Dialects and Usage Patterns of Weddell Seal 'Leptonychotes weddelli' Underwater VocalisationsEntry ID: ASAC_556
Abstract: Underwater recordings of vocalisations of Weddell seals were obtained at 8 locations within the Vestfold Hills (7) and Larsemann Hills (1). The recordings were made near groups of seals on the ice during the mid to late part of the breeding season. Recordings were obtained using a variety of hydrophones and both Sony Digital Audio Tape (130 during 1992 season) and standard analogue cassette (60 ... during 1991 season) formats. Over 11,000 vocalizations were analyzed. The calls were classified into 12 major call types (Pahl et al. 1997 Australian Journal of Zoology 45:171-187). The underwater repertoire is different than that of the seals at McMurdo Sound or the Palmer Penninsula (Thomas et al. 1988 Hydrobiologica 165:279-284). The Weddell seals at the Vestfold Hills do not exhibit the between-fjord vocal differences reported by Morrice et al. (1994 Polar Biology 14:441-446). The relative usage of each call type did not vary between the earlier and later recordings (Pahl et al. 1996 Australian Journal of Zoology 44:75-79). The recordings are currently being used to support other studies on Weddell seal vocalizations.
Legend for ASAC_556.csv - csv text format.
The following legend describes the 39 variables in this file. The codes for some of the variables are presented in the 1997 publication:
Pahl, B.C., Terhune, J.M., and Burton, H.R. 1997. Repertoire and geographic variation in underwater vocalisations of Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddellii, Pinnipedia: Phocidae) at the Vestfold Hills, Antarctica. Australian Journal of Zoology 45: 171-187.
The fields in this dataset are:
VariableSubject or code
1LOCATION; recording location; see AJZ article, Figure 1
2DATE; reference day, (date of day 1 has been lost)
3YEAR; 1 = 1991, 2 = 1992
4CASSETTE; cassette number, identifies individual recordings
5CALNO; call number, case numbers of each call, sequential
6CTYPE; call type, provisional call type, subjective initial classification (see below)
7NOELM; number of elements (discrete sounds) in the call
8EL_NO; element within that call relating to next 12 variables, for variable 8, only data from the first element is used
9WVFRM; waveform of element, see AJZ article for codes
10CLSHP; call shape, see AJZ article, Figure 2 for codes
11E_D; duration of the first element (seconds)
12IND1; duration of the interval between the end of the first element and the start of the second element (seconds)
13CALLD; total duration of the call (all elements; seconds)
14INCD; duration between sequential calls (seconds)
15O_LAP; overlap, is call overlapped by another call? 0 = no, 1 = yes
16S2STM; unknown measure
17SFREQ; frequency at start of first element (Hz)
18EFREQ; frequency at end of first element (Hz)
19HFREQ; highest frequency of first element (Hz)
20LFREQ; lowest frequency of first element (Hz)
21E_NO; element number, half way through the call. Data for the next 9 variables relate to this element, applies only to multiple element calls
22CLSHP; call shape of the middle element, same code as variable 10
23WVFRM: waveform of the middle element, same code as variable 9
24E_D; duration of the middle element (seconds)
25IND1; duration of the inter-element interval before the middle element
26IND2; duration of the inter-element interval after the middle element
27SFREQ; frequency at start of the middle element (Hz)
28EFREQ; frequency at end of middle element (Hz)
29HFREQ; highest frequency of middle element (Hz)
30LFREQ; lowest frequency of middle element (Hz)
31E_NO; element number of the last element of the call. Data for the next 8 variables relate to this element, applies only to multiple element calls
32CLSHP; call shape of the last element, same code as variable 10
33WVFRM: waveform of the last element, same code as variable 9
34E_D; duration of the last element (seconds)
35IND2; duration of the inter-element interval before the last element
36SFREQ; frequency at start of the last element (Hz)
37EFREQ; frequency at end of last element (Hz)
38HFREQ; highest frequency of last element (Hz)
39LFREQ; lowest frequency of last element (Hz)
Codes for call types (variable 6).
The provisional call types were amalgamated into 50 call types that were arbitrarily numbered from 201 to 250. These were subsequently classified into 13 broad categories (Pahl et al. 1997). The amalgamation of the provisional call types of variable 6 into the 50 call types presented in Pahl et al. (1997) is as follows:
Call TypeProvisional Call Types (variable 6)
2011 7, 24, 36, 72, 31, 40, 73, 77, 107, 110, 31, 136
2023, 46, 54, 128, 33, 13, 140, 10, 25, 9, 139, 88, 46, 27, 126, 67, 91, 27,
20514, 48, 69, 64, 49, 19, 92, 43, 75, 127, 99
2072, 41, 58, 93
21221, 23, 45, 35
21368, 80, 84
2185, 6, 11
22017, 22, 65, 97, 32, 26
22283, 100, 101, 111, 105
22329, 30, 42, 51, 44, 94, 95
22818, 20, 57, 108
23034, 70, 130, 53, 121
24176, 123, 133
24739, 127, 129, 55, 60
24816, 37, 50
For additional information or clarification, please contact Dr. J. Terhune, Dept. of Biology, University of New Brunswick, P.O. Box 5050, Saint John, NB, Canada E2L 4L5, email@example.com or +1 506 648 5633.
See the link below for public details on this project.
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Terhune, J.M.
Dataset Title: Dialects and Usage Patterns of Weddell Seal 'Leptonychotes weddelli' Underwater Vocalisations
Dataset Series Name: CAASM Metadata
Dataset Release Date: 2003-01-09
Dataset Publisher: Australian Antarctic Data Centre
Dataset DOI: doi:10.4225/15/5823e22ba6cd7Online Resource: https://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/metadata_redirect.cfm?md=/AMD...
Start Date: 1991-11-28Stop Date: 1992-02-09
Start Date: 1992-11-13Stop Date: 1992-12-14
Quality The analogue and digital format underwater recordings were made on an opportunistic basis within fjords and along the coastline near Davis and at the Larsemann Hills. All recordings were made near groups of breeding seals (20 mother-pup pairs). The numbers of males and females in the water, under the ice, were unknown.
Access Constraints The data are publicly available for download from the provided URL.
Use Constraints This data set conforms to the PICCCBY Attribution License
Please follow instructions listed in the citation reference provided at http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/citation.cfm?entry_id=ASAC_556 when using these data.
Data Set Progress
Distribution Media: HTTP
Distribution Size: 198 kb
Distribution Format: .csv
Pahl, B.C., Terhune, J.M. and Burton, H.R. (1996), roportional and weekly use of underwater call types by Weddell seals, Leptonychotes weddellii (Pinnipedia: Phocidae), during the breeding season at the Vestfold Hills., Australian Journal of Zoology, 44, 75-79
Pahl, B.C., Terhune, J.M. and Burton, H.R. (1997), Repertoire and geographic variation of Weddell seals, Leptonychotes weddellii (Pinnipedia: Phocidae), at the Vestfold Hills, Antarctica., Australian Journal of Zoology, 45, 171-187
Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2000-08-02
Last DIF Revision Date: 2017-08-23