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51. CIROS Project: Obtaining Cenozoic history of the Ross Sea by coring sedimentary strata offshore [K001_CIROS_PROJECT]
The CIROS (Cenozoic Investigation in the Western Ross Sea) drilling project was conducted to obtain a record of the early history of the Antarctic Ice Sheet and the rise of the Transantarctic Mountains. ...


52. GPR/GPS surveys and analysis of a firn core from the Gawn Ice Piedmont Glacier to examine Holocene climate history [K049_1999_2008_NZ_11]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from the ...


53. Holocene climate history from ice cores, snow profiles, the glacial system and local climate patterns from the Evans Piedmont Glacier, Victoria Land Coast Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_6]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from the ...


54. Holocene climate history from ice cores, snow profiles, weather and glacier investigations (topography, mass balance and bedrock mapping) of the Victoria Lower Glacier, Victoria Land Coast, Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from two ...


55. Holocene climate history from investigations of the glacial system, ice cores and local climate patterns from Skinner Saddle, Victoria Land Coast Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_10]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from Skinner ...


56. Holocene climate history obtained from ice cores, snow profiles (density, chemistry, structure), snow samples (dust origin) and climate measurements from the Baldwin Glacier, Victoria Land Coast, Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from the ...


57. Holocene climate history obtained from snow profiles (chemistry, dust flux, temperature, structure), firn cores and climate measurements from the Wilson Piedmont Glacier, Victoria Land Coast, Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_4]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from the ...


58. Investigation of the Holocene climate history from analysis of the glacial system, ice cores and snow samples from the Whitehall Glacier, Victoria Land Coast, Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_9]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from the ...


59. New Zealand International Transantarctic Scientific Expedition (NZ ITASE) - Climate variability measured from ice cores taken along the Victoria Land Coast [K049_1999_2008_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The climate of the Victoria Land Coast is created by the interacting influences of the Dry Valleys, East Antarctic Ice Sheet and the Ross Sea. Slight changes can significantly alter local weather ...


60. Snow profiles (analysed for snow chemistry, isotope ratios dust flux and mineralogy) along a transect from the coast towards the East Antarctic Ice Sheet to interpret Holocene climate records [K049_1999_2008_NZ_5]   PARENT DIF
In order to interpret the climate record contained in the ice cores from Victoria Lower Glacier it was necessary to trace air mass trajectories to distinguish between marine and continental influences. ...


61. A study of the glacial history of the McMurdo Oasis by the dating of lacustre carbonates [K009_1979_1980_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Three holes were drilled into frozen sediments around Lake Fryxell. The first was 4ft in depth in frozen silts approx 50m NW of the Fryxell Hut. The second hole was 30m east of the first hole and ...


62. Geochemical and geochronology of late quaternary glaciations in the McMurdo Sound Region [K009_1982_1983_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The history and mechanics of the late Wisconsin age lakes which have periodically filled many of the lower portions of many of the Valleys that open into McMurdo Sound was studied from samples taken ...


63. Geophysical investigations (seismic, aero and ground base magnetic, gravity, GPR and bathymetry surveys) of the tectonic, sedimentary and volcanic history of the Victoria Land Basing - site survey for ANDRILL project [K001_ANDRILL_SITE_SURVEYS]
A multi-national team (Germany, Italy, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the USA) undertook seismic reflection, aeromagnetic surveys, ground-based magnetic and gravity measurements to image the ...


64. Sediment cores from Lakes Fryxell, Lake Bonney and Lake Joyce, in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica [K022_2002_2003_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Cores were taken from lakes in the McMurdo Oasis to identify and date periods of low lake level to add to the existing record of periods of high lake level, with the intention of comparing the isotopic ...


65. The collection of fossils, qualitative microbial studies and nitrogen fixation rates of the soils from several sites in the Ross Sea region [K052_1980_1981_NZ_1]
Preliminary qualitative microbiological studies were conducted at several sites in the Ross Sea Region including Cape Bird, Taylor Valley, Wright Valley and Shapeless Mountain and Mistake Peak on ...


66. The geochemistry of Antarctic snow, Vostok Station [K009_1977_1978_NZ_1]
Thin layers of snow (as thin as a fraction of a millimetre) were taken and analysed for sodium in a flame photometer. When thin layers of snow are analysed for sodium an annual pattern is found with ...


67. Biostratigraphic collections of Devonian fish fossils from Middle Devonian Aztec Siltstone at the top of the Taylor Group (Beacon Supergroup) and sediment studies for a basin analysis [K026_1991_1992_NZ_1]
Using toboggans and sledges, the party travelled 700 kilometres from the Darwin Glacier northwards to the Lashly Mountains to study Taylor Group sedimentary rocks (Beacon Supergroup). The principle ...


68. Investigation of Antarctic lakes and lake sediments in the Ross Sea Region [K009_1969_1990_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The study of Antarctic lakes and lake sediments in the Ross Sea Region, particularly in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, with particular emphasis on the climatic history was a continuing program of the Waikato ...


69. Description of the Permian strata in north Victoria Land [K042_1981_1982_NZ_2]
The Beacon Supergroup of northern Victoria Land, a coal bearing alluvial plain sequence, was investigated. 17 localities were visited between Gair Mesa and the Lanterman Range in north Victoria Land ...


70. The fluvial depositional processes that formed the Triassic strata throughout south Victoria Land [K042_1982_1983_NZ_5]
The exposed Triassic strata throughout south Victoria Land was investigated to establish a set of palaeohydraulic models that best represent the fluvial depositional processes that operated during ...


71. The structure and origin of the Strand Moraines, McMurdo Sound [K042_1983_1984_NZ_1]
Geological work on the Strand Moraines, an area believed to be partly grounded ice cored moraine, that may be a relic of the Last Glaciation 20,000-50,000 years ago, was conducted. A study to account ...


72. Triassic paleoecology in south Victoria Land: A vegetation model (plant fossils and palaeosols) in Triassic alluvial plains [K042_1982_1983_NZ_6]
Triassic plant fossils and palaeosols were sampled from four mountains (Mt Bastion, Portal Mountain, Shapeless Mountain and Allan Hills) with the aim of establishing a model of vegetation on the Triassic ...


73. The Cape Roberts Project [K001_Cape_Roberts_Project]
The Cape Roberts Project was a multinational project in which the Antarctic programmes of Australia, Germany, Italy, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the USA collaborated together to take a series ...


74. The Devonian trace fossils of the Taylor Group in the Darwin Glacier area [K026_1988_1989_NZ_1]
The principle aim of this expedition was to extend the knowledge of Devonian trace fossils in the Taylor Group in the Darwin Glacier area, to relate them to earlier published research in the Dry Valley ...


75. Trace fossils and their relationship to the sediment in the Beacon supergroup [K026_1976_1977_NZ_1]
The trace fossils in Devonian age sediments of the Lower Beacon supergroup were observed and measured to determine their relationship to sediment. Although they are not age diagnostic, the trace fossils ...


76. A detailed investigation of the paleohydraulic regime (sinuosity, channel width, depth, slope, discharge of the river, etc) during the deposition of the Triassic alluvial plain sequence at Mt Bastion [K043_1980_1982_NZ_1]
The paleohydraulic Triassic alluvial plain sequence at the head of the Dry Valleys was studied. The Triassic Beacon Supergroup is divided into five stratigraphic units (The Fleming Member of the Feather ...


77. Analysis of shallow cores (stratigraphy, thickness and facies analysis, ageing) from Allan Hills and Table Mountain and assessment of contamination of diesel drilling fluid from DVDP-6 core, Lake Vida, 1972 [K047_2000_2001_NZ_1]
Shallow coring of permafrost glacial sediments was completed of the Sirius Group at Allan Hills to provide stratigraphic cores for thickness and facies analysis and at Table Mountain for comparative ...


78. Geological and geomorphic data and Sirius Group core analysis (stratigraphy, petrographical analysis, ground temperature and isotope analysis) from Table Mountain to determine the depositional history [K047_1996_1997_NZ_1]
The depositional and post depositional history of the Sirius Group tillite in the Dry Valleys area was investigated to resolve the ongoing debate as to whether the East Antarctic ice sheet formed ...


79. Snow pit sampling and ice cores (from Dome C) used to measured the cosmogenic radionucleide 32Si for depositional variation and determination of half life for radiometric dating methods [K110_2003_2004_NZ_1]
Ice core records are very useful for determining past climate because they store a wide variety of proxies for climate forcing and climate response. Accurate dating of ice cores is crucial to making ...


80. Lateral profiling of facies and sediments, and examination of trace fossils and altered Pivot Member sediments to describe the depositional environment of the quartzose sandstones of the Beacon Supergroup [K040_1993_1994_NZ_1]
The origin of quartzose sandstones in the lower part (Devonian) of the Beacon Supergroup, southern Victoria Land, has generated considerable debate. This project examined in detail the lowermost Beacon ...


81. Soil, surface rocks and stone samples from the Beacon Valley area for microtexture analysis of quartz grains [K105_1997_1998_NZ_2]
Samples from pits, surface rocks, stones and from outcrops were collected for examination and analysis to determine the processes which quartz grains from the Beacon sandstone have been through before ...


82. A reconstruction of the record of volcanic processes within the vent of a large and explosive basaltic eruption in the Mawson Formation in the Allan Hills [K061_2001_2002_NZ_2]
The contact relationship between volcanic deposits and surrounding country rocks of the Beacon Supergroup are steep over a large area. Beyond the landslide deposits along the contact between Beacon ...


83. Geochemistry, paleomagnetism and intrusive history of the Ferrar Dolerites, Antarctica [K061_2004_2007_NZ_1]
A suite of geological samples were collected in the Transanatarctic Mountains for paleomagnetic and geochemical analysis. Combined with field observations, these samples will help determine magma ...


84. Investigation into the Mawson Formation volcanics of southern Allan Hills and comparisons with northern Allan Hills and Carapace Nunatak [K061_2003_2004_NZ_1]
The thick, laterally continuous block-rich volcaniclastic layer of the southern Allan Hills area was examined to determine their source and mode of emplacement. Extensive geological mapping of the ...


85. Investigation of the shape, scale and distribution of irregular zones of fragmental rocks of the Mawson Formation at Coombs Hill to determine the precesses of volcanic vent evolution [K061_2002_2003_NZ_1]
The shape, scale and distribution of irregular zones of fragmental rocks within the overal chaotic deposits of the lower 300m of the Mawson Formation at Coombs Hills was determined. The chaotic deposits ...


86. Mapping of the relationship among country rock, non-explosive intrusive rocks and deposits of explosive eruptions of the Mawson Formation in the Allan Hills as an indication of phreatomagmatic eruption processes [K061_2001_2002_NZ_1]
Phreatomagmatic eruptions are common and dangerous worldwide. How large explosive event complexes evolve during eruptions, the processes that drive the evolution and what is in the rock record was ...


87. The direction of magma flow and behaviour of the magma in the formation of the Ferrar Large Igneous Province 180 million years ago, Pandora Spyre and Terra Cotta Mountain, Victoria Land [K061_2007_2008_NZ_1]
Exposed at Terra Cotta Mountain and Pandora Spyre are vertical bladelike bodies of basaltic rock which cut across older pale colored sedimentary rocks. The pathway the magma took to the earth's surface ...


88. The direction of magma flow in the formation of the Ferrar Large Igneous Province 180 million years ago, Coombs Hills, Victoria Land [K061_2005_2006_NZ_1]
Exposed at Coombs Hills are vertical bladelike bodies of basaltic rock that cut across older white sedimentary rocks and through deposits of a Jurassic volcanic complex (Mawson Formation). The majority ...


89. The direction of magma flow in the formation of the Ferrar Large Igneous Province 180 million years ago, Mt Gran and Terra Cotta Mountain, Victoria Land [K061_2004_2005_NZ_1]
An outcrop of the 'plumbing system' of one of the largest volcanic events known was investigated at Mt Gran and Terra Cotta Mountain (Victoria Land) to determine how magma reached the surface to feed ...


90. The physical features and dynamics of Ferrar dolerite dykes and sills within the Allan Hills, Victoria Land [K061_2006_2007_NZ_1]
At Allan Hills, dykes and sills are respectively sub-vertical and sub-horizontal magma bodies of fine textured basaltic rock, remnants of the formation of the Ferrar Large Igneous Province when large ...


91. Volcanology and sedimentology of the phreatomagmatic eruptive system of the Mawson Formation in Coombs Hills, Victoria Land, Antarctica [K061_1999_2000_NZ_1]
The volcanology and sedimentology of a phreatomagmatic eruptive system in the Coombs Hills, Victoria Land was investigated to determine how magmatism is initiated and evolves during continental rifting. ...


92. Using rock and sediment samples from raised beach ridges and glacier moraines for dating to determine the extent of the ice sheet during the last glacial maximum [K043_1996_1998_NZ_2]
Raised beaches on the coast of McMurdo Sound have developed since the last glacial maximum approximately 20,000 year ago when the ice sheets were at their greatest extent. The weight of the overlying ...


93. Analysis of outcoming gas from the CIROS drill holes [K211_1984_1985_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
The outcoming gas from the CIROS drill holes was monitored with the composition analysed by gas chromatograph. 10 measurements were made for outcoming gas. Oxygen, nitrogen and carbon dioxide were ...


94. Geochemical and geomorphological investigations of the McMurdo Dry Valleys freshwater and saline water bodies [K211_1963_1987_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
Since the 1963-1964 season, Japanese scientists have studied major and trace elements, nutrient matter, stable and radioactive isotopes and organic constituents in lakes and ponds and geological samples ...


95. Geochemical studies, the natural abundance of nitrogen isotopes in soil and evaporates and observations of the sequential changes in the saline lakes of the Dry Valleys and surrounding areas [K211_1978_1979_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Geochemical studies on the tritium chronology of Lake Vanda, the natural abundance of nitrogen isotopes in soil and evaporites in the Dry Valleys and observations of the sequential changes in the ...


96. Baseline information on both the modern processes operating on Antarctic beaches and the development of beach ridges in relation to the last glaciation ice retreat and isostatic rebound [K043_1996_1998_NZ_1]
Beaches in McMurdo Sound have developed since the last glaciation when ice sheets were at their maximum. The weight of the overlying ice, depressed the land, which has slowly rebounded forming a series ...


97. GPR surveys and sediment sampling for OSL dating to determine the formation of fossil marine deltas in the vicinity of Wales and Commonwealth streams, New Harbour [K015_2004_2005_NZ_1]
The subsurface sedimentary structures that make up New Harbour deltas were investigated using GPR to develop a model for the formation of the fossil marine deltas that are well preserved along the ...


98. Geological observations and geochemistry analysis of samples of all rock outcrops from White Island, McMurdo Sound [K062_2003_2004_NZ_2]
The geology of White Island was investigated by visits to all major areas of rock outcrops. The geology was described and samples were collected for lab analysis. Xenoliths were also collected and ...


99. Investigation of coastal sites in Granite Harbour for evidence of Holocene glacier expansion and a survey of the moraine ridge system in Cuff Cape [K042_1989_1990_NZ_3]
A reconnaisance survey of both coastal features in Granite Harbour and nunataks on the south side of the Mackay Glacier was conducted to search for evidence of Holocene glacier expansion both at sea ...


100. GPR profiles and sediment samples from raised beaches along the McMurdo Sound coast to understand the composition, make up and mode of contruction of the beaches [K015_1998_2000_NZ_1]
Due to the continued uplift of the coastline as a response to the retreat of the last glacial maximum ice sheet, beaches are raised above the level of wave and ice push activity and are essentially ...


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