Screening Survey for Chemical Contaminants and Toxicity in Sediments at Five Lower Columbia River Ports September 22-24, 1987.Entry ID: BESTsed12
Abstract: At the request of the Ecology Southwest Regional Office, the Toxics
Investigations/Ground Water Monitoring Section conducted a
reconnaissance survey of sediment quality at five ports along the
lower Columbia River. Objectives of the survey were to characterize
the occurrence of toxic chemicals in the sediments and assess the
potential for sediment toxicity. Two acute bioassays were performed
to ... assess sediment toxicity, Hyalella azteca and Daphnia pulex. The
results of the bioassays are described in Johnson and Norton (1988).
The area of study was the Lower Columbia River-Ilwaco to Vancouver.
Stations sampled were Reed Island, Camas Slough, Vancouver lower
turning basin, Vancouver below VANALCO, Kalama Chemical pier, below
Longview Fibre, Longview below Weyco, Longview below Reynolds, Coal
Creek Slough, and Ilwaco boat basin.
Each sediment sample consisted of a composite of two to three grab
samples. Surface sediment samples (top 2 cm) were transferred to
stainless steel beakers and homogenized by stirring with stainless
steel spoons. Samples for volatile organic analysis were placed in 40
ml glass vials with no head space prior to homogenizing. All samples
were stored on ice.
Target analytes were seventeen metals, volatile and semi-volatile
organics, organochlorine pesticides and PCBs, cyanide, resin
acids, grain size, and total organic carbon.
Analytical techniques included the folllowing. Metals and cyanide were
analyzed by methods described in EPA (1979). Volatile and
semi-volatile organics, pesticides, and PCBs were analyzed by methods
described in EPA (1984). Resin acids, total organic carbon, and grain
size were analyzed according to methodology described in NCASI (1986),
APHA (1985), and Holme and McIntyre (1971), respectively. All results
are reported on a dry weight basis. Total resin acids are reported as
the sum of detected resin acid compounds.
The information for this metadata was taken from the Columbia River
Basin: Sediment Database Abstracts.
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Arthur Johnson, Washington State Department of Ecology
Dataset Title: Screening Survey for Chemical Contaminants and Toxicity in Sediments at Five Lower Columbia River Ports September 22-24, 1987.
Dataset Release Date: 1988
Dataset Release Place: Seattle, Washington
Dataset Publisher: Washington State Department of Ecology
Data Presentation Form: pdfOnline Resource: https://fortress.wa.gov/ecy/publications/publications/88e15.pdf
Start Date: 1987-09-22Stop Date: 1987-09-24
AGRICULTURE > AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS > PESTICIDES
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > ECOTOXICOLOGY > SPECIES BIOACCUMULATION
BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS > LAKE/POND
BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS > RIVERS/STREAM > COLUMBIA RIVER BASIN
HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS > CONTAMINANT LEVELS/SPILLS
Quality Quality assurance followed standard Manchester laboratory practice
described by Huntamer (1986). Method blanks, matrix spikes,
duplicates, and surrogate compound spikes (for organic analyses) were
included in the quality assurance program. All data met EPA Contract
Laboratory ... Program criteria with the following exceptions: The
fourteen day holding time for volatile organics analysis was exceeded
by seven days and the results for antimony and a resin acid
(neoabietic acid) are suspect.
The laboratory data were reviewed and data qualifiers were added as
appropriate. The data qualifiers used were defined as follows:
B-Also detected in laboratory blank.
U-Not detected. Value is the detection limit.
Users of these data should bear in mind that the sediments were
collected in the vicinity of potential pollutant sources. Results for
antimony and neoabietic acid are suspect.
All data entered in the database were reviewed for data entry errors.
All detected errors were corrected.
Access Constraints None
Use Constraints None
Data Set Progress
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: (360) 407-6766
Email: rjo461 at ECY.WA.GOV
Washington Department of Ecology
Province or State: WA
Postal Code: 98504-7710
American Public Health Association (APHA). 1985. Standards methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 16th ed. Washington, D.C.
Holme, N.A. and A.D. McIntyre. 1971. Methods for the study of marine
benthos. IBP Handbook No. 16.
Huntamer, D. 1986. Department of Ecology, Laboratory User's Manual.
Manchester Environmental Laboratory, Manchester, WA.
Johnson, A. and D. Norton. 1988. Screening survey for chemical contaminants and toxicity in sediments at five lower Columbia River
ports September 22-24, 1987. Washington Department of Ecology, Toxics
Investigations/Ground Water Monitoring Section, Olympia, WA.
National Council for Air and Stream Improvement (NCASI). 1986. Procedures for the analysis of resin and fatty acids in pulp mill
effluents. Tech. Bull. 501. New York, NY.
U.S. EPA. 1979. Methods for chemical analysis of water and wastes.
U.S. EPA. 1984. Guidelines establishing test procedures for the analysis of pollutants under the Clean Water Act: Final rule and final
interim rule and proposed rule. Federal Register 40 (209) 1-210
Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2001-04-27
Last DIF Revision Date: 2017-08-24
Future DIF Review Date: 2002-04-27