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Optical Measurements of Sprites and Elves at Stanford

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Abstract: Image and wave frequency data from Stanford led experiments concerning the lightning phenomena, Red Sprites and Elves, are available here.

"Elves" are transient luminous events in the lower ionosphere produced by nitrogen fluorescence due to electromagnetic pulses (EMPs) from intense return strokes of lightning discharges. The Fly's Eye is an array of photomultipier tubes designed to ... View entire text
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Description: This site displays data collected from Stanford's "Fly's Eye" and "Dobsonian Sprite Experiment" Instruments. Links to further data are also present.
Geographic Coverage
Spatial coordinates   
  N: 41.36   S: 36.64   E: -101.69   W: -109.41

Ancillary Keywords
Data Center
Electrical Engineering Very Very Low Frequency Group, STARLab, Stanford University Supplemental Info
Data Center URL:

Data Center Personnel
Phone: 650-723-4994
Fax: 650-723-9251
Email: inan at
Contact Address:
Stanford University
Packard Bldg. Rm. 355, 350 Serra Mall
City: Stanford
Province or State: California
Postal Code: 94305-9515
Country: USA
Phone: 604-221-5632
Fax: 604-822-8742
Email: cpbl at
Contact Address:
Green College
138 - 6201 Cecil Green Park Road
City: Vancouver
Province or State: British Columbia
Postal Code: V6T-1Z1
Country: Canada
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Glukhov, V. S., and U. S. Inan, Particle simulation of the time-dependent
interaction with the ionosphere of rapidly varying lightning EMP, Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 16, 1996.
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2004-07-19
Last DIF Revision Date: 2017-08-24