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Global Change Master Directory (GCMD)
2018 Environmental Performance Index (EPI)
Entry ID: CIESIN_SEDAC_EPI_2018_2018.00


Summary
Abstract: The 2018 Environmental Performance Index (EPI) ranks 180 countries on 24 performance indicators in the following 10 issue categories: air quality, water and sanitation, heavy metals, biodiversity and habitat, forests, fisheries, climate and energy, air pollution, water resources, and agriculture. These categories track performance and progress on two broad policy objectives, environmental health and ecosystem vitality. The EPI's proximity-to-target methodology facilitates cross-country comparisons among economic and regional peer groups. The data set includes the 2018 EPI and component scores, backcast EPI scores for 1950-2017, and time-series source data. The 2018 EPI was formally released in Davos, Switzerland, at the annual meeting of the World Economic Forum in January 2018. It is the result of collaboration of the Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy (YCELP), Yale University, Columbia University Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), and the World Economic Forum (WEF). The Interactive Website for the 2018 EPI is at https://epi.envirocenter.yale.edu/.

Purpose: To provide quantitative metrics for evaluating a country's environmental performance in different policy categories relative to clearly defined targets.

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Geographic Coverage
 N: 90.0 S: -55.0  E: 180.0  W: -180.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Creator: Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy - YCELP - Yale University, Yale Data-Driven Environmental Solutions Group - Yale University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network - CIESIN - Columbia University, and World Economic Forum - WEF
Dataset Title: Environmental Performance Index (EPI)
Dataset Release Date: 2018-10-04T00:00:00.000Z
Dataset Release Place: New Haven, CT
Dataset Publisher: Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy (YCELP)/Yale University
Version: 2018.00
Online Resource: https://doi.org/10.7927/H4X928CF


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1950-01-01
Stop Date: 2018-12-31


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA > AFGHANISTAN
CONTINENT > EUROPE > SOUTHERN EUROPE > ALBANIA
CONTINENT > AFRICA > NORTHERN AFRICA > ALGERIA
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > AMAZONIA
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > CENTRAL PACIFIC OCEAN > AMERICAN SAMOA
CONTINENT > EUROPE > SOUTHERN EUROPE > ANDORRA
CONTINENT > AFRICA > CENTRAL AFRICA > ANGOLA
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > CARIBBEAN SEA > ANGUILLA
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > CARIBBEAN SEA > ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > ARGENTINA
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > ARMENIA
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > CARIBBEAN SEA > ARUBA
CONTINENT > AUSTRALIA/NEW ZEALAND > AUSTRALIA
CONTINENT > EUROPE > WESTERN EUROPE > AUSTRIA
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > AZERBAIJAN
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > CARIBBEAN SEA > BAHAMAS
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > MIDDLE EAST > BAHRAIN
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA > BANGLADESH
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > CARIBBEAN SEA > BARBADOS
CONTINENT > EUROPE > EASTERN EUROPE > BELARUS
CONTINENT > EUROPE > WESTERN EUROPE > BELGIUM
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CENTRAL AMERICA > BELIZE
CONTINENT > AFRICA > WESTERN AFRICA > BENIN
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > BERMUDA
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA > BHUTAN
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > BOLIVIA
CONTINENT > EUROPE > SOUTHERN EUROPE > BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
CONTINENT > AFRICA > SOUTHERN AFRICA > BOTSWANA
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > BRAZIL
CONTINENT > EUROPE > EASTERN EUROPE > BULGARIA
CONTINENT > AFRICA > WESTERN AFRICA > BURKINA FASO
CONTINENT > AFRICA > EASTERN AFRICA > BURUNDI
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHEASTERN ASIA > CAMBODIA
CONTINENT > AFRICA > CENTRAL AFRICA > CAMEROON
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > CAPE VERDE
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > CARIBBEAN SEA > CAYMAN ISLANDS
CONTINENT > AFRICA > CENTRAL AFRICA > CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
CONTINENT > EUROPE > CENTRAL EUROPE
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > WESTERN PACIFIC OCEAN > MICRONESIA > CENTRAL PACIFIC KWAJ
CONTINENT > AFRICA > CENTRAL AFRICA > CHAD
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > CHILE
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > COLOMBIA
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > COMOROS
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN > POLYNESIA > COOK ISLANDS
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CENTRAL AMERICA > COSTA RICA
CONTINENT > AFRICA > WESTERN AFRICA > COTE D'IVOIRE
CONTINENT > EUROPE > SOUTHERN EUROPE > CROATIA
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > CARIBBEAN SEA > CUBA
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > CARIBBEAN SEA > CURACAO
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > MEDITERRANEAN SEA > CYPRUS
CONTINENT > EUROPE > EASTERN EUROPE > CZECH REPUBLIC
CONTINENT > EUROPE > NORTHERN EUROPE > SCANDINAVIA > DENMARK
CONTINENT > AFRICA > EASTERN AFRICA > DJIBOUTI
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > CARIBBEAN SEA > DOMINICA
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > CARIBBEAN SEA > DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > ECUADOR
CONTINENT > AFRICA > NORTHERN AFRICA > EGYPT
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CENTRAL AMERICA > EL SALVADOR
CONTINENT > AFRICA > CENTRAL AFRICA > EQUATORIAL GUINEA
CONTINENT > AFRICA > EASTERN AFRICA > ERITREA
CONTINENT > EUROPE > NORTHERN EUROPE > ESTONIA
CONTINENT > AFRICA > EASTERN AFRICA > ETHIOPIA
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORWEGIAN SEA > FAEROE ISLANDS
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > SOUTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > FALKLAND ISLANDS
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN > POLYNESIA > FIJI
CONTINENT > EUROPE > NORTHERN EUROPE > SCANDINAVIA > FINLAND
CONTINENT > EUROPE > WESTERN EUROPE > FRANCE
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > FRENCH GUIANA
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN > POLYNESIA > FRENCH POLYNESIA
CONTINENT > AFRICA > CENTRAL AFRICA > GABON
CONTINENT > AFRICA > WESTERN AFRICA > GAMBIA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > GEORGIA
CONTINENT > EUROPE > WESTERN EUROPE > GERMANY
CONTINENT > AFRICA > WESTERN AFRICA > GHANA
CONTINENT > EUROPE > SOUTHERN EUROPE > SPAIN > GIBRALTAR
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > GLOBAL
CONTINENT > EUROPE > SOUTHERN EUROPE > GREECE
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > GREENLAND
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > CARIBBEAN SEA > GRENADA
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > CARIBBEAN SEA > GUADELOUPE
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > WESTERN PACIFIC OCEAN > MICRONESIA > GUAM
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CENTRAL AMERICA > GUATEMALA
CONTINENT > AFRICA > WESTERN AFRICA > GUINEA
CONTINENT > AFRICA > WESTERN AFRICA > GUINEA-BISSAU
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > GUYANA
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > CARIBBEAN SEA > HAITI
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CENTRAL AMERICA > HONDURAS
CONTINENT > ASIA > EASTERN ASIA > CHINA > HONG KONG
CONTINENT > EUROPE > EASTERN EUROPE > HUNGARY
CONTINENT > EUROPE > NORTHERN EUROPE > ICELAND
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA > INDIA
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA > IRAN
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > MIDDLE EAST > IRAQ
CONTINENT > EUROPE > NORTHERN EUROPE > BRITISH ISLES > IRELAND
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > IRISH SEA > ISLE OF MAN
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > MIDDLE EAST > ISRAEL
CONTINENT > EUROPE > SOUTHERN EUROPE > ITALY
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > CARIBBEAN SEA > JAMAICA
CONTINENT > ASIA > EASTERN ASIA > JAPAN
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > MIDDLE EAST > JORDAN
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA > KAZAKHSTAN
CONTINENT > AFRICA > EASTERN AFRICA > KENYA
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > CENTRAL PACIFIC OCEAN > KIRIBATI
CONTINENT > EUROPE > SOUTHERN EUROPE > SERBIA > KOSOVO
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > MIDDLE EAST > KUWAIT
CONTINENT > EUROPE > NORTHERN EUROPE > LATVIA
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > MIDDLE EAST > LEBANON
CONTINENT > AFRICA > SOUTHERN AFRICA > LESOTHO
CONTINENT > AFRICA > WESTERN AFRICA > LIBERIA
CONTINENT > AFRICA > NORTHERN AFRICA > LIBYA
CONTINENT > EUROPE > WESTERN EUROPE > LIECHTENSTEIN
CONTINENT > EUROPE > NORTHERN EUROPE > LITHUANIA
CONTINENT > EUROPE > WESTERN EUROPE > LUXEMBOURG
CONTINENT > EUROPE > SOUTHERN EUROPE > MACEDONIA
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > MADAGASCAR
CONTINENT > AFRICA > EASTERN AFRICA > MALAWI
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > MALAYSIA
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > MALDIVES
CONTINENT > AFRICA > WESTERN AFRICA > MALI
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > MEDITERRANEAN SEA > MALTA
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > WESTERN PACIFIC OCEAN > MICRONESIA > MARSHALL ISLANDS
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > CARIBBEAN SEA > MARTINIQUE
CONTINENT > AFRICA > WESTERN AFRICA > MAURITANIA
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > MAURITIUS
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > MAYOTTE
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > MEXICO
CONTINENT > EUROPE > EASTERN EUROPE > MOLDOVA
CONTINENT > EUROPE > WESTERN EUROPE > MONACO
CONTINENT > ASIA > EASTERN ASIA > MONGOLIA
CONTINENT > EUROPE > SOUTHERN EUROPE > MONTENEGRO
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > CARIBBEAN SEA > MONTSERRAT
CONTINENT > AFRICA > NORTHERN AFRICA > MOROCCO
CONTINENT > AFRICA > EASTERN AFRICA > MOZAMBIQUE
CONTINENT > AFRICA > SOUTHERN AFRICA > NAMIBIA
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > WESTERN PACIFIC OCEAN > MICRONESIA > NAURU
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA > NEPAL
CONTINENT > EUROPE > WESTERN EUROPE > NETHERLANDS
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN > MELANESIA > NEW CALEDONIA
CONTINENT > AUSTRALIA/NEW ZEALAND > NEW ZEALAND
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CENTRAL AMERICA > NICARAGUA
CONTINENT > AFRICA > WESTERN AFRICA > NIGER
CONTINENT > AFRICA > WESTERN AFRICA > NIGERIA
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN > POLYNESIA > NIUE
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN > POLYNESIA > NORFOLK ISLAND
CONTINENT > ASIA > EASTERN ASIA > NORTH KOREA
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > WESTERN PACIFIC OCEAN > MICRONESIA > NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS
CONTINENT > EUROPE > NORTHERN EUROPE > SCANDINAVIA > NORWAY
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > MIDDLE EAST > OMAN
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA > PAKISTAN
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > WESTERN PACIFIC OCEAN > MICRONESIA > PALAU
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > MIDDLE EAST > PALESTINE
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CENTRAL AMERICA > PANAMA
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN > MELANESIA > PAPUA NEW GUINEA
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > PARAGUAY
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > PERU
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > WESTERN PACIFIC OCEAN > PHILIPPINES
CONTINENT > EUROPE > EASTERN EUROPE > POLAND
CONTINENT > EUROPE > WESTERN EUROPE > PORTUGAL
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > CARIBBEAN SEA > PUERTO RICO
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > MIDDLE EAST > QATAR
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > REUNION
CONTINENT > EUROPE > EASTERN EUROPE > ROMANIA
CONTINENT > AFRICA > EASTERN AFRICA > RWANDA
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN > POLYNESIA > SAMOA
CONTINENT > EUROPE > SOUTHERN EUROPE > SAN MARINO
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > SOUTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > MIDDLE EAST > SAUDI ARABIA
CONTINENT > AFRICA > WESTERN AFRICA > SENEGAL
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > SEYCHELLES
CONTINENT > AFRICA > WESTERN AFRICA > SIERRA LEONE
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > SINGAPORE
CONTINENT > EUROPE > EASTERN EUROPE > SLOVAKIA
CONTINENT > EUROPE > SOUTHERN EUROPE > SLOVENIA
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN > MELANESIA > SOLOMON ISLANDS
CONTINENT > AFRICA > EASTERN AFRICA > SOMALIA
CONTINENT > AFRICA > SOUTHERN AFRICA > SOUTH AFRICA
CONTINENT > ASIA > EASTERN ASIA > SOUTH KOREA
CONTINENT > AFRICA > NORTHERN AFRICA > SOUTH SUDAN
CONTINENT > EUROPE > SOUTHERN EUROPE > SPAIN
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > SRI LANKA
CONTINENT > AFRICA > NORTHERN AFRICA > SUDAN
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > INDONESIA > SUMATRA
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > SURINAME
CONTINENT > AFRICA > SOUTHERN AFRICA > SWAZILAND
CONTINENT > EUROPE > NORTHERN EUROPE > SCANDINAVIA > SWEDEN
CONTINENT > EUROPE > WESTERN EUROPE > SWITZERLAND
CONTINENT > ASIA > EASTERN ASIA > TAIWAN
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA > TAJIKISTAN
CONTINENT > AFRICA > EASTERN AFRICA > TANZANIA
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHEASTERN ASIA > THAILAND
OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > TIMOR-LESTE
CONTINENT > AFRICA > WESTERN AFRICA > TOGO
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN > POLYNESIA > TOKELAU
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN > POLYNESIA > TONGA
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > CARIBBEAN SEA > TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
CONTINENT > AFRICA > NORTHERN AFRICA > TUNISIA
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > TURKEY
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA > TURKMENISTAN
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > CARIBBEAN SEA > TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN > POLYNESIA > TUVALU
CONTINENT > AFRICA > EASTERN AFRICA > UGANDA
CONTINENT > EUROPE > EASTERN EUROPE > UKRAINE
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > MIDDLE EAST > UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
CONTINENT > EUROPE > NORTHERN EUROPE > BRITISH ISLES > UNITED KINGDOM
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > URUGUAY
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA > UZBEKISTAN
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN > MELANESIA > VANUATU
CONTINENT > SOUTH AMERICA > VENEZUELA
CONTINENT > ASIA > WESTERN ASIA > MIDDLE EAST > YEMEN
CONTINENT > AFRICA > EASTERN AFRICA > ZAMBIA
CONTINENT > AFRICA > EASTERN AFRICA > ZIMBABWE


Science Keywords
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >SUSTAINABILITY >ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY    [Definition]


Platform
MODELS


Instrument
Computer >Computer


Project
EPI >Environmental Performance Index    [Information]


Access Constraints
None


Use Constraints
This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0). Users are free to use, copy, distribute, transmit, and adapt the work for commercial and non-commercial purposes, without restriction, as long as clear attribution of the source is provided.


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Data Center
Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center    [Information]
Data Center URL: https://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/

Data Center Personnel
Name: SEDAC USER SERVICES
Phone: 845-365-8920
Fax: 845-365-8922
Email: ciesin.info at ciesin.columbia.edu
Contact Address:
CIESIN, Columbia University, 61 Route 9W, P.O. Box 1000
City: Palisades
Province or State: NY
Postal Code: 10964
Country: USA


Personnel
CIESIN METADATA ADMINISTRATION
Role: METADATA AUTHOR
Phone: +1 845-365-8988
Fax: +1 845-365-8922
Email: metadata at ciesin.columbia.edu
Contact Address:
CIESIN, Columbia University, 61 Route 9W, P.O. Box 1000
City: Palisades
Province or State: NY
Postal Code: 10964
Country: USA


SEDAC USER SERVICES
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +1 845-365-8920
Fax: +1 845-365-8922
Email: ciesin.info at ciesin.columbia.edu
Contact Address:
CIESIN, Columbia University, 61 Route 9W, P.O. Box 1000
City: Palisades
Province or State: NY
Postal Code: 10964
Country: USA


Publications/References
Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy - YCELP - Yale University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network - CIESIN - Columbia University, World Economic Forum - WEF, and Joint Research Centre - JRC - European Commission (2006-01-01T00:00:00.000Z), Pilot 2006 Environmental Performance Index (EPI), Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy (YCELP)/Yale University, New Haven, CT, doi:10.7927/H44M92GX, https://doi.org/10.7927/H44M92GX

Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy - YCELP - Yale University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network - CIESIN - Columbia University, World Economic Forum - WEF, and Joint Research Centre - JRC - European Commission (2008-01-01T00:00:00.000Z), 2008 Environmental Performance Index (EPI), Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy (YCELP)/Yale University, New Haven, CT, doi:10.7927/H4HT2M77, https://doi.org/10.7927/H4HT2M77

Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy - YCELP - Yale University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network - CIESIN - Columbia University, World Economic Forum - WEF, and Joint Research Centre - JRC - European Commission (2010-01-01T00:00:00.000Z), 2010 Environmental Performance Index (EPI), Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy (YCELP)/Yale University, New Haven, CT, doi:10.7927/H4D21VHT, https://doi.org/10.7927/H4D21VHT

Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy - YCELP - Yale University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network - CIESIN - Columbia University, World Economic Forum - WEF, and Joint Research Centre - JRC - European Commission (2012-01-01T00:00:00.000Z), 2012 Environmental Performance Index and Pilot Trend Environmental Performance Index, Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy (YCELP)/Yale University, New Haven, CT, doi:10.7927/H48913SG, https://doi.org/10.7927/H48913SG

Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy - YCELP - Yale University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network - CIESIN - Columbia University, and World Economic Forum - WEF (2014-01-01T00:00:00.000Z), 2014 Environmental Performance Index (EPI), Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy (YCELP)/Yale University, New Haven, CT, doi:10.7927/H4416V05, https://doi.org/10.7927/H4416V05

Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy - YCELP - Yale University, Yale Data-Driven Environmental Solutions Group - Yale University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network - CIESIN - Columbia University, and World Economic Forum - WEF (2016-01-01T00:00:00.000Z), 2016 Environmental Performance Index (EPI), Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy (YCELP)/Yale University, New Haven, CT, doi:10.7927/H4FX77CS, https://doi.org/10.7927/H4FX77CS
Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2019-04-04
Last DIF Revision Date: 2019-04-05



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