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51. Measurements of the tide level, current, temperature and salinity of McMurdo Sound and examination of the biological biomass in the water column [K007_1970_1974_NZ_1]
A measurement of the tides and currents in McMurdo Sound was conducted over several seasons. Current measurements were first made in McMurdo Sound by Hodgson (1907) during the stay of the Discovery ...


52. Surveys and detailed investigations of Holocene raised beaches on the Victoria Land coast from Spike Cape to Depot Island [K052_1984_1985_NZ_2]
The Holocene raised beaches along the Victoria Land coast from Spike Cape north to Depot Island were investigated. Raised beach ridge suites contain records of relative sea level change that can ...


53. CTD casts off Pram Point to determine the internal wave structure under the shore fast ice of McMurdo Sound [K053_1993_1994_NZ_4]
The internal wave structure under the shore fast ice of McMurdo Sound was surveyed. An internal wave is a wave propagating along a density stratification in the water mass. The discontinuity in density ...


54. Measurement of ocean waves and ice coupled waves near a fast ice boundary, McMurdo Sound [K137_1990_1993_NZ_1]
Ocean waves interact with Antarctic ice. Pack ice acts as a barrier to wave penetration, and attenuates the propagating waves. The presence of fast ice changes the nature of the wave interaction so ...


55. Scott Base Tide Gauge records since 2001 [K042_2001_2008_NZ_1]
A sea level recorder and barometer was installed at Scott Base in January 2001 initially to support oceanographic and hazards research (including tsunami) and to support hydrographic surveying. The ...


56. Measurements of carbon dioxide concentrations and isotopic ratios from air samples collected at the surface and at altitude between New Zealand and the South Pole to determine if the Southern Ocean is a carbon sink [K087_1998_2004_NZ_1]
Carbon dioxide concentrations between New Zealand and the South Pole were found to vary for periods of several years suggesting that the Southern Ocean is acting as a sink. The role of the Southern ...


57. Measurements of spectral transmission and backscattering of light in first year sea ice, Tent Island, McMurdo Sound [K132_1985_1987_NZ_1]
In situ measurements of the the spectral transmission and backscattering of light was conducted on first year ice to characterise the optical properties of sea ice. The average scattering length and ...


58. The distribution of path lengths taken by light as it scatters through sea ice [K132_1990_1993_NZ_1]
The spatial spreading of light introduced at a point on the surface of the ice and the temporal spreading of a brief pulse of light injected at a point was measured to clarify the details of the interaction ...


59. The structure (temperature, salinity, density and heat capacity) and transmissivity of sea ice [K132_1989_1990_NZ_1]
The transparency of sea ice to UV radiation was measured to determine the effects of enhanced UV levels on Antarctic life. The under ice radiance is controlled by the transmission of the sea ice to ...


60. Geophysical investigations (seismic, aero and ground base magnetic, gravity, GPR and bathymetry surveys) of the tectonic, sedimentary and volcanic history of the Victoria Land Basing - site survey for ANDRILL project [K001_ANDRILL_SITE_SURVEYS]
A multi-national team (Germany, Italy, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the USA) undertook seismic reflection, aeromagnetic surveys, ground-based magnetic and gravity measurements to image the ...


61. Sediment cores from Lakes Fryxell, Lake Bonney and Lake Joyce, in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica [K022_2002_2003_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Cores were taken from lakes in the McMurdo Oasis to identify and date periods of low lake level to add to the existing record of periods of high lake level, with the intention of comparing the isotopic ...


62. Zooplankton samples, light levels and water temperature from 0 to 200 m in McMurdo Sound to determine diurnal vertical migration of plankton during the summer months [K014_1971_1972_NZ_4]
Diurnal vertical migration of zooplankton is mainly influenced by light levels in temperate areas. In polar regions, light is continuous during the summer months. This study investigated whether diurnal ...


63. Do density driven bottom currents originate from beneath the Mackay Glacier Tongue in Granite Harbour? Data from current meters, bathymetry profile and sediment trap samples [K042_1988_1989_NZ_1]
Previous studies suggest that a current originating from beneath the Mackay Glacier Tongue in Granite Harbour could contribute to the deposits of mud flooring the deeper parts of McMurdo Sound and ...


64. Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) surveys of a an ice rise on the southern McMurdo Ice Shelf, Antarctica. [K065_2004_2005_NZ]
A topographic rise was observed on satellite imagery and ground traverses of the southern McMurdo Ice Shelf, part way between the SW tip of Black Island and the north shore of Minna Bluff was investigated ...


65. Obtaining action spectrum and biological weighting functions for UVR effects on larvae of a suite of Antarctic invertebrates, McMurdo Sound [K068_2004_2006_NZ_1]
The effect of UVR on biological systems is wavelength dependent. Action spectrum for DNA damage is an essential component of understanding the effects of increased UVB on a range of Antarctic invertebrate ...


66. The ability to photorepair UV damaged DNA and the rate of photoreactivation in Antarctic species compared with temperate and tropical species [K068_2004_2006_NZ_2]
Time course experimental exposure of the Antarctic sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeriembryos to UVR was carried out in a lab to examine the kinetics of UVR induced damage to DNA. Embryos (freshly fertilized ...


67. The ability to photorepair UV damaged DNA and the rate of photoreactivation in two Antarctic Starfish Odontaster validus and Odontaster meridionalis compared with a New Zealand species Odontaster benhami [K068_2004_2006_NZ_3]
Photorepair rates in New Zealand temperate species of echinoderms show a much higher DNA photorepair than the Antarctic species Sterechinus neumayeri. To examine the reason for low rates of DNA photorepair ...


68. The degree that UV-B absorbing compounds provide UV-R protection in embryos and larvae of the sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri: A comparison with adults [K068_2002_2003_NZ_1]
The degree that UV-B absorbing compounds provide UV-R protection was examined in four early developmental stages of the sea urchine Sterechinus neumayeri from Cape Armitage, McMurdo Sound. Adult Sterechinus ...


69. The installation of a tide gauge and a meteorological mast at Cape Roberts [K042_1988_1990_NZ_1]
A tide gauge was installed on the fast ice on the eastern side of Cape Roberts and recorded continuously for fifty days (19 November, 1988 to 8 January, 1989) - first continuous tide record from the ...


70. A feasibility study of marine investigations at Cape Bird: Plankton sampling, water temperature, conductivity and chlorophyll content [K014_1969_1970_NZ_1]
On arrival at Cape Bird it was found that the pack ice had broken early and sampling had to be limited to inshore waters from ice piers with water depths never greater than about 20 feet. Plankton ...


71. A general benthic survey of the Cape Bird region: distribution of sediment types, boundaries of faunal zones, bathymetry and current patterns [K014_1970_1971_NZ_5]
A survey of the region from the ice face to McDonald Beach and to a depth of about 300 meters with regard to distribution of sediment types, boundaries of faunal zones and the general bathymetry of ...


72. A seismic refraction survey on sea ice at New Harbour and Dailey Islands [K042_1982_1983_NZ_2]
A seismic refraction survey was conducted on sea ice at New Harbour and the Dailey Islands to provide data on sediment thickness for possible further drilling for Cenozoic investigations in the Western ...


73. A seismic refraction survey on sea ice near Butter Point, New Harbour, McMurdo Sound [K042_1980_1981_NZ_1]
A seismic refraction survey was conducted on sea ice near Butter Point to provide data on sediment thickness for possible further drilling and to investigate the cause of a reported gravity anomaly. ...


74. Analysis of the coastal geomorphology of Cape Bird - onshore measurements (tides, wave height, current velocities and direction, climatic parameter) and offshore bathymetric surveys [K014_1971_1972_NZ_3]
Measurements were made on the following inputs into the beach system of Cape Bird: the tides, wave height, current velocities and directions, wind conditions and air temperature to examine which daily ...


75. Food chain investigations at White Island: seal survey, seasonal trends in phytoplankton populations, ocean environmental factors, zooplankton biomass and fish diet, age and growth studies [K014_1976_1977_NZ_1]
A population of Weddell Seals at White Island (some 20km from the edge of the Ross Ice Shelf) was/is thought to be a sub-population that does not migrate to the pack ice in the non-breeding season ...


76. Pelagic ecosystem investigations of McMurdo Sound: plankton species composition and density, ocean environmental factors, levels of seston, bacteria analysis and ice algae composition [K014_1979_1980_NZ_1]
Comparisons of water column productivity and processes was completed by comparing 4 sites including on the edge of the McMurdo Ice Shelf some 12km west of Cape Armitage, off Scott Base on the east ...


77. Plankton investigations in the Ross Sea in relation to seawater parameters [K014_1970_1971_NZ_6]
Plankton and water was sampled from a site at Cape Bird and the parameters measured include: salinity, light, temperature, biomass of zooplankton and phytoplankton, species identification of zooplankton ...


78. Production and succession investigations of phytoplankton and zooplankton from onshore, tidecrack, ice floes and epibenthic samples at Cape Bird [K014_1977_1978_NZ_1]
The phytoplankton and zooplankton was samples at Cape Bird to determine seasonal trends in the populations structure of onshore communities, determine if a separate tidecrack community exists, the ...


79. Sea ice cracks, sea ice movement and tide movements of Granite Harbour [K042_1982_1983_NZ_4]
Active spreading sea ice cracks were found in the sea ice of Granite Harbour over several seasons. The cracks would prove difficult for heavy surface transport required for a drill rig site establishment. ...


80. Seafloor bathymetry and sediment sampling from the southwest corner of McMurdo Sound [K042_1982_1983_NZ_3]
A seafloor bathymetry and sediment sampling program was conducted in McMurdo Sound aboard the USGS GLACIER to take deep water samples not accessible from the sea ice, to sample off Granite Harbour ...


81. Seismic and sedimentological studies of the seafloor in the Cape Hallett region [K041_1986_1987_NZ_2]
Sediment transport in several large submarine channels, that cross the Cape Hallett region, with subsequent deposition in the basins to the north was investigated. Two parallel single channel seismic ...


82. Seismic, bathymetry and piston coring transects to determine sediment movement in the Cape Royds area [K041_1986_1987_NZ_3]
Seismic, bathymetry and piston coring transects were undertaken in the Cape Royds area to determine how sediment was moving over the sea floor of this area to the 900m deep Erebus basin offshore. ...


83. CTD casts and ADCP measurements from New Harbour, McMurdo Sound [K131_2005_2006_NZ_3]
Little is known of the heat and mass exchange that controls the extent and thickness of the frazil ice (or platelet) ice layer beneath land fast sea ice, not are the processes which form frazil ice ...


84. Daily CTD cast measurements near the Erebus Glacier Tongue, McMurdo Sound [K131_2005_2006_NZ_2]
Fjords are a common feature in the coast of Antarctica, particularly in the Ross Sea region, yet little is known about the circulation within most of these fjords. The oceanography of Ferrar fjord ...


85. Deep and shallow CTD casts of turbulence at the sea ice-ocean interface in McMurdo Sound [K131_2005_2006_NZ_1]
Turbulence exists at the sea ice-ocean interface and therefore may have a key role in the latter stages of sea ice formation, including the forming of frazil ice. Both deep and shallow CTD casts were ...


86. Determination of the thermal conductivity of sea ice from measurements of ice temperature (and temperature gradients), salinity, ice microstructure and other environmental parameters [K131_2002_2004_NZ_1]
The polar oceans' sea ice cover strongly modifies ocean-atmosphere heat transfer. Despite its importance, existing circulation models and large scale sea ice models include overly simplistic parameterizations ...


87. Determining the influence of waves on the physical behaviour of the sea ice with mechanically generated waves [K131_2000_2002_NZ_1]
The interaction of the ocean wave field with the sea ice was investigated by creating a wave generating machine to generate waves which have clearly defined parameters such as amplitude and frequency. ...


88. Investigation into the relationship between floe size distribution (FSD), differential floe motion and jostling, and ocean wave fields penetrating the Ross Sea marginal ice zones [K131_1998_1999_NZ_1]
The relationship between floe size distribution, differential floe motion and jostling and ocean wave fields penetrating the Ross Sea marginal ice zone was investigated using ship borne access to ...


89. Mathematical modelling of the optical behaviour sea ice in McMurdo Sound to determine the partitioning of radiant energy [K131_1998_1999_NZ_2]
Optical beam-spread profiles were measured on sea ice from McMurdo Sound, with a view to understanding the role of microstructure in the scattering of light in sea ice. These experiments were performed ...


90. Oceanographic and sea ice measurements to determine the influence of platelet ice on the freezing of land fast sea ice [K131_2003_2004_NZ_1]
An understanding of the formation of platelet ice in McMurdo Sound and consequently its influence on the formation of land fast sea ice was investigated over a winter season when ice formation begins ...


91. Simultaneous measurements of ocean current, temperature and salinity measurements to determine the oceanography of McMurdo Sound [K131_2004_2007_NZ_1]
McMurdo Sound forms a natural and accessible laboratory for understanding the fundamental processes that underpin ice-ocean interactions. How changes in the sea ice sheet affect the physical oceanography ...


92. Velocity profiles, and ocean boundary layer experiments of the near ice stratification and platelet ice matrix of the McMurdo Sound sea ice [K131_2007_2009_NZ_2]
Two holes in the sea ice were melted in a location off Cape Armitage. Heated containers were installed over the holes to enable detailed oceanographic experimentation. Sea ice structure, C-axis orientation, ...


93. Litter surveys of beaches in the Ross Sea Region [K013_1981_1982_NZ_2]
Beach landings were made at several sites in the Ross Sea Region to establish the nature and quantity of seaborne and other litter on beaches and to determine if pelagic tar strands are onshore. The ...


94. Neuston net tows in the New Zealand sector of the Southern Ocean and the Ross Sea to determine quantities of anthropogenic contaminants [K013_1981_1982_NZ_1]
The quantities of floatant contaminant levels (in particular virgin plastic granules together with larger chunks of degrading plastic, pelagic tar balls and oily residues and any other antrhopogenic ...


95. Measurement of electrical resistivity of sea ice in McMurdo Sound [K131_1984_1985_NZ_1]
The electrical resistivity of sea ice was measured in situ at two locations in McMurdo Sound: 1km south of Scott Base and 1km northwest of Tent Island. Measurements were made at frequencies of 100Hz ...


96. Temperature and salinity profiles of the water column during platelet ice formation and analysis of the structure and isotopic content of platelet ice [K131_1999_2000_NZ_2]
Platelet ice is a particular sea ice type that is prevalent in McMurdo Sound, probably due to the proximity of the Ross Ice Shelf. There are many details about the formation of platelet ice which ...


97. The permeability of sea ice to brine from fast ice at Davis Station and McMurdo Sound [K131_1999_2000_NZ_1]
The permeability of sea ice to brine under naturally occurring conditions was investigated. The data is important for determining the rate at which nutrients are supplied to sea ice algae and the ...


98. The resistivity at depth of sea ice from McMurdo Sound and measurements of the depth of the percolation layer [K131_2000_2001_NZ_1]
The resistivity at depth of sea ice was measured in McMurdo Sound to give an indirect way of measuring the depth of the percolation layer. This layer is where the sea ice becomes much more permeable ...


99. Using rock and sediment samples from raised beach ridges and glacier moraines for dating to determine the extent of the ice sheet during the last glacial maximum [K043_1996_1998_NZ_2]
Raised beaches on the coast of McMurdo Sound have developed since the last glacial maximum approximately 20,000 year ago when the ice sheets were at their greatest extent. The weight of the overlying ...


100. Historic tide gauge records from Scott Base 1957-1959 and 1988-1990 [K042_1989_1990_NZ_1]
The tidal pattern in polar regions exhibits unusual features and is diurnal rather than the 12 hour period observed at lower latitudes. A site at Scott Base is about as far south as it is possible ...


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