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Effects of helicopters on Antarctic wildlife
Entry ID: helipenguins

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Abstract: This study aimed to quantify the effects of helicopter operations on Antarctic wildlife, with an emphasis on determining minimum safe over-flight altitudes and landing distances for a range of species. An experimental approach was adopted whereby wildlife were exposed to helicopters either over-flying or landing at specific altitudes or distances while the behaviour, and in some cases physiology, of individual animals were recorded. Two types of helicopters were used in the study: a Sikorsky S-76 (twin engine) and a Squirrel AS350 (single engine). This metadata record relates to the responses of Adélie Penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) over a number of phases of their breeding cycle.

The fields in this dataset are:

Related URL
Description: Download point for the data.
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Geographic Coverage
Spatial coordinates   
  N: -60.0   S: -90.0   E: 160.0   W: 45.0

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1995-10-10
Stop Date: 1998-02-12
HELICOPTER Ancillary Description
Quality Data collection completed. Analysis in progress. Adélie penguin behaviour was recorded on video and heart rate recorded using ECG transmitters while birds were exposed to controlled helicopter over-flights. Video tapes were analysed using &The Observer 3.0&, an interactive behaviour analysis program. Heart rate was downloaded from ECG units and stored as Excel files.
Access Constraints The data are available for download from the url given below. The data are in Observer format, but can be opened with any text editor (with a loss of functionality).
Use Constraints This data set conforms to the PICCCBY Attribution License

Please follow instructions listed in the citation reference provided at the URL below when using these data.
Data Set Progress
Originating Center
Data Center
Australian Antarctic Data Centre, Australia Supplemental Info
Data Center URL:

Data Center Personnel
Phone: +61 3 6232 3244
Fax: +61 3 6232 3351
Email: metadata at
Contact Address:
Australian Antarctic Division
203 Channel Highway
City: Kingston
Province or State: Tasmania
Postal Code: 7050
Country: Australia
Distribution Media: HTTP
Distribution Size: 609 kb
Distribution Format: txt
Fees: free
Phone: +61 2 62741549
Fax: +61 2 6274 1006
Email: melissa.giese at
Contact Address:
C/ Marine Species Section
GPO Box 787
Environment Australia
City: Canberra
Province or State: Australian Capital Territory
Postal Code: 2601
Country: Australia
Giese, M. (1996) Effects of human activity on Adélie Penguin Pygoscelis adeliae breeding success. Biological Conservation 75 . 157-164
Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 1999-10-07
Last DIF Revision Date: 2017-08-23