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Global Change Master Directory (GCMD)
Monthly Weather Observations
Entry ID: gov.noaa.ncdc.C01105


Summary
Abstract: Monthly Weather Observations (Form 1001) is a set of historical manuscript records for the period 1893-1948. In order to fill in the observation gap prior to the time when commercial aviation began in the U.S., NCDC Climate Data Modernization Program (CDMP) retrieved surface observations taken two to four times daily beginning as early as 1893 at the City Weather Bureau Offices. Through 1936 observations were taken twice daily; then in 1937 the general practice was to record four observations per day. The data elements are as follows: station pressure, sea level pressure, dry and wet bulb temperature, dew point, maximum and minimum temperature, wind direction and speed, precipitation, cloud amount and type, ceiling, state of weather and visibility. It should be noted that not all elements are present for all stations in this dataset, and that ceiling and visibility observations did not begin at the city offices until the 1930's. Official surface weather observation standards can be found in the Circular N manuals.

Purpose: In the late 1990s NCDC realized the need to host digital images of weather and climate records on the internet. As a result, EV2 was developed as a key system for providing access to the millions of original source data images in the NCDC archives. With its upload and index capability, EV2 also enables the continuation of NCDC's commitment to make more of its weather and climate data available online so that users across the world can view climate and weather records held in the NCDC archives.

Related URL
Link: View Related Information
Description: EV2 Image Access System. EV2 Information and Data Access Page


Link: View Related Information
Description: CDMP Web site Information about the Climate Database Modernization Program (CDMP) and the current Image Access Repository.


Link: View Related Information
Description: View Source Metadata

Geographic Coverage
 N: 72.0 S: 18.0  E: -65.0  W: 172.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Title: Monthly Weather Observations
Dataset Release Date: 2011-03-15
Data Presentation Form: imageDigital


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1893-01-01
Stop Date: 1948-12-31


Location Keywords
VERTICAL LOCATION > LAND SURFACE
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >AIR QUALITY >VISIBILITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >ANTICYCLONES/CYCLONES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >PRESSURE ANOMALIES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >SEA LEVEL PRESSURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >SURFACE PRESSURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >SURFACE TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >SURFACE TEMPERATURE >AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >SURFACE TEMPERATURE >DEW POINT TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >SURFACE TEMPERATURE >MAXIMUM/MINIMUM TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >SURFACE TEMPERATURE >TEMPERATURE ANOMALIES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >WATER VAPOR INDICATORS >DEW POINT TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >SURFACE WINDS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >SURFACE WINDS >WIND SPEED    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS >CLOUD DYNAMICS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS >CLOUD PROPERTIES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >LIQUID PRECIPITATION >RAIN    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >PRECIPITATION AMOUNT    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >PRECIPITATION ANOMALIES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >PRECIPITATION RATE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >SOLID PRECIPITATION >HAIL    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >SOLID PRECIPITATION >ICE PELLETS >SLEET    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >SOLID PRECIPITATION >SNOW    [Definition]


Platform
METEOROLOGICAL STATIONS    [Information]


Instrument
THERMOMETERS    [Information]
ANEMOMETERS    [Information]
RAIN GAUGES    [Information]
BAROMETERS    [Information]
VISUAL OBSERVATIONS    [Information]


Keywords
EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > ANTICYCLONES/CYCLONES
EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > PRESSURE ANOMALIES
EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > HAIL
EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > PRECIPITATION AMOUNT
EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > PRECIPITATION ANOMALIES
EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > PRECIPITATION RATE
EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > LIQUID PRECIPITATION > RAIN
EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > SOLID PRECIPITATION > ICE PELLETS > SLEET
EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > SOLID PRECIPITATION > SNOW
EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > SURFACE TEMPERATURE > AIR TEMPERATURE
EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > SURFACE TEMPERATURE > MAXIMUM/MINIMUM TEMPERATURE
EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > SURFACE TEMPERATURE
EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > TEMPERATURE ANOMALIES
EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > SURFACE WINDS
Atmospheric - Surface - Air Temperature
Atmospheric - Surface - Precipitation
Atmospheric - Surface - Pressure
Atmospheric - Surface - Wind Speed and Direction
Atmospheric - Upper-air - Cloud Properties
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
VERTICAL LOCATION > LAND SURFACE
METEOROLOGICAL STATIONS
THERMOMETERS
ANEMOMETERS
RAIN GAUGES
BAROMETERS
VISUAL OBSERVATIONS
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Data Center
National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce    [Information]
Data Center URL: https://ncei.noaa.gov/

Data Center Personnel
Name: CUSTOMER ENGAGEMENT BRANCH DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI
Phone: +1 828-271-4800
Fax: +1 828-271-4876
Email: ncdc.orders at noaa.gov
Contact Address:
151 Patton Avenue
Federal Building, Room 468
City: Asheville
Province or State: NC
Postal Code: 28801-5001
Country: USA

National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce    [Information]
Data Center URL: https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/

Data Center Personnel
Name: CUSTOMER ENGAGEMENT BRANCH DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI
Phone: +1 828-271-4800
Fax: +1 828-271-4876
Email: ncdc.orders at noaa.gov
Contact Address:
151 Patton Avenue
Federal Building, Room 468
City: Asheville
Province or State: NC
Postal Code: 28801-5001
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Format: PDF
Fees: Electronic data downloads are free, fees may apply for data certifications


Personnel
NCEI METADATA DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +1 828-271-4800
Fax: +1 828-271-4876
Email: ncdc.metadata at noaa.gov
Contact Address:
151 Patton Avenue
Federal Building, Room 468
City: Asheville
Province or State: NC
Postal Code: 28801-5001
Country: USA


JASON COOPER
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +1 828-271-4800
Fax: +1 828-271-4876
Email: ncdc.orders at noaa.gov
Contact Address:
Federal Building, Room 468
151 Patton Avenue
City: Asheville
Province or State: NC
Postal Code: 28801-5001
Country: USA


Extended Metadata Properties
(Click to view more)

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2016-06-03
Last DIF Revision Date: 2018-05-22



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