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1. Assessment of the rate of contaminant movement through Antarctic soils using a lithium chloride experiment at Lake Vanda [K150_1993_1994_NZ_4]
A leaching trial was set up at Lake Vanda to determine how rapidly and how far water-soluble materials spilt on the soil surface will move. A series of 1 x 1 m plots and control sites on the north ...


2. Benthic mat biomass and productivity (photosynthesis and respiration) in Lake Vanda, Wright Valley and the role of invertebrates in carbon cycling in the lake [K081_1997_2000_NZ_1]
The importance of benthic microbial production in the lakes of the McMurdo Dry Valleys and how the benthic cyanobacterial mats are adapted to survive and grow in deep water (extreme low light but ...


3. Biological, physical and chemical parameters in water and microbial mat samples from ponds in the Labyrinth area of Wright Valley [K081_2003_2005_NZ_1]
Water and microbial mat communities of the ponds in the Labyrinth area of Wright Valley was investigated to test the hypothesis that the gradient in climatic severity associated with latitudinal and ...


4. Monitoring of permafrost temperatures at Marble Point and Bull Pass, Wright Valley [K123_2005_2007_NZ_1]
Bore holes were drilled in bedrock near existing climate monitoring stations at Marble Point and Bull Pass, Wright Valley to monitor permafrost temperatures at depths of up to 30m and to drill till ...


5. Physical, chemical and biological characteristics of soils from the western Wright Vanda (Lake Vanda district), Ross Sea Region, 2006 [K052_2005_2006_NZ]   PARENT DIF
These data consist of a number of subsets of soil samples gathered from the Wright Valley in January 2006. Replicate randomly-located samples of surface soils to 10 cm depth have been gathered from ...


6. Profile descriptions, mapping and analysis of soils in the Wright Valley, Antarctica and assessment of soil disturbance by foot traffic [K123_2004_2005_NZ_1]
Soil profile descriptions from the Lower Wright Valley, West Wright Valley (including north and south forks), Labyrinth and Dais was carried out over three field seasons (2004-05, 2005-06 and 2006-07) ...


7. Analysis of soil samples for human comensal micro-organism to determine the degree of human induced microbial contamination of heavily used regions [K023_2001_2002_NZ_2]
Mineral soils from the immediate vicinity of field campsites in the Wright Valley, Miers Valley and Bratina Island campsites were sampled daily during occupation. The samples were analysed with PCR ...


8. Investigation into the environmental factors that drive microbial diversity in the soils of the Miers Valley, Mt Erebus, Bratina Island and Beacon Valley - K023_2007_2008_NZ_1 [K023_2007_2008_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
In this study, the active microbial component in the Dry Valleys system was characterized using newly developed molecular techniques with the aid of in situ augmentation and cloches (wind protection) ...


9. Microbial diversity and the environmental factors that drive the microbial community in the Ross Sea Region [K023_2004_2008_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The Antarctic environment has recently been shown to support a high level of diversity of bacteria in the soil given the simplicity and extreme nature of the habitat. Understanding the relationship ...


10. Vertical transect mineral soil samples collected from the Wright Valley, Miers Valley and Bratina Island analysed for microbial biomass, phylogeny and diversity using molecular methods [K023_2001_2002_NZ_1]
The extreme environment of the Dry Valleys has opposing views on the microbial diversity present. Using molecular biological techniques, a detailed study was undertaken of the prokaryotic community ...


11. Observations of the circulation of winds in the Wright Valley using an acoustic sounder, pilot balloons and airsondes [K172_1988_1989_NZ_1]
Previous meteorological measurements in the Dry Valley region of South Victoria Land have shown that during summer, there is a well developed diurnal local circulation driven by solar heating/convective ...


12. Observations on the development of shore lines on Lake Vanda [K009_1972_1973_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
A number of observations on the development of the shore line around Lake Vanda was recorded. Two previous seasons found the lake level to have risen considerably but the 72/73 season the lake level ...


13. Rb-Sr dating of Asgard Formation rocks from the Lower Wright Valley and Victoria Valley to determine the age of the oldest basement rocks in the Ross Dependency [K231_1985_1986_NZ_1]
A programme was conducted to determine the age of the oldest basement rocks in the Ross Dependency. The Asgard Formation in the Dry Valleys is a series of metamorphosed sedimentary rocks that form ...


14. Salt, nutrient and other contaminant analysis of soil samples taken near the old Vanda Station [K105_1993_1994_NZ_2]
Water and soil samples from Vanda Station were found to have contamination by apparently anthropogenically derived components (such as heavy metals) and these contaminants are moving in the soils ...


15. Sediment transport load in the Onyx River, Wright Valley [K164_1984_1985_NZ_1]
The sediment transport load in the Onyx River was investigated. The bedload transport rates were used in association with the 15 year flow record, to estimate sandur sedimentation rates. 38 cross ...


16. Soil salt concentrations as indicators of prior lake levels: Lakes Bonney and Vanda [K009_1973_1974_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
In the belief that geochemical techniques may assist to unravel the complexities of the Antarctic glacial moraine, a project was undertaken to investigate the concentrations of salts in the soils ...


17. Soil, relic ice, permafrost, Hart Ash and granite samples from the Lower Victoria Valley, Beacon Valley, near the Meserve Glacier in Wright Valley, and Kennar Valley to determine the deposition of this ice [K047_2004_2006_NZ_1]
Ancient glacial ice that has stagnated and lies buried underneath rock debris has been found in the Beacon Valley and more recently in several other valleys. This ice poses the possibility of obtaining ...


18. Spatial variation measurements of the hydrology and glaciology of the Dry Valleys [K161_1969_1991_NZ_5]   CHILD DIFs   PARENT DIF
The long term hydrology/glaciology study carried out in the McMurdo Dry Valleys was conducted to gain information on the hydrological behaviour of the Dry Valleys rivers and lakes, particularly for ...


19. Streamflow monitoring of the Onyx River in the Wright Valley and various other glacier melt streams in the Dry Valleys [K161_1969_1991_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Monitoring of the stream flow of glacial streams in the Dry Valleys was monitored from the 1969/1970 summer until the 1990/1991 season. The data was used to contribute to the understanding of the ...


20. The Dry Valleys Drilling Project [Dry_Valley_Drilling_Project]
The Dry Valleys Drilling Project (DVDP) was predominately an international project between scientists from New Zealand, the US, and Japan, which drilled 14 holes in the Dry Valleys of Antarctica (especially ...


21. The albedo and ice transmissity at a cold based glacier, Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Antarctica [K064_2004_2007_NZ_7]   PARENT DIF
The albedo of the Wright Lower Glacier was monitored over two seasons (05-06 and 06-07) to help determine the seasonal melt regime of the glacier by using data from a climate station and manual measurements ...


22. The amount of melt water from a cold based glacier, Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Antarctica [K064_2004_2007_NZ_6]   PARENT DIF
The seasonal melt regime of the Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Dry Valleys, Antarctica was investigated and monitored over three field seasons (04-05, 05-06 and 06-07). An appreciation of the ...


23. The behaviour of dry based glaciers and the interpretation of Pleistocene glacial deposits from glaciers in the Dry Valleys, Antarctica [K064_1994_2005_NZ]   CHILD DIFs
The formation of deposits and landforms at the margin of alpine glaciers in the Dry Valleys (The Suess Glacier, Taylor Glacier and Rhone Glacier in the Taylor Valley, the Wright Lower Glacier in the ...


24. The collection of fossils, qualitative microbial studies and nitrogen fixation rates of the soils from several sites in the Ross Sea region [K052_1980_1981_NZ_1]
Preliminary qualitative microbiological studies were conducted at several sites in the Ross Sea Region including Cape Bird, Taylor Valley, Wright Valley and Shapeless Mountain and Mistake Peak on ...


25. The concentration of combustion engine particulates, the organic fraction of the particulates and the sources of the particulates identified by isotopic analysis from snow and ice samples near Scott Base - K016_1993_1994_NZ_1 [K016_1993_1994_NZ_1]
The McMurdo Dry Valleys contain negligible snow and ice, while being surrounded by other glaciated valleys and snow covered mountains. The mechanisms causing the valleys and maintaining them were ...


26. The effects of increased flow on the distribution of nutrient sources and sinks and the physical, chemical and biological components in the Onyx River ecosystem [K081_1993_1996_NZ_1]
The waters of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley have risen at a rate of 1m per year. The rise was largely attributed to increased flows in its only significant inflow, the Onyx River. The effects of this ...


27. The geomorphology of the Victoria Valley, the Wright Valley, the Koettlitz Valley and its tributaries and the Olympus Range [K009_1971_1972_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The research was concerned with several aspects of the geomorphology of the Victoria Valley, the Wright Valley, the Koettlitz Valley and its tributaries and the Olympus Range areas. Particular studies ...


28. The hydrology (pattern of flow and composition of meltwater) of a cold based glacier, Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Antarctica [K064_2004_2007_NZ]   CHILD DIFs
The seasonal melt regime of the Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Dry Valleys, Antarctica was investigated and monitored over three field seasons (04-05, 05-06 and 06-07). The water cycle, which ...


29. The legacy model vs the subsidy model to explain soil organic matter in the McMurdo Dry Valleys [K052_2004_2006_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The Dry Valleys of Victoria Land, Antarctica, contain naturally simple ecosystems operating under extreme climatic conditions. Nutrients are limited and are thought to come from external sources from ...


30. The physical and biological structure of the water column in Lake Vanda and the influences to it from the inflow of the Onyx River [K081_1993_1996_NZ_2]
The waters of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley have risen at a rate of 1m per year. The rise was largely attributed to increased flows in its only significant inflow, the Onyx River. Prior to the first flows ...


31. The physical and geochemical parameters controlling algal production in Lake Vanda [K081_1980_1981_NZ_1]
The factors controlling algal production in Lake Vanda were investigated experimentally by nutrient bioassays and in situ radiotracer incubations. Photosynthetic profiles were measured through the ...


32. The pre-Devonian structural and metamorphic history of the basement in the Victoria and Wright Valleys [K042_1984_1985_NZ_1]
The pre-Devonian structural and metamorphic history of the basement in the Victoria and Wright Valleys, with emphasis on the depth of burial and amount of uplift prior to Beacon sedimentation, was ...


33. The structural glaciology, ice marginal landforms, sediments and movement of the Lower Wright Glacier, Wright Valley, Antarctica [K064_1994_2005_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
The structural glaciology, ice marginal landforms, sediments and movement of the Lower Wright Glacier, Wright Valley, Antarctica was investigated over several seasons. Preliminary work was completed ...


34. The study of the abundance and occurence of salts in the soils of the Wright Valley [K009_1972_1973_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Soil samples were collected and analysed from three profiles across the Wright Valley, to determine the abundance of sodium, magnesium, calcium, potassium, chloride and some minor elements in the ...


35. Trace element distribution and speciation in Lake Vanda, Wright Valley, Antarctica [K093_1987_1988_NZ_1]
In Nov/Dec 1987, waters were sampled from Lake Vanda, Don Juan Pond, and the Onyx River (Wright Valley) to provide information on major ion and trace element chemistry and behaviour under the range ...


36. Water and soil samples from contaminated sites of Vanda Station to determine the mobility of contaminants [K105_1992_1993_NZ_1]
Vanda Station leaders were asked to recall what and where waste was disposed of at Vanda Station. A soil sampling regime was conducted on the responses received. Roughly 32 pits were excavated and ...


37. Wind profiles of the Wright Valley using an acoustic wind profiler measuring wind speed and direction and dry bulb temperature [K016_1990_1991_NZ_1]
A new acoustic wind profiler was tested in the Wright Valley on the slopes of Mount Odin. This instrument may have the advantage of providing continuous vertical profiles of wind speed and direction ...


38. A study of the glacial history of the McMurdo Oasis by the dating of lacustre carbonates [K009_1979_1980_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Three holes were drilled into frozen sediments around Lake Fryxell. The first was 4ft in depth in frozen silts approx 50m NW of the Fryxell Hut. The second hole was 30m east of the first hole and ...


39. Algal composition, physico-chemical features, photosynthetic carbon metabolism, nitrogen cycling and the structure and metabolic properties of algal mats in lakes and streams of southern Victoria Land [K081_1983_1986_NZ_1]
A three year study of lakes and stream of southern Victoria Land was conducted from 1983-1986. In the first season, the algal composition and physico-chemical characteristics of South Victoria Land ...


40. Analysis of mixed water and substrate samples from glacial meltwater streams and stream beds in the Dry Valleys for ecology and physiology of protozoan found there [K061_1984_1985_NZ_1]
Aspects of the ecology and physiology of protozoa found in glacial melt waters of the Wright and Taylor Valleys were studied. Combined water/substrate samples and freeze dried moss and algae were ...


41. Analysis of soil and water samples from the Taylor Valley, Wright Valley and Ross Island areas for pathogenic free living amoebae [K021_1977_1978_NZ_1]
Soil and water was sampled to determine the distribution and occurrence of the pathogenic free living amoebae which are the aetiological agents of Primary Amebic Meningo-encephalitis. Samples were ...


42. Analysis of water and soil samples for pollutants (trace metals, major anions, mercury) to determine the nature and extent of contamination in meltwaters in the Ross Dependency [K105_1992_1994_NZ_1]
A set of baseline data for the composition of meltwaters in the Ross Dependency, with particular concentrations on the levels of ultra trace heavy metals in waters remote from significant or current ...


43. Changes in the cliff face (retreat) at a cold based glacier, Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Antarctica [K064_2004_2007_NZ_4]   PARENT DIF
A change in the position of the supraglacial channel cliff faces of the Wright Lower Glacier was investigated over three field seasons (04-05, 05-06 and 06-07). The volume of ice lost due to cliff ...


44. Channel morphology, bedform and sediments of the Onyx River and the nature and origin of the Labyrinth in the Wright Valley [K009_1975_1976_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The Onyx River geomorphology was investigated by surveying 8 cross sections to illustrate the variation in channel and bank morphology from the mouth of the Onyx through to its final entry into Lake ...


45. Characterisation of aquatic resources in McMurdo Sound region of Antarctica: water chemistry, biological identity and genomic samples [K081_2009_2010_NZ_1]
Aquatic environments in Antarctica have changes over time with a changing climate. Small aquatic zones on the surface of glaciers ablation zones are comparatively constant and represent perhaps the ...


46. Correlations of history Victoria Land Coast soil surveys and soil chemistry and surveys of the soils of the McMurdo Dry Valleys (Wright, Victoria and Taylor Valleys) [K150_1972_1973_NZ_1]
The soils of the McMurdo Dry Valleys were examined by the NZ Soil Bureau as early as 1959 with an extensive survey of the Taylor Valley. Further areas of the Victoria Land Coast from as far south ...


47. Detailed description, mapping and sampling (for sedimentology, paleontology and chronology studies) of Cenozoic bedded polymicton-type sediments within the Taylor Valley [K042_1974_1975_NZ_3]
Cenozoic bedded polymicton-type sediments within the Taylor Valley were mapped. These polymicton-type sediments are of glacial origin deposited into a body of water and therefore exhibit sorting and ...


48. Determining the source of melt water at a cold based glacier, Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Antarctica [K064_2004_2007_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
The seasonal melt regime of the Wright Lower Glacier, Wright Valley, Dry Valleys, Antarctica was investigated and monitored over three field seasons (04-05, 05-06 and 06-07). Melt water samples were ...


49. Examination of fossilized biota, especially barnacles, of the Scallop Hill Formation and Taylor Formation groups to reconstruct the palaeoenvironment [K241_1985_1986_NZ_1]
Barnacles are useful in palaeobathymetry and in palaeotemperature studies. However, barnacle plates are elusive in the field, and when fractured may be overlooked by the field geologist. The palaeoecology ...


50. Examination of the soils on high level surfaces in the McMurdo Dry Valleys and on Ross Island [K150_1977_1978_NZ_1]
The soils on high level surfaces in Victoria Land were examined for evidence of deposition origin. The areas visited include New Harbour, the Wright Valley, several valleys in the Western Asgard Range, ...


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