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51. Holocene climate history obtained from ice cores, snow profiles (density, chemistry, structure), snow samples (dust origin) and climate measurements from the Baldwin Glacier, Victoria Land Coast, Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from the ...


52. Holocene climate history obtained from snow profiles (chemistry, dust flux, temperature, structure), firn cores and climate measurements from the Wilson Piedmont Glacier, Victoria Land Coast, Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_4]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from the ...


53. Hydrocarbon-degrading microbes and optimum environmental parameters for growth from soil samples (oil contaminated and pristine) from Scott Base, Marble Point, Lake Vanda and Bull Pass [K123_1996_1998_NZ_1]
Soil surface samples and soil profile samples (pits dug down to the ice cemented surface) were collected from both oil-impacted and pristine sites in the vicinity of Scott Base and at the abandoned ...


54. Influence of rock moisture on rock weathering processes along the Victoria Land Coast, Antarctica [K056_2002_2005_NZ]   CHILD DIFs
The role of moisture in the weathering of rock at four locations along the Victoria Land Coast, Antarctica was investigated. These locations were Victoria Valley, Gneiss Point, Terra Nova Bay and ...


55. Investigation into cryoconite holes at a cold based glacier, Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Antarctica [K064_2004_2007_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
Investigation into cryoconite hole chemistry, surface area cover and construction was investigated as part of wider project looking at the seasonal melt regime of the Wright Lower Glacier. Chemistry: ...


56. Investigation into the environmental factors that drive microbial diversity in the soils of the Meirs Valley mineral soils [K023_2004_2005_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The primary objective of this event was to examine possible environmental factors (moisture, nutrients, mineralogy) driving the microbial diversity in the dry valley soils of Antarctica. 325 mineral ...


57. Investigation into the environmental factors that drive microbial diversity in the soils of the Miers Valley, Mt Erebus, Bratina Island and Beacon Valley [K023_2005_2007_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Modern molecular phylogenetics, in conjunction with sensitive mineral surface geochemical analysis, was used to determine the quantitative and qualitative distribution of micro-organism in Dry Valley ...


58. Investigation of dust inputs into McMurdo Sound, oxygen and hydrogen isotopes and snow/firn density from firn cores from Windless Bight, Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_8]   PARENT DIF
Two firn cores (21m and 20m) were recovered from Windless Bight to quantify dust input into the McMurdo Sound. In addition, oxygen and hydrogen isotopes as well as snow/firn density were measured.


59. Investigation of the Holocene climate history from analysis of the glacial system, ice cores and snow samples from the Whitehall Glacier, Victoria Land Coast, Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_9]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from the ...


60. Investigations into the Deep Chlorophyll Maximum Layer of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley: How is the DCM established and maintained? [K081_1994_1996_NZ_2]
The waters of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley, have risen at a rate of 1m per year. Within the lake there is a biologically important layer, the deep chlorophyll maximum (DCM), where high algal production ...


61. Investigations into the Deep Chlorophyll Maximum Layer of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley: How is the DCM maintained at a constant depth in spite of lake level rise? [K081_1994_1996_NZ_1]
The waters of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley, have risen at a rate of 1m per year. Within the lake there is a biologically important layer, the deep chlorophyll maximum (DCM), where high algal production ...


62. Isolated fungi from physical samples collected from four sites, two with human impact and two with little human influence to assess fungal biodiversity and the impact of humans [K021_1998_2008_NZ_3]
Physical samples of soil, rocks, wood, foodstuffs, air and artifacts were collected over the period of 2001-2006 from four sites in Ross Sea Region, including two sites with human impact (influence) ...


63. Latitudinal Gradient Project (LGP) [K002_Latitudinal_Gradient_Project_LGP]
The Latitudinal Gradient Project (LGP) ("http://www.lgp.aq/") is aimed at increasing the understanding of the coastal marine, freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems that exist along the Victoria Land ...


64. Limnological studies of Dry Valley lakes: water parameters (pH, conductivity, nutrients, temperature), uranium content, trace elements, isotopic ratio and tritium concentrations, and geochemical samples [K211_1984_1986_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
A large number of saline and freshwater lakes and ponds of the Dry Valley area and crater lakes behind the McMurdo station were visited for limnological study including Lake Fryxell of the Taylor ...


65. Measurements of albation rates at a cold based glacier, Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Antarctica [K064_2004_2007_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The average annual ablation rate of the Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, was determined over three field seasons (04-05, 05-06 and 06-07) as part of an investigation into the seasonal melt regime ...


66. Measurements of environmental radiation near Scott Base and McMurdo Station and in the McMurdo Dry Valleys [K211_1984_1985_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The level of environmental radiation (gamma ray exposure) due to terrestrial radionuclides was measured by using a portable NaI gamma ray survey meter in the Ross Island (near Scott Base and McMurdo ...


67. Meltwater geochemistry and biological characteristics of the Darwin Glacier region of Antarctica [K081_2007_2008_NZ_3]
Freshwater ponds have long been recognised as an important local biodiversity element in the Antarctic landscape. A suite of relatively easily measured chemical and biological variables that provide ...


68. Meteorological data from automatic weather stations in the Darwin-Hatherton area, Antarctica [K056_2006_2007_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Summer automatic weather stations were installed on the Darwin-Hatherton Glaciers over three summer seasons (2006-2009). Meterological data was recorded over the four seasons variably from early November ...


69. Meterological Data from Cape Hallett Station [K004_Cape_Hallett_Met_Station_LGP]
The Cape Hallett meteorology station is located at a latitude of 72.19 S, a longitude of 170.16 E, and an elevation of ~0.5 meters above sea level. The station was constructed in the 2001-2002 field ...


70. Meterological Data from Dawin Central Valley [K002_Darwin_Central_Valley_Met_Station_LGP]
There is currently one Automatic Weather Station (AWS)/environmental logging stations located in the Darwin area: 1) In the central valley (S 79º 50.113" E 159º 19.122") between Lake Wilson ...


71. Meterological data at a cold based glacier, Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Antarctica [K064_2004_2007_NZ_5]   PARENT DIF
Meterological information was measured at a temporary station on the surface of the Wright Lower Glacier. This station was erected in Nov 2004 and recorded air temperature, ablation at hourly intervals ...


72. Microbial diversity and the environmental factors that drive the microbial community in the Ross Sea Region [K023_2004_2008_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The Antarctic environment has recently been shown to support a high level of diversity of bacteria in the soil given the simplicity and extreme nature of the habitat. Understanding the relationship ...


73. Microbial mat development and production variation in relation to physio-chemical variation in 13 ponds that all originated from one greater pond near Bratina Island on the McMurdo Ice Shelf [K081_2005_2006_NZ_1]
Microbial mat development and production varies from pond to pond due to the physio-chemical variation amongst the ponds. To study this variation a series of 13 ponds were selected that had originated ...


74. Molecular systematics of Antarctic mosses [K024_1999_2001_NZ_1]
Estimating genetic variation is important in understanding a populations potential to track changing environmental conditions and for conservation management. Two molecular techniques, DNA sequencing ...


75. New Zealand International Transantarctic Scientific Expedition (NZ ITASE) - Climate variability measured from ice cores taken along the Victoria Land Coast [K049_1999_2008_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The climate of the Victoria Land Coast is created by the interacting influences of the Dry Valleys, East Antarctic Ice Sheet and the Ross Sea. Slight changes can significantly alter local weather ...


76. Nutrient transfer from penguin colonies to the vegetation at Cape Hallett: A measurement of the transfer of organic nitrogen in the form of ammonia [K024_2004_2006_NZ_3]
The transfer of nutrients from marine to terrestrial ecosystems are though to be important for vegetation. The transfer rate of organic nitrogen in the form of ammonia from the penguin colonies to ...


77. Plant biodiversity survey of the Granite Harbour, Darwin Glacier and Cape Crozier regions [K024_2006_2008_NZ_2]
The distribution and identity of lichens, mosses and endolithic algae were examined at sites around Granite Harbour, the Darwin Glacier and Igloo Spur at Cape Crozier to extend sampling of the Ross ...


78. Population genetics of the lichen species Umbilicaria aprina, Umbilicaria decussata and Buellia frigida along a latitudinal gradient in the Ross Sea region [K024_2006_2008_NZ_1]
A latitudinal change in population genetics of selected lichen species was conducted to determine whether these lichen communities have spread along a latitudinal gradient from northern latitudes ...


79. Sampling based chemical and biogeochemical stratification profiles of melt water ponds at Bratina Island, McMurdo Ice Shelf [K081_2005_2006_NZ_2]
A comprehensive suite of geochemical samples and measurements from a selection of meltwater ponds at Bratina Island was collected in the 2005/06 and 2006/07 seasons. The purpose was to help identify ...


80. Sampling petroleum contaminated soils for microbes at the historic huts [K021_1998_2008_NZ_8]
Soil samples were taken at Cape Evans where the remains of 2 petroleum depots are located near the hut (1999-2000 season) to ascertain if hydrocarbons were present. Additional sampling was carried ...


81. Snow profiles (analysed for snow chemistry, isotope ratios dust flux and mineralogy) along a transect from the coast towards the East Antarctic Ice Sheet to interpret Holocene climate records [K049_1999_2008_NZ_5]   PARENT DIF
In order to interpret the climate record contained in the ice cores from Victoria Lower Glacier it was necessary to trace air mass trajectories to distinguish between marine and continental influences. ...


82. Soil and groundwater description, characterisation and sampling at various sites at Cape Hallett [K123_2003_2005_NZ_1]
The soil and groundwater at Seabee Hook, Cape Hallet was described and characterised. Soil Investigation: Soil pits were dug east of Willett Cove on low mounds on disturbed and undisturbed sites, ...


83. Soil profile descriptions, Lake Wellman region, Antarctica [K123_2007_2008_NZ]
We sampled a chronosequence of soils on moraines in the Darwin Mountains ranging from early Holocene (10 ky) to mid Quaternary (ca 900 ky) in age to test if the structure and diversity of microbial ...


84. Soil samples from Mout Fleming, Allen Hills and the McKelvey Valley to determine the fungal terrestrial biodiversity using cultures and molecular DNA techniques [K021_1998_2008_NZ_9]
Soil samples were taken from Mount Fleming (00-01), Allen Hills (03-04) and the McKelvey Valley (07-08) to ascertain terrestrial biodiversity at the sites, as determined by molecular DNA techniques ...


85. Soil, nematode, and springtail sample collection from Granite Harbour [K066_2009_2010_NZ_1]
The aim of this study was to determine aspects of the environmental physiology and phylogeography of Antarctic terrestrial invertebrates. Soil samples were collected from Granite Harbour for geochemical ...


86. Studies on the anaerobic sediments and underlying cyanobacterial mats from the McMurdo Ice Shelf [K081_1996_2000_NZ_2]
The pond ecosystems of the McMurdo Ice Shelf contain abundant growths of algae and cyanobacteria. The role of the anaerobic sediments underlying the cyanobacterial mats was investigated. Sediment ...


87. Survey of invertebrates, lichen, mosses and soil microbiology in the Shackleton, Scott and Beardmore Glacier regions. [K020_2009_2010_NZ_1]
A survey of biodiversity in the Central and Southern Transantarctic mountains including: Invertebrates (Collembola, Acari, Nematoda, Tardigrada, Rotifera); Lichens, Mosses, and Soil microbiology. ...


88. The albedo and ice transmissity at a cold based glacier, Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Antarctica [K064_2004_2007_NZ_7]   PARENT DIF
The albedo of the Wright Lower Glacier was monitored over two seasons (05-06 and 06-07) to help determine the seasonal melt regime of the glacier by using data from a climate station and manual measurements ...


89. The amount of melt water from a cold based glacier, Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Antarctica [K064_2004_2007_NZ_6]   PARENT DIF
The seasonal melt regime of the Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Dry Valleys, Antarctica was investigated and monitored over three field seasons (04-05, 05-06 and 06-07). An appreciation of the ...


90. The bacterial biomass of sea ice from Seabees Hook, Cape Hallett region [K043_2003_2005_NZ_2]
A taxonomic assessment of sea ice bacteria abundance and their response to climate induced stress was investigated from the sea ice around Seabee Hook, Cape Hallett. Four sites at different points ...


91. The behaviour of dry based glaciers and the interpretation of Pleistocene glacial deposits from glaciers in the Dry Valleys, Antarctica [K064_1994_2005_NZ]   CHILD DIFs
The formation of deposits and landforms at the margin of alpine glaciers in the Dry Valleys (The Suess Glacier, Taylor Glacier and Rhone Glacier in the Taylor Valley, the Wright Lower Glacier in the ...


92. The biodiversity of the coastal underwater marine benthic ecosystem in the Ross Sea Region [K082_2001_2007_NZ]   CHILD DIFs
The long term research program ICECUBE (Coastal Underwater Benthic Ecosystems) provides fundamental information on the structural and functional biodiversity of Antarctic coastal benthic ecosystems. ...


93. The biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae and bacteria in Granite Harbour and the physical parameters of their environment [K043_2008_2009_NZ_2]
The total biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae and bacteria from the sea ice and the water column was investigated in Granite Harbour. Sampling sites in the Granite Harbour area were used ...


94. The biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae and bacteria in Terra Nova Bay and the physical parameters of their environment [K043_2006_2008_NZ_1]
The total biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae and bacteria from the sea ice and the water column was investigated in Terra Nova Bay. Sampling sites in the Terra Nova Bay area were used ...


95. The biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae in the Cape Hallett region [K043_2003_2005_NZ_1]
The distribution and biodiversity of algae was assessed to enable possible future predictions of the effects of global warming. Sites (5 in the first season, 4 in the second) were established around ...


96. The biomass, productivity, physiology and grazing pressures of phytoplankton during the polar winter in the Ross Sea region [K043_2007_2008_NZ_1]
What happens to primary production during the long polar night was investigated in the Ross Sea region. Phytoplankton samples were obtained from the water column at Cape Armitage and Cape Evans. Phytoplankton ...


97. The cryopelagic meroplankton community of Gerlache Inlet (2006-2007 season) [K018_2006_2008_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Cryopelagic (directly under the ice) plankton samples were collected in Gerlache Inlet about 1 km to the south of Gondwana Station. A 0.5 m diameter circular fixed-frame plankton net (125µm mesh) ...


98. The cryopelagic meroplankton community of Gerlache Inlet (2007-2008 season) [K018_2006_2008_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
Cryopelagic (directly under the ice) plankton samples were collected in Gerlache Inlet about 1 km to the south of Gondwana Station. Samples were collected at 1m and 5m depth below the sea ice with ...


99. The depth distribution of meroplankton in the water column of Cape Hallett [K018_2003_2005_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Plankton was sampled at a single site (72° 18.412' S, 170° 11.290' E) off Seabee Hook, Edisto Inlet, Cape Hallett during the 04-05 season to determine if there is a different larval community at ...


100. The depth distribution of meroplankton in the water column of Gerlache Inlet [K018_2006_2008_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Plankton was sampled at a single site (74° 38.474' S, 164° 12.473' E) between 14 Nov 2007-06 Dec 2007 about 1 km to the south of Gondwana Station during the 07-08 season to determine if there is ...


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