudge Valley, Allan Hills [K042_2001_2002_NZ_2]
While working in the Allan Hills, two canyons on the south side of Trudge Valley were observed to have distinct traces of sedimentation by running water, topped by intense wind activity. The presence ...


86. Micromorphology analysis of sediment samples from the Taylor Glacier snout to determine information on the microstructures and the process of formation of a moraine linear ridge [K042_1999_2000_NZ_2]
Three spatially variable micromorphology samples were taken from a discontinuous moraine linear ridge at the Taylor glacier snout to provide unknown information on the microstructures of this deposition ...


87. The relationship between the structure of Shapeless Mountain and the volcanics of the Mawson Formation [K042_1982_1983_NZ_7]
Shapeless Mountain appears so because it is quite irregular structurally in contrast to the consistent near-horizontal stratification in the Beacon Supergroup elsewhere. Shapeless Mountain also has ...


88. Predicting contaminant impacts at Lake Vanda, Antarctica [K094_1995_1997_NZ_1]
Samples of water, phytoplankton, sediment, soil and bacterial mat were sampled from Lake Vanda and the old Vanda station site, in order to determine the fate of trace metal contaminants and their ...


89. Analysis of salt deposits, soil profiles and soil chemistry from the Darwin Glacier region to determine the glacial history of the area [K150_1978_1979_NZ_1]
The soil on old surfaces (those exposed to weathering for long periods of time) and in particular the salt deposits expected to occur within these soils was investigated in the Darwin Glacier region ...


90. Analysis of satellite imagery as a means of studying the distribution of weathered soils in Antarctica [K150_1982_1983_NZ_4]
Satellite imagery of the McMurdo Sound region was studied to test the usefulness of remote sensing and enhanced satellite imagery as a means of studying the distrubution of weathered soil in Antarctica. ...


91. Analysis of soil cores from the Asgard Range to determine ice movement in the history of the valley system [K150_1982_1983_NZ_2]
Moraines in the Asgard Range were cored to look for buried soils and other evidence of ice movement at an earlier period in the history of the valley system. A posthole borer was used to drill holes ...


92. Analysis of soils from Marble Point contaminated with heavy metals [K150_1989_1990_NZ_2]
The fate of pollutants in Antarctic soils - to what extent soluble and insoluble materials move through, out of, or become fixed in soils, was investigated. Soil samples from a number of sites at ...


93. Assessment of the rate of contaminant movement through Antarctic soils using a lithium chloride experiment at Lake Vanda [K150_1993_1994_NZ_4]
A leaching trial was set up at Lake Vanda to determine how rapidly and how far water-soluble materials spilt on the soil surface will move. A series of 1 x 1 m plots and control sites on the north ...


94. Biological soil samples from a range of salty hollows to determine if some life forms had adapted to this environment [K150_1987_1988_NZ_1]
Soil biological samples were collected from a range of salty hollows to determine if some life forms had adapted to this environment because biological adaptation in Antarctica is such that virtually ...


95. Correlations of history Victoria Land Coast soil surveys and soil chemistry and surveys of the soils of the McMurdo Dry Valleys (Wright, Victoria and Taylor Valleys) [K150_1972_1973_NZ_1]
The soils of the McMurdo Dry Valleys were examined by the NZ Soil Bureau as early as 1959 with an extensive survey of the Taylor Valley. Further areas of the Victoria Land Coast from as far south ...


96. Deformation surveys of the Mt Erebus crater from 1980 to 1985 [K044_1980_1985_NZ_1]
A programme to monitor volcanic activity about the active summit crater of Mt Erebus was conducted by the NZ Geological Survey from December 1980 to December 1985. The surveys were made annually in ...


97. Examination of permafrost characteristic at Marble Point: Moisture content over a range of ground types [K150_1991_1992_NZ_1]
The characterisation of permafrost at Marble Point and Scott Base was conducted over a large area and beyond the vicinity of the runway. At Marble Point, permafrost drilling was carried out on undisturbed ...


98. Examination of the accumulation of dust and organic debris in the vicinity of Scott Base, McMurdo Station and around Hut Point Peninsula [K150_1982_1983_NZ_3]
The effects of long continued human occupation of Antarctic soils and the environment was studied in the areas surrounding Scott Base, McMurdo Station and Hut Point peninsula. The accumulation of ...


99. Examination of the soils and moraines in the Convay Range and Coombs Hills areas to determine their relationship to the glacial history of the area [K150_1982_1983_NZ_1]
The soils north of the Mackay Glacier were investigated for their age and relationship to the glacial history of Antarctica. The main areas of field work were to the west of the Fry Glacier in the ...


100. Examination of the soils on high level surfaces in the McMurdo Dry Valleys and on Ross Island [K150_1977_1978_NZ_1]
The soils on high level surfaces in Victoria Land were examined for evidence of deposition origin. The areas visited include New Harbour, the Wright Valley, several valleys in the Western Asgard Range, ...


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