For easier readability, the ISO_Topic_Category names will be used in
the DIF as follows:
- farming = Farming: rearing
of animals or cultivation of plants. For example, resources describing
irrigation, aquaculture, herding, and pests and diseases affecting
crops and livestock.
- biota = Biota: naturally occurring
flora and fauna. For example, resources describing wildlife, biological
sciences, ecology, wilderness, sea life, wetlands, and habitats.
- boundaries = Boundaries: legal land descriptions.
- climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere = Climatology/Meteorology/Atmosphere: atmospheric processes and phenomena. For example, resources describing
cloud cover, weather, atmospheric conditions, climate change, and precipitation.
- economy = Economy: economic activities or employment. For example, resources describing labor,
revenue, commerce, industry, tourism and ecotourism, forestry, fisheries, commercial or subsistence hunting, and exploration and exploitation
of resources such as minerals, oil, and gas.
- elevation = Elevation: height above or below sea level. For example, resources describing altitude,
bathymetry, digital elevation models, slope, and products derived from this information.
- environment = Environment: environmental resources, protection, and conservation. For example,
resources describing pollution, waste storage and treatment, environmental impact assessment, environmental risk, and nature reserves.
- geoscientificInformation = Geoscientific Information: earth sciences. For example, resources describing
geophysical features and processes, minerals, the composition, structure and origin of the earth’s rocks, earthquakes, volcanic activity, landslides, gravity information, soils, permafrost, hydrogeology, and erosion.
- health = Health: health services,human ecology, and safety. For example, resources describing human
disease and illness, factors affecting health, hygiene, mental and physical health, substance abuse, and health services.
- imageryBaseMapsEarthCover = Imagery/Base Maps/Earth Cover: base maps. For example, resources describing
land cover, topographic maps, and classified and unclassified images.
- intelligenceMilitary = Intelligence/Military: military bases, structures, and activities. For example, resources
describing barracks, training grounds, military transportation, and information collection.
- inlandWaters = Inland Waters: inland water features, drainage systems, and their characteristics. For example,
resources describing rivers and glaciers, salt lakes, water use plans, dams, currents, floods, water quality, and hydrographic charts.
- location = Location: positional information and services. For example, resources describing addresses,
geodetic networks, postal zones and services, control points, and place names.
- oceans = Oceans: features and characteristics of salt water bodies excluding inland waters. For
example, resources describing tides, tidal waves, coastal information, and reefs.
- planningCadastre = Planning Cadastre:land use. For example, resources describing zoning maps, cadastral
surveys, and land ownership.
- society = Society: characteristics of societies and cultures. For example, resources describing natural
settlements, anthropology, archaeology, education, traditional beliefs, manners and customs, demographic data, crime and justice, recreational
areas and activities, social impact assessments, and census information.
- structure = Structure: man-made construction. For example, resources describing buildings, museums,
churches, factories, housing, monuments, and towers.
- transportation = Transportation: means and aids for conveying people and goods. For example, resources describing
roads, airports and airstrips, shipping routes, tunnels, nautical charts, vehicle or vessel location, aeronautical charts, and railways.
- utilitiesCommunications = Utilities/Communications: energy, water and waste systems, and communications infrastructure
and services. For example, resources describing hydroelectricity, geothermal, solar, and nuclear sources of energy, water purification
and distribution, sewage collection and disposal, electricity and gas distribution, data communication, telecommunication, radio, and
Source: ISO 19115/TC 211 Geographic Information/Geomatics Metadata Standard