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51. Obtaining action spectrum and biological weighting functions for UVR effects on larvae of a suite of Antarctic invertebrates, McMurdo Sound [K068_2004_2006_NZ_1]
The effect of UVR on biological systems is wavelength dependent. Action spectrum for DNA damage is an essential component of understanding the effects of increased UVB on a range of Antarctic invertebrate ...


52. Oceanographic and sea ice measurements to determine the influence of platelet ice on the freezing of land fast sea ice [K131_2003_2004_NZ_1]
An understanding of the formation of platelet ice in McMurdo Sound and consequently its influence on the formation of land fast sea ice was investigated over a winter season when ice formation begins ...


53. Oceanography and sedimentation beneath the McMurdo/Ross Ice Shelf in Windless Bight [K042_2002_2003_NZ_1]
Water flow and sedimentation beneath the McMurdo Ice Shelf south of Ross Island was investigated by using a hot water drilling system to melt access holes through the ice shelf allowing measurements ...


54. Oceanography, sea seismic surveys and benthic surveys of the New Zealand sub-Antarctic Islands areas (Auckland and Campbell Islands), the Macquarie Ridge area and the ocean between New Zealand and the Ross Sea [K002_1959_1963_NZ_1]
Oceanographic, sea seismic surveys and benthic surveys were conducted aboard research vessels (HMNZS Endeavour, Wilhoite, Rotoiti, USS Burton Island) between 1959 and 1963. The principal aim of the ...


55. Pelagic ecosystem investigations of McMurdo Sound: plankton species composition and density, ocean environmental factors, levels of seston, bacteria analysis and ice algae composition [K014_1979_1980_NZ_1]
Comparisons of water column productivity and processes was completed by comparing 4 sites including on the edge of the McMurdo Ice Shelf some 12km west of Cape Armitage, off Scott Base on the east ...


56. Plankton investigations in the Ross Sea in relation to seawater parameters [K014_1970_1971_NZ_6]
Plankton and water was sampled from a site at Cape Bird and the parameters measured include: salinity, light, temperature, biomass of zooplankton and phytoplankton, species identification of zooplankton ...


57. Production and succession investigations of phytoplankton and zooplankton from onshore, tidecrack, ice floes and epibenthic samples at Cape Bird [K014_1977_1978_NZ_1]
The phytoplankton and zooplankton was samples at Cape Bird to determine seasonal trends in the populations structure of onshore communities, determine if a separate tidecrack community exists, the ...


58. Reconnaissance of the Balleny Islands [K017_1963_1964_NZ_1]
A reconnaissance expedition took place around the Balleny Islands in the 1963-1964 field season with the objective to examine the four beaches where landings had previously been made and to search ...


59. Research of sea ice biogeochemical data and oceanographic measurements under the Ross ice shelf [K131_2011_2012NZ_1]
Oceanographic data compiling of - salinity, current, pressure, ice-water interface data was gathered from under the Ross Ice shelf to gain a better understanding of the interactions of sub ice shelf ...


60. Research of sea ice biogeochemical data and oceanographic measurements under the Ross ice shelf - K131_2011_2012_NZ_1 [K131_2011_2012_NZ_1]
Oceanographic data compiling of - salinity, current, pressure, ice-water interface data was gathered from under the Ross Ice shelf to gain a better understanding of the interactions of sub ice shelf ...


61. Ross Ice Shelf oceanographic mooring [K131_2012_2013_NZ_1]
Oceanographic mooring data Jan 2012-Jan 2013. Sub ice shelf ocean temperature, salinity and current speed/direction timeseries from 4 levels in the water column. Upward looking sounder timerseries ...


62. Scott Base Tide Gauge records since 2001 [K042_2001_2008_NZ_1]
A sea level recorder and barometer was installed at Scott Base in January 2001 initially to support oceanographic and hazards research (including tsunami) and to support hydrographic surveying. The ...


63. Sea ice cracks, sea ice movement and tide movements of Granite Harbour [K042_1982_1983_NZ_4]
Active spreading sea ice cracks were found in the sea ice of Granite Harbour over several seasons. The cracks would prove difficult for heavy surface transport required for a drill rig site establishment. ...


64. Seafloor bathymetry and sediment sampling from the southwest corner of McMurdo Sound [K042_1982_1983_NZ_3]
A seafloor bathymetry and sediment sampling program was conducted in McMurdo Sound aboard the USGS GLACIER to take deep water samples not accessible from the sea ice, to sample off Granite Harbour ...


65. Sediment cores from Lakes Fryxell, Lake Bonney and Lake Joyce, in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica [K022_2002_2003_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Cores were taken from lakes in the McMurdo Oasis to identify and date periods of low lake level to add to the existing record of periods of high lake level, with the intention of comparing the isotopic ...


66. Seismic and sedimentological studies of the seafloor in the Cape Hallett region [K041_1986_1987_NZ_2]
Sediment transport in several large submarine channels, that cross the Cape Hallett region, with subsequent deposition in the basins to the north was investigated. Two parallel single channel seismic ...


67. Seismic reflection data from a 50km line southeast of the summit of Mt Erebus to assess the amplitude and wavelength of crustal flexure associated with the load of the Ross Archipelago [K101_1988_1989_NZ_1]
A joint project between the New Zealand Geophysic Division (now IGNS), Stanford University and the University of Nebraska was conducted to carry out a seismic reflection line of approximate 50 km ...


68. Seismic, bathymetry and piston coring transects to determine sediment movement in the Cape Royds area [K041_1986_1987_NZ_3]
Seismic, bathymetry and piston coring transects were undertaken in the Cape Royds area to determine how sediment was moving over the sea floor of this area to the 900m deep Erebus basin offshore. ...


69. Simultaneous measurements of ocean current, temperature and salinity measurements to determine the oceanography of McMurdo Sound [K131_2004_2007_NZ_1]
McMurdo Sound forms a natural and accessible laboratory for understanding the fundamental processes that underpin ice-ocean interactions. How changes in the sea ice sheet affect the physical oceanography ...


70. Surveys and detailed investigations of Holocene raised beaches on the Victoria Land coast from Spike Cape to Depot Island [K052_1984_1985_NZ_2]
The Holocene raised beaches along the Victoria Land coast from Spike Cape north to Depot Island were investigated. Raised beach ridge suites contain records of relative sea level change that can ...


71. Temperature and salinity profiles of the water column during platelet ice formation and analysis of the structure and isotopic content of platelet ice [K131_1999_2000_NZ_2]
Platelet ice is a particular sea ice type that is prevalent in McMurdo Sound, probably due to the proximity of the Ross Ice Shelf. There are many details about the formation of platelet ice which ...


72. Temperature, salinity and current turbulence along an east to west transect across McMurdo Sound [K131_2007_2009_NZ_1]
The oceanography of McMurdo Sound was investigated by collecting current meter data, water samples, ice cores, under ice turbulence and Conductivity (salinity)-Temperature-Depth (CTD) profiles of ...


73. Temperature, salinity and current turbulence along an east to west transect across McMurdo Sound - K131_2007_2010_NZ_1 [K131_2007_2010_NZ_1]
The oceanography of McMurdo Sound was investigated by collecting current meter data, water samples, ice cores, under ice turbulence and Conductivity (salinity)-Temperature-Depth (CTD) profiles of ...


74. Temperature, salinity and current turbulence along an east to west transect across McMurdo Sound - K131_2007_2013_NZ_1 [K131_2007_2013_NZ_1]
The oceanography of McMurdo Sound was investigated by collecting current meter data, water samples, ice cores, under ice turbulence and Conductivity (salinity)-Temperature-Depth (CTD) profiles of ...


75. The ANDRILL drilling project - 1284.87 m and 1138.54 m sediment cores from below the McMurdo/Ross Ice Shelf [K001_ANDRILL]   CHILD DIFs
ANDRILL (ANtarctic DRILLing project) is a multinational (Germany, Italy, New Zealand and USA) initiative to investigate the climate and tectonic history of Antarctica by recovering deep sediment ...


76. The ability to photorepair UV damaged DNA and the rate of photoreactivation in Antarctic species compared with temperate and tropical species [K068_2004_2006_NZ_2]
Time course experimental exposure of the Antarctic sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeriembryos to UVR was carried out in a lab to examine the kinetics of UVR induced damage to DNA. Embryos (freshly fertilized ...


77. The ability to photorepair UV damaged DNA and the rate of photoreactivation in two Antarctic Starfish Odontaster validus and Odontaster meridionalis compared with a New Zealand species Odontaster benhami [K068_2004_2006_NZ_3]
Photorepair rates in New Zealand temperate species of echinoderms show a much higher DNA photorepair than the Antarctic species Sterechinus neumayeri. To examine the reason for low rates of DNA photorepair ...


78. The activity and expression of DNA repair/photoreactivation with the enzyme photolyase in the sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri, McMurdo Sound [K068_2003_2004_NZ_1]
An important aspect of understanding the impact of increased UVR is assessing the ability of Antarctic species to repair DNA damaged through the process of photoreactiviation or photorepair. To repair ...


79. The biodiversity of the coastal underwater marine benthic ecosystem in the Ross Sea Region [K082_2001_2007_NZ]   CHILD DIFs
The long term research program ICECUBE (Coastal Underwater Benthic Ecosystems) provides fundamental information on the structural and functional biodiversity of Antarctic coastal benthic ecosystems. ...


80. The biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae and bacteria in Granite Harbour and the physical parameters of their environment [K043_2008_2009_NZ_2]
The total biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae and bacteria from the sea ice and the water column was investigated in Granite Harbour. Sampling sites in the Granite Harbour area were used ...


81. The degree that UV-B absorbing compounds provide UV-R protection in embryos and larvae of the sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri: A comparison with adults [K068_2002_2003_NZ_1]
The degree that UV-B absorbing compounds provide UV-R protection was examined in four early developmental stages of the sea urchine Sterechinus neumayeri from Cape Armitage, McMurdo Sound. Adult Sterechinus ...


82. The depth distribution of meroplankton in the water column of Cape Hallett [K018_2003_2005_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Plankton was sampled at a single site (72�� 18.412' S, 170�� 11.290' E) off Seabee Hook, Edisto Inlet, Cape Hallett during the 04-05 season to determine if there is a different larval community ...


83. The depth distribution of meroplankton in the water column of Gerlache Inlet [K018_2006_2008_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Plankton was sampled at a single site (74�� 38.474' S, 164�� 12.473' E) between 14 Nov 2007-06 Dec 2007 about 1 km to the south of Gondwana Station during the 07-08 season to determine if there is ...


84. The direct effects of UV radiation on embryo and larval development and survival, and DNA damage of Sterechinus neumayeri [K068_2002_2006_NZ_2]
Gastrulation is a critical point in the development of an embryo. Damage to embryos prior to gastrulation via UVR effects on cytokinesis or DNA will have a dramatic negative effect on embryo survival. ...


85. The distribution of path lengths taken by light as it scatters through sea ice [K132_1990_1993_NZ_1]
The spatial spreading of light introduced at a point on the surface of the ice and the temporal spreading of a brief pulse of light injected at a point was measured to clarify the details of the interaction ...


86. The ecology (tidal and weather records, distribution and abundance of microbes and quantification of nitrogen transformation) of an Antarctic tidal lagoon and mudflats at Bratina Island, McMurdo Ice Shelf [K081_1992_1993_NZ_2]
A tidal lagoon at Bratina Island experiences a daily inundation with tidal height varying. Low tide reveals a network of ponds, streams and tidal flats that appear to be highly productive with all ...


87. The effects of increased PAR and UV on the xanthophyl cycle of Antarctic ice algae [K068_2005_2006_NZ_1]
The xanthophyll cycle is a photo-protection mechanism in phytoplankton which protects the photosynthestic machinery from damage by high light intensities. Sea ice algae in Antarctica live on the ...


88. The fundamental physiology and biology processes of Sterechinus neumayeri embryos and larvae and how they are affected by increased UV radiation, McMurdo Sound [K068_2007_2008_NZ_1]
Three key processes in the embryos and larvae of the sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri were examined to determine how they respond to environmental changes. In situ experiments were carried out at ...


89. The installation of a tide gauge and a meteorological mast at Cape Roberts [K042_1988_1990_NZ_1]
A tide gauge was installed on the fast ice on the eastern side of Cape Roberts and recorded continuously for fifty days (19 November, 1988 to 8 January, 1989) - first continuous tide record from the ...


90. The interactions between a polar glacier tongue (Mackay Glacier Tongue and Blue Glacier), sediment and sea water at the grounding line using an ROV [K042_1991_1992_NZ_1]
The Mackay Glacier Tongue and Blue Glacier was explored with a submersible remotely operated vehicle (ROV) to determine whether sediment was being shielded by freezing or melting out onto the sea ...


91. The nature (speed/direction/persistence) of mud carrying bottom currents entering Granite Harbour to determine the movement of sediments entering the harbour [K042_1989_1990_NZ_2]
The movement of sediment entering Granite Harbour from the Ross Sea was investigated with the nature (speed/direction/peristence) of mud carrying bottom currents in Granite Harbour determined. The ...


92. The permeability of sea ice to brine from fast ice at Davis Station and McMurdo Sound [K131_1999_2000_NZ_1]
The permeability of sea ice to brine under naturally occurring conditions was investigated. The data is important for determining the rate at which nutrients are supplied to sea ice algae and the ...


93. The physiology of Phymatolithon foecundum from Cape Evans [K082_2001_2002_NZ_4]   PARENT DIF
Phymatolithon foecundum is a coralline growth found in the coastal benthic environment. Benthic surveys indicated that P. foecundum is abundant throughout the deep gradients (10-30m depth). A range ...


94. The relationship between sediment texture, micro-organisms (diatom and Foraminifera), water depth and current to 100m along the Victoria Land coast from Trip Island to Cape Armitage, McMurdo Sound [K042_1987_1988_NZ_1]
The relationship between sediment texture, micro-organisms (diatom and Foraminifera), water column currents and water depth was investigated along the shoreline (to the 100m contour) of the Victoria ...


95. The resistivity at depth of sea ice from McMurdo Sound and measurements of the depth of the percolation layer [K131_2000_2001_NZ_1]
The resistivity at depth of sea ice was measured in McMurdo Sound to give an indirect way of measuring the depth of the percolation layer. This layer is where the sea ice becomes much more permeable ...


96. The response of sea ice and brine water algae and bacteria to changes in salinity, temperature, light and UVB in Granite Harbour [K043_2008_2009_NZ_3]
In the 2008/2009 season, samples of the bottom ice algae and brine algae (within 30cm of the top of the ice) were subjected to temperature, salinity, light and UVB experiments and analysed with PAM ...


97. The role of Phyllophora antarctica in structuring macrofaunal communities at Cape Evans [K082_2001_2002_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
Benthic suveys indicate that Phyllophora is the only attached macroalga present at Cape Evans. Attached and drift algal biomass was quantified in quadrats (61) between 0 - 30m depth using stratified ...


98. The structural and functional diversity of the shallow-water benthic community at Cape Evans [K082_2001_2002_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The biodiversity of the seafloor community at Cape Evans was investigated to determine the structural and functional diversity of the benthic community and resurveyed over several seasons to assess ...


99. The structural and functional diversity of the shallow-water benthic community at Dunlop Island and Spike Cape [K082_2001_2002_NZ_7]   PARENT DIF
The biodiversity of the seafloor community at Dunlop Island and Spike Cape was investigated to determine the structural and functional diversity of the benthic community. A minimum of three sites, ...


100. The structural and functional diversity of the shallow-water benthic community at Granite Harbour [K082_2001_2002_NZ_8]   PARENT DIF
The biodiversity of the seafloor community at Granite Harbour was investigated to determine the structural and functional diversity of the benthic community during the 07-08 season. Scuba based video ...


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