CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment of Invertebrate in the Pacific Ocean 2002-2008Entry ID: CRED_REA_Inverts
Abstract: Abstract written by OBIS-USA using Excerpts from CRED Homepage
The need for conservation of coral ecosystems throughout the world requires knowledge concerning the ecological requirements of species that make up the system, causes for the loss of any of the component organisms, and the requirements for the survival of remaining species. The collection of systematic information concerning what ... taxa are present, or biodiversity assessment, is a prerequisite for determining the factors previously mentioned. The task of conservation is further supported by an ongoing monitoring program, which uses the biodiversity assessment as its baseline for detecting changes through time.
Historically, the biodiversity assessments and monitoring programs for coral reefs have focused strictly on the charismatic fauna such as cnidarians and fish. Coral reefs are compared to rainforest habitat when referring to their biodiversity. Rainforest ecosystems are viewed from the perspective of the canopy components but are made up of a wealth of less charismatic fauna that contribute greatly to the biodiversity. In the case of coral reefs this is also true; the cryptic sponge, mollusk, echinoderm, crustacea, annelid, bryozoan, and tunicate fauna are an integral component to the overall biodiversity.
The Coral Reef Ecosystem Investigation (CRED) program of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration-National Marine Fisheries Service, Honolulu Laboratory includes a marine invertebrate component as part of its rapid ecological assessment (REA) activities in the tropical Pacific. The marine invertebrate component is done in conjunction with surveys of fish, corals, and macroalgae to create a complete benthic survey of coral reef areas that are included in the scope of the program.
Data was published on the OBIS-USA web site March 31, 2010 and is available at http://www.usgs.gov/obis-usa.
Record Count 64,435, Taxa Count 444
Please see the CRED homepage for additional information at http://www.pifsc.noaa.gov/cred/index.php
Purpose: Research Objectives: 1) The goal of the marine invertebrate component of the rapid ecological assessment is to collect both quantitative and qualitative information concerning marine invertebrate organisms other than corals. 2) Surveys are centered around transect locations chosen to cover the greatest variety of habitats and are conducted in conjunction with efforts focusing on assessing macroalgae and coral communities. 3) At this time, the product of this effort is a species inventory that will provide baseline information to support future monitoring activities. 4) Also, specimens will be collected that will be vouchered in museum collections that can be accessed by researchers around the world.
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Island Fisheries Sciences Center, NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service
Dataset Title: CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment of Invertebrate in the Pacific Ocean 2002-2008
Dataset Release Date: 2008-05-08
Dataset Release Place: Honolulu, HI
Dataset Publisher: Coral Reef Ecosystem Division
Data Presentation Form: databaseOnline Resource: http://www.usgs.gov/obis-usa
Start Date: 2002-09-10Stop Date: 2008-10-09
Access Constraints To view constraints placed on dataset, please see Policies and Disclaimer section (from the panel on the left) on OBIS-USA web site at http://www.usgs.gov/obis-usa.
DISTRIBUTION LIABILITY: OBIS-USA renders information prepared by contributors accessible through dynamic on-line publication. It does not peer-review the quality of the data provided. However, it is confident that ... the data are the best available in electronic form. OBIS-USA does not own or try to control or limit the use of any data or products accessible through its website. Accordingly, it does not take responsibility for the quality of such data or products, or the use that people may make of them.
Users must recognize that the analysis and interpretation of data requires background knowledge and expertise about marine biodiversity (including ecosystems and taxonomy). Users should be aware of possible errors in the use of species names, geo-referencing, data handing and mapping. They should crosscheck their results for possible errors, and qualify their interpretation of any results accordingly. Appropriate caution is thus necessary in the interpretation of results derived from OBIS-USA.
Use Constraints Prior to use of these records in any analysis or report, the Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED) of the Pacific Island Fisheries Sciences Center must be notified and if used the provenance of the original data must be acknowledged. Acknowledge the use of specific records from contributing CRED databases and acknowledge the use of the OBIS-USA facility. Recognize the limitations of data in OBIS-USA.
Data Set Progress
Distribution Format: text
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2012-02-23
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-02-27