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Historical Arctic and Antarctic Surface Observational Data
Entry ID: NSIDC-0190

Abstract: This product consists of meteorological data from 105 Arctic weather stations and 137 Antarctic stations, extracted from the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC)'s Integrated Surface Hourly (ISH) database. Variables include wind direction, wind speed, visibility, air temperature, dew point temperature, and sea level pressure. Temporal coverage varies by station, with the earliest record in 1913 and the latest in 2002. Data are in tab-delimited ASCII text format, with one file per station and year. Graphs of meteorological variables throughout the time series accompany the ASCII data. Data are available via FTP.
Related URL
Description: Documentation

Description: HTTPS
Geographic Coverage
Spatial coordinates   
  N: -60.72   S: -90.0   E: 178.72   W: 0.0
  N: 83.63   S: 59.98   E: -13.58   W: -73.17

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Julienne Stroeve and Christopher Shuman
Dataset Title: Historical Arctic and Antarctic Surface Observational Data
Dataset Series Name: NSIDC-0190
Dataset Release Date: 2004-01-07
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Version: 1
Online Resource:
Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1913-01-01
Stop Date: 2002-12-31
Quality NCDC, AFCCC, and FNMOD (2000) states that 'data have undergone extensive automated quality control, and additional manual quality control for U.S. Air Force stations, U.S. Navy stations, and U.S. National Weather Service stations.' Upon extracting and reformatting the data, Julienne Stroeve (NSIDC) checked that all data values were correctly filled in.
Data Set Progress
Originating Center
Data Center
NASA National Snow and Ice Data Center Distributed Active Archive Center Supplemental Info
Data Center URL:

Data Center Personnel
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Distribution Media: FTP
Distribution Size: 1 - 1536 KB
Distribution Format: ASCII Text
AFCCC. 1998. Documentation for DATSAV3 surface hourly data. Asheville, NC: AFCCC. Lott, N., R. Baldwin, and P. Jones. 2001. The FCC Integrated Surface Hourly Database, NCDC Technical Report 2001-01. Asheville, NC: NCDC. NCDC, AFCCC, and FNMOD. 2000. Federal Climate Complex data documentation for integerated surface hourly data. Asheville, NC: National Climatic Data Center.
Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2004-01-07
Last DIF Revision Date: 2017-02-13