Fire, Hydrology, and Soils along the Mangrove Ecotone within the Greater Everglades EcosystemEntry ID: USGS_SOFIA_FireHydroSoils
Abstract: Fire in the south Florida landscape has historically been influential in shaping the ecosystem. The link between hydrology, soil formation, and fire is a critical complex component in the persistence of the biotic components of the Everglades (Smith et al 2003, Beckage 2005). As a result, Everglades National Park has been at the forefront of NPS fire policy development since the inception of the ... park. It was the first to allow prescribed burns and one of the first to develop a fire management plan (Taylor 1981).
The occurrence of invasive exotic plants has confounded the fire regime in Everglades National Park by changing the dynamics of how the vegetation burns. This phenomenon has been observed in mangrove forests especially along ecotones with upland vegetation communities. By examining the association between fire, soil, water and vegetation we can begin to understand the ecology and dynamics of these areas.
Purpose: Project objectives: Update Everglades National Park (ENP)/Big Cypress National Preserve (BCNP) fire history geodatabase to 2011 to both expand data available for project analysis and provide increased time-line of data for development and testing of remote sensing methods. Enhance on-going development and evaluation of remote sensing methods for mapping vegetation characteristics and monitoring ... vegetation changes with emphasis through this collaborative work on the targeted mangrove - upland ecotone. Conduct a thorough analysis of the history of fire in ENP and develop relationships between natural fires and aspects of water management. By using the fire history database we will determine which ecotones have burned more frequently than others. Relate fire frequency to occurrence of exotic plants along the mangrove-non-mangrove ecotones in ENP.
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Ann M. Foster, Thomas J. Smith, John W. Jones, Ursula Garfield, Ginger Tiling-Range, and Paul R. Nelson
Dataset Title: Fire, Hydrology, and Soils along the Mangrove Ecotone within the Greater Everglades Ecosystem
Version: Not provided
Data Presentation Form: Maps and DataOnline Resource: http://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/index.php?project_url=firehydrosoils...
Start Date: 2010-01-01Stop Date: 2013-12-31
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > FIRE ECOLOGY
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > FIRE ECOLOGY > FIRE DYNAMICS
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > FIRE ECOLOGY > FIRE OCCURRENCE
HUMAN DIMENSIONS > NATURAL HAZARDS > WILDFIRES
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > COMMUNITY DYNAMICS > INVASIVE SPECIES
CLIMATE INDICATORS > BIOSPHERIC INDICATORS > INVASIVE SPECIES
OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > MANGROVES
Access Constraints None
Use Constraints Cite primary authors and database when using or publishing these data.
Data Set Progress
Email: ann_foster at usgs.gov
U.S. Geological Survey 412 NE 16th Avenue, Room 250
Province or State: FL
Postal Code: 32601
Phone: 727-803-8747 ext. 3130
Email: tom_j_smith at usgs.gov
U.S. Geological Survey 600 Fourth Street South
City: St. Petersburg
Province or State: FL
Postal Code: 33701
Email: jwjones at usgs.gov
U.S. Geological Survey 12201 Sunrise Valley Drive MS 521
Province or State: VA
Postal Code: 20192
Thomas J. Smith III, Ann M. Foser, Ginger Tiling-Range, and John W. Jones (2013-01-01T00:00:00.000Z), Dynamics of Mangrove-Marsh Ecotones in Subtropical Coastal Wetlands: Fire, Sea-Level Rise, and Water Levels, Fire Ecology, 9, 1, 66-77, http://fireecology.org/journal/abstract/?abstract=184
John W. Jones, Annette E. Hall, Ann M. Foster, and Thomas J. Smith III (2013-01-01T00:00:00.000Z), Wetland Fire Scar Monitoring and Analysis Using Archival Landsat Data for the Everglades, Fire Ecology, 9, 1, 133-150, doi:10.4996/fireecology.0901133, http://fireecology.org/journal/abstract/?abstract=189
Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2013-09-25
Last DIF Revision Date: 2018-07-03