The MRI model is derived from an earlier version of the University of
California at Los Angeles (UCLA) model (cf. Arakawa and Mintz 1974 and
Arakawa and Lamb 1977 ). Subsequent modifications include ...
The MSU model was developed in 1989 for climate applications. The
latest version of this model is significantly differ from the first
a) it is used the simulation with seasonal resolution, ...
The GISS model used for the PMIP experiment is a modified version of
Model II that is described by Hansen et al. (1983) . The current model
(described by Hansen et al., 1997) differs from this predecessor ...
The Paleoclimate Modeling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) was initiated in order
to coordinate and encourage the systematic study of atmospheric general
circulation models (AGCMs) and to assess their ...
The UGAMP model is based on the ECMWF (cycle 27) model (cf. Tiedtke et
al. 1988 and Simmons et al. 1989 ), but with modifications principally
in the treatment of radiation, convection, surface fluxes, ...
The 11-layer tropospheric/lower-stratospheric GCM is a descendent of
the 2-layer atmospheric GCM developed in the late 1960's and early
1970's by Arakawa and Mintz at UCLA , and subsequently developed ...
The UKMO HADAM2 model part of the line of Unified Models (UM) intended
to provide a common framework for forecasting and climate applications
(cf. Cullen 1993 ). The dynamical formulations are those ...
The model extends the vertical domain and resolution of the AMIP
baseline model YONU Tr5.1 (4x5 L5) 1994 by the inclusion of 2 more
vertical levels. The method of obtaining surface values of air
The lake level dataset contains data on the reconstructed extent of the Aral
and Caspian Seas during the last glacial maximum 18,000 YBP. The
reconstructions were made by Olga Dennisenko (Department ...
The Atmospheric model is the fourth generation NCAR Community Climate Model
(version 3: CCM3). The CCM3 is an evolution of the CCM2 as described by Hack
and al (1993,1994) and CCM2 is the historical ...
Model CCSR/NIES AGCM (T21 L20) 1995 is based on a simple global
atmospheric model first developed at the University of Tokyo
(cf. Numaguti 1993), and further refined as a collaboration between
The model is a version (Cycle 14) of the ARPEGE climate model, which
is designed for use by the French climate community. (ARPEGE is the
acronym for Action de Recherche Petite Echelle Grande Echelle: ...
The global climate model used for PMIP is Version 2.0 of GENESIS
(Global ENvironmental and Ecological Simulation of Interactive
Systems). It has been developed at NCAR Interdisciplinary Climate
The 6k data are based on two types of data: 1) alkenones, a geochemical proxy,
and 2) transfer function estimates of sea-surface temperature based on faunal
assemblages of planktic foraminifers. All ...
Pollen evidence indicates that grassland and xerophytic woodland/scrubland
occurred in ares of northern Africa characterised by desert today during the
mid-Holocene (Jolly et al., 1998a, 1998b). Mid-Holocene ...