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51. Investigations of the algal ecology of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley and Lake Miers, Miers Valley [K042_1964_1965_NZ_4]
The algal ecology of two Antarctic lakes, Lake Vanda, Wright Valley and Lake Miers, Miers Valley, were studied, and extensive collections were made of littoral and terrestrial algae, lichens and mosses. ...


52. Investigations of the glaciology and hydrology in the Terra Nova Bay regions [K162_1984_1985_NZ_1]
The occurrence or non-occurrence of both glacial moraines and past sea levels in the Terra Nova Bay area was investigated with a view to establishing a glacial chronology to supplement the Dry Valleys ...


53. Lake Fryxell benthic ecology [K081_2009_2013_NZ_2]
In 2012/2013 we collected Samples and data collected along a depth transect at Lake Fryxell. This samples were collected by a dive team. The samples included water chemistry and microbial mat sampling. ...


54. Lake water level monitoring of glacier fed lakes in the Dry Valleys [K161_1969_1991_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
Monitoring of the lake level and lake ice ablation rates of lakes in the Dry Valleys was monitored from the 1969/70 summer until the 1990/91 season. The data was used to contribute to the understanding ...


55. Latitudinal Gradient Project (LGP) [K002_Latitudinal_Gradient_Project_LGP]
The Latitudinal Gradient Project (LGP) ("http://www.lgp.aq/") is aimed at increasing the understanding of the coastal marine, freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems that exist along the Victoria Land ...


56. Limnological studies of Dry Valley lakes: water parameters (pH, conductivity, nutrients, temperature), uranium content, trace elements, isotopic ratio and tritium concentrations, and geochemical samples [K211_1984_1986_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
A large number of saline and freshwater lakes and ponds of the Dry Valley area and crater lakes behind the McMurdo station were visited for limnological study including Lake Fryxell of the Taylor ...


57. Mass balance measurements and glacier monitoring of glaciers in the Dry Valleys [K161_1969_1991_NZ_4]   PARENT DIF
Glaciers of the Dry Valleys occur where snow accumulation gains exceed sublimation and other losses. Monitoring of the mass balance of glaciers in the Dry Valleys was conducted from the 1969/70 summer ...


58. Measurements of albation rates at a cold based glacier, Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Antarctica [K064_2004_2007_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The average annual ablation rate of the Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, was determined over three field seasons (04-05, 05-06 and 06-07) as part of an investigation into the seasonal melt regime ...


59. Measurements of environmental radiation near Scott Base and McMurdo Station and in the McMurdo Dry Valleys [K211_1984_1985_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The level of environmental radiation (gamma ray exposure) due to terrestrial radionuclides was measured by using a portable NaI gamma ray survey meter in the Ross Island (near Scott Base and McMurdo ...


60. Measurements of reduced sulphur gases from the melt waters and atmosphere of the McMurdo Ice Shelf: A collaboration with the RISE (Ross Ice Shelf Ecosystem) programme [K013_1989_1990_NZ_1]
A large freshwater ecosystem on the McMurdo Ice Shelf and the lower Koettlitz Glacier, in the Ross Dependency, is an area some 1500 km2. The area is covered by pools, lakes, streams and rivers, many ...


61. Measurements of the amount of UV and visible radiation falling onto sea ice and the effects of enhanced UV radiation levels on sea ice algae [K136_1991_1992_NZ_1]
Sea ice algae are speculated to be considerably vulnerable to the effects of enhanced UV from the ozone hole during the Antarctic spring. The amount of UV and visible radiation falling onto the sea ...


62. Measurements of water temperature, spectral irradiance (amount of sunlight), density and salt concentration from lakes in the Taylor and Wright Valley [K042_1963_1964_NZ_1]
The physics and chemistry of the many lakes and ponds in the McMurdo Dry Valleys was investigated in the 1963-64 field season. Previous work on Lakes Vanda and Bonney in the Wright and Taylor Valleys ...


63. Meltwater geochemistry and biological characteristics of the Darwin Glacier region of Antarctica [K081_2007_2008_NZ_3]
Freshwater ponds have long been recognised as an important local biodiversity element in the Antarctic landscape. A suite of relatively easily measured chemical and biological variables that provide ...


64. Meterological data at a cold based glacier, Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Antarctica [K064_2004_2007_NZ_5]   PARENT DIF
Meterological information was measured at a temporary station on the surface of the Wright Lower Glacier. This station was erected in Nov 2004 and recorded air temperature, ablation at hourly intervals ...


65. Microbial mat development and production variation in relation to physio-chemical variation in 13 ponds that all originated from one greater pond near Bratina Island on the McMurdo Ice Shelf [K081_2005_2006_NZ_1]
Microbial mat development and production varies from pond to pond due to the physio-chemical variation amongst the ponds. To study this variation a series of 13 ponds were selected that had originated ...


66. Observations on the development of shore lines on Lake Vanda [K009_1972_1973_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
A number of observations on the development of the shore line around Lake Vanda was recorded. Two previous seasons found the lake level to have risen considerably but the 72/73 season the lake level ...


67. Physiochemical speciation of trace metals in Dry Valley Lakes: Lake Fryxell, Lake Vanda and Lake Bonney [K013_1985_1986_NZ_1]
Limnological studies were conducted at mid-lake sites at Lake Fryxell, Vanda and Bonney in November and December 1985. The primary objective was to examine the speciation of metals in the water column ...


68. Planktonic community structure and species interactions in melt ponds on the McMurdo Ice Shelf and at Cape Bird [K083_1991_1992_NZ_1]
Depth integrated water samples were taken from 20 ponds near Bratina Island on the McMurdo Ice Shelf and 6 ponds from Cape Bird to characterise the planktonic community structure of the ponds and ...


69. Predicting contaminant impacts at Lake Vanda, Antarctica [K094_1995_1997_NZ_1]
Samples of water, phytoplankton, sediment, soil and bacterial mat were sampled from Lake Vanda and the old Vanda station site, in order to determine the fate of trace metal contaminants and their ...


70. Salt, nutrient and other contaminant analysis of soil samples taken near the old Vanda Station [K105_1993_1994_NZ_2]
Water and soil samples from Vanda Station were found to have contamination by apparently anthropogenically derived components (such as heavy metals) and these contaminants are moving in the soils ...


71. Sampling based chemical and biogeochemical stratification profiles of melt water ponds at Bratina Island, McMurdo Ice Shelf [K081_2005_2006_NZ_2]
A comprehensive suite of geochemical samples and measurements from a selection of meltwater ponds at Bratina Island was collected in the 2005/06 and 2006/07 seasons. The purpose was to help identify ...


72. Sea ice productivity in the Mertz Glacier Region [K043_2002_2004_NZ_1]
Eastern Antarctic sea ice algal biomass were measured in the spring of 2002, 2003 and 2004. Productivity was measured by 14C in 2002 and by oxygen electrodes in 2002 and 2004. Biomass was low, in ...


73. Sediment transport load in the Onyx River, Wright Valley [K164_1984_1985_NZ_1]
The sediment transport load in the Onyx River was investigated. The bedload transport rates were used in association with the 15 year flow record, to estimate sandur sedimentation rates. 38 cross ...


74. Soil and groundwater description, characterisation and sampling at various sites at Cape Hallett [K123_2003_2005_NZ_1]
The soil and groundwater at Seabee Hook, Cape Hallet was described and characterised. Soil Investigation: Soil pits were dug east of Willett Cove on low mounds on disturbed and undisturbed sites, ...


75. Soil and salt samples and geological observations from high altitude sites in the Upper Taylor Valley to determine the history of the Antarctic environment through the composition of salts in soils [K105_1997_1998_NZ_1]
To understand the processes of Antarctic soils as they affect the composition and distributions of salts and ice in and below the soils, the salts in very old soils and paleosols were investigated. ...


76. Soil samples from two sites near Scott Base with LiCl added to determine how far water soluble materials spilt on the soil surface will travel [K105_1992_1994_NZ_2]
A leaching trial was set up at Scott Base to determine how rapidly and how far water-soluble materials spilt on the soil surface will move. Lithium chloride (LiCl) was added to two trial sites near ...


77. Spatial variation measurements of the hydrology and glaciology of the Dry Valleys [K161_1969_1991_NZ_5]   CHILD DIFs   PARENT DIF
The long term hydrology/glaciology study carried out in the McMurdo Dry Valleys was conducted to gain information on the hydrological behaviour of the Dry Valleys rivers and lakes, particularly for ...


78. Streamflow monitoring of the Onyx River in the Wright Valley and various other glacier melt streams in the Dry Valleys [K161_1969_1991_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Monitoring of the stream flow of glacial streams in the Dry Valleys was monitored from the 1969/1970 summer until the 1990/1991 season. The data was used to contribute to the understanding of the ...


79. Temperature and conductivity data loggers within ponds and weather data surrounding ponds on the McMurdo Ice Shelf [K081_1995_2008_NZ_1]
Logging stations were installed at Bratina Island since the 1995-1996 season to monitor temperature and conductivity within various ponds and air temperature, incident radiation and UVA and UVB radiation ...


80. Temperature and salinity profiles of the lakes in the Ross Sea Region [K009_1969_1970_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Temperature and salinity profiles and general characteristics of Deep Lake and Lake Bonney were investigated.


81. The adaptation of cyanobacterial mats from the McMurdo Ice Shelf, Mt Discovery and the Alph River system to Antarctic environmental extremes [K081_1990_1991_NZ_1]
The microbial adaptations of the cyanobacterial mats of the ponds of the McMurdo Ice Shelf to the environmental extremes experienced at this location, including changes in temperature and salinity, ...


82. The albedo and ice transmissity at a cold based glacier, Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Antarctica [K064_2004_2007_NZ_7]   PARENT DIF
The albedo of the Wright Lower Glacier was monitored over two seasons (05-06 and 06-07) to help determine the seasonal melt regime of the glacier by using data from a climate station and manual measurements ...


83. The amount of melt water from a cold based glacier, Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Antarctica [K064_2004_2007_NZ_6]   PARENT DIF
The seasonal melt regime of the Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Dry Valleys, Antarctica was investigated and monitored over three field seasons (04-05, 05-06 and 06-07). An appreciation of the ...


84. The bacterial biomass of sea ice from Seabees Hook, Cape Hallett region [K043_2003_2005_NZ_2]
A taxonomic assessment of sea ice bacteria abundance and their response to climate induced stress was investigated from the sea ice around Seabee Hook, Cape Hallett. Four sites at different points ...


85. The bathymetry and sedimentology of Lake Joyce [K009_1972_1973_NZ_4]   PARENT DIF
18 holes were drilled through the floating ice of Lake Joyce. The position of the holes were surveyed, the ice thickness and water depths were measured and the coring of the bottom sediments was ...


86. The behaviour of dry based glaciers and the interpretation of Pleistocene glacial deposits from glaciers in the Dry Valleys, Antarctica [K064_1994_2005_NZ]   CHILD DIFs
The formation of deposits and landforms at the margin of alpine glaciers in the Dry Valleys (The Suess Glacier, Taylor Glacier and Rhone Glacier in the Taylor Valley, the Wright Lower Glacier in the ...


87. The biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae and bacteria in Granite Harbour and the physical parameters of their environment [K043_2008_2009_NZ_2]
The total biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae and bacteria from the sea ice and the water column was investigated in Granite Harbour. Sampling sites in the Granite Harbour area were used ...


88. The biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae and bacteria in Terra Nova Bay and the physical parameters of their environment [K043_2006_2008_NZ_1]
The total biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae and bacteria from the sea ice and the water column was investigated in Terra Nova Bay. Sampling sites in the Terra Nova Bay area were used ...


89. The biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae in the Cape Hallett region [K043_2003_2005_NZ_1]
The distribution and biodiversity of algae was assessed to enable possible future predictions of the effects of global warming. Sites (5 in the first season, 4 in the second) were established around ...


90. The biomass, productivity, physiology and grazing pressures of phytoplankton during the polar winter in the Ross Sea region [K043_2007_2008_NZ_1]
What happens to primary production during the long polar night was investigated in the Ross Sea region. Phytoplankton samples were obtained from the water column at Cape Armitage and Cape Evans. Phytoplankton ...


91. The change in metabolism, and chemical and physical dynamics, after a transition from light to dark conditions, of melt water ponds on the McMurdo Ice Shelf [K081_2007_2008_NZ_1]
Detailed assessments of the metabolism in one melt water pond on the McMurdo Ice Shelf was investigated. The pond chosen had considerable background knowledge on its general chemistry and biology, ...


92. The changes in the physical, chemical and biological processes in melt water ponds during the late season freeze processes into the polar winter at Bratina Island [K081_2007_2008_NZ_2]
How the onset of winter conditions affects the physical and chemical conditions within the melt water ponds on the McMurdo Ice Shelf (of which summer information is available) and how these changes ...


93. The ecology (tidal and weather records, distribution and abundance of microbes and quantification of nitrogen transformation) of an Antarctic tidal lagoon and mudflats at Bratina Island, McMurdo Ice Shelf [K081_1992_1993_NZ_2]
A tidal lagoon at Bratina Island experiences a daily inundation with tidal height varying. Low tide reveals a network of ponds, streams and tidal flats that appear to be highly productive with all ...


94. The effect of temperature and sulphate availability on the terminal electron flow (to sulphide or methane) in anaerobic Antarctic sediments [K081_2001_2002_NZ_1]
Sediment was collected from a range of ponds from the McMurdo Ice Shelf and returned to New Zealand for laboratory studies. Samples were incubated in long term incubators to determine the relative ...


95. The effects of UVB on growth and productivity and photoadaptations of bottom ice algae at Cape Evans, McMurdo Sound [K136_1999_2002_NZ_1]
Sea ice hosts a large community of algae which is released into the food chain when the ice melts. The sea ice algae grow rapidly in the Antarctic spring at a time that coincides with the ozone hole ...


96. The effects of increased flow on the distribution of nutrient sources and sinks and the physical, chemical and biological components in the Onyx River ecosystem [K081_1993_1996_NZ_1]
The waters of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley have risen at a rate of 1m per year. The rise was largely attributed to increased flows in its only significant inflow, the Onyx River. The effects of this ...


97. The factors controlling planktonic primary and secondary production in 22 meltwater ponds varying in chemical conditions, and in layers of stratified ponds [K081_2006_2007_NZ_1]
The importance of the large differences in chemistry in the ponds of the McMurdo ice shelf for their planktonic productivity was examined by comparing rates of primary (algal) production and secondary ...


98. The hydrology (pattern of flow and composition of meltwater) of a cold based glacier, Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Antarctica [K064_2004_2007_NZ]   CHILD DIFs
The seasonal melt regime of the Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Dry Valleys, Antarctica was investigated and monitored over three field seasons (04-05, 05-06 and 06-07). The water cycle, which ...


99. The hydrology, glaciology and sediment transport monitoring of the glacial-river-lake system in the Miers Valley, Antarctica [K046_1988_1991_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
A three year hydrological, glaciological and sediment transport monitoring programme was conducted in the Miers Valley. The energy and mass balances of the glacier-river-lake system was investigated ...


100. The physical and biological structure of the water column in Lake Vanda and the influences to it from the inflow of the Onyx River [K081_1993_1996_NZ_2]
The waters of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley have risen at a rate of 1m per year. The rise was largely attributed to increased flows in its only significant inflow, the Onyx River. Prior to the first flows ...


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