Aliens in Antarctica Project - Inspection of fresh food for alien propagulesEntry ID: ASAC_2904_Food
Abstract: International Polar Year (IPY) Aliens in Antarctica project aims to identify human-mediated pathways for alien propagules into the Antarctic ecosystem (www.aliensinantarctica.aq). As part of this international project, AAD staff examined fresh food and cargo for evidence of propagules prior to shipping south by the Australian Antarctic Program. This report summarises the findings of our food ... inspections.
A total of 2094 items of fresh fruit and/or vegetables were inspected over the season. Of these 89% (1865 items) were deemed 'clean' (ie no evidence of propagules or infections), 191 (9%0 had evidence of fungal infections, and 54 items (2%) had invertebrates, soil or other propagules such as seeds. Apples, cantaloupes, carrots, grapefruit, limes, oranges, potatoes and tomatoes were recorded as consistently having clean rates of 90% or greater over the 07/08 shipping season.
With regard to the food items found with propagules, a number of significant observations were made. The most notable of these was that of the 56 pears examined at the beginning of the season (Voyage 2) only one was deemed 'clean': the remainder (99%) were rotting with blue moulds. Similarly only 11% of onions destined for Voyage 2 and 49% of bananas were 'clean'; the remainder were observed with fungal infections or other propagules. Other notable observations were that some cabbages and iceberg lettuces were contaminated with soil, and live thrips and white flies (Bemisia sp?) were found in two boxes.
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Bergstrom, D.M. and Ware, C.
Dataset Title: Aliens in Antarctica Project - Inspection of fresh food for alien propagules
Dataset Series Name: CAASM Metadata
Dataset Publisher: Australian Antarctic Data CentreOnline Resource: https://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/metadata_redirect.cfm?md=/AMD...
This description is a member of a collection. The collection is described in
Start Date: 2007-10-19Stop Date: 2008-03-14
AGRICULTURE > FOOD SCIENCE > FOOD CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
AGRICULTURE > FOOD SCIENCE > FOOD QUALITY
BIOSPHERE > VEGETATION > EXOTIC VEGETATION
HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS > CONTAMINANT LEVELS/SPILLS
HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS > CONSERVATION
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > FUNGI
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS > EXOTIC SPECIES
Quality Fresh food items were examined for evidence of fungal infections, live invertebrates, presence of soil, seeds and any other biological propagules. Items were examined at the Purden and Featherstone warehouse (AAD's providores) at Hobart Port, generally on the day that food arrived at the providores and immediately before food was packed into refrigerator containers ready for shipping. Our inspections took place subsequent to Quarantine inspections. Examination consisted of rapid visual inspections. Food destined for three voyages were inspected.
Access Constraints A copy of this report, including data tables, is available for download from the provided URL to AAD staff only.
Use Constraints This data set conforms to the PICCCBY Attribution License
Please follow instructions listed in the citation reference provided at http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/citation.cfm?entry_id=ASAC_290... when using these data.
Data Set Progress
Distribution Media: HTTP
Distribution Size: 157 kb
Distribution Format: pdf
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +61 3 6232 3209
Fax: +61 3 6232 3351
Email: dana.bergstrom at aad.gov.au
Australian Antarctic Division 203 Channel Highway
Province or State: Tasmania
Postal Code: 7050
Bridge et al. (2008), List of non-lichenized fungi from the Antarctic region., http://www.antarctica.ac.uk/bas_research/data/access/fungi/Speciesp...
Azmi, O.R., Seppelt, R.D. (1998), The broad-scale distribution of microfungi in the Windmill Islands region, continental Antarctica., Polar Biology, 19, 92-100
Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2008-04-16
Last DIF Revision Date: 2017-08-23