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51. Water chemistry and biology of the Canada Glacier glacial meltwater stream [K009_1981_1982_NZ_1]
Lake water chemistry is relatively well understood, whereas in comparison stream waters have been little studied. The chemistry of glacial meltwater from the Canada Glacier was characterised and the ...


52. Geochemistry investigations of landforms in the Ross Sea Region to determine past glacial history and landform processes [K009_1969_1970_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The geochemistry of Ross Island (Cape Barne and Cape Crozier), the Taylor and Wright Valleys, Lake Vida in Victoria Valley and Marble Point was studied (weathering and land formation) to determine ...


53. Investigation of Antarctic lakes and lake sediments in the Ross Sea Region [K009_1969_1990_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The study of Antarctic lakes and lake sediments in the Ross Sea Region, particularly in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, with particular emphasis on the climatic history was a continuing program of the Waikato ...


54. Chemical and nutrient analysis of meltwaters in the Victoria Valley and Bull Pass [K091_1989_1990_NZ_1]
Baseline chemistry data for ponds and lakes in the Victoria Valley/Bull Pass region was collected in January 1990. Water samples were taken from Upper Victoria Glacier drainage, Lake Victoria, Lake ...


55. Dissolved gases in the bottom of liquid lakes of the McMurdo oasis area [K094_1991_1992_NZ_1]
The lakes in the McMurdo Dry Valleys have a density gradient which in turn prevents the usual vertical convection seen in other lakes. Consequently the basal layers of the lakes remain stagnant. Crustal ...


56. GPR survey of the Wright Lower, Victoria Upper and Suess Glacier margins, in the McMurdo Dry Valleys [K064_2004_2005_NZ_1]
The margins of the Wright Lower, Victoria Upper and Suess glaciers were surveyed using a pulse Ekko GPR. The GPR survey of the morphology and structure of the apron of the Victoria Upper glacier was ...


57. Interactions between liquid water and ice at the Wright Lower glacier and Minna Saddle, McMurdo Ice Shelf [K064_2006_2008_NZ_1]
To understand the nature of interactions between liquid water and ice our investigation focussed on the Wright Lower glacier, the southern end of McMurdo Ice Shelf (Minna Saddle), the margin of the ...


58. Investigations of the accretion of ice at the base of dry based glaciers in the McMurdo Dry Valleys (Suess, Canada, LaCroix, Taylor, Lower Wright, Clark and Upper Victoria glaciers) [K064_1995_1996_NZ_1]
The process of ice accretion at the base of dry polar glaciers in the Dry Valleys of southern Victoria Land was examined. The Suess, Canada, LaCroix and Taylor glacier in the Taylor Valley, the Lower ...


59. Predicting contaminant impacts at Lake Vanda, Antarctica [K094_1995_1997_NZ_1]
Samples of water, phytoplankton, sediment, soil and bacterial mat were sampled from Lake Vanda and the old Vanda station site, in order to determine the fate of trace metal contaminants and their ...


60. The behaviour of dry based glaciers and the interpretation of Pleistocene glacial deposits from glaciers in the Dry Valleys, Antarctica [K064_1994_2005_NZ]   CHILD DIFs
The formation of deposits and landforms at the margin of alpine glaciers in the Dry Valleys (The Suess Glacier, Taylor Glacier and Rhone Glacier in the Taylor Valley, the Wright Lower Glacier in the ...


61. The structural glaciology and movement of the Rhone Glacier, Taylor Valley, Antarctica [K064_1994_2005_NZ_4]   PARENT DIF
The Rhone Glacier, Taylor Valley, Dry Valleys was observed and surveyed to determine the structural glaciology and movement of the glacier. A tunnel was excavated into the true right western face ...


62. The structural glaciology and movement of the Taylor Glacier, Taylor Valley, Antarctica [K064_1994_2005_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
The structural glaciology and movement of the Taylor Glacier, was investigated over several seasons (98-01) by excavating a tunnel in the right side of the Taylor Glacier, 1.5km upstream of the terminus, ...


63. The structural glaciology and movement of the Victoria Upper Glacier, Victoria Valley, Antarctica [K064_1994_2005_NZ_5]   PARENT DIF
The structure and movement of the Victoria Upper Glacier, Victoria Valley, was investigated over several seasons. A network of 13 points on the glacier surface were marked with bamboo flags and the ...


64. The structural glaciology, ice marginal landforms, sediments and movement of the Lower Wright Glacier, Wright Valley, Antarctica [K064_1994_2005_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
The structural glaciology, ice marginal landforms, sediments and movement of the Lower Wright Glacier, Wright Valley, Antarctica was investigated over several seasons. Preliminary work was completed ...


65. The structural glaciology, ice marginal landforms, sediments and movement of the Suess Glacier, Taylor Valley, Antarctica [K064_1994_2005_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The structural glaciology, ice marginal landforms, sediments and movement of the Suess Glacier, Taylor Valley, Antarctica was investigated over several seasons. Preliminary work was completed with ...


66. Trace element distribution and speciation in Lake Vanda, Wright Valley, Antarctica [K093_1987_1988_NZ_1]
In Nov/Dec 1987, waters were sampled from Lake Vanda, Don Juan Pond, and the Onyx River (Wright Valley) to provide information on major ion and trace element chemistry and behaviour under the range ...


67. An ecological study of Bird Pond at Cape Bird: water parameters, population density and identification plants and animals [K014_1970_1971_NZ_3]
A seasonal ecological study was carried out at Bird Pond, Cape Bird. At weekly intervals the water temperature, depth, conductivity, pH and light were recorded, water samples were analysed for oxygen, ...


68. Assessment of the rate of contaminant movement through Antarctic soils using a lithium chloride experiment at Lake Vanda [K150_1993_1994_NZ_4]
A leaching trial was set up at Lake Vanda to determine how rapidly and how far water-soluble materials spilt on the soil surface will move. A series of 1 x 1 m plots and control sites on the north ...


69. The presence and extent of interstitial meiofauna in sandy beaches and stream and coastal water sampling to determine the nutrient input to the sea from penguin colonies [K014_1974_1975_NZ_2]
The presence and extent of the interstitial meiofauna that developed in the sandy beach when the push-ice had melted or rafted out was investigated. The timing of melting was late and only a short ...


70. Algal response to transplantation with a ice core flipping experiment, Terra Nova Bay, Ross Sea [K043_2006_2008_NZ_2]
Three ice cores were drilled in sea ice (2.1 m thick) in the region of Gondwana Station in Terra Nova Bay during the 06-07 season. The cores were stored in black plastic bags and then replaced back ...


71. The effects of UVB on growth and productivity and photoadaptations of bottom ice algae at Cape Evans, McMurdo Sound [K136_1999_2002_NZ_1]
Sea ice hosts a large community of algae which is released into the food chain when the ice melts. The sea ice algae grow rapidly in the Antarctic spring at a time that coincides with the ozone hole ...


72. The role of grazing on sea ice algae and sea ice bacteria by ciliates and flagellated (zooplankton) in Terra Nova Bay [K043_2006_2008_NZ_3]
Sea water was collected from a depth of 2 meters below the sea ice in the region of Gondwana Station in Terra Nova Bay. Initial measurements of chlorophyll along with presence and abundance of ciliates ...


73. Analysis of water and soil samples for pollutants (trace metals, major anions, mercury) to determine the nature and extent of contamination in meltwaters in the Ross Dependency [K105_1992_1994_NZ_1]
A set of baseline data for the composition of meltwaters in the Ross Dependency, with particular concentrations on the levels of ultra trace heavy metals in waters remote from significant or current ...


74. Benthic mat biomass, productivity (photosynthesis and respiration) and contributions to lake nutrient cycling in Lake Hoare, Taylor Valley [K081_1996_2000_NZ_1]
The importance of benthic microbial mat production in the Lake Hoare, Taylor Valley and how the mats are adapted to survive and grow in deep water (extreme low light but no freezing) was investigated. ...


75. Heavy metal analysis of soil samples from pits excavated around Scott Base [K105_1993_1994_NZ_1]
Comparison of soils from Scott Base (site with human activity) with baseline data taken from pristine sites around the Ross Dependency (without human activity) found elevated levels of most heavy ...


76. Measurements of the amount of UV and visible radiation falling onto sea ice and the effects of enhanced UV radiation levels on sea ice algae [K136_1991_1992_NZ_1]
Sea ice algae are speculated to be considerably vulnerable to the effects of enhanced UV from the ozone hole during the Antarctic spring. The amount of UV and visible radiation falling onto the sea ...


77. Salt, nutrient and other contaminant analysis of soil samples taken near the old Vanda Station [K105_1993_1994_NZ_2]
Water and soil samples from Vanda Station were found to have contamination by apparently anthropogenically derived components (such as heavy metals) and these contaminants are moving in the soils ...


78. Sea ice productivity in the Mertz Glacier Region [K043_2002_2004_NZ_1]
Eastern Antarctic sea ice algal biomass were measured in the spring of 2002, 2003 and 2004. Productivity was measured by 14C in 2002 and by oxygen electrodes in 2002 and 2004. Biomass was low, in ...


79. Soil and salt samples and geological observations from high altitude sites in the Upper Taylor Valley to determine the history of the Antarctic environment through the composition of salts in soils [K105_1997_1998_NZ_1]
To understand the processes of Antarctic soils as they affect the composition and distributions of salts and ice in and below the soils, the salts in very old soils and paleosols were investigated. ...


80. Soil samples from two sites near Scott Base with LiCl added to determine how far water soluble materials spilt on the soil surface will travel [K105_1992_1994_NZ_2]
A leaching trial was set up at Scott Base to determine how rapidly and how far water-soluble materials spilt on the soil surface will move. Lithium chloride (LiCl) was added to two trial sites near ...


81. The biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae in the Cape Hallett region [K043_2003_2005_NZ_1]
The distribution and biodiversity of algae was assessed to enable possible future predictions of the effects of global warming. Sites (5 in the first season, 4 in the second) were established around ...


82. Water and soil samples from contaminated sites of Vanda Station to determine the mobility of contaminants [K105_1992_1993_NZ_1]
Vanda Station leaders were asked to recall what and where waste was disposed of at Vanda Station. A soil sampling regime was conducted on the responses received. Roughly 32 pits were excavated and ...


83. Geochemical and geomorphological investigations of the McMurdo Dry Valleys freshwater and saline water bodies [K211_1963_1987_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
Since the 1963-1964 season, Japanese scientists have studied major and trace elements, nutrient matter, stable and radioactive isotopes and organic constituents in lakes and ponds and geological samples ...


84. Geochemical studies, the natural abundance of nitrogen isotopes in soil and evaporates and observations of the sequential changes in the saline lakes of the Dry Valleys and surrounding areas [K211_1978_1979_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Geochemical studies on the tritium chronology of Lake Vanda, the natural abundance of nitrogen isotopes in soil and evaporites in the Dry Valleys and observations of the sequential changes in the ...


85. Geophysical studies of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley, including lake water and ice parameters and geomorphological studies of the surrounding physical environment with comparisons with other nearby water bodies [K211_1970_1973_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
A geophysical study of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley was conducted over three seasons focussing on the heat balance of the lake with geochemical and geomorphological studies running concurrently. Comparisons ...


86. Limnological studies of Dry Valley lakes: water parameters (pH, conductivity, nutrients, temperature), uranium content, trace elements, isotopic ratio and tritium concentrations, and geochemical samples [K211_1984_1986_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
A large number of saline and freshwater lakes and ponds of the Dry Valley area and crater lakes behind the McMurdo station were visited for limnological study including Lake Fryxell of the Taylor ...


87. Measurements of environmental radiation near Scott Base and McMurdo Station and in the McMurdo Dry Valleys [K211_1984_1985_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The level of environmental radiation (gamma ray exposure) due to terrestrial radionuclides was measured by using a portable NaI gamma ray survey meter in the Ross Island (near Scott Base and McMurdo ...


88. Distribution data and samples of non-marine algae for culture and DNA analysis to determine evolution and dispersal of algae along a latitudinal gradient [K124_2003_2004_NZ_1]
Algae populations at different points on a latitudinal gradient within the Ross Sea sector were investigated. At Cape Hallett, the distribution of the different algal communities were mapped by a ...


89. Algal composition, physico-chemical features, photosynthetic carbon metabolism, nitrogen cycling and the structure and metabolic properties of algal mats in lakes and streams of southern Victoria Land [K081_1983_1986_NZ_1]
A three year study of lakes and stream of southern Victoria Land was conducted from 1983-1986. In the first season, the algal composition and physico-chemical characteristics of South Victoria Land ...


90. Analyses of water and microbial mat samples collected from two ponds at Luther Peak, near Cape Hallett [K081_2003_2005_NZ_3]
Freshwater ponds have long been recognised as an important local biodiversity element in the Antarctic landscape. To broaden the understanding of pond systems within the Ross Sea region of Antarctica ...


91. Biological, physical and chemical parameters in water and microbial mat samples from ponds in Victoria Valley [K081_2003_2005_NZ_2]
Water and microbial mat communities of the ponds in the Victoria Valley was investigated to test the hypothesis that the gradient in climatic severity associated with latitudinal and altitudinal gradients ...


92. Biological, physical and chemical parameters in water and microbial mat samples from ponds in the Cape Hallett vicinity and cryoconite holes on the Tucker and Bornmann glaciers [K081_2005_2006_NZ_3]
A series of 10 ponds, located away from the main influences of the penguin colony at Cape Hallett, were investigated for variation in chemistry and microbial mat development. Cores of benthic microbial ...


93. Biological, physical and chemical parameters in water and microbial mat samples from ponds in the Labyrinth area of Wright Valley [K081_2003_2005_NZ_1]
Water and microbial mat communities of the ponds in the Labyrinth area of Wright Valley was investigated to test the hypothesis that the gradient in climatic severity associated with latitudinal and ...


94. The adaptation of cyanobacterial mats from the McMurdo Ice Shelf, Mt Discovery and the Alph River system to Antarctic environmental extremes [K081_1990_1991_NZ_1]
The microbial adaptations of the cyanobacterial mats of the ponds of the McMurdo Ice Shelf to the environmental extremes experienced at this location, including changes in temperature and salinity, ...


95. The physical and geochemical parameters controlling algal production in Lake Vanda [K081_1980_1981_NZ_1]
The factors controlling algal production in Lake Vanda were investigated experimentally by nutrient bioassays and in situ radiotracer incubations. Photosynthetic profiles were measured through the ...


96. The rates of benthic photosynthesis of microbial mats at low irradiances in Lake Hoare and Lake Fryxell, Taylor Valley [K081_2006_2007_NZ_2]
Photosynthesis rates of microbial mats were measured at a range of irradiances to determine the performance of mats at low irradiances at Lake Hoare and Fryxell. Underwater irradiance measurements ...


97. The spatial and temporal variability of nutrients (nitrogen, phosporous, carbon) and plant biomass (cyanobacterial biofilms) on the McMurdo Ice Shelf ecosystem [K081_1987_1988_NZ_1]
The area near Bratina Island was studied by examining scales (large and small) of variability (spatial and temporal) of nutrients and plant biomass on the McMurdo Ice Shelf (MIS) with an aim to examine ...


98. The structure and environmental physiology of Antarctic cyanobacterial mats in the McMurdo Ice Shelf ecosystem [K081_1989_1990_NZ_1]
A detailed understanding of how cyanobacterial mats in the ponds of the McMurdo Ice Shelf are structured and how they derive their carbon, nitrogen and energy supply was investigated with a broad ...


99. Benthic mat biomass and productivity (photosynthesis and respiration) in Lake Vanda, Wright Valley and the role of invertebrates in carbon cycling in the lake [K081_1997_2000_NZ_1]
The importance of benthic microbial production in the lakes of the McMurdo Dry Valleys and how the benthic cyanobacterial mats are adapted to survive and grow in deep water (extreme low light but ...


100. Ecological investigation of nitrogen sources and sinks in Lake Wilson and three catchment ponds in the Darwin Glacier region [K081_1992_1993_NZ_1]
Ecological investigations into the waters of the Darwin Glacier region (extreme southern end member to the Dry Valley system) were carried out to extend knowledge of microbial processes to high latitude ...


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